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113th Field Artillery 











' History of the x 






113th Field Artillery 






30th Division 






Published by 

The^History^Committee of 113th F. A. 
Ralei S h, N. C. 

\ / 











Copyright 1920 
A. L. Fletcher 
Raleigh, N. C. 



Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Company 

Printers and Binders 

Headquarters for War Histories 

Eighty Lafayette Street, New York 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 



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Insignia of Organizations With Which the 113th F. A. Served 




1st Army 



Army of Occupation 



2d Army 





THE VICTORY MEDAL 



The Victory Medal will be awarded to all persons who served on 
active duty in the army of the United States at any time between 
April 6, 1917 and November 11, 1918, provided that their service 
was honorable. The ribbon of the medal will bear clasps indicating 
the service of the individual. Members of the One Hundred and 
Thirteenth Field Artillery will be entitled to four such clasps, and 
to four stars on the service ribbon, when worn without the medal. 
These are as follows: Service in the First Army Area between 
August 30, 1918 and November 11, 1918; the St. Mihiel Offensive, 
September 12, 1918 to September 16, 1918; the Meuse-Argonne 
Offensive, September 26, 1918 to November 11, 1918; service in the 
Second Army Area between October 12, 1918 and November 11, 
1918. 

The battle-flag of the One Hundred and Thirteenth, now in the 
Hall of History at Raleigh, N. C, bears ribbons denoting honorable 
service in these various offensives, awarded by General Pershing, 
Commander-in-Chief of the A. E. F., and officially bestowed by 
Brigadier General Samuel L. Faison, commanding the Thirtieth 
Division, on April 16, 1919, at Charlotte, N. C. 



INTRODUCTION 

THIS brief history of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery 
has been written under difficulties. Owing to the fact that he held 
an exacting and extremely difficult job that required his undivided 
attention for every working hour of the day, the Historian was 
able to give to the history only such spare time as could be found in the 
evenings and on holidays. Because of this it has taken a long time to finish 
the work. 

While the regiment was at Le Mans, France, it was decided to raise 
a fund for the publication of a history of the regiment and a History 
Committee was selected, composed of the following: 

Colonel Albert L. Cox, Lieutenant Colonel Sidney C. Chambers, Major 
L. P. McLendon, Captain Robert P. Beaman, Chaplain B. R. Lacy, Jr., 
Captain Kenneth M. Hardison, Regimental Sergeant Major Kenneth J. 
Nixon, Battalion Sergeant Major Marvin M. Capps, Sergeant George 
Graham and Sergeant Liston L. Mallard. 

On June 1, 1919, the Committee selected Captain A. L. Fletcher, of 
Raleigh, N. C, to write the book, officially bestowed upon him the title 
of "Historian" and turned over to him such records, pictures and mis- 
cellaneous papers as had been collected. 

It has not been easy to "write up to" this regiment of ours. The 
Historian knows that he has not done it justice and no one knows better 
than he how far short he has fallen in the effort to do it justice. 

There has been no effort to write a solemn, ponderous chronological 
history modeled after the text-book variety of history. The reader will 
find the book written, rather, in newspaper style, or in something approach- 
ing that. In telling the story the Historian has adhered strictly to the 
cardinal rules of the newspaper game and has sought to exaggerate 
nothing, to write nothing in malice, and to be fair to everybody. 

There will be many who will criticise. Among these will be some who 
did all they could to help the Historian to make the book what it should 
} /e been, and it is their right to criticise if they so desire. There will 
others — and they will be in the majority — who have no right to utter 
jrd of complaint, for they were called upon for help and they would 
not help. It was always so. Good as the regiment was, it was not perfect, 
for this element existed throughout the regiment's history. They kept 
hands-off when others were blazing new trails, or undertaking new things, 
never lending a hand to help and never putting in a friendly word, but 
they were wonderfully free with criticism, condemnation and censure after- 
wards. This paragraph is to remind them, when they are holding a post- 
mortem on this little history of their regiment, that they were asked to 
help make it a history worthy of the regiment and they would not. 

The Historian desires, also, to forestall those who would lay blame 
for the shortcomings of the book upon The History Committee. This com- 



mittee was composed of busy men, who had businesses to rebuild after 
discharge from the service, obligations of all sorts to meet and important 
things to do all the time. They could not meet often and they could not 
spare time to supervise the work. Consequently, they were forced to 
leave it to the Historian and he accepts entire responsibility for it and 
offers himself as a target for whatever brickbats may be hurled. 

The Historian desires to make grateful acknowledgment of the assist- 
ance given by Chaplain Lacy, Captain Beaman, Major McLendon, Sergeant 
George Graham, Sergeant Liston L. Mallard, and others who helped by 
contributing pictures, maps and other material for the book. Elsewhere 
in the book will be found various special articles, among these being : 

"An Appreciation of the One Hundred and Thirteenth," by Lieutenant 
Jacques J. L. Popelin, of the French army; "Carryings-On About Carrying 
On," by Sergeant George Graham, of Headquarters Company, the "regi- 
mental humorist" ; "A Brief Story of the Operations of the Thirtieth 
Division in Belgium and France," and individual battery and company 
sketches, some of them written by the organization commanders and signed 
by them and others prepared by the Historian from sketches written by 
various members of the organization. 

There appear also the organization rosters as of February 1, 1919, . 
which were made up for Headquarters 30th Division shortly after 
arrival in the Le Mans area and before the regiment was split' up to form 
the various casual detachments; a complete roster of the regiment by 
county and State, with the home address of every man as shown on his 
"locator" card; a chronology of the regiment, and many other features. 

Because scant mention has been made of them, it is not to be con- 
sidered that the other units of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade— the 114th 
Field Artillery, the 115th Field Artillery, the 105th Ammunition Train, 
the 105th Trench Mortar Battery, and the 105th Mobile Ordnance Repair 
Shop, were unworthy of mention. The One Hundred and Thirteenth felt 
no little pride in its sister organizations of the brigade and found them 
always faithful to every obligation and equal to every emergency, but 
the telling of their stories is left to their own historians. 

The Historian. 
Raleigh, N. C, February 12, 1920. 



The 55th Field Artillery 
Brigade 

Here's to their memory — here's their Good Luck 
On from the General down to the Buck — 
On from Sevier to the last hills of France, 
Holding their drive through the final advance; 
St. Mihiel knew them — and when they were done 
On to the Argonne with caisson and gun, 
Taking each highway that led to the Hun! 
Slogging along through the mud and the flame, 
On to the finish still playing the game, 
Playing the game as the game should be played — 
Here's to the 55th F. A. Brigade! 

— Grantland Rice 



(By permission of Lieut. -Colonel William J. Bacon 
editor of the Hisiory of the 55th F. A. Brigade) 





< . : 



CHAPTER I 




ORGANIZATION 

N American statesman, famous for his opposition to mili- 
tarism and preparedness, has been much ridiculed of late 
years for his proud boast that standing armies are not 
necessary for this land of ours because "a million men 
would spring to arms overnight to protect her should any 
danger threaten." In the organization of the One Hun- 
dred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, which was accom- 
plished with record-breaking speed and enthusiasm, may 
be found some justification of his faith. 

When the United States declared war against Germany there was 
not even the nucleus of a field artillery organization in the State of 
North Carolina. There was not even a single field artillery officer. The 
War Department at that time was in doubt as to the best course to 
pursue and its whole National Guard program was still in process of 
incubation. Nobody knew what the outcome would be. Nobody was 
willing even to hazard a guess. April passed and May and it was well 
along in June before the War Department announced that it would accept 
a regiment of field artillery from the State of North Carolina. The Adju- 
tant General of North Carolina, Major General Beverly S. Royster, notified 
the War Department that the regiment would be furnished and the work 
started. 

North Carolina's response to the call issued by the Adjutant General 
was immediate and confined to no one particular locality. It came from 
every part of the State. Eager and enthusiastic towns all over North 
Carolina wanted batteries in the new regiment. Two regiments might 
have been organized in the State almost as quickly as one and with 
infinitely less embarrassment to the Adjutant General. 

North Carolina had already done well in the matter of furnishing 
man-power for the Great War. She had offered her full quota and more 
for the regular army, the navy and the marines, and in addition a full 
infantry brigade, a squadron of cavalry, six companies of coast artillery, 
an ambulance company, a field hospital and other National Guard units of 
proven efficiency. There were many who said that the Old North State 
had done all that could be expected of her in the matter of furnishing 
volunteers for the World War and these predicted that the proposed 
artillery organization would never materialize. To their great astonish- 
ment they found that North Carolina was capable of doing even greater 



12 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



things than had been asked of her and the whole State thrilled with pride 
when it was announced that the new regiment had been raised in less 

than thirty days and was ready for in- 
stant service wheresoever the country 
needed it. 

Just how it came about will 
always be a mystery even to those who 
were at the head of the movement. 
There were no hard drives for recruits. 
It was not necessary to bring pressure 
to bear on men to bring them into the 
new regiment. It appeared to fit their 
needs and to be just what they had 
been waiting for, and they came by 
ones and two and by squads. Those 
towns first to move for the formation 
of organizations secured allotments 
and those towns that were unsuccess- 
ful immediately proceeded to furnish 
recruits for the lucky towns nearest 
them, and when the organization was 
mobilized for service, eighty-nine out 
of the hundred counties in the State, were represented in the regiment. 
It is believed that no other organization that represented North Carolina 
in the World War was so thoroughly representative of the State and so 
typically "Tar Heel" throughout. Later the regiment was to receive 
replacements from thirty-seven States, the District of Columbia and seven 
foreign countries, but it began its existence as a Tar Heel outfit, officered 
by Tar Heels, and with every section of the Old North State represented 
in its make-up. 




Lieutenant-Colonel Sidney C. Chambers. 





Major ThaddeusG. Stem, Commanding 
the First Battalion. 



Major Alfred L. Bulwinkle, Command- 
ing the Second Battalion. 



Organization U 



In personnel, both commissioned and enlisted, the regiment ranked 
high. The men were always just a little proud of their status as volun- 
teers. They had not been drafted, nor had they been let in for service 
in the World War because of peace-time National Guard affiliations. They 
were 100-per-cent volunteer! They had joined up after the declaration 
of war and their participation in the war was in no sense the result of 
accident or chance. 

Every trade, profession and calling that exists in North Carolina 
was represented in the regiment. There were lawyers, teachers, doctors, 
preachers, farmers, merchants, mechanics, accountants, bankers, manu- 
facturers, engineers, scientists, clerks, students, stenographers, typists, 
newspaper men. It was an aggregation, a combination of brains, skill 
and enthusiasm such as this world has seen but rarely and which it may 
never see again for the reason that the circumstances that called it into 
being may never occur again. Bad men manage to creep into all large 
organizations, and it will always be so, but the One Hundred and Thir- 
teenth Field Artillery, collectively and to its last individual, is prepared 
to assert and to back up the assertion that within its ranks there were 
fewer undesirables than any regiment of its size ever carried. 

In organizing the eastern part of the State got away to a little better 
start than the western. This may be explained partly by the fact that 
the organization commanders selected for the eastern batteries were old 
and experienced soldiers, fully alive to the needs of the service and 
experienced in recruiting, while only one of the western captains had 
had previous military service. Battery A, at New Bern, with Captain John 
H. Weddell commanding, was the first to recruit up to strength required 
by the War Department, with Battery B of Washington and Battery C 
of Durham following close in the order named. Battery B was com- 
manded by Captain Wiley C. Rodman of Washington, who had filled every 
rank in the old Second North Carolina Infantry from private to colonel. 
Battery C was commanded by Captain Lennox P. McLendon, of Durham, 
who had held a commission as 1st lieutenant in the Third North Carolina 
Infantry for many years. Captain Weddell had had twenty years' service 
in the National Guard and had served as an officer of volunteers in the 
Spanish-American War. Captain Rodman enlisted his first man on June 
13th. Captain McLendon took in his first on June 16th and on June 27th 
both were ready for Federal inspection and so was Weddell. The first 
battalion of the "First North Carolina Light Field Artillery,." as it was 
then called, was ready for business. 

In the western part of the State there was great rivalry among 
many good towns for batteries and this rivalry was so strenuous that it 
delayed the work of organizing. Finally Wadesboro and Monroe combined 
to form the "Bickett Battery," or Battery D, naming it in honor of 
Governor Thomas W. Bickett, of North Carolina, who was born in Union 
county, near Monroe. Kenneth M. Hardison, of Wadesboro, was the 
leading spirit in the organization of this battery and he became its captain. 



14 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 





Major Claude L. Pridgen, Regimental 
Surgeon. 



Major Louis B. Crayton, who com- 
manded Battery E until -promoted in 
February, 1919. 



Battery E went to the mountains of the northwestern section of the State 
and was composed of a sturdy bunch of mountaineers from the counties 
of Ashe, Caldwell, Watauga, Alexander and Wilkes, with Buford F. 
Williams, a well-known lawyer of Lenoir, as its captain. Battery F was 
organized at Mooresville, by Reid R. Morrison, a physician and soldier 
of long experience, who had held a first lieutenancy in the First North 
Carolina Infantry. All of these organizations went over the minimum, 
the dead line set by the War Department, early in July. From the enlist- 





Major Lennox P. McLendon, who com- 
manded Battery C throughout its service at 
home and in France until promoted in 
February, 1919. 



Major Robert M. Hanes, in command of 

Battery A until promoted in February, 

1919. 



Organization 



ment of the first recruit on June 13, 1917, to the completion of the regi- 
ment, a little less than four weeks had elapsed. 

On July 13, 1917, the First North Carolina Light Field Artillery 
was officially recognized by the War Department and on that date Governor 
Bickett formally commissioned Judge Albert L. Cox, of the North Carolina 
Superior Court bench, colonel of the new regiment. (S. 0. 202 AGO N. C.) 
By Special Order on the same day, Captain Thaddeus G. Stem, commanding 
the machine gun company of the Third North Carolina Infantry, was trans- 
ferred to the regiment, promoted to major and assigned to the command of 
the First Battalion. By the same order Captain Alfred L. Bulwinkle, of 
Company B, First North Carolina Infantry, was transferred to the regi- 
ment, promoted to major and assigned to the Second Battalion. Batteries 
A, of New Bern, B of Washington and C of Durham were officially 
designated as the First Battalion and Batteries D, of Wadesboro and Mon- 
roe, E of Lenoir and F of Mooresville. as the Second Battalion. (S. 0. 206 
AGO N. C.) 

On that day, also, commissions were issued to Captain John H. 
Weddell, of Battery A, New Bern ; Captain Lennox P. McLendon, of 
Battery C, who was transferred from the Third North Carolina Infantry 
in the same order ; Captain Reid R. Morrison, Battery F, Mooresville, who 
was transferred from the First North Carolina Infantry; Chaplain Ben- 
jamin R. Lacy, Jr., with the rank of captain ; Dr. Claude L. Pridgen, of 
Wilmington, to be regimental surgeon with rank of major. 

On July 14, 1917, Matt H. Allen, lawyer and legislator, of Goldsboro, 
was commissioned captain and assigned as adjutant of the regiment, 
and A. L. Fletcher, of Raleigh, was commissioned as captain and assigned 
as regimental supply officer. By the same order he was directed to 
proceed to the organization of a Supply Company. 

On July 17, 1917, Wiley C. Rodman, of Washington, was commissioned 
captain of Battery B; Buford F. Williams, of Lenoir, captain of Battery 
E and Kenneth M. Hardison, captain of Battery D. 

On July 18, 1917, Erskine E. Boyce, of Gastonia, was commissioned 
captain and adjutant of the Second Battalion and two days later William 
T. Joyner, of Raleigh, was commissioned captain and adjutant of the 
First Battalion. On July 21, 1917, the last organization commander was 
named, this being Captain Rufus M. Johnston, of Charlotte, who was 
assigned to the command of Headquarters Company. The same order 
transferred him from the First North Carolina Infantry. 

On July 27, 1917, Major Sidney C. Chambers, of Durham, a battalion 
commander in the Third North Carolina Infantry, was transferred to the 
First North Carolina Light Field Artillery and promoted to lieutenant- 
colonel. (S. 0. 255 AGO N. C.) 

The organization of the Supply and Headquarters Companies was not 
undertaken until after the six batteries had been practically completed. 
If the regiment had failed of organization in its entirety there would not 
have been need for either company and their organization was delayed 



16 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 





Captain Gustaf R. Westfeldt, Jr., Regi- 
mental Adjutant and Operations 
Officer. 



Captain Kenneth M. Hardison, Adjutant 
of the First Battalion. 



purposely. On July 14th, Captain Fletcher of the Supply Company, was 
told that he had nine days within which to complete his organization. 
The Adjutant General had designated Raleigh as the home station of 
both the Supply Company and Headquarters Company and the outlook 
for recruiting at Raleigh was not bright. Raleigh had already furnished 
a big infantry company, a full coast artillery company, a machine gun 
company, big detachments for the regulars, the navy, the marines and 
the various training camps, and recruiting officers who had been over the 
field said that there was no chance of forming two additional companies 
in Raleigh and scant hope of a single one. Just as other doubters had 
done when the regiment was first proposed, they failed to take note of the 
spirit that was abroad in the land and they based their predictions on 
their previous experiences and failures. The same spiritual uplift that 
"put over" the six batteries of the regiment was still strong enough to 





Captain Robert P. Beaman, Adjutant of 
the Second Battalion. 



Captain Alfred W. Horton, Regimental 
Personnel Officer. 



Organization 17 



put over the two remaining companies. Seventy-nine men applied for 
enlistment in the Supply Company alone. The full strength of an artillery 
supply company at that time was thirty-eight men. The over-flow was sent 
to other organizations of the regiment. Both of the companies went over 
the limit within a week and were ready for muster-in. 

On July 25, 1917, the President called the National Guard into 
Federal service and along with the other North Carolina units the First 
North Carolina Light Field Artillery responded. The organizations 
assembled at home rendezvous and began training. Every organization 
had a nucleus of old soldiers, many of them experienced infantry non- 
commissioned officers, and these men under the supervision of the battery 
commanders set about the task of teaching the raw recruits the mysteries 
of the squad movement, military courtesy and the thousand and one things 
that a soldier should know. 

The first monthly return of the new regiment, dated July 31, 1917, 
showed the strength of each organization and named the commissioned 
personnel as follows : 

Regimental Headquarters : Three officers present, these being Colonel 
Albert L. Cox, commanding; Captain Matt H. Allen, adjutant and Captain 
Benjamin R. Lacy, Jr., chaplain. Lieutenant-Colonel Sidney C. Chambers 
was reported at the Infantry School of Musketry, Fort Sill, Okla. 

Headquarters Company: Captain Rufus M. Johnston, commanding; 
First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker. Enlisted strength, 92 men. 

Supply Company : Captain Arthur L. Fletcher, commanding ; First 
Lieutenant Percy B. Perry. Enlisted strength, 38 men. 

First Battalion Headquarters: Major Thaddeus G. Stem, command- 
ing; Captain William T. Joyner, adjutant. 

Battery A : Captain John H. Weddell, commanding; First Lieutenant 
W. B. R. Guion; Second Lieutenants Beverly S. Royster, Jr., and David 
R. Morris. Enlisted strength, 164 men. 

Battery B: Captain Wiley C. Rodman, commanding; First Lieuten- 
ants Enoch S. Simmons and William E. Baugham; Second Lieutenants 
Robert H. Lawrence and George S. Dixon. Enlisted strength, 148 men. 

Battery C: Captain Lennox P. McLendon, commanding; First Lieu- 
tenants Samuel M. Gattis, Jr., and Frank L. Fuller; Second Lieutenant 
Thomas J. Craig. Enlisted strength, 170 men. 

Second Battalion Headquarters : Major Alfred L. Bulwinkle, com- 
manding; Captain Erskine E. Boyce, adjutant. 

Battery D: Captain Kenneth M. Hardison, commanding; First Lieu- 
tenants Frank B. Ashcraft and Julian E. Moore ; Second Lieutenants Harry 
B. Covington and Herman H. Hardison. Enlisted strength, 136 men. 

Battery E: Captain Buford F. Williams, commanding; First Lieuten- 
ants Sanford A. Richardson and Claude B. McBrayer; Second Lieutenants 
Wade V. Bowman and Eugene P. Jones. Enlisted strength, 158 men. 

Battery F: Captain Reid R. Morrison, commanding; First Lieuten- 



18 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 





First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker, 
Regimental Gas Officer. 



First Lieutenant Christian E. Mears, Reg- 
imental Radio and Telephone Officer. 



ants Louis B. Crayton and George A. Morrow; Second Lieutenants Eugene 
Allison and Gowan Dusenberry, Jr. Enlisted strength, 173 men. 

Sanitary Detachment: Major Claude L. Pridgen, commanding; First 
Lieutenants Gabe H. Croom and Joseph A. Speed, medical corps, and 
First Lieutenant Thomas L. Spoon, dental corps; Second Lieutenant 
Simeon A. Nathan, veterinary corps. 

Caring for the men for the period intervening between July 25th, the 
date of assembly at company rendezvous, and the day the regiment was 




Chaplain Benjamin R. Lacy, Jr. 



First Lieutenant Joseph Lonergon, of the 

Supply Company, Regimental Munitions 

Officer. 



Organization i9 

ordered to mobilization camp, proved to be a task of considerable difficulty. 
Headquarters and Supply Companies were well taken care of at the North 
Carolina State A. & E. College, at Raleigh, this great college turning 
over its splendid dormitories and fine grounds to the National Guard 
organizations of Raleigh without cost. The men were furnished the best 
of board at the college dining room for the government allowance of 
seventy-five cents per day per man. The matter was not so easily handled 
in other towns and organization commanders were hard-pressed to find 
desirable quarters and proper food for their growing organizations. 

It was here that the new captains got their first experience with old 
General Red Tape, that tough old army bird that was to roost on their 
necks for many a weary day and many a toilsome night. Their first 
difficulty was in solving the mysteries of "ration return" and it was a 
solid month before a single ration return reached the office of the Supply 
Officer in proper shape. This is no reflection on the officers making the 
returns, as a brief glance at the method of procedure, as outlined in 
the "Manual for the Quartermaster Corps" will readily show. Those who 
think it easy are invited to try it once. 

If you wake up some fine morning feeling that the world is your 
oyster and longing for a job that will keep you busy mentally, physically 
and spiritually twenty-four hours per day and seven days in every week, 
permit some power to wish off on you the job of supply officer of a young, 
ambitious, impatient, growing regiment of field artillery. If you stay on 
the job you will never, like Alexander, sigh for other worlds to conquer. 
You will be kept eternally busy, keeping just one jump ahead of the 
deluge — studying A. R., G. O.'s, S. O.'s of the regiment, brigade, division, 
corps, department, War Department, files of bulletins from these various 
H. Q.'s the Q. M. Manual, the "Table of Fundamental Allowances," and 
like publications; requisitioning again and again for equipment your regi- 
ment is howling for; checking payrolls and rations savings accounts; 
explaining "by indorsement hereon" why you haven't secured a pair of 
No. 14 "Shoes, Heavy Field" for a giant private in Battery D and a pair 
of No. 21/2 of the same for petit Private Bill Jones of Battery C. 

August and September were months of stress and strain to the regi- 
mental supply officer in particular and to the various organization com- 
manders in lesser degree. The United States Government had undertaken 
a big task and equipment was lacking. It was several weeks before any 
sort of equipment could be secured and every organization was calling for 
everything. The United States Property and Disbursing Officer at Raleigh 
finally managed to secure uniforms and other equipment. As fast as 
the equipment was turned over to the Supply Officer it was apportioned 
to the batteries and shipped out. By the first of September every soldier 
in the regiment had one cotton uniform, two suits of underwear, two shirts, 
flannel 0. D., one hat and one pair of canvas leggings. Later 
slickers were secured and before the regiment left for camp it was begin- 
ning to look like a military organization. Blankets, bed-sacks and iron 



20 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

cots sufficient for every man, were shipped out from Raleigh and the 
handling of 1,500 heavy iron cots and many tons of other equipment in 
the hottest part of the hot season, served to give the Supply Company a 
foretaste of what was coming to it. 

Along about the first of August, 1917, it was definitely announced 
that the National Guard of North Carolina would form part of the 
30th Division and that the other units of the division would come 
from Tennessee and South Carolina. A little later it was announced 
that Camp Sevier, at Greenville, S. C, would be the division's training 
camp. Reports drifted up from Greenville that work on the new camp 
was progressing slowly and representatives of the regiment were sent 
down to see. They reported that there was evidence in the woods near 
the little town of Paris, six miles from Greenville, that a military camp 
would eventually be established there, but that it was still far off. They 
failed utterly in locating the artillery section of the camp, all of that 
section being in a dense forest of pine and oak. The divisions of the camp 
that had been selected for the infantry organizations, the engineers, am- 
bulance companies and field hospitals, contained much open land. 

On August 27, 1917, Battery F, of Mooresville, was ordered to camp 
to help in clearing the camp site and getting things in readiness for the 
regiment. Though hampered by the lack of equipment, this battery did 
splendid work in clearing the forest, laying out streets, and many other 
things necessary in carving a home for the regiment out of the wilderness. 
When the remainder of the regiment arrived, the men of Battery F were 
hardened veterans, and, to them, watching their newly-arrived comrades, 
fresh from two soft and easy months at home station, buckling down to 
the hardest variety of manual labor, was a source of pleasure unalloyed. 

The period of waiting at home stations was trying in the extreme. 
It was pleasant to be close to home folks. It was good to know all of 
the people they met on the streets. It was good to be fed on home cooking 
and the men of the regiment appreciated it. But it was not what they 
had enlisted for. They were too far from the Western Front. The men 
knew a long, arduous course of training lay between them and active parti- 
cipation in the World War and they were anxious to get at the job. 

Finally, after many delays and after many false rumors of moving, 
orders came from the Headquarters of the Southeastern Department, 
Charleston, S. C, directing that the regiment entrain for Camp Sevier 
and the movement started Saturday night, September 14, 1917. All of the 
organizations reached their destination Sunday afternoon. This Sunday 
proved to be the first of a long line of Sundays that found the regiment 
moving. As luck would have it, almost every important move the regi- 
ment made during its existence, began or ended on Sunday. 



CHAPTER II 



IN TRAINING AT GAMP SEVIER, 
SOUTH CAROLINA 




T this stage of the game Camp Sevier still lacked much of 
being a real camp. After much difficulty guides were 
found on that momentous Sunday afternoon who could 
find the artillery camp by following a blue print sketch 
and the men were marched down a winding trail through 
the woods to the spot, where they found nine long frame 
mess-halls standing in the woods. Just enough trees had 
been cut away to give the buildings standing room. No 
regimental or battery streets had been cleared. There was a line of 
latrines and bath-houses in the rear of the space reserved for the erection 
of tents and the laying out of the streets. Regimental Supply Sergeant 
John P. Bolt had been on the ground for two weeks and he had secured 
field ranges and provided plenty of rations. The organizations had their 
own cots and bedding and before night fell there were enough "tents, 
pyramidal, large" up to shelter most of the men. The remainder slept 
in the mess-halls. 

The task that lay before the regiment on that "Blue Monday" follow- 
ing its arrival in camp, was a big one, viewed from any angle. A bare 
start had been made at getting the camp ready for human occupancy and 
that was all. Ahead of the men lay the job of clearing away a tangled 
forest, grubbing thousands of oak and forest pine stumps, draining acres 
of marshy ground and moving tons of dirt. Armed with axes, mattocks, 
picks, saws, shovels, ropes and other equipment the men went at it and 
week followed week, in dreary, monotonous grind. It was grub stumps, 
pile brush, rake trash all day long and the bugle called you again early 
the following morning to start it all over again. 

"Pap" Martin, horseshoer in the Supply Company, looking disgustedly 
at the neat horseshoe on his sleeve that marked his rank, said that he was 
going to see the Supply Sergeant and ask him if he hadn't made a mis- 
take in issuing him such insignia. 

"Seems to me," said "Pap," "I ought to have a grubbing hoe on my 
sleeve, 'stead of this thing." 

All of the men felt the same way about it but they stuck to the 
task with true Tar Heel grit. Rivalry developed among the organizations, 
each striving to have the most attractive street and this helped wonder- 



History of the H3th Field Artillery 




Camp of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, 

fully. Blistered hands and aching muscles were forgotten in the effort 
to outdo the other fellow. 

Meanwhile the regiment was being merged into a larger organization, 
the 55th Field Artillery Brigade of the 30th Division. The regiment was 
no longer known as the "First North Carolina Field Artillery" but was 
now designated the "One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery." Beside 
it in the artillery area of the camp was the 114th Field Artillery, of Ten- 
nessee, also a light artillery organization, and farther on, over the hill, was 
the 115th Field Artillery, a heavy outfit, also from Tennessee. 

These three organizations, with the 105th Trench Mortar Battery 
and the the 105th Ammunition Train, made up the 55th Field Artillery 
Brigade. In command was Brigadier General George G. Gatley, one of the 
best artillery officers in the United States Army. 

Gradually more equipment began to trickle in. The Supply Company 
picked up a bunch of escort wagons, borrowed some harness from the 
105th Engineers, and drew a few good teams of mules from the Remount 
Depot. A month passed and the Remount Depot began to issue horses. 
It was several months before the regiment had its full quota of horses 
and mules, but "they came at last and they were all that could be desired. 
No finer bunch of horses and mules were ever assembled anywhere and 
it was the regiment's greatest sorrow that it was not permitted to take 
these animals to France. 

After the work of clearing away the stumps and trees from the 
battery streets had been completed and after the forty acres that com- 
posed the corrals were likewise shorn of trees and fit for the habitation 
of mules and horses, a sigh of relief went up from the regiment. Every- 
body was happy, but it was not to last. One morning General Gatley 
called Colonel Cox over to his headquarters and pointing to a spot on 
the camp blue print said : 

"Your parade ground will be there." 

"There" proved to be the area directly north of the regiment's camp, 
every inch of which was covered with trees, briars, thorns and vines. 



/// Training al Camp Sevier, South Carolina 




Camp Sevier, S. C, with the regiment in the foreground. 

A Chatham county rabbit would have hesitated long before trying to 
make his way through it and Chatham county rabbits are famous through- 
out North Carolina for their daring and intrepidity. In spite of all this, 
General Gatley remarked careless-like, almost nonchalantly : 

"Your parade ground will be there." 

"Yes, Sir," said the Colonel and he departed to pass the news on 
down to his organization commanders, who, in turn, passed it on to their 
top sergeants, who broke the news to the men raspingly : 

"Outside! Parade ground grubbing detail for the morning will con- 
sist of the following men, etc. File by the supply tent and get your 
pioneer equipment." 

For the benefit of the uninitiated let it be understood that "pioneer 
equipment" is just another name for the outfit used for clearing new 
grounds and it meant just axes, saws, picks and mattocks and all of this 
was now old stuff to the men, who went at it again with clogged determina- 
tion. It was Christmas before all of the grubbing was finished but they got 
it cleared in time to make room for their first real guns, a battery of 
American 3-inch guns, all of them many years old. 

Supplies of all kinds, except food, continued scarce. The rough work 
of clearing up forests proved to be very hard on army clothes. Men tore 
their uniforms into shreds. Overalls lasted only a few days. Shoes were 
ripped and snagged and the bottoms burned off around the brush fires. 
Hats lost their shape and leggings were frayed and torn. The Division 
Quartermaster was sitting on the lid, holding it clown tight. He had 
30,000 men to care for and not equipment enough for half the number. 
Consequently, he made life a burden to all supply officers, and his own 
existence during those trying months was doubtless troubled. Winter 
came on and there were no winter clothes. The weather was bitter cold 
before the men could be furnished with winter clothes and a fourth of 
winter was past before the first overcoats arrived. It was hard lines, 
but there was no help for it. Uncle Sam simply did not have the stuff. 
True, there seemed to be no lack of warm winter clothes, fine heavy 



24 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 







"Call this soldiering if you want to!" Men of the regiment clearing away the forest to make a parade 

ground. 

overcoats and good shoes at National Army camps, those camps de luxe 
where the selective service men lived luxuriously in steam-heated barracks, 
but those articles were sadly lacking in at least one National Guard 
camp, where 30,000 of the finest soldiers the world has ever seen lived 
under canvas through the worst winter the South had experienced since 
1898. Mumps and measles broke out in camp and, naturally as night 
follows day, grippe, pneumonia and kindred ailments came and seized 
upon the victims, who, weakened by mumps, measles and exposure, died 
in great numbers. Other organizations lost a great deal more heavily 
than did the One Hundred and Thirteenth and this immunity from disease 
was thought by the surgeons to be due to the gradual hardening of the men, 
beginning in the warm days of the early fall and continuing practically 
through the winter. Certain it is that the regiment never lacked for the 
hardest of manual labor at any time during the fall and winter of 1917-1918 
and the men really were as "hard as nails." The few members of the regi- 
ment who died were mainly replacements from National Army camps at 
Camp Jackson, S. C, and Camp Gordon, Ga. These men came to the regi- 
ment late in the fall and they were not prepared for the hardships that came 
upon them. It is worth noting here that those twin scourges, mumps and 
measles, and that other disease, most dreaded of all, meningitis, were 
practically unknown at Camp Sevier until the big contingent of drafted 
men arrived from Camp Jackson. The commanding general of the 30th 
Division reported these facts to the War Department and a searching 
investigation was made. The result of the investigation was never made 



In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 




At Drill with wooden guns. This is Battery D. 



known, but the surgeons of the 30th Division will bear witness to the fact 
that the epidemics that swept over the camp came in the wake of the influx 
of drafted men from Camp Jackson and were directly traceable to them. 

Later the division learned to quarantine incoming recruits from 
National Army camps long enough to see whether they were harboring 
deadly germs or not and there was no further trouble along this line. 

While the severe weather, scanty clothing, cold tents and frozen 
bath-houses were unpleasant and hard to bear with cheerfulness, the 
situation had its compensations. The men developed hardihood and 
character while struggling with stumps, logs and underbrush, displaying 
the same fortitude that later characterized them on the field of battle 
and won for them undying fame. The lessons learned on the icy hills 
around Camp Sevier helped the division to break the Hindenburg Line 
and aided no little in the making of its splendid record. 

Shortly after the arrival of the regiment at Camp Sevier there were 
changes in the Tables of Organization for practically all branches of the 
service. The strength of a light field artillery regiment was increased 
by the addition of four men to each battery. Headquarters Company 
was increased to 167 men and the Supply Company from 38 to 120 men, 
including an ordnance detachment of 12 men. 

The commissioned personnel also increased considerably, the increase 
being in Headquarters Company and including radio, telephone, gas and 
other specialists. According to the Tables of Organization, Headquarters 
Company should have had 14 officers but there was never a time when 



26 



History of the H3th Field Artillery 




Battery C drilling with wooden guns. It takes imagination to see it, but this picture shows a 3-inch 
American gun and gun limber. 

the company had more than half that number. The regiment was always 
short of officers. 

Because much has been said about it here, it should not be under- 
stood that clearing away the "forest primeval" was the only thing under 
way at Camp Sevier. It was the biggest thing going on for several weeks 
but at the same time the men were beginning to learn things about their 
new trade. While half of a battery was out in the woods hard at work, 
the other half would be at standing gun drill or doing "squads east." 
No time was lost. Each organization provided itself with wooden guns, 
there being no real guns available, and drilled faithfully. These guns 
were made out of pine logs, either mounted on old wagon or buggy wheels, 
or on forks set in the ground. The first battery to secure enough buggy 
wheels to mount its four guns was much envied. The others followed 
suit and with true Tar Heel ingenuity provided various substitutes for 
instruments needed in their work. In spite of the difficulties training 
went forward remarkably well. A great national weekly magazine, 
"Leslie's Weekly," heard of the regiment's wooden guns and sent a famous 
war correspondent all the way from New York to look the regiment 
over, photograph its wooden guns and watch the earnest and aspiring 
artillerymen work without equipment. Later these pictures were used to 
preach a strong sermon about our nation's unpreparedness and they 
created a profound impression. 

The arrival of real guns created much excitement in camp. They 
came after many promises and many delays, and while they were aged 



In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 21 

and uncertain in action, the\y were highly prized. The regiment secured four 
of them, four others going to the 114th Field Artillery. The guns were 
placed on the parade ground and a regular schedule for gun drill was 
prepared by which each organization got its turn at the guns with regu- 
larity and every gun was in use every working hour. Rain or shine, no 
organization missed its drill period. The winter was unusually bitter 
but it made no difference with the One Hundred and Thirteenth. There 
were only a few days when the snow was too deep and the weather 
too cold for outdoor drill and on those days the men were carried to the 
mess-halls and instruction continued there. No outfit ever worked harder 
than did the One Hundred and Thirteenth. The game was new to every 
member of the regiment, from the colonel down, and every member of 
the regiment determined to master every detail of it. 

Let it be recorded here that the officers of the regiment worked. It 
was up to them to keep several jumps ahead of their men and it took 
earnest, persistent, grinding labor, through long hours, to do this, for 
the enlisted personnel was of a variety that absorbed artillery education 
with astonishing ease. 

When retreat sounded in the afternoon, the enlisted man could "call 
it a day," except perhaps for a little detail work. Ordinarily he was free 
to visit the city, or call on friends in other parts of the camp, but not so 
with the officer. There was officers' school from seven o'clock until nine, 
and after school he had a whole hour to study the work of the coming 
day, check up on his paper work, square himself with the various inspectors 
who had picked flaws in his battery street, his mess-hall, latrine, or bath- 
house and had demanded explanation "by indorsement hereon." That 
man was considered some worker who could get through with his labors 
by taps and turn in with the blissful consciousness that he had nothing 
to do but sleep until reveille. 

Not all of the officers of the regiment made good and it is not to 
their discredit that they failed. With few exceptions, every man tried 
his level best. Not every man can be an artilleryman. There is no 
royal road to an artillery education and men of matured minds and settled 
habits, many years removed from the school room, find it extremely 
difficult to master anew the complexities of higher mathematics, a thorough 
knowledge of which is absolutely essential. There are men who can never 
be good mathematicians, just as there are men who can never be good 
lawyers, good surgeons, or good preachers. In any other branch of the 
service, the same amount of energy and devotion to duty might have 
brought success to these men who failed to make good as artillery officers. 
It is to their credit, too, that they needed no "benzine board," as the well- 
known military efficiency board is popularly called in the army, to suggest 
resignations. Without exception they recognized their own inability to 
master the game and having the good of the regiment at heart, they 
stepped down and out with no bitterness in their hearts. 

As rapidly as it could be arranged, the battalion commanders and 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



adjutants and the various organization commanders, were sent away to 
the great U. S. Army Artillery School at Fort Sill, Okla. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sidney C. Chambers was first to go, returning to the regiment 
after Christmas. He had taken the Fort Sill course and an additional 
course at the school for field officers in Texas. On December 1st, Colonel 
Cox went to Fort Sill. Major Stem, of the First Battalion, was also 
among those who went early. His adjutant, Captain Joyner, was retained 
at Fort Sill as an instructor, after he had finished the course and did not 
rejoin the regiment until it was about to sail for duty overseas. In the 
absence of the other field officers, Major Bulwinkle commanded the regi- 
ment until relieved by Lieutenant-Colonel Jacob A. Mack, of the regular 
army, who reported for duty on December 31st. Lieutenant-Colonel John T. 
Geary, C. A. C, regular army, was at first assigned to the regiment but 
owing to his preference for the "heavies" he was transferred to the 115th 
Field Artillery. Lieutenant-Colonel Mack had just returned from France, 
where he had seen service with the 7th Field Artillery, U. S. A., and he 
remained with the regiment until Colonel Cox had completed his studies 
at Fort Sill and at the field officers' school in Texas. 

In September the regiment received the following new officers : 

Second Lieutenants U. S. R. C, George R. Holmes, Ralph W. Harrison, 
Robert P. Beaman, Hamilton S. F. Greene, Wilbur F. Brooks, Rufus G. 
Roberts, Christian E. Mears, Francis L. Harris, Harry C. Williams. 

First Lieutenant Dental Reserve Corps, Wallace D. Gibbs. 

In October Second Lieutenant William O. Hughes, Veterinary Reserve 
Corps, was assigned to the regiment from the Remount Depot of the 
camp. 

In November First Lieutenants Medical Reserve Corps, Burmah D. 
Moore, Eugene P. Ledford and William H. Goldstein joined the Sanitary 
Detachment, the three coming from Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. Goldstein 
remained with the regiment about a month and was transferred to a 
base hospital in New York. Moore and Ledford were transferred in 
February, 1918, to the 118th Infantry of the 30th Division. 

In November there were many changes among the officers of the 
regiment, among these being the transfer of Captain Erskine E. Boyce 
from adjutant of the Second Battalion to Regimental Adjutant, succeeding 
Captain Matt H. Allen, who was transferred to the department of the 
Judge Advocate General on November 19th with the rank of major; Cap- 
tain Rufus M. Johnston, of Headquarters Company, was relieved of his 
command and made adjutant of the First Battalion, succeeding Captain 
William T. Joyner, who was transferred to Headquarters Company. 

There were also many promotions in the regiment in November. 
Sergeants Owen S. Robertson, Leroy C. Hand, John W. Moore, Lemuel 
R. Johnston, Regimental Sergeant Major William B. Duncan, Color Ser- 
geant Henry A. McKinnon and Ordnance Sergeant Jesse E. Carpenter 
became second lieutenants. Second Lieutenants Beverly S. Royster, Jr., 
Christian E. Meares, Wade V. Bowman, Robert P. Beaman and Wilbur F. 



In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 29 

Brooks were made first lieutenants and all assigned to Headquarters 
Company. 

In December Captain Buford F. Williams of Battery E became adju- 
tant of the Second Battalion. First Lieutenant Louis B. Crayton, of 
Battery F, succeeded him in command of Battery E and was promoted to 
captain on December 22d. During the month Sergeant Frank B. Davis, 
Sergeant Owen H. Guion, Regimental Sergeant Major Caleb K. Burgess 
and Battalion Sergeant Major Zack D. Harden were made second lieuten- 
ants. Second Lieutenants Eugene P. Allison and William B. Duncan were 
promoted to first lieutenants. First Lieutenant Robert M. Hanes reported 
for duty and was assigned to Battery E. He was later to become captain 
of Battery A. First Lieutenant Frank K. Borden and Second Lieutenant 
Emmett H. Bellamy, 0. R. C, joined the regiment during this month. 
Lieutenant Wilbur F. Brooks was transferred to headquarters 55th F. A. 
Brigade and Lieutenants Goldstein, Holmes and Williams were transferred 
to other camps. 

During December many difficulties were encountered. Practically 
all of the month was extremely cold. There were many heavy snows and 
to make a bad situation worse, the measles and mumps epidemics already 
referred to, were at their height. For a large part of the month the 
regiment was in quarantine and only those who have experienced a camp 
quarantine know just how deadly dull and trying it is. There were days 
when drill at the guns could not be held and on these days the regiment 
took long practice hikes, covering all of the territory around Camp Sevier. 
At this time the regiment had about 1,000 head of horses and 
mules, and feeding and grooming these animals under the weather con- 
ditions that prevailed was a tremendous task. To make a bad matter 
worse, the accumulations of soiled bedding and manure from the corrals 
had to be hauled out daily and delivered in accordance with the instruc- 
tions of a Greenville contractor, who had contracted for the whole output 
of the camp at the low price of twenty-five cents per load, delivered any- 
where within eight miles of camp. The Supply Company delivered under 
this contract an average of twenty loads daily for many months, with 
an average haul of twelve miles. This Greenville contractor collected 
$1.50 per load from the farmers of the surrounding country. An effort 
was made to ascertain the name of the brilliant quartermaster who made 
this contract but the effort was in vain. Nobody wanted to father the 
deal and the buck was passed with much speed whenever it was mentioned. 

No other organization of the regiment will begrudge the Supply Com- 
pany a few words of praise for the work they did during that long hard 
winter. In addition to keeping the corrals clean they had their other 
labors to perform, a regiment to feed and clothe and with this foolish 
contract to carry out, it required seven days of hard labor every week. 
There was no rest for the Supply Company. When a rare half holiday 
came along, down would come a memorandum from headquarters, reading 
about as follows: 



30 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




CAMP SEVIER SCENES 
il ) Regimental Street under snow. (2) A Detail engaged in Flooring Tents. (3) Battery C's Rolling 
Kitchen, completely covered with Cooks and K. P.'s. U) "Danger," the famous Pit Bull Mascot 
of the Supply Company at "Attention." (5) Snapshot of the Officers' Club House. (6) A Section 
of the Camp. (7) Looking up Regimental Street toward Headquarters. (8) Lining up for Chow. 
(9) "Asa," the Mascot of Battery A, saddled and ready fc r action. 



In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 31 

"Class B men, all organizations, will report to the Supply Company 
for policing corrals." 

"Class B men" being men who by misconduct of one kind or another 
had forfeited the rights usually accorded enlisted men. 

One of the Supply Company "mule-skinners" was heard to remark 
to his corporal one snowy day: 

"Say, Corp, I know now who put the 'S' in 'S. 0. L.' " 

And he put his finger on the big letter S that showed on his collar 
ornament. 

Nevertheless, he and his fellows worked faithfully and cheerfully in 
all kinds of weather. When the wagons of the Supply Company stopped 
rolling it was because they had encountered a division inspector who had 
declared the roads too bad for traffic. Nothing else could stop them and 
the result was that when bad weather was over, the corrals of the One 
Hundred and Thirteenth were as clean as a new pin and the Supply 
Company was able to respond to a frantic plea for help from the Supply 
Company of the 114th which had found the weather too bad for it. The 
company did this with real pleasure, too, for there was a great deal of 
good-natured rivalry between the two organizations and this calling for 
help was proof positive that the Tar Heel outfit had the edge on their 
Tennessee rivals. 

And that was some winter, too ! The people of Greenville said that 
there had been no such weather there since the Spanish-American War. 
They resented no little the many uncomplimentary things that were said 
about their climate and they spoke enthusiastically about the balmy 
winters they usually served to all comers. This was received with jeers 
and scoffing by the majority and with polite skepticism by the rest. 

Whatever the usual thing may be in the way of Greenville winters, 
the fact remains that the winter of 1917-18 was altogether bad, exceed- 
ingly uncomfortable, and more like the variety one would expect in the 
far north. It was marked by terrible blizzards and high winds. Much 
of the tentage used by the regiment had seen service on the Mexican 
border. Several tents bore old markings of Pershing's expeditionary force. 
All of it was old and the winds ripped it to shreds. Sparks from the 
Sibley stoves fell on the sides of the tents and burned great holes in 
them. Many were destroyed completely, and there were no new tents 
to be had and no canvas for patching the old. 

Organization commanders will remember this season of trouble and 
worry. The Commanding General while roaming through the regiment 
one day, caught sight of a row of tents in one of the batteries that 
was worse, far worse, than any of the others. He sent an aide to tell 
the captain of the battery to mend his ways, also his tents, at once. The 
captain made every effort to secure canvas to do the mending but there 
was none to be had. The following clay, a cold and snowy Saturday, the 
General passed through again on his regular Saturday tour of inspection 
and he remembered the message he had sent to the battery commander. 



32 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

The General, always a fluent talker, surpassed himself that day and the 
things he said to that luckless captain doubtless make his ears burn to 
this day, for the General is noted for a blistering tongue, a caustic and 
copious flow of language and picturesque, highly-colored phraseology. 

He promised that luckless captain that he would find every one of 
those neglected holes — and there were scores of them — in his efficiency 
record and he forthwith confined the captain and all of his officers to 
camp until every hole had been mended. 

But that sort of thing was all in the day's work. It was nothing to 
lose sleep over. It is the way of generals to find things to kick about 
and the vast majority of them kicked promiscuously and with great fre- 
quency from the rising up of the sun to the going down of the same and 
no man dares say them nay. Just why it is necessary for higher officers 
of the regular army — generals in particular — to raise Cain all the time, 
never dropping a word of commendation, is a deep, dark mystery to the 
unprofessional soldier. Their system seems to work fairly well but the 
same results might be obtained in a much more pleasing way. 

Having mentioned Greenville, right here is as good a place as any 
to speak of that long-suffering, much-enduring town situated in the 
suburbs of Camp Sevier. It has been the experience of most towns that 
landed cantonments after long and earnest effort, that the cantonment 
was not always an unmixed blessing. The soldier receives a warm wel- 
come at first but when he begins to fill the streets and stores and jam the 
street cars and jitneys, the inhabitants of the city he is gumming up grow 
weary and grumble. If Greenville ever felt this way about the 30th 
Division, she hid it wonderfully well. Greenville merchants and land- 
lords may have profiteered a bit, for the opportunity was there and they 
were human, but in the main the finest feeling prevailed always between 
the people of the town and the soldiers. Greenville, like charity, suffered 
long and was kind. 

Officers will remember their Saturday night visits to Greenville as 
orgies of saluting. Anywhere on Main street in the city of Greenville on 
Saturday night an officer walking or standing still, was required to execute 
thirty salutes per minute. When his right arm could stand the strain no 
longer he would hail a jitney and get off the street, or take refuge in a 
picture show. 

Officers and enlisted men in great numbers will also remember Green- 
ville for the hospitality shown their wives and children. Hundreds of 
soldiers brought their families to Greenville and kept them there during 
the long months of training. This was a source of much comfort to all 
concerned. 

In the various Liberty Loan drives that marked the fall of 1917, the 
regiment did its part exceedingly well. In the drive ending on Novem- 
ber 2, 1917, the regiment subscribed for $55,750 of bonds, 751 officers 
and men subscribing. This was distributed through the regiment as 
follows : 



In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 33 

Officers not reported with organizations $ 450. no 

Supply Company 2,150.00 

Headquarters Company 1,750.00 

Sanitary Detachment 2,900.00 

Battery A 8,650.00 

Battery B 10.600.00 

Battery C 5,400.00 

Battery D 9,650.00 

Battery E 6,750.00 

Battery F 7,450.00 

Battery F led in the number of subscribers, having 149. Battery 
B was second with 134 and Battery A third with 120. 

The men did well also in the matter of making allotments to their 
families, practically all of them showing an earnest desire to take advan- 
tage of everything offered them by the War Department. The regiment 
experienced a great deal of trouble with allotments. There seemed to be 
a complete breakdown in Washington and it took months to get simple 
little questions answered and small mistakes cleared up. In scores of 
cases there were wives, children and dependent parents at home sorely 
in need of the amount allotted to them and it was extremely difficult to 
get the allotments going. If you want to get a rise out of the average 
soldier, say something about that famous organization, the Bureau of War 
Risk Insurance, that had charge of the matter. No government agency 
ever looked better on its face or failed more completely than did this one. 
The men of the regiment seized the opportunity to take the insurance 
offered by the government with great enthusiasm. When the campaign 
was over and the time limit set by the government had expired, 1,479 
officers and men of the regiment had subscribed for war risk insurance 
totalling $12,500,000, making the regiment full 100 per cent, insured. 

The official record of the insurance drive published in a memorandum 
from regimental headquarters on February 13, 1918, was .as follows: 



RECORD OF INSURANCE SUBSCRIPTIONS FOR 
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY. 



Organization. 



Headquarters Company. 

Supply Company 

Sanitary Detachment . . . 

Battery A 

Battery B 

Battery C 

Battery D 

Battery E 

Battery F 



Actual Strength 
February 13. 



179 
113 
36 
185 
190 
186 
189 
185 
186 



No. of 
Policies. 



Amount of 
Insurance. 



$1,709,000 
921,000 
324,000 
1,575,000 
1,597,000 
1,679,500 
1,474,000 
1,136,000 
1,815,000 

$12,230,500 



Per cent, 
of Men 



Average amount subscribed for — $8,440.65. 

""This total includes twenty officers. Remainder of officers insured but not included in 
this table. 

The regiment will always be proud of this record. Not many organiza- 
tions in the service equalled it and none excelled it. It drew special com- 



34 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

mendation from the division commander. Adding the insurance taken by 
the remainder of the officers of the regiment, it was insured for a total of 
approximately $12,500,000. 

The insurance idea was one that grew on the men as the months 
went by, as is indicated by the number of policies taken in each organiza- 
tion. Men who started with one policy of $5,000, subscribed for another, 
going the full limit. 

But, as has been hinted at heretofore, a most exacting and rigid 
course of instruction in all phases of artillery work was carried out despite 
the fearful weather and the various Liberty bond and insurance cam- 
paigns. Nothing, no matter how praiseworthy, was allowed to interfere 
with the work of making artillerymen out of the men and officers of the 
One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery. The progress made was 
phenomenal, considering the difficulties encountered in the way of lack of 
equipment, lack of trained instructors, and, as has been mentioned, ex- 
tremely bad weather. Whatever else they may have lacked, nobody ever 
accused the men of the regiment of lacking energy, grit, initiative and 
enthusiasm and they stuck to the work with unwavering determination. 

In the matter of instructors, the regiment might have fared worse. 
It was extremely fortunate in having a one third interest in Lieutenant 
Jacques J. L. Popelin, a brilliant young French artillery officer of rare tact 
and understanding. He came to the 55th Field Artillery Brigade about 
December 1, 1917, just as Colonel Cox was leaving for the Fort Sill 
Artillery School. Lieutenant Popelin had served for nearly four years 
on the front and he knew the game from the ground up. He did not 
laugh at the crudeness of things as he found them. Never once did he 
sneer at well-meaning efforts of inexperienced, but terribly-in-earnest, 
soldiers to do things they were ordered to do. He was always willing 
and anxious to help, always properly sympathetic and always patient, no 
matter how helplessly the student floundered. He was just as ready to 
spend hours helping a hopeless bone-head master a problem as he was to 
help the more brilliant, and that is what won for him the respect and 
admiration of the entire brigade. Elsewhere in this book Lieutenant 
Popelin tells in his own way of the training period and of his experience 
with the regiment. He writes as he speaks and his letter will serve to 
recall to all of the officers of the regiment his delightful lectures. 

Another Frenchman was attached to the brigade for several months, 
Marechal des Logis Boree, also an experienced fighter and a very helpful 
instructor. Boree supervised the construction of four gun emplacements, 
very much on the order of the gun emplacements the regiment was to 
find all along the front in the St. Mihiel sector. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Jacob A. Mack, of the regular army, who assumed 
command of the regiment on January 1, 1918, believed strongly in shifting 
his officers around, "breaking up happy families" as he expressed it. His 
contention was that no officer should command his home company for the 
reason that it would be very difficult for the officer to avoid having favorites 



In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina :55 

among his men and "playing" these favorites, too; that officers and men 
were prone to get into a rut and lose interest in their work, if they asso- 
ciated too long together. Therefore, he set about the task of shaking up 
the regiment and when he got through with it there was "nobody home" 
in any outfit except the Supply Officer and the Regimental Adjutant. 
These two were not moved. 

During the month of January the following transfers and other 
changes took place among the officers of the regiment : 

First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker transferred from Headquarters 
Company to Battery D ; First Lieutenant J. E. Moore, from Battery D to 
Headquarters Company ; Sergeant James P. Dodge, Jr., promoted to second 
lieutenant and assigned to Battery F ; Second Lieutenant E. H. Bellamy, 
Battery F, transferred to Chickamaugua Park ; Second Lieutenant Thomas 
J. Craig, Battery C, to Headquarters Company; Second Lieutenant Robert 
H. Lawrence, Battery B, resigned; First Lieutenant David R. Morris, 
Battery A, to Headquarters Company; First Lieutenant Claude B. Mc- 
Brayer, Headquarters Company, resigned. 

In February Captain Gustaf R. Westfeldt joined the regiment and was 
assigned to Headquarters Company. He assumed command of that organi- 
zation on February 21st. First Lieutenant Horace C. Bennett also joined 
the regiment and was assigned to Headquarters Company. First Lieuten- 
ant Sanford A. Richardson, Battery E, was transferred to Headquarters 
Company and later resigned. First Lieutenant P. B. Perry, Supply Com- 
pany, transferred to Headquarters Company and resigned on February 
20th. First Lieutenant Robert P. Beaman, transferred from Headquarters 
Company to Battery B ; First Lieutenant Christian E. Mears, Headquarters 
Company, to Battery E ; Second Lieutenant Jesse E. Carpenter, Headquar- 
ters Company to Battery A; Second Lieutenant Zack D. Harden, Head- 
quarters Company to Battery A ; Captain John H. Weddell, Battery A to 
battalion adjutant, First Battalion; First Lieutenant William B. R. Guion, 
Battery A, to Battery C ; Second Lieutenant Richard D. Dixon, Battery 
A, to Battery E ; Second Lieutenant Frank B. Davis, Battery A, to Battery 
D ; Captain Lennox P. McLendon, Battery C, to Battery B ; First Lieuten- 
ant Frank B. Ashcraft, Battery D to Battery B ; Second Lieutenant H. B. 
Covington, Battery D to Battery B ; Second Lieutenant John W. Moore, 
Headquarters Company to Battery B ; First Lieutenant William E. Baug- 
ham, Battery B to Supply Company; Captain Rufus M. Johnston, from 
adjutant of First Battalion to Battery F; First Lieutenant Enoch S. Sim- 
mons, Battery B to Battery F; First Lieutenant Frank L. Fuller, Battery 
C to Battery F; Second Lieutenant H. H. Hardison, Battery D to Battery 
F; Captain Reid R. Morrison, Battery F to Battery D; First Lieutenant 
George A. Morrow, Battery F to Battery D ; First Lieutenant Eugene Alli- 
son, Battery F to Battery C ; Second Lieutenant Eugene P. Jones, Battery 
F to Battery C; Second Lieutenant James P. Dodge, Jr., Battery F to 
Battery A; Captain Wiley C. Rodman, Battery B to Battery E; Second 
Lieutenant Owen S. Robertson, Battery C to Battery E : First Lieutenant 



36 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

S. M. Gattis, Battery C to Battery D ; First Lieutenant Robert M. Hanes, 
Battery E to Battery A; Second Lieutenant G. S. Dixon, Battery B to 
Battery D ; Second Lieutenant Leroy C. Hand, Battery E to Battery 
C ; Captain Louis B. Crayton, Battery E to Battery C ; Second Lieutenant 
Eugene P. Jones, of Battery C resigned on February 7th. 

Practically all of the transfers in February were made in one order, 
R. S. 0. No. 21, dated February 1, 1918. Officers and men will long remem- 
ber this particular order, for it came without warning and completely 
upset the old and established order of things. 

In March there were also many changes, though not so many as in 
February. Battery A reported no changes. In Battery B, Leroy C. Hand, 
Battery C, promoted from second lieutenant to first, was in command 
of the outfit in the absence of Captain McLendon, who was at Fort Sill. 
Second Lieutenant Russel N. Boswell, commissioned from sergeant and 
transferred from Battery C, and Second Lieutenant Henry A. McKinnon, 
transferred to Battery B from Headquarters Company, were the other new 
officers in Battery B. First Lieutenant John W. Moore and First Lieuten- 
ant Frank B. Ashcraft were transferred, the first to Battery E and the 
latter to Headquarters Company. Lieutenant Ashcraft resigned during the 
month. First Lieutenants Frank L. Fuller and Enoch S. Simmons were 
transferred from Battery F to Battery C and Second Lieutenant Francis 
E. Liles, newly commissioned from sergeant, was assigned to Battery C. 
First Lieutenant William B. R. Guion was transferred from Battery C to 
Battery A and First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker to Battery F. 

In Battery D, First Lieutenant George A. Morrow resigned and First 
Lieutenant Richard D. Dixon, promoted during the month from Second 
Lieutenant, was assigned to the battery from Battery E. In Battery E, 
there was only one other change during the month. Second Lieutenant 
Marshal S. Barnett, commissioned from sergeant, was assigned to the 
battery on March 13th. Battery F was unchanged, except that Ordnance 
Sergeant Edwin B. Haynes, Supply Company, was commissioned second 
lieutenant and assigned to the battery. Headquarters Company showed 
two changes in March, one being the resignation of First Lieutenant 
Frank B. Ashcraft and the assignment to the company of Second Lieuten- 
ant J. P. Bolt, commissioned from regimental supply sergeant on March 
13th. In the Sanitary Detachment Second Lieutenant W. 0. Hughes, 
veterinary corps, was made first lieutenant, First Lieutenants Burmah D. 
Moore and Henry P. Ledford were transferred to the 118th Infantry. 

In April the regiment lost for a time eighteen of its officers who were 
sent overseas with the advance school detachment of the 30th Division. 
From Headquarters Company First Lieutenants David R. Morris and Julian 
E. Moore were transferred to the Aviation Concentration Camp at Fort 
Sill. Second Lieutenant Henry A. McKinnon was transferred to Battery 
A, Second Lieutenant John P. Bolt to the Supply Company, and First 
Lieutenant William B. Duncan to Battery E. Second Lieutenant Zack 
D. Harden was transferred to Battery A. Second Lieutenant Harry B. 



In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 37 

Covington resigned from Battery B. First Lieutenant Eugene Allison, 
of Battery A, was assigned to Battery C on April 24th and Captain Louis 
B. Crayton of Battery C, was assigned to Battery E on April 13th. On 
the same date Captain Reid R. Morrison, of Battery D was reassigned 
to his old battery F, and Captain Rufus M. Johnston, of Battery F, was 
assigned to Battery D. Second Lieutenant Edwin B. Haynes, Battery F, 
was assigned to Battery E. First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker was 
transferred to Headquarters Company. Captain John H. Weddell, adjutant 
of the First Battalion, resigned. 

About the middle of May nine new officers reported to the regiment, 
all coming from the field artillery replacement camp at Camp Jackson, 
S. C. They were : Captain Nugent B. Vairin, Jr., First Lieutenants Charles 
H. Wood, Allan W. Douglass, Lewis M. Smith, Jr., Maitland Solomon ; Sec- 
ond Lieutenants Richard S. Schmidt, Daniel T. Roberts, Ernest W. Hinch- 
cliffe and Kip I. Chace. Two of these, Lieutenant Douglass and Lieutenant 
Schmidt, were assigned to Battery A. Second Lieutenant James P. Dodge, 
Jr., was transferred from Battery A to Headquarters Company and Second 
Lieutenant Jesse E. Carpenter, of Battery A, resigned. First Lieutenant 
Charles H. Wood and Second Lieutenant Daniel T. Roberts were assigned 
to Battery B. Second Lieutenant Ernest W. Hinchcliffe was assigned to 
Battery C. Captain Nugent B. Vairin, Jr., was assigned to Battery D, 
succeeding Captain Rufus M. Johnston, who resigned. Second Lieutenant 
Kip I. Chace was also assigned to Battery D. First Lieutenant Maitland 
Solomon and Second Lieutenant Richard S. Schmidt were assigned to Bat- 
tery F. First Lieutenant Lewis M. Smith was assigned to Headquarters 
Company and First Lieutenant William E. Baugham, relieved from duty 
with the Supply Company, was also assigned to Headquarters Company. 
First Lieutenant Frank K. Borden was transferred from the Headquar- 
ters Company to the Aviation Concentration Camp at Fort Sill. First Lieu- 
tenant Joseph Lonergon was transferred to the regiment from the Quarter- 
master Corps and was attached to the Supply Company on May 1. He 
was assigned to the Supply Company on May 22d. Captain Martin Olt- 
. house, veterinary corps, was assigned to the regiment during this month. 

In April the regimental staff was increased by the addition of another 
officer, a personnel adjutant. First Lieutenant Alfred W. Horton, of the 
30th Division Staff, was selected for this place and he was transferred to the 
regiment, soon thereafter being promoted to captain. This new office, it 
was announced, would relieve company commanders of the onerous labors 
of making out pay rolls and writing miles of reports. While all of the 
dreams engendered by the news of the new departure failed to come true, 
it did serve to greatly lighten the burdens of all organization commanders. 
The Personnel Officer took from the shoulders of the Supply Officer the 
burden of handling the regiment's pay account and his records, carefully 
card indexed and filed, made instantly available the regiment's every asset 
in the way of specially trained man-power. 

While these changes were taking place among the officers of the 



38 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

regiment, many changes were taking place among the enlisted men of the 
regiment. By slow degrees every man found his place. Men who had 
come to camp, privates, demonstrated their fitness for places of responsi- 
bility and in many cases men who had come to camp wearing the stripes 
of a corporal or of a sergeant again found their way back to the ranks. 
The changes were too numerous to be chronicled here. In March, April 
and May of 1918, there were many calls for specially trained men for 
service overseas and elsewhere in the United States. French speaking 
soldiers were taken in one group and sent to Camp Greene, N. C, for 
immediate service in France. Another time the call was for railway 
mechanics for the A. E. F. and the regiment lost heavily. Truck drivers 
and auto mechanics went out in a body, leaving a big gap in the ranks, 
and so it went. Organization commanders were sorely tried during these 
months, for they knew not the hour when an order would come down 
calling for their very best men. A good private is a precious possession 
and one to be cherished, but a good non-com is worth his weight in gold. 
It takes long, hard, sustained effort to develop one and to have him trailed 
down to your outfit by a card index hound and snatched away without 
so much as "by your leave," is one of the things that makes war what 
Sherman said it was. 

In January the following soldiers were sent to the Third Officers' 
Training Camp at Camp Stanley, Leon Springs, Texas: 

Sergeant Major W. A. Allen, First Sergeant W. F. Danielly, Sergeants 
Fred M. Patterson, Paul B. Scott, Michael H. Jones and George B. Hellen, 
Headquarters Company; Corporal Leland C. Shepard, Supply Company; 
Sergeant John G. Hudgins, Battery A ; First Sergeant W. A. Blount, Bat- 
tery B; Sergeant C. B. Wills, Battery C; Sergeant Nero T. Bobbitt and 
Corporal Percy H. Wilson, Battery D ; Sergeant C. J. M. Blume, Corporals 
Leland White, Jr., and Mitchell F. Orr, Private John L. Bell, of Battery F. 

Many other men were transferred to other branches of the service. 
The Signal Corps took quite a number and the Quartermaster Corps 
called for trained accountants and men experienced in the handling of 
supplies. By means of the card index of the personnel officer these men 
were located easily and taken away in droves. There was never a time 
when the regiment was unable to furnish the kind of men called for. 
Every variety of skilled labor and most of the professions were represented 
in the regiment. 

As these men went, others came to fill their places. They came from 
National Army camps at Camp Jackson, S. C, Camp Gordon, Ga., and 
Camp Funston, Kan. The men received from Camp Funston, Kan., were 
of an unusually high order and well trained in field artillery work. Those 
received from Jackson and Gordon were green. The Camp Funston men 
were out of the 89th Division and almost without exception proved to 
be good soldiers. A search of the records would show that the Camp 
Funston detachment furnished the regiment a number of non-com- 
missioned officers out of all proportion to the size of the detachment. 



In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 39 

These men were all from the west. Missouri, Kansas and Nebraska were 
well represented as were the Dakotas and Colorado. 

The War Department changed its policy of promoting men from the 
ranks in the spring of 1918, requiring thereafter a course in some training 
camp. The number of officer candidates alloted to each regiment was very 
small and this was very discouraging to the ambitious. The One Hun- 
dred and Thirteenth Field Artillery possessed "officer timber" in large 
quantities. No regiment ever boasted an enlisted personnel ranking 
higher in intelligence and soldierly qualities in general than that of 
the One Hundred and Thirteenth. There was no disposition on the 
part of the officers of the regiment to keep any of their men from attend- 
ing the officers' training camps, though it was discouraging to the last 
degree to train a non-commissioned officer up to a point where he was 
almost indispensable and then lose him. On the other hand, they pulled 
hard for their best sergeants and the selection of the monthly list of 
candidates was always fraught with rivalry. 

Meanwhile, those who were left in the regiment were fast getting an 
artillery education. Officers began to report back from the great Artillery 
School of Fire at Fort Sill in January, Lieutenant-Colonel Chambers being 
first to return, and these brought new ideas and new methods of instruc- 
tion. The 3-inch guns were worked all day long and the old wooden guns 
lost their bark. The men kept on the jump all the time. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Mack began to instruct the officers in new French methods which 
he had acquired with the 7th Field Artillery in France. They learned 
that firing cannons was no longer a simple matter, but that they must take 
into consideration the density of the air, the temperature of the powder and 
various and sundry meteorological facts and circumstances. Lieutenant 
Popelin was an expert along this line and was of great assistance to Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Mack. 

Lieutenant Popelin was ordered to Fort Sill in February, but returned 
to the brigade in March, just as the regiment was getting ready to start 
to the artillery range at Cleveland Mills, about twenty miles north of Camp 
Sevier. This period of practice firing, the first the men had, was one of 
unusual interest to them. For months they had been going through the 
motions of loading, aiming and firing. They had stood gun drill until they 
were letter perfect in the execution of every command and the gun squads 
moved like well-oiled machines. The men wondered if they could handle 
"live" shells as smoothly as they handled the wooden shells, and if the report 
of the guns would rattle them ; and they were possessed of a great and 
burning curiosity to see their officers work under conditions approximating 
actual warfare. They could hardly wait to get on the range and at work. 

The First Battalion, with about half of the Supply Company and the 
battalion detail out of Headquarters Company, left for the range on the 
30th day of March, arriving the following day. The First Battalion spent a 
week in target work and was relieved by the Second Battalion and the other 
halves of Headquarters and Supply Companies, these returning from the 



40 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

range on April 15th. The work of the officers and of the men was satis- 
factory throughout and very pleasing to the instructors. 

Very soon after the return of the regiment from the artillery range 
rumors of moving began to stir and soon they were coming thick and fast. 
Equipment was checked and rechecked and property accounts carefully 
audited. The Division Quartermaster had scoured the nation for equipment 
for his division and at the final check-up it was found to be in fairly good 
condition. The Assistant Division Quartermaster announced in April that 
according to his records the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery 
was the best equipped regiment in the division, leading all other outfits 
by a margin of 9 per cent, in quartermaster property. In the matter of 
ordnance signal and engineer property, the outfit was sadly lacking, and 
these classes of property were not received in abundance until the regiment 
reached France. 

On April 19, 1918, Colonel Cox was directed by the Division Com- 
mander to name 18 officers and 30 enlisted men as an "advance school 
detachment" to precede the regiment to France for instruction. This 
detachment left the regiment on April 30th and sailed from New York on 
the steamship George Washington on May 8th. They landed at Brest, 
France and reported at the U. S. Artillery School at Camp de Valdahon, 
France. This detachment rejoined the regiment at Camp de Coetquidan, 
France, on June 22, 1918. It consisted of the following officers and men : 

OFFICERS: 

Lieut.-Col. Sidney C. Chambers, commanding. 

Wireless or Telegraphy: Reconnaissance and Orientation: 

1st Lieut. Horace C. Bennett. Capt. Lennox P. McLendon. 

1st Lieut. Christian E. Mears. 1st Lieut. William B. R. Guion. 

. 1st Lieut. John W. Moore. 

Flrm 9- 2d Lieut. Lemuel R. Johnston. 



Capt. Wiley C. Rodman. 
Capt. Robert M. Hanes. 
1st Lieut. Wade V. Bowman. 



Aerial Observation: 



1st Lieut. Richard D. Dixon. 1st Lieut. William E. Baugham. 

1st Lieut. Beverly S. Royster, Jr. 1st Lieut. Samuel M. Gattis, Jr. 

1st Lieut. Enoch S. Simmons. 2d Lieut. Zack D. Harden. 

2d Lieut. James P. Dodge, Jr 2d Lieut. Caleb K. Burgess. 

ENLISTED MEN: 

Department of Materiel: Department of Telephone: 

Sgts. Edward E. Bell and John G. Hud- Sgt. Luther White, of Battery A. 

gins, of Battery A. C rp. William L. Hassel, of Battery B. 

Sgts. Frank W. McKeel and James K. Corp Legter y Smith> of Battery & 

Proctor, of Battery B. _ _ , _ _.,,. „ „ „ 

c 4- ou i t> iij-'ii r r> ij. /-i Corp. Fred E. Williams, of Battery D. 

Sgt. Charles B. Wills, of Battery C. * ' J 

Sgts. Nero T. Bobbitt and Percy H. Wil- s gt- Ronald A. Craven, of Battery E. 

son, of Battery D. 1st CI. Pvt. Clarence G. Hope, of Battery 

Sgt. Walter R. Minish, of Battery E. F. 

Sgts. McLin S. Choate and Charles F. Sgt. Fred M. Patterson, of Headquar- 

Rich, of Battery F. ters Co. 



In Training at Camp Seiner, South Carolina 



Department of Wireless: 
Sgt. Newton S. Gulley, of Battery B. 
Sgt. Lawrence F. Dixon, of Battery C. 
Sgt. Archie B. Fairley, of Battery D. 
Corp. Rufus A. Annas, of Battery E. 
Corp. Charles G. Sellers, of Battery F. 
Corp. George H. Goelson, of Battery A. 
Sgt. Ralph L. Henderson, of Headquar- 
ters Co. 



Department of Observation and Liaison: 

Corp. Jacob H. Ziegler, of Battery A. 
Corp. Marshall E. Bagwell, of Battery B. 
1st CI. Pvt. Charles L. Andrews, of 

Battery C. 
Pvt. Julian D. Kirby, of Battery D. 
Pvt. Dedrick S. Barber, of Battery E. 
Corp. William E. Cornelius, of Battery 

F. 
Sgt. Earl Johnson, of Headquarters Co. 



The departure of these men stirred the regiment to fever heat. The 
whole outfit, both officers and men, were wild to be on the move and eager 
to get at the foe. The news from Europe at that time was not cheering. 
Germany had launched the first of her five big drives in March. The 
result had been disastrous to the allies. In April Germany again smashed 
through the allied lines for big gains and it began to look like the war 
would be over before the eager warriers of the One Hundred and Thir- 
teenth could reach the scene of action. Bare thought of such an ending, 
such a blasting of all their hopes, wore the patience of the waiting soldiers 
threadbare and when things began to look like real action was in prospect, 
great was their enthusiasm. 

The infantry outfits of the division were first to move, and they moved 
swiftly when they started. Within a week from the time the movement 
started, all of the big camp, except the area occupied by the 55th Field 
Artillery Brigade and a few scattering units, was vacant. Then began 
another period of depression that lasted for ten days or more. Rumors 
again flew thick and fast and the most persistent of them had it that no 
artillery outfits were going to France for many months, as the Allies were 
well-fixed with artillery but needed infantry and machine gun outfits. 

On May 8th a telegram from Adjutant General McCain was received 
directing the movement of all remaining units of the division to the Port 
of Embarkation, Hoboken, N. J., and this dispelled all doubt. Hurry-up 
orders came down for the turning in to the Remount Depot of all animals 
and there was great scurrying around in all quarters to clear up property 
accounts. The regiment checked out exactly in the matter of animals, 
much to the delight of everybody concerned. The 3-inch American guns 
were shipped to Camp Jackson for the artillery replacement division there 
and the battery of British 75 milimetre guns, which the regiment received 
late in the spring and used but little, were shipped to the 37th Division at 
Camp Sheridan, Ala. Hundreds of packing boxes were made and the work 
of packing and marking equipment was carried through without a hitch. 
The regiment was ready for moving at the hour appointed for it, with 
nothing left undone. There was not a single "hang over" left to worry 
about and no Camp Sevier ghosts rose to haunt the regiment afterwards. 

The regiment boarded train on Sunday, May 19, 1918, and on the 
day following. Headquarters and Supply Companies and the First Bat- 



42 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

talion left Sunday on trains No. 48 and No. 49, with Lieutenants Whittaker 
and Barnett as train quartermasters. On Monday train No. 50, with Lieu- 
tenant Bolt as train quartermaster, carried the Second Battalion. Trains 
No. 48 and No. 49 reached Camp Albert L. Mills, Long Island, N. Y., on 
Tuesday, May 21st, and the remaining units reached camp late the same day, 
marching into a camp area only partly equipped in pitch-black darkness 
and in a driving rain. 

The regiment spent the remainder of the week at Camp Mills and a 
busy week it was for everybody. Orders were to turn in every piece of 
equipment and draw new equipment and this involved tremendous labor. 
A flock of inspectors descended upon the regiment and every article of 
equipment was scrutinized as closely as if the fate of the world depended 
on its good condition. The great city of New York just across the Sound, 
beckoned in vain. There was no opportunity for the officers to get any 
recreation or relaxation and the majority of the non-commissioned officers 
were bound down to their tasks in the same way. The big job was to get 
the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery ready for duty overseas. 

On Sunday morning, May 26, 1918, the regiment marched from Camp 
Mills and boarded a ferry-boat and was carried to its loading pier, where 
it found the Armagh, a big British freighter waiting to receive it. This 
boat had been constructed for carrying beef from Australia and New Zea- 
land to England and was, no doubt, admirably adapted to that sort of 
business, but as a transport for soldiers it left much to be desired. The 
boat had been converted hastily into a transport and the quarters provided 
for the men were the last word in discomfort, extremely hard to keep 
even half clean and very poorly ventilated. About 2,500 soldiers were 
crowded into the Armagh. It held all of the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
except about fifteen officers, who were assigned to the 115th Field Artillery 
for the voyage; the 105th Field Signal Battalion, under Major Van Dusen; 
Headquarters 55th Field Artillery Brigade, with General Gatley in charge, 
and a few other scattered units. 

The Armagh sailed on the 27th of May and it struck nasty foggy 
weather before it was well out of the harbor. Thirteen other ships and 
one lone battleship slipped out of the mist and joined the Armagh on the 
morning of the 28th and throughout the long voyage the convoy kept in 
regular formation day and night. 

For more than a week, as the ship labored on, there was small 
thought of dangers lurking near, for it took that long to get within what 
was then called the "danger zone" and it is just as well that nobody on 
board knew that German submarines were operating at that time just 
outside New York harbor. Everywhere on the broad Atlantic in those 
days there was danger. The regiment was on the water at the time when 
the first news of submarine operations along the coasts of the United 
States startled the country and it caused much uneasiness among the 
people at home. No member of the regiment knew about it until after 
the Armagh had reached Liverpool. 



CHAPTER III 




THE JOURNEY TO FRANCE 

HE voyage was devoid of incident, except that there was a 
submarine scare. The ship's second officer on watch one 
night was very positive that he saw the wake of a torpedo 
as it passed close astern of the nearest ship in the convoy 
and shot on across the bow of the Armagh. The convoy 
speeded up and when daylight came several of the ships 
were found to be out of position. They drifted back into 
formation and the voyage continued as before, the ships 
zig-zagging across the ocean after a scheme agreed upon. In the office of 
the navigator, high on the bridge of the ship, a little clock gave a signal 
at regular intervals and the big ship obeyed it instantly. Every other 
ship in the convoy changed course at exactly the same moment. 

The voyage was monotonous in the extreme. The eternal sameness 
got on everyone's nerves. Hundreds of the soldiers, both officers and men, 
were getting their first taste of the sea and "mal de mer" claimed them for 
its own. Fog settled down on the sea like a blanket and the ship's whistle 
sounded night and day. Inspection followed inspection and life-boat drill 
was the only thing that broke the monotony, and even that palled on the 
men after the first week. "Craps" was interesting until the crew had been 
relieved of all of their money. The wily Britishers proved an easy mark 
at this game, but they came back at the Yanks with a game of their own 
that easily recouped all their losses. The game flourished until news of it 
came to the ears of some officers of the regiment and it was stopped. 

The Armagh and her sister ships of the convoy took the northern 
route. None who traveled with that outfit will deny that the convoy went 
north. It grew cold and colder and everybody looked for icebergs. In 
fact, the opinion was freely expressed that the north pole was not far off 
and every man wore his heavy overcoat and was glad that he had it. The 
life-belts were fine chest protectors. The majority of the men had the 
padded jacket variety, with a heavy collar that stood up around the ears. 
These were worn after the ship reached the so-called "danger zone." 

To make things worse, there was the British grub and British cooking. 
It was all good, from a British standpoint, but exceedingly disgusting to 
American stomachs. There was mutton. Few Americans like mutton, but 
the Britisher holds it second only to his beloved roast beef. The Armagh 
seemed to be stocked up heavily on mutton and anxious to get rid of it, 
far there was mutton every day and very often mutton twice a day. 



41 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

Then there was that other evil-tasting mixture that the Britishers 
called "orange marmalade." This came on the menu with sickening reguf- 
larity. The men hated the stuff and more than one can of it went over- 
board. In fact, so much of it went that way that guards were set to watch 
out for such "wanton waste of comestibles." The men could hardly figure 
just how the stuff came to be considered a "comestible," for it was not 
palatable. When warned not to destroy more of it they readily desisted, 
one man stating it clearly in these words : 

"The stuff ain't fit for a human being to eat and according to my way of 
looking at it, overboard is the place for it, but if there are people in the 
world foolish enough to eat it, I say let's save it for them." 

Potatoes, boiled in their jackets, were on the bill of fare for every 
meal, and so it went. There was never any lack of food and the food was 
undoubtedly nourishing, but it didn't suit the American soldier. The men 
longed for their own "mess line" again, with their own mess sergeants pre- 
siding over the "eats" and their own cooks and "K. P.'s" dishing them out 
with generous hands. They promised themselves that "if they ever got 
back to good old U. S. A. rations again" they would kick no more and their 
loud lamentations were music to the ears of the aforesaid mess sergeants 
and cooks, all of whom had suffered long and grievously at the hands of 
the lamenters. Suffice it to say that these promises, though earnestly 
made, were not kept. The American soldier is never satisfied. 

The voyage made a deep and lasting impression on the minds of the 
men. The nights were particularly solemn and depressing. The big gray 
ship, dark as a tomb from end to end, plunged along through the darkness, 
with not a sound except the throb of the engines. The men were not per- 
mitted to smoke a cigarette for fear that the lighted end might cast a glow 
that would catch the sinister eye of a German sub lurking out there some- 
where in the darkness. The long days, when the fog covered the face of the 
waters and blotted out the outlines of even the closest ships of the convoy, 
were almost as solemn as the nights. Altogether such a voyage as the 
men of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery experienced is not 
to be sought after. One is quite enough for an ordinary lifetime. 

Somewhere far out in the Atlantic, northwest of the Irish coast, the 
men woke one morning to find the big gray American battleship that had 
been escorting the transports gone, and even as they scanned the horizon 
for it they saw a strange sight. Out of the misty distance there came a 
fleet of destroyers, long, rakish little vessels, with big guns mounted on 
them, and they came on with surprising speed. There were fourteen of 
them and they swarmed all over the sea, darting in and out among the ships 
of the convoy, rising now on the tip of a big wave and now plunging down 
almost out of sight. These were the foes most dreaded by the sub, these 
the men who daily flirted with death and at great peril kept the sea lanes 
open. It was a sight to stir the blood. 

On the night of the twelfth day out, late watchers on the decks caught 
the beams of a lighthouse on the coast of northern Ireland. The news 



The Journey to France \~> 



spread through the ship and everybody was happy. The ship had followed 
the extreme northerly course. In fact, it had gone so far north that for 
part of the time there was not more than three hours of night out of the 
twenty-four. On the following morning the men woke to see before them 
the beautiful green fields of "Old Erin" and quaint little towns hugging the 
shore at the base of steep cliffs. Overhead several dirigibles floated lazily, 
guarding the convoy and keeping a sharp look-out for subs. Swift aero- 
planes darted through the air, all on the same mission. The fleet of four- 
teen destroyers was still on the job and it had been supplemented by a score 
or more of smaller craft, tiny little trawlers and all sorts of little boats. 
Many of these had guns mounted on them that were out of all proportion to 
the size of the boat and one wondered just how high out of the water one 
of those plucky little fellows would be kicked if the gun were ever fired. 

The convoy was closely guarded in this way all the way through the 
Irish Sea, the very happy hunting grounds of the sub. At frequent 
intervals there were pointed out grim reminders of the work of the sub. 
The tops of the masts of the transport Lincoln were to be seen jutting out 
of the water and along the course other wreckage was in evidence. It was 
a beautiful day, the only beautiful day of the long voyage, and the scene 
that met the eye was one of such rare loveliness and peacefulness that it 
was difficult for the men to realize that the "jackal of the sea" had 
stealthily sunk stately ships on that very course and that even at that 
moment one might be waiting for the Armagh. 

When the day ended the Armagh had completed her voyage and the 
One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was "tied up at the dock" in 
Liverpool. The regiment had been aboard the Armagh for thirteen weary 
days. It was June 7, 1918. 

Early on the morning of June 8th the work of debarking began. The 
main body of the regiment was ordered to Knotty Ash, the American 
camp in Liverpool. The men made a fine appearance on their march 
through the streets of Liverpool and were greeted with the wildest en- 
thusiasm all along the line. It was a great experience to all of them. 

The unloading of the baggage, transferring it from the docks to the 
train and loading, was completed in less than half a day. Captain Fletcher, 
of the Supply Company, with his own men and details from the batteries, 
aggregating 287 men, was directed to proceed to the American Rest Camp 
at Winnall Downs, near Winchester. These men did not accompany the 
remainder of the regiment to Knotty Ash but got away for Winnall Downs 
about three o'clock in the afternoon, arriving there before midnight. The 
remainder of the regiment arrived at Winnall Downs on the next day, 
June 9th. 

The regiment remained at Winchester until June 11th. The men 
were made fairly comfortable and they spent every moment exploring 
historic Winchester. They were shown the spot where Cromwell's artillery 
took position for shelling Winchester and many other things of equal 
interest. Probably the most interesting relic they saw was King Arthur's 



46 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

Round Table on display in the great hall of the Castle of Winchester. 

Here at Winchester the men found their liberties much curtailed 
because of trouble that other American troops had experienced in Win- 
chester. The American soldier never had any trouble with the Canadian, 
the Australian, or the New Zealander and very rarely with the Frenchman, 
but there was trouble in plenty when "Yank" met "Tommy Atkins." Ask 
any veteran of the World War what he thinks of the typical British Tommy 
and you will hear distinctly unflattering comment. 

The Tar Heel artillerymen of the One Hundred and Thirteenth had 
small opportunity of mingling with the Tommies but they had enough. 
Months later, when they had rejoined the 30th Division, they were 
to learn that their brethren of the 30th who served with the British 
never learned to like the British Tommy, but that they did greatly admire 
the Canadians and the "Aussies." 

The British officers were no more likable than their enlisted men. 
There is something about the British officer that just naturally rubs an 
American the wrong way. The officers of the One Hundred and Thir- 
teenth, almost without exception, disliked those they came in contact with. 
They found them unbearably egotistical, blind to everything save their own 
national greatness, stubbornly opinionated and vain beyond description. 

Watching these Britishers of high and low degree, listening to their 
talk, observing the conditions under which they lived, and picking up 
information concerning them here and there as they went along, the 
men of the regiment began to feel a new pride in the United States of 
America, for it dawned upon them that the American branch of the Anglo- 
Saxon family had climbed to heights which the English branch had not 
as yet dreamed of scaling. In fact, they found it extremely difficult to 
believe that old England is young America's mother. 

The world is coming at least to realize that the World War was 
practically over in June, 1918 and that Germany had won. At this time, 
when American forces were being hurled across the seas and every energy 
bent on getting American fighting men into the front lines, the great Ger- 
man machine was driving everything before it. The British could not 
stop it and the armies of Britain and France were falling back. It was 
the darkest hour of the war and the gloom that had settled like a black 
cloud on the fighting forces along the Western Front had spread over all 
England. 

Chaplain Lacy, of the One Hundred and Thirteenth, who was educated 
at Oxford, England, and who could get closer to the average Britisher 
than any other man in the regiment, talked with a great many men in 
Winchester and elsewhere and the prevailing opinion among them was that 
the war was over and that they had lost. 

"We are glad that you have come," one English leader said to Lacy, 
"but you have come too late. There is nothing that you can do now that 
will save us." 

His was the attitude of the whole country but both he and the country 



The Journey to France 47 

were wrong. They underestimated the wonderful fighting ability of their 
new forces and at the very moment when he was speaking, the doughboys 
of the First, Second, Third, Thirty-second, Forty-second and Seventy- 
seventh divisions, A. E. F., had been thrown into the fray to steady the 
wavering lines, with immediate visible results. A few weeks later, at a 
little town less than forty miles from Paris, a handful of American 
Marines of the Second Division and a machine gun battalion out of the 
Third, met the German onslaught at its exact center and stopped it with 
a suddenness that surprised the world. From that day on, Germany never 
gained a foot of ground, but, step by step, was driven back. 

But it was a gloomy people that the men of the One Hundred and 
Thirteenth looked upon in England. Nothing was pleasing except the land- 
scape and that was pleasing only in an artificial way. All England looked 
like one great park, wonderfully trimmed and kept, but as a place in which 
to make a living, the farmer lads of the regiment shook their heads and 
voted solidly for the less ornamental acres of the Old North State. They 
were interested in it all, for here their forefathers had made history. Every 
organization sent out sightseeing parties, but there were too many things 
to be done in camp to admit of much exploring. One whole precious after- 
noon of the regiment's stay at Winchester was taken up with a review in 
honor of the Duke of Connaught, uncle of King George. 

The regiment got away on June 11th for Southampton, there to take 
boat for France. The crossing of the Channel was uneventful. The outfit 
had heard much of the roughness of the seas in these quarters and was 
totally unprepared for the untroubled expanse of water that greeted them. 

On the morning of June 12th the regiment woke to hear, dim and far 
away, the rumble of heavy guns. They were in Le Havre. The baggage 
was transferred from the hold of the ship to waiting trucks and put aboard 
freight cars and the men carrying all equipment, were hiked up hill for five 
weary miles to another rest camp, where the accommodations were hardly 
half as good as those found at Winnall Downs and Knotty Ash and those 
were bad enough. Here the men were assigned twelve to a tent about half 
the size of the regular pyramidal tents. There were no cots and no floors 
in the tents. The men lay on the ground and stacked their legs around the 
tent pole. The officers fared no better. 

Now that the war is over and there is leisure for such pastime, it 
would be well for some one to make a search for the humorist who first 
named that variety of camp a "rest camp." No man ever left one in as good 
condition as he was when he entered it. This one at Le Havre was the worst 
any member of the One Hundred and Thirteenth had seen up to that time 
and no camp thereafter surpassed it in general cussedness. 

Thanks to unusual good luck, the outfit got away from that rest 
camp on the following day, June 13th. They boarded a train at 6 :00 p. m. 
for Camp de Coetquidan, near Guer, France. Twenty-four hours later they 
had landed at their destination and the regiment had entered upon the third 
stage of its history, its period of training in France. 



48 



, History of the 113th Field Artillery 






CHAPTER IV 




TRAINING IN FRANCE 

AMP DE COETQUIDAN, in the province of Morbihan, Brit- 
tany, was one of the best artillery training camps in 
France. According to the French who lived there, this 
camp was established by Napoleon I, who selected the loca- 
tion because of its great natural advantages. He built the 
old stone barracks that housed the One Hundred and Thir- 
teenth Field Artillery. The camp is located on a hill over- 
looking a vast stretch of country to the west and south. 
Since the beginning of the war in 1914 the French had made large addi- 
tions to the camp, and that part of it lying to the east and slightly below 
the crest of the ridge was composed of much more modern buildings than 
those found in the older section of the camp on the western edge of the 
camp, but the old buildings were comfortable, fairly easy to keep clean, 
and the men were well pleased with them. 

Here the United States had been training artillery units for about one 
year up to the time of the arrival of the One Hundred and Thirteenth and 
the other units of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade. The school was turning 
out an average of one artillery brigade every thirty days and the average 
period of training was about sixty (60) days. 

No time was lost in getting down to hard work. The camp authorities 
were on the job, the instructors were good men and willing workers, and 
within two days the regiment had settled down to a training schedule that 
called for sixteen hours of hard work every day in the week except Sunday. 
There were schools of every variety and the officers of the regiment were 
assigned to various special branches of work, according to the capabilities 
they had shown. The schools were all well equipped and fitted out for the 
work to be done. Instruments and other equipment that the men and 
officers of the regiment had read about and heard of vaguely in the States 
were there ready for their use and they entered upon this stage of training 
with vast enthusiasm. Only those who have tried to "make brick without 
straw" know just how discouraging a task it is. Learning to be an artillery- 
man with none of the tools of the trade to work with was just as trying an 
experience as anyone can imagine, and it was delightful to find here at hand 
in Camp de Coetquidan everything they needed. 

There was some uncertainty about the guns of the regiment and for a 
few days it was feared that there would be delay in getting them. The 
camp ordnance officer, a North Carolinian, Major Gallimore, promised full 



50 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

equipment within two weeks, but to the regiment's great delight they came 
in less than a week, twenty-four slim camouflaged French 75's, brand new, 
right out of the factory. The regiment had no horses and trucks were 
secured to haul them from the railroad station at Guer to camp, a distance 
of about three miles. The guns were quickly distributed among the bat- 
teries and the training of the gun squads began again with a rush. Every 
organization had its own full equipment. Nobody had to wait for anyone 
else to "get off the guns." There were guns for all. 

After five weeks of classroom work, work began on the target range. 
The Coetquidan range is one of the best in the world. The high ridge 
extending to the south of the camp offers the finest opportunity of observ- 
ing the effect of fire and the accuracy of aim. The broad terrain, marked 
by sunken roads, ruins of deserted villages and patches of woodland, 
affords a wide range of targets and the students have every opportunity of 
viewing with their own eyes the actual effect of the fire from their guns. 
This is of great importance in the training of artillerymen. 

The work of both officers and men was surprisingly good and it was 
commended frequently by both the American and French instructors. 
Lieutenant Popelin remained with the brigade and there were many other 
French officers and non-commissioned officers among the instructors. Ex- 
cept as it afforded a foundation for the work at Camp de Coetquidan in 
giving the men self-confidence, all of the training in America had been of 
little good to the regiment. Everything they had learned about the 
handling of guns had to be "unlearned" and a system entirely different 
substituted for it. The French 75-millimetre gun is unlike any other gun 
on earth and just about as far removed from the American 3-inch gun as 
it is possible for a gun to be. They are not alike in any feature of operation, 
and the men had to begin again at the bottom and come up. How they 
managed to attain proficiency in the art of handling this new weapon in the 
course of a few short weeks will always remain a source of wonder, even to 
those officers who were closely associated with them and who watched their 
work day by day. Inside of a month these Tar Heel lads were showing 
speed in the operation of their guns that astonished the French, and before 
their period of training was over there was not a French gun squad in camp 
who could execute an order with the speed of these new men who six weeks 
before had never seen a 75. 

Horses began to arrive by the last of June and by the middle of July 
the regiment had 1,105 horses. A horse-buying detail had been sent out 
into Normandy, in charge of Lieutenants Beaman, Duncan, Schmidt and 
Bolt, to work with a French commission, and horses began to arrive in great 
numbers. They were fine horses, but the service they gave was not satis- 
factory. There has been much criticism of the French for the class of 
horses they furnished the A. E. F., but much of it is unfounded. In France 
the horse is an honored and a pampered member of the family. He lives 
behind the same walls that shelter the family and if he ventures abroad 
when it rains his shoulders and neck are protected by a fur robe that com- 



Training in France 



pletely covers the collar and his back is sheltered by a waterproof blanket. 
Small wonder then that when he joins the American Army, stands out on a 
picket line with nothing but a leaky sky to cover him, and does the hard 
work that he is called upon to do, he contracts pneumonia and lies down to 
die. The regiment lost scores of horses at Camp de Coetquidan, and later 
it was to lose them by hundreds. Every effort was made to "season" these 
animals by degrees and thus fit them for the hard work they were forced 
to do, but in those days the call was for speed and more speed and there was 
not time for seasoning raw animals. They were treated as the men 
were accustomed to treat American horses and they could not stand up 
under it. 

The regiment waited long and in vain for the arrival of its equipment, 
boxed with so much care at Camp Sevier and consigned to the transporta- 
tion department at Hoboken. Some of the boxed equipment arrived but 
the majority of it did not arrive. A car-load of new American artillery 
harness came and the regiment received orders to turn it over to another 
outfit and draw all French harness. Its complete outfit of fine escort 
wagons reached St. Nazaire but never reached the regiment and instead 
it was furnished with the same number of "Fourgon" wagons, a typically 
French invention of small hauling capacity and easy to smash and hard 
to repair. The men hated those wagons at first sight and the hatred 
grew as the months passed. They were introduced to yet another con- 
trivance of evil, the "chariot du pare," a heavy, cumbersome wagon of 
tremendous storage space but the hardest thing to move over bad roads 
that anyone every saw. This vehicle was popularly called a "slat wagon" 
and the organizations they were issued to, quietly ditched them or salvaged 
them along the line as opportunity was afforded. They were horse-killers. 
Most of the other French equipment drawn was satisfactory. Later the 
regiment was to encounter much of its old Camp Sevier equipment, still 
bearing the lettering of the regiment, in the Argonne and at other points 
along the front. Its equipment reached France all right but was reissued 
to other outfits. The ration carts and water carts were French and the 
rolling kitchens American. 

The regiment was well fed at Camp de Coetquidan. The Camp Quar- 
termaster at all times had a bountiful supply of good American frozen 
beef, good bread, plenty of jam, sugar, coffee, bacon, beans and other 
eatables. Furthermore, the regiment received its pay promptly on the 
first of every month and this was very pleasing to the men, who found 
plenty of places in and around the camp where francs could be spent 
freely. Like all French camps and villages, Coetquidan abounded in little 
wine shops and drinking establishments with restaurants as a sideline. 
The men fell for vin rouge, vin blanc, cognac and other concoctions, mixing 
them indiscriminately. This proved disastrous to their stomachs and to 
their records and the infirmary and guardhouse did a rushing business. 
By and by they came to realize that France was not threatened with an 



52 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

alcoholic drought and that there would always be plenty of the stuff around 
and, to quote their own slang expression, the men "laid off of it." 

Meanwhile, in the evening and on Sundays the men were learning 
much about the French. They found much in the little towns around camp 
to amuse them and much more to admire. They could never get enough 
of the delicious French dishes that were set before them at the little 
eating houses around camp and they wished that they might be able to 
carry back home with them the French secret of making an omelet and 
of making soups. 

A thing that never failed to amuse them was the French custom of 
sheltering the horse, the cows, the pigs and the chickens under the same 
roof that covered the family. The manure and other accumulations of 
rubbish from the stalls was dumped in one big pile in front of the house 
and on the size of this pile one could readily gauge the standing in the 
community of the man who lived there. The cow stalls usually open off 
from the kitchen and are, therefore, readily accessible to the housewife 
in all sorts of weather. The American housewife would hardly tolerate 
this commingling of domestic and stable odors, but it must be admitted 
that the system has its good points. Any boy who has risen at early 
morn to break a trail to the barn and pig-pen through six inches of snow, 
will readily see its advantages. 

The houses were all of stone in this part of France and they were 
invariably as clean as could be. The floors were scrubbed to a polish 
and there was never a trace of dust anywhere. Those who have not slept 
in a real French bed have something yet to live for, because they are the 
last word in solid comfort. Always you find on the middle of the bed, on 
top of the snowy white counterpane, a little feather mattress, about four 
feet square, very light and puffy and usually covered with red silk. The 
bed linen is always beautifully embroidered by hand. In fact, the French 
bed-room leaves nothing to be desired, except that the French seem to have 
a serious aversion to fresh air and ventilation is always poor. 

Rennes was the closest big town and men and officers were permitted 
to visit Rennes on Saturday evenings and Sundays. It was about fifty kilo- 
meters away and it was reached by a narrow-gauge railway, the "Ille-et 
Vilaine Chemin de Fer." This little road was a curiosity to the men, 
who never tired of watching its tiny "coffee pot" engines and dinky little 
coaches. One of its trains looked for all the world like the familiar 
picture of "The First Railroad Train in the United States." The fare 
to Rennes was one franc, fifty centimes, or about twenty-seven cents. 

Rennes is a beautiful old town of about 100,000 people. It is the 
chief city of Brittany, and was the old capital of Brittany before the 
provinces were united to form the kingdom of France. There were good 
hotels and restaurants, amusements of various kinds, one of the most 
wonderful city parks in the world, the "Jardin des Plantes," a museum 
worth crossing the ocean to explore and many other things distinctly 
worth while. The people of Rennes were kind and hospitable, and much 



Training in France 53 



interested in American soldiers. Officers and men, the One Hundred and 
Thirteenth Field Artillery loved Rennes and never missed an opportunity 
of going there. 

Just at the moment when the regiment had caught its stride and was 
going good, the brigade lost its commander, General George G. Gatley. 
He was transferred to the 42nd ("Rainbow") Division, and assigned 
to the command of the 67th Field Artillery Brigade. He had been with 
the 55th Field Artillery Brigade from its organization and he had ruled 
it with a rod of iron. He was sharp of tongue, impatient and quick of 
temper, bubbling over with nervous energy and at all times bordering 
on an explosion. Nervous young officers compelled to hang around in 
reach of the General had all of the sensations of a man walking over a 
volcano that had just erupted and was due to erupt some more at any 
moment. 

General Gatley was an artilleryman of unusual ability, one of the 
best in the United States Army, and it was he who gave the One Hundred 
and Thirteenth Field Artillery and the 55th Brigade, of which it was 
part, the foundation upon which it built its fine record. There were 
times when General Gatley was not exactly popular in the regiment, for 
his method was to chasten without mercy and then chasten some more. 
He was chary of praise. Rarely did he drop a word of commendation. 
He permitted officers who were really doing fine work to believe that they 
were on the ragged edge of failure, ready to topple over. This kept those 
who had the backbone to stick, on their mettle all the time and made 
real officers out of them, but it did not engender love in their hearts 
for the brigade commander. The "Old Man" was the last man on earth 
to care for this, however, for his only concern was efficiency and his 
methods produced it. 

Brigadier General J. A. Shipton, who succeeded General Gatley, was 
a coast artillery officer. His "big gun" training failed to meet the needs 
of light field artillery fighting and he was relieved of command when 
the brigade was in the Argonne, reduced to his former rank as a lieuten- 
ant-colonel of coast artillery, and assigned to duty elsewhere. 

The regiment completed its course of training with the highest honors. 
Army inspectors who watched the men work pronounced it one of the 
best outfits in the A. E. F. The training period was wound up with a 
great brigade operation, in which the three regiments, ammunition train 
and other units, operated under conditions simulating actual warfare. 
There were regimental operations in which each regiment practiced work 
of trench and wire demolition, protective barrages and offensive barrages. 
It was a wonderful sight to stand on the crest of the ridge on the out- 
skirts of the camp and watch the bursting of the shells. From headquar- 
ters directing the operations would come an order stating that a body of 
troops was moving along a certain sunken road and giving the coordinates 
of their position. A few quick commands to a battery commander out 
of sight beyond the hill and back would come the answer "Battery 



54 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

on the way." A few seconds later and four little white smoke balls 
would appear in the air, about thirty feet above the spot designated. 
They would be using shrapnel. Another time concentrated fire on an 
enemy gun position would be called for and in a few seconds high explosive 
shells would be crashing around it, all in plain sight of the observer on the 
hill. It was a wonderful show. 

The day on which the brigade operation was carried out will never 
be forgotten. Up to that time it was the biggest artillery operation any 
member of the regiment had ever taken part in or had ever heard. Seventy- 
two guns were in action and the things they did to the terrain that day 
beggar description. It sounded like all of the Fourth of July celebrations 
the United States had ever had, rolled into one. Every specialist in the 
regiment was on the job. The machine gunners were in position in front 
of their batteries holding off imaginary Germans. The signal details were 
stringing wires and the wireless was chattering away, transmitting orders 
from the general to his regiments and orders from the colonel to his bat- 
talions, reports of observers, and reports from the firing batteries. Up 
overhead aeroplanes practiced observation work and reported on the 
accuracy of the firing. It was a big day for the regiment and for the 
brigade and the work throughout was very satisfactory. Everybody was 
pleased. 

The brigade operation was carried on into the night. The signal 
details were sent out into "no man's land" with instructions to send up 
rockets and flares just as they were handled on the front and at some 
time during the night to call for a barrage that would put every gun 
into action. All kinds of rockets, red, green, yellow, each meaning some- 
thing, and each calling for some sort of action on the part of the waiting 
artillerymen, were sent up at intervals. It was the brigade's first 
experience with night work and it was very interesting. Though they 
were destined to see much action on the most active sectors of the Western 
Front, the men of the regiment never saw a more spectacular "show" than 
the one pulled off on the range at Camp de Coetquidan that night when 
the brigade barrage was called for and every gun in the brigade responded. 
The guns were hidden behind the hills but over on the target range every 
shell-burst could be seen, while overhead the shells shrieked and whined. 

This show completed the course of firing. The regiment was pro- 
nounced fit for any duty on any front and was so reported to General 
Headquarters of the American Expeditionary Forces. While waiting for 
orders the regiment made several practice marches, covering many kilo- 
metres around camp, bivouacing on the outskirts of the range at night. 
This practice in road work and making camp was very valuable, for there 
was much of it ahead of the regiment. 

When moving orders finally came they were very disappointing. The 
30th Division, the regiment knew, was even then under the shadow of 
Kernel Hill and the regiment's orders called for Toul, on the extreme 
eastern end of the French front. They had hoped to rejoin their own 



Training in France 



division when the training period was over but that was not to be. They 
were destined to see service with six different divisions, in the First, the 
Second and the Third American armies, with the First, Fourth, Fifth, 
Sixth, Seventh and Ninth American Army Corps and with the Second and 
Seventeenth French Corps, but they never encountered their old division 
until just before they returned home. The 30th remained with the British. 
Failing to rejoin the 30th was a big disappointment to both officers and men, 
but it is just as well that it happened as it did, for this resulted in the 
grand old division being represented in every big offensive in which 
Americans played any large part, with the single exception of the Marne. 

Changes in the officer personnel were frequent at Camp de Coetquidan. 
As officers showed special fitness for certain branches of work they were 
assigned to that sort of work and many changed organizations. First 
Lieutenant Gabe H. Croom, of the Sanitary Detachment was transferred 
to the Camp Hospital and his place was filled by Captain Adelbert F. 
Williams. Lieutenant Joseph Lonergon, of the Supply Company, was de- 
tailed as regimental munitions officer. Second Lieutenant Edwin B. 
Haynes, of Battery D, was transferred to Headquarters Company and 
later to the 105th Ammunition Train. First Lieutenant William P. Whit- 
taker was transferred from Headquarters Company to regimental head- 
quarters and made gas officer of the regiment. Sergeant William A. Cren- 
shaw of Headquarters Company was promoted to second lieutenant and 
assigned to Battery B. Sergeant Leslie L. Taylor, also of Headquarters 
Company, was given like promotion and attached to Battery D. These 
two men were graduates of the Third Officers' Training Camp. Lieutenant 
Taylor was later transferred to the ordnance corps. Second Lieutenant 
Ernest M. Hedden reported from the Saumur Artillery School and was 
assigned to Battery B. Second Lieutenant Albert H. Stackpole, a graduate 
of the same school, joined the regiment and was assigned to Battery A. 

In August the regiment suffered the loss of eleven of its officers in one 
detachment, who were returned to the United States to instruct other artil- 
lery units, and two others were assigned to the U. S. Artillery School at 
Bordeaux, France. Those returned to the United States were: 

Capt. William T. Joyner, adjutant of the Second Battalion. 

1st Lieut. Frank L. Fuller, of Battery C. 

1st Lieut. William B. R. Guion, of Headquarters Company. 

1st Lieut. John W. Moore, of Headquarters Company. 

2d Lieut. Herman H. Hardison, of Battery D. 

2d Lieut. Lemuel R. Johnston, of Headquarters Company. 

2d Lieut. Henry A. McKinnon, of Battery A. 

2d Lieut. Frank B. Davis, of Battery D. 

2d Lieut. Zack D. Harden, of Headquarters Company. 

2d Lieut. Francis E. Liles, of Battery C. 

2d Lieut. Kip I. Chace, of Battery E. 

All of these officers received promotion to their next highest grade 
and the regiment saw them no more. Men and officers heard with deep 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



regret of the death in the United States of Lieutenant Harden, who fell 
a victim to "flu" soon after his arrival in the United States. 

Two other officers, First Lieutenant LeRoy C. Hand, of Battery B, 
and First Lieutenant Enoch S. Simmons, of Battery C, were detailed as 
instructors at the Bordeaux school. They rejoined the regiment after the 
armistice. First Lieutenant William B. Duncan, of Battery D, and Second 
Lieutenant Richard S. Schmidt, of Battery F, were attached to the 158th 
Field Artillery Brigade and left at Coetquidan, later rejoining the regiment 
on the front. First Lieutenant W. 0. Hughes, veterinary corps, was trans- 
ferred to the 115th Field Artillery. When the regiment left for the front 
on August 23, 1918, its officer personnel, as assigned, was as follows. 



Field & Staff 

Col., Cox, Albert L., Commanding. 
Lt.-Col., Chambers, Sidney C, O. D. with 

Regt. 
Capt., Boyce, Erskine E., Reg. Adjutant. 
Capt., Horton, Alfred W., Reg. Personnel 

Officer. 

Headquarters Company 

Capt., Westfeldt, Gustaf R., Jr., Com- 
manding. 

1st. Lieut., Baugham, William E., O. D. 
Detailed as Reconnaissance Officer. 

1st. Lieut., Gattis, Samuel M. Jr., O. D. 
Detailed as Radio Officer. 

1st Lieut., Mears, Christian E., O. D. De- 
tailed as Telephone Officer. 

2d Lieut., Burgess, Caleb K., 0. D. De- 
tailed as Radio Officer, 2nd Bn. 

2d Lieut., Guion, Owen H., O. D. Detailed 
as Telephone Officer, 1st Bn. 

2d Lieut., Boswell, Russell N., O. D. De- 
tailed as Liaison Officer, 1st Bn. 

Supply Company 
Capt., Fletcher, Arthur L., Commanding. 
1st Lieut., Lonergon, Joseph, O. D. De- 
tailed as Munitions Officer. 
2d Lieut., Bolt, John P., O. D. 

FIRST BATTALION 

Major, Stem, Thaddeus G., Commanding. 
Capt., Hardison, Kenneth M., Adjutant. 

Battery "A" 
Capt., Hanes, Robert M., Commanding. 
1st. Lieut., Royster, Beverly S., Jr., O. D. 
2d Lieut., Roberts, Daniel T., 0. D. 
2d Lieut, Stackpole, Albert H. 



Battery "B" 

Capt., Rodman, Wiley C, Commanding. 
1st Lieut, Wood, Charles H., O. D. 
2d Lieut., Hedden, Ernest M.. O. D. 



Battery "C" 

Capt., McLendon, Lennox P., Command- 
ing. 
1st Lieut, Bowman, Wade V., O. D. 
1st. Lieut., Smith, Lewis M., O. D. 

SECOND BATTALION 

Major, Bulwinkle, Alfred L., Command- 
ing. 
1st Lieut., Beaman, Robert P., Adjutant. 

Battery "D" 

Capt., Vairin, Nugent B., Jr., Com- 
manding. 
1st Lieut, Dixon, Richard D., 0. D. 
2d Lieut., Crenshaw, William A., O. D. 

Battery "E" 

Capt., Crayton, Louis B., Commanding. 
1st Lieut., Douglas, Allan W., O. D. 
1st Lieut., Bennett, H. C, O. D. Detailed 

as Information Officer. 
2d Lieut., Barnett, Marshall S., O. D. 

Battery "F" 

Capt, Morrison, Reid R., Commanding. 

1st Lieut., Allison, Eugene, O. D. 

1st Lieut., Whittaker, William P., Jr., 

O. D. Detailed as Reg. Gas Officer 

S. D. 
2d Lieut., Dodge, James P., O. D. 



Training in France 



57 



ATTACHED 



Sanitary Detachment 
Major, Pridgen, Claude L., Commanding. 
Capt., Williams, Adelbert F., O. D. 
1st Lieut., Speed, Joseph A., O. D. 



Capt., 



Chaplain 
Lacy, Benjamin R., Chaplain. 



Dental Corps. 
1st Lieut., Spoon, Thomas L., Dentist. 
1st Lieut., Gibbs, Wallace D., Dentist. 

Veterinary Corps 
Capt., Olthouse, Martin, Veterinarian. 



The regiment began entraining for the front on the morning of 
August 23, 1918. It moved in three trains, the horses, guns and full 
equipment of each unit going on the same train as the men of the unit. 
The table of moving, showing the number of men, officers and animals 
was as follows: 



Unit 


Officers 


Men 


Horses 


Order in which movement 
will be made. 


Supply Company 

Regimental Hdqtrs .... 

Hdqtrs. Company 

1st Battalion Hdqtrs . . . 

Battery A 

Battery B 

Battery C 

2d Battalion Hdqtrs . . 

Battery D 

Battery E 

Battery F 

Sanitary Detachment . . 

Veterinary Detachment 
Dental Detachment. . . 


3 
5 

8 
2 
6 
7 
6 
2 
7 
6 
5 
3 

1 
2 


124 



167 



192 

192 

192 



191 

191 

190 

23 

6 
2 


109 1 


107 J 

] 
141 1 
146 
135 J 

1 

138 [ 

121 { 

129 J 

18 

7 



These to go first. 
These to go second. 

These to go third. 

1 officer, 5 men, Regimental 
Hdqtrs.; 1 officer, 9 men 
each, Battalion Hdqtrs. 

With Regimental Hdqtrs. 

With Regimental Hdqtrs. 


Total 


63 


1470 


1051 





































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CHAPTER V 

THE BATTLE OF ST. MIHIEL 

HE regiment arrived at Toul after a journey of two days 
and one night. While nothing of particular interest 
occurred on the way, the whole journey was interesting 
to the men of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field 
Artillery. France was a nation at war. Literally every 
form of activity throughout the nation was centered on war 
and all along the road there were great munitions fac- 
tories, aerodromes, artillery parks covering acres of 
ground and thousands of other evidences of war activities. When the 
train had borne them away from Coetquidan and out of peaceful Brittany, 
there was no mistaking the fact that there was a war going on. Train 
after train bearing wounded Americans and French passed them and 
scores of hospitals, tent and frame, met their gaze. As they drew near 
the front the sound of heavy guns could be heard faintly above the noise 
of the train and very plainly at the stops. The One Hundred and Thir- 
teenth Field Artillery was drawing near to war. 

In their excitement and interest the men forgot the discomfort under 
which they traveled and were as jubilant a bunch as ever traveled toward 
the front. They made the journey in the familiar French box cars, every 
car bearing the inscription, "Hommes 40 — Chevaux 8 (en long)," meaning 
that the capacity of the car was forty men, or eight horses, provided 
that the horses were placed side by side, facing the ends of the cars. 
The odor of the horse was there and there were other drawbacks, but 
there are worse ways of traveling, as the regiment can testify. 

Colonel Cox commanded the brigade during the movement to the front. 
General Shipton had gone ahead through the country in his car and Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Chambers was in command of the regiment. 

The first train bearing regimental headquarters, Headquarters and 
Supply Companies, arrived at Toul early in the afternoon of August 25th. 
They were met by Captain Westfeldt, Lieutenant Whittaker and Lieutenant 
Lonergon, who had preceded the regiment from Coetquidan to act as a 
billeting detail. The detraining was completed in less than fifty minutes. 
At the moment of their arrival in Toul the regiment was welcomed with a 
very pretty exhibition of anti-aircraft battery work. There was a Boche 
plane high over Toul and several batteries situated on the hills around 
the town were "feeling for him." It was a beautiful afternoon and there 
were planes everywhere. 



60 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




This picture was taken at a point near Flirey. The road 
sign intruding at the left directs the traveler to Essey, 
Fresnes en Woevre and Beney, all of which were in 
German hands when Americans began to travel this road. 



There was much uncertainty about a billeting area for the regiment. 
The billeting detail had a tale of woe to tell that would have melted a 
heart of stone. They had billeted three or four towns around Toul in 
succession, only to be told after the billeting was completed and after 
they had completely exhausted themselves mentally and physically trying 
out their almost-forgotten college French on the natives, that that village 
had been pre-empted by some other outfit. Lieutenant Lonergon 
had gone so far as to move a tremendous quantity of rations and horse 
feed to one of the villages in anticipation of the regiment's going there. 
Some other outfit eventually profited by his hard work, for the One Hun- 
dred and Thirteenth never saw it. Finallv orders came for the outfit 



The Battle of St Mihiel 61 

to move to the outskirts of Toul, take shelter as best they could along the 
edge of the road, and wait for night. This they did. 

Men and animals were very tired but several hours of rest and a big 
supper for the men and a heavy feed for the animals, put the outfit in 
fine condition for the long hike that was before them. When darkness 
fell they got under way toward the front, now less than twenty miles away. 

The men of the regiment will never forget that long night march 
out from Toul to the "Foret de la Reine." When they had cleared the 
crest of the high hill that lies north of Toul, the country lay open for 
miles toward the north and east. As the battle lines then stood they 
could see along twenty miles of the fighting front and the things they saw 
that night will be fresh in their minds as long as they live. Above 
the rumble of their wagons and caissons and the rattle of the harness and 
equipment, they could hear the steady roar of the guns, very much like 
distant thunder. Now and then there was a louder noise, indicating 
that some battery not many miles away was firing, and a bright flash 
would light the sky, but in the main the firing was far off but very im- 
pressive, for all that. All along the line rockets were shooting heavenward 
and now and then a flare would go up, indicating that some nervous 
doughboy was growing apprehensive, fearing a raiding party in No Man's 
Land, or that some Boche was likewise perturbed. It was a beautiful 
sight and indescribably thrilling to these raw men who had spent a solid 
year dreaming about these things and longing with all of their souls to 
be in the great war and doing their part. Those rockets, those bright 
flares and the steady roar of the guns told them, too, that men were dying 
out there in front of them and there came the realization that probably 
death awaited them also out there. It was a solemn experience to all of 
them. 

Here the regiment's fine training in road work proved its value. Road 
discipline was perfect. Orders were that no lights were to be permitted, 
not even a lighted cigarette, and the column moved forward in the dark- 
ness. Heavy trucks, passenger cars, wagon trains and all sorts of traffic 
swept by them going the other way. Ambulances plunged along without 
a light and with horns silent. At the front the sound of the automobile 
horn meant one thing and one thing only, "gas." Any sounding of a klaxon 
horn might result anywhere in a gas scare and much confusion, so the 
drivers carried small whistles to warn pedestrians and slower wheeled 
traffic. Later they were to experience a great deal of this, but it never 
impressed them as did this first night on the road from Toul to Sanzy. 

The outfit arrived in the edge of the "Foret de la Reine" after mid- 
night, having traveled about twelve miles. The moon was rising and its 
light helped the men to get settled. Picket lines were stretched between 
the trees and the men unrolled their packs, stretched their "pup tents" 
and were soon asleep. The following day was spent in putting the camp 
in order, arranging for the best possible cover for rolling kitchens, the 
animals and wagons, and alloting space to the various organizations. The 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




French Dug-outs near Flirey, on the St. Mihiel sector. 



remainder of the regiment arrived at Toul on the 26th of August and 
came out to camp on the night following. The regiment will always be 
thankful for that never-to-be-forgotten week of beautiful weather that 
followed. When rain finally came it stayed and existence became a 
nightmare, but the first week was delightful. The "Foret de la Reine" 
is a beautiful stretch of woodland, full of mighty oaks and beeches. It 
afforded the finest cover in the world for the regiment, so long as the 
rains came not. 

The regiment was attached to the 89th National Army Division. This 
division was one of the best divisions in France. It was composed of 
western men and was trained under Major General Leonard Wood at 
Camp Funston, Kan. This division's artillery was not yet out of training 
camp. Division Headquarters and Brigade headquarters were at Loucey. 

The regiment had heard much about the shortage of drinking water 
on the front and began to experience it there in the "Foret de la Reine." 
The drinking water had to be hauled from Sanzy and it was punk water 
at the best. Here they became acquainted with chlorinated water, a bever- 
age that was to remain with them through the long, weary months they 
were to spend along the front and in the Army of Occupation. Death 
lurks in all water in France that is not treated with chemicals or boiled 
and the Regimental Surgeon and his assistants watched this closely. 
How the people of France live on the water they have will always remain 
a mystery to the American soldier. Their wells are shallow and they 
receive surface drainage every time it rains and that is rather often. 
Major Pridgen, the regimental surgeon, tells a story that illustrates well 



The Battle of St. Mihiel 



63 




Entrance to a hidden Concrete Machine Gun Nest on the St. Mihiel front. 



the conditions that prevail in certain parts of France. He said that in 
one town in which the regiment was billeted he had the many manure 
piles in the streets treated heavily with chloride of lime. This disinfectant, 
mingling with the floods that were at that time descending, reached the 
wells and introduced therein a taste not pleasing to the French palate 
and there came up to headquarters a formal note of protest from the 
mayor of the town, in which he stated that the drinking water of h : s 
people was being polluted most terribly by American chemicals. 

Water for the animals was also very scarce and of very poor quality. 
This condition continued throughout the whole of the regiment's tour of 
duty along the front. The animals drank mainly from swamps and 
morasses and from shell holes. Water for the men had to be hauled for 
many miles. A thirsty man will drink anything wet and reckless drinking 
of water caused more than half of the regiment's sickness. 

The regiment's stay in the "Foret de la Reine" was not altogether 
unpleasant, though the last week of it was horribly wet. The regiment 
moved over further into the woods after a week on the outskirts, in order 
to get better cover. The soil was of a loose variety and with fifteen 
hundred men and a thousand horses tramping over it in the rain, its 
condition became exceedingly trying to the flesh and to the spirit. With 
all of its discomforts the men were soon to look back upon their stay in 
the "Foret de la Reine" with longing and deep regret, for there on the very 
edge of the forest was Sanzy, where two Salvation Army lassies kept open 
house and baked the most delicious pies and doughnuts the men had tasted 
since leaving home. The "Y" had a well-stocked hut there, too, and the 



64 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

Division Quartermaster had a regular honest-to-goodness bath-house 
where there was hot water in plenty and clean clothes and soap. 

The batteries lost no time in getting into action. Beginning two 
days after their arrival in the "Foret de la Reine," two batteries were at 
all times occupying positions along the front and doing as much firing 
as they were allowed to do. To Battery F belongs the honor of firing 
the first gun at the foe for the One Hundred and Thirteenth and this 
battery and Battery E were the first batteries to occupy positions at the 
front. The St. Mihiel salient at this time was very quiet and it furnished 
almost perfect conditions for the seasoning of raw troops. There was 
just enough action to give the officers and men self-confidence. This part 
of the front had not changed materially in four years of war at the time 
the One Hundred and Thirteenth came upon the scene. 

In 1914 the victorious German hordes smashed their way south until 
stopped at Verdun and the line east of Verdun bulged southward until 
it had encompassed the quaint old town of St. Mihiel and rested there 
on the banks of the Meuse. The French had tried in vain to push the 
Germans back and straighten out the salient. In one tremendous effort 
they took Mont Sec, the great stronghold that completely dominated the 
whole sector, only to lose it in less than an hour, leaving 20,000 dead on 
the field of battle. After this the French made but little effort to gain 
on this part of the front and it came to be known as a "quiet sector," a 
place for seasoning raw troops and patching up shattered divisions and 
there seemed to exist a sort of agreement between the belligerents not 
to stir up strife. 

At the time the One Hundred and Thirteenth arrived things were 
beginning to liven up a trifle in this peaceful sector. The French were 
beginning to complain with some bitterness that the Americans were 
stirring up trouble and with some cause. The front line trenches had 
been taken over by American doughboys, full of pep and eager to start 
something. Back of them were American artillerymen, fresh from long 
training on target ranges, spoiling for action. Consequently, when the 
doughboy called for artillery assistance, his American brethren in the 
rear could not be restrained. All of the cherished traditions of the St. 
Mihiel sector were smashed time and again, to the great dismay of the 
French, who feared German retaliation and the destruction of Toul and 
Nancy. 

For nineteen days the regimental echelon was in the "Foret de la 
Reine." The firing batteries occupied positions along the front near Beau- 
mont, Ansauville, Hamonville, Flirey and Limey. All of these were old 
French positions, the location of every one of which was known to opposing 
German batteries, and it was necessary to use the utmost caution in 
going to and from the positions and in the matter of making trails or 
other signs about the positions that might be visible to the all-seeing eye 
of the aerial observer and his camera. The Boche airman was very 
active along the St. Mihiel salient at that time. It was in easy reach 



The Battle of SI. Mihiel 



of the big flying fields of the Germans at Conflans and Metz and for the 
first two weeks of the regiment's stay in the woods, the Boche came 
very near having things his way in the air. The men never tired of 
looking at the air fighting and watching the work of the "archies" as the 
anti-aircraft guns were called. They witnessed many a stirring fight 
high over their leafy shelter, saw many observation balloons shot down 
and sought cover from hostile airmen many times. Orders were to get 
off the roads, take all possible cover and remain as still as possible when 
any sort of aeroplane came within hearing and buglers were put on 
watch to sound a warning call. 

The regiment had been well trained in the matter of gas defence 
before leaving Camp de Coetquidan. There the men had practiced wear- 
ing their masks at work for an hour and two hours every day for 
several weeks and they knew all of the fine points about the handling of 
their masks and the masks of their horses. In the "Foret de la Reine" there 
was opportunity of putting their knowledge to the test under conditions 
that were very realistic. The "Foret de la Reine" was too far from the 
front for there to be any very serious danger of a gas attack, but the 
majority of the men did not know this. Masks were worn at all hours 
under all sorts of conditions and men slept with them under their 
heads. With the men keyed up to the highest pitch all the time, gas 
alarms naturally had to happen. If a truck driver or an ambulance 
driver forgot and sounded his klaxon horn on the road, or if a motor back- 
fired, the chances were that a gas alarm would start, provided that it 
happened at night. Real gas alarms, sounded in the front line trenches, 
were taken up by klaxon, pistol fire and other means and spread rapidly 
over the back areas sometimes to a depth of ten m'les or more, in incred- 
ibly short time. The country for many miles back of the lines was 
packed with troops, camp infringing on camp and their lines often over- 
lapping. Gas guards, always alert and anxious to protect their sleeping 
comrades, were afraid to take chances and spread the news energetically, 
preferring to arouse their camps with a false alarm rather than to run 
the risk of permitting a gas attack to creep up on them. 

It was in the "Foret de la Reine" that the men of the regiment 
first heard the sound of enemy shells. The firing batteries had had their 
baptism of fire and knew what it was like but the remainder of the 
regiment, comprising fully half of it, had not had the experience. Late 
one afternoon, just before sundown, German shells began to shriek over- 
head. Not far from the regimental echelon, near the village of Roymaieux, 
there was a great American ammunition dump and it was this dump 
that the Germans had spotted and were trying for. For this special 
occasion they had run a big gun out in position some twelve or fifteen 
miles away and every shell fired dropped near the dump. Shells fell with 
clock-like regularity, always with the same interval, for twenty minutes. 
At the end of that time the great dump was in flames. Two million 
dollars worth of American ammunition was destroyed that evening. The 



66 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




This point ivas headquarters of the 89th Division during the St. Mihiel offensive for a time and it 
also served as headquarters of the 55th F. A. Brigade during the same engagement. It was nearFlirey. 



firing came from an uncharted position, a position where there had been 
no enemy battery before and from which there was no future activity, 
and it was believed that the Germans ran a single gun out for the project 
and removed it on the night following. 

On September 10, 1918, the regiment "graduated." It was pro- 
nounced a finished, efficient, dependable fighting unit and it was moved 
forward to "offensive" positions which had been reconnoitered with great 
care, in preparation for the real fighting that was just ahead of them. 
The work of the men in defensive positions had been all that could have 
been desired and both officers and men awaited the developments of the 
future without fear or misgiving. They knew that the regiment was 
just as good as they had hoped for and prayed for and that it would 
make good upon any mission entrusted to it. 

For many nights prior to the regiment's moving forward to these 
advanced positions there had been evidence that something big was going 
to happen. Nobody knew exactly what it was. Some said that it was a 
big drive on Metz. Certain it was that something was going to happen, 
for the forests for miles and miles back from the front were jammed 
full of Americans of every branch of the service. Men plunging along 
through the dark with a supply train or a caisson train bound for the 
front, encountered every variety of traffic known to the western battle- 
front. On September 8th, 9th and 10th the roads were full of tanks. Always 



The Battle of St. Mihiel 



there was artillery and more artillery. The man who was not privileged 
to see and to take part in the tremendous work of preparation for the 
first "All-American Offensive," can never realize how thrilling it was. 
There was something electric in the air. Every man and officer felt it. 
There was something indescribably thrilling in the endless streams of 
traffic that toiled along through the darkness, starting at nightfall and 
covering every foot of the roads for twenty miles back of the front until 
daylight and then mysteriously disappearing. Caissons loaded with shells; 
75's and 155's rumbling along; wagons loaded with rations and horse 
feed; ambulances creeping along; dispatch riders on motorcycles; truck 
trains loaded with soldiers ; big tanks and little tanks ; the creak of leather 
and the rattle of chains; monster G. P. F. 6-inch rifles, tractor drawn, 
dimly seen in the night; long, long lines of doughboys slogging along 
in the mud; machine gun outfits with their mule-drawn carts; the odor 
of tired, sweating horses ; darkness, deep and dense, with never the flare 
of a match or the glow of a cigarette. The American army, young, zest- 
ful, full of faith in itself and with enthusiasm unbounded, was gathering 
itself for its first leap at the throat of the Hun, was preparing for the 
furious onslaught that knew no lessening of fury until the German hosts 
had been hurled back across the Meuse and that part of the famous 
"Hindenburg Line" known as the Kriemhilde-Stellung, so long im- 
pregnable, was only a memory. 

On the night of September 10th, Colonel Cox moved his headquarters, 
or "P. C," as the station of the C. 0. is always called in soldier language, 
to the little battle-scarred village of Noviant. The regimental echelon 
remained in the "Foret de la Reine," with Lieutenant-Colonel Chambers 
in command. Major Stem established his P. C. just north of the Bois 
de Voisange, which appears on the map on page 58, and his batteries 
A, B and C, were nearby. The Second Battalion, under Major Bul- 
winkle, was southwest of the same piece of woodland. These batteries 
occupied old French positions. Lieutenant Lonergon, regimental muni- 
tions officer, hauled with his caisson train 24,000 rounds of ammunition, 
delivering it at dead of night at these battery positions. 

On the morning of September 11th, Colonel Cox, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Chambers, the battalion commanders, Majors Bulwinkle and Stem, and 
the operations officer, Captain Westfeldt, were called to Brigade Head- 
quarters at Loucey for the last conference preparatory to the launching 
of the big All-American drive on the St. Mihiel salient. They learned 
that the American General Staff had decreed the smashing of the German 
lines on both sides of St. Mihiel, the taking of that most formidable of 
all German strongholds, Mont Sec, and the complete straightening out 
of the salient. Approximately ten days had been allotted for the under- 
taking, it was said, but there was nothing in the orders indicating that 
that much time must be consumed in completing it. "D" day, or the day 
of attack, and "H" hour were not given. The first plans called for only 
twenty minutes of artillery preparation in the way of wire-destruction 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



before starting the rolling barrage that was to precede the infantry. 
The One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was designated to sup- 
port the 177th Infantry Brigade of the 89th Division. 

While nothing definite was announced the general impression got 
abroad that "D" day was at least two days off, and quick action was not 
expected. Nevertheless, there was a conference of the battery com- 
manders on the afternoon of the 11th in which the plans were carefully 
studied and every move for the drive carefully mapped out. Battery 
E was designated as "accompanying battery," meaning that it was their 
mission to advance with the doughboys, ready to smash machine gun nests 
or other German impediments at close range when encountered. 

At 23 :00 o'clock, as the French call it, or at 11 :00 p. m. in American, 
word came to regimental headquarters that "D" day was September 12th 
and at 11 :30 p. m. came news of an entire change of program. Instead of 
twenty minutes of fire preceding the rolling barrage, firing was to begin at 
one o'clock in the morning and there was to be fire for preparation, 
harassing fire, gas shelling and every other variety of trouble-making 
for the enemy. These new plans had to be assimilated hastily, data 
worked out, and everything made ready for the big show less than an 
hour and a half away. Some of the batteries received their new orders 
less than three quarters of an hour before the time set for the firing 
to begin, but they got ready. When the hour came the One Hundred 
and Thirteenth was "all set." 

The night was pitch-black. Rain fell steadily. Rockets and flares 
continued to go up occasionally and there was an occasional rumble of 
firing far off but in the area out ahead of the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
everything was quiet. 

While nobody was going over the top on that rainy morning at 
one o'clock, officers and men were keyed up to the highest nervous tension 
they had ever experienced. It seemed that the hour would never come. 
Watches had been carefully synchronized so that every gun, large and 
small, on that entire front would fire at the same instant. Out there in 
the rain the gun squads took their positions, the battery executive ran 
his pocket flash light furtively over stacked ammunition, noted that 
every man was in place, dipped under cover for a last look at his data 
and instructions, slipped back to speak a reassuring word to the eager 
artillerymen, broke away to listen to last minute admonitions from his 
battery commander at the other end of the telephone line. The minutes 
crept by on laggard feet. Would the hour never come? The battery 
executive with eyes glued on the luminous dial of his watch, counted the 
seconds. Finally it came. 

"One o'clock," he called, "let her go !" 

And there came an explosion that shook the very earth, rocked the 
giant oaks of the forests for miles around and lit up the heavens so 
brilliantly that one could have read a newspaper for miles back of the 
roaring, crashing front. More than two thousand American guns, rang- 



The Bailie of St. Mihiel 




One o'clock on the morning of September 12, 1918 on the St. Mihiel front. In the four hours following 
American guns fired more than one million rounds of ammunition. 



ing from the 75-milimetre gun on the fiery edge of battle to the giant 
naval guns on railway trucks, miles back of the lines, took part in this 
mighty bombardment, the greatest artillery concentration in the history 
of the world. During the action designated as the battle of St. Mihiel, 
these American guns fired a total of 1,000,000 rounds of ammunition 
in approximately four hours. The magnitude of this battle may be em- 
phasized by comparison with the Battle of Gettysburg, in the war between 
the States, in which the Union forces fired 33,000 rounds of ammunition 
in three days of fighting. 

Not all of the firing on this memorable morning was done by Amer- 
ican guns. Many French batteries were in action, including many 
French heavies, which had been in position for many years, waiting 
patiently for this opportunity. A battery of French 10-inch guns in the 
"Foret de la Reine" had been there so long that vegetation had covered 
even the gun pits, so that the batteries were entirely invisible even to 
persons passing along the road ten feet away from them. These and 
hundreds of others joined in the chorus, the little artillerymen in horizon 
blue, who had not fired their big guns in many months, taking huge 
delight in the performance. 

Once started, there was no let-up in the firing. Every gun was 
worked at top speed. The steady flare of the guns furnished enough 
light for the handling of ammunition and the eager artillerymen kept 
it pouring into their guns in a steady stream, hour after hour. 

The infantry climbed out of the trenches promptly at five o'clock 
in the morning. They found the enemy wire in front of them ripped into 



70 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Before daybreak on the St. Mihiel front on the morning of September 12, 1918. All of the light for 
the making of this photograph came from the flashes of guns. 



shreds, their trenches caved in, their machine gun nests deserted or the 
gunners dead at their posts. The artillery had done a beautiful job of it. 

And the artillery was still on the job. Ahead of them, "as per 
schedule" rolled a protective and offensive accompanying fire. They en- 
countered "pill-boxes," as the concrete machine gun nests were called, 
that had been missed by the artillery and these they took with the 
bayonet, if it could be done without too great loss of life. If the "pill-box" 
could not be flanked, or cleaned out with grenades, the doughboys sought 
what shelter the terrain afforded and sent back for a 75. Here was where 
the artilleryman found a task to his liking and up across the fields and 
through the woods on a dead run would come a gun section, the men 
clinging for dear life to the bouncing carriages and lying low over the 
necks of their horses. In less time that it takes to tell it, the 75 would 
be in position and spouting death and destruction in the direction of the 
obstacle that had held up the advance and in a few minutes the dough- 
boys would go on again. 

It will be hard for those who did not see them in action that Sep- 
tember morning, or encounter them later in the heat of the day, or 
mingle with them when the heat of battle had subsided but slightly, to 



The Battle of St. Mihiel 



71 



realize the exultation that swept through the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
Field Artillery. No obstacle could stop them. When deep trenches and 
wrecked roads and bridges confronted them in what had been No Man's 
Land and in the territory back of the old German lines, the horses were 
unhitched from the carriages and led, pulled and shoved across, while 
willing hands seized the guns and caissons and carried them over places 
that looked to be impassable. There was no time to wait for the engineers 
to build roads and time and again on that memorable day the regiment 
did the impossible, or what would have been the impossible under any 
other circumstances. 

It was a day of fast action. Starting at 5:00 A. M., at noon on 
September 12th, half of the work that the American General Staff had 
allotted ten days for, had been accomplished. More than half of the 
distance between the bases of the salient had been covered and thousands 
of Germans had been made prisoners. The roads from the front back 
to the prison pen at Sanzy were full of them. The military police had 
all they could handle and more, and slightly wounded doughboys who 
were able to walk back to the rear, were given squads of captured Huns 
to take back with them. 

Mont Sec, almost impregnable to frontal attack, had been virtually 
pinched off by noon of the first day and hardly a single American life 
had been sacrified in its taking. This stronghold was raked by artillery 
fire from base to summit, but the main strength of the American thrust 




Fast action in the St. Mihiel drive, when there wax no time to think of concealment. 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



r^\'^9 V^.." ' ^^^y*J . 




BURIAL OF LIEUT. ALLAN W. DOUGLASS 

Lieut. Allan W. Douglass, of Battery E, was killed near Limey on the morning of September 12, 

1918. He was buried not far from where he fell. Colonel Cox and his orderly were the only members 

of the regiment present. The German prisoners in the picture dug the grave. A passing Y. M. C. A. 

man conducted the funeral service. 



was at the bases of the salient and less than twenty-four hours after 
the drive started, those two veteran divisions, the First and the Twenty- 
sixth, met at Vignuelles, the Twenty-sixth coming from the west and 
the First from the east. The St. Mihiel salient was no more. 

It was about eleven o'clock on the morning of the first day of fighting 
that the regiment suffered its first casualties. Battery E had fired with 
the rest of the regiment for four hours and in carrying out its mission 
as accompanying battery, was following close behind the infantry. At 
a point north of Limey, in what had been No Man's Land, on the road 
to Thiacourt, Boche shells began to fall around the battery. The entire 
battery behaved admirably under fire. First Lieutenant Allan W. Doug- 
lass, in charge of two platoons, was one of the first hit, but he continued 
to direct his men. Another shell struck one of the teams killing four 
of the six horses and disabling the other two and then came the shell 
that killed Lieutenant Douglass and Private William B. Melton and 
wounded Sergeant Fred M. Patterson, Sergeant Walter R. Minish, Ser- 



The Bailie of SI. Mihiel 



geant Edward J. Poe and Private Rom D. Kirby. Private Kirby later 
died of his wounds. Sergeant Patterson lost a leg. Sergeant Poe's 
wound was not serious. Two other men of Battery E, Corporal George 
R. Bowman and Private Ervin S. Baker, were slightly wounded. 

On the afternoon of the 12th, the remainder of the regiment went 
forward and continued to advance on the 13th, following close after the 
infantry and performing many important missions. The objective of the 
89th Division was Thiacourt and Boullionville and by the afternoon of 
the 13th the division had overrun both and was occupying positions beyond, 
where it met with stiff resistance. The 14th found the regiment in position 
near Boullionville, the First Battalion east of Boullionville and the Second 
Battalion southwest of that town and near the Thiacourt-Xammes road. 
Here six more casualties occurred. Three men of Battery C, Private First 
Class Percy J. Parrish, Sergeant Luther Barbour and Corporal McForrest 
Cheek, and three men of Battery B, Privates James C. Lucas, Fred G. 
Hill and Charles A. Boyd, were wounded by shell fire. 

The regimental train got under way on the afternoon of the 12th 
and established itself at Noviant on the night of the 12th. The rain had 
ceased and the sun came out driving the mists away. Aeroplanes in 
great numbers were overhead, patrolling every foot of the front for many 
miles. American and French flyers were assisted during this drive by 
several units of crack British airmen and these Britishers were wonderful 
fighters. They kept the air free of Boche aviators for the duration of the 
drive. . 

The most striking thing that met the eye on the way to the front 
that day was the hustle and bustle on the roads, the same roads that had 
been deserted by day and traffic-laden only at night. There was no longer 
any pretense at concealment. Wagon trains, caisson trains, truck trains, 
artillery — horse-drawn and motorized, tanks, balloon trucks, long lines 
of infantry, hundreds and hundreds of ambulances with their loads of 
wounded, jammed the roads for miles. 

Boche prisoners were coming back in great companies, with happy, 
grinning doughboys and military police in charge of them. The Boche 
looked happy, too. They were glad that the war was over for them and 
they had already tasted American rations and American tobacco. Very 
few looked sullen and disgruntled. They were of all shades and sizes, 
old and young, whiskered and smooth-shaven — a motley crew. They had 
discarded their heavy helmets and only a few still carried their gas masks. 
Hairy little "poilus" in their faded blue uniforms, paused to watch these 
strange processions, to shout "Vive l'Amerique !" and to hurl witticisms 
and uncomplimentary epithets at the prisoners. They never tired of in- 
forming them that the road they were traveling then was, indeed, the 
road "nach Paris," alluding to the German slogan made famous in the first 
great drive of the war and in succeeding drives that had promised success. 
It was a great day for the French as well as for the Americans. 

Here it was that the regiment first began to suffer because of its 



71 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




A typical German cemetery. This one is near Boullionville, in the St. Mihiel sector. 



lack of transportation. The French Fourgon wagon is a poor cargo 
carrier, lacking space, and as has been related the Chariot du Pare is in 
itself a load for four horses. Much of the regiment's equipment, all of 
it sorely needed in later operations, was left in the "Foret de la Reine," 
under guard. At Noviant there was necessity for cutting down further 
the load of equipment carried in the wagons and large quantities of equip- 
ment were stored under shelter for the salvage department to claim later. 
The regiment's horses were breaking down under the strain and it was 
with the utmost difficulty that enough were found to move the guns, 
caissons and wagons. None of the equipment stored at Noviant and in 
the "Foret de la Reine" was ever recovered by the regiment, for orders 
came directing speedy movement to other fields. The salvage corps 
moved in and took it over and the guard detail that had been left with it, 
after weary weeks of wandering, regained the regiment. 

But there was nothing anybody could do about it. There were no 
more horses and it was up to the regiment to conserve those it had, strip 
down to the lightest possible marching order and keep going. On Sep- 
tember 13th the regimental train again took the trail north, through Limey, 
to a position close to the firing batteries near Boullionville and Thiacourt. 
The 89th Division's ration dump had been moved to Flirey and half of the 
Supply Train was diverted to this place at Limey and after waiting a 
whole day for an issue of rations, got away at nightfall and struck Limey 
again in time to run into an entire division headed toward the front as 
rapidly as it could travel. 



The Battle of St. Mihiel 75 

Those who have never sat by the roadside in the cold, damp drizzly 
atmosphere that envelops northern France in late summer and fall, wait- 
ing for an American division to pass, can never realize how big a thing 
a division is. Day was breaking as the train got under way on the morn- 
ing of September 14th and it was late in the afternoon when it located the 
regimental echelon, snugly tucked away under the base of a hill and "sitting 
on the world" in so far as rations and horse-feed were concerned. They 
had found a happy valley where the Boche had long lived in perfect con- 
tent, with immense gardens full of cabbage, tomatoes, beans, turnips, 
potatoes and other stuff and every outfit's mess was profiting by it. A 
great stack of the finest hay afforded a bountiful feed for the tired 
horses. 

The firing batteries had been without what they called "regular food" 
for two days, having had to depend on their iron rations, but here in the 
valley they had made up for all their deprivations and it did not matter 
seriously to them whether the Supply Train ever caught up or not. They 
found some cows, hogs, rabbits and chickens that the Germans had left 
and they feasted. 

Two of the cows joined the regiment, Major Stem and Major Bul- 
winkle each getting one, both big fine animals. Major Stem was destined 
to lose his in a gas attack on the night of September 14th as the regiment 
was being withdrawn from the St. Mihiel sector. In the excitement the 
man in charge of the cow sought vainly for a gas mask to protect her 
but there was none to be had. Major Bulwinkle's cow remained with the 
regiment through the remainder of the war, marching with the major's 
battalion detail and never far from the major. She furnished his table 
with milk with unfailing regularity through all of the hard months that 
followed and was finally sold to a citizen of Luxemburg province and 
her price furnished a banquet for the Second Battalion detail. 

Here it was that the regiment got its first glimpse of German life 
at the front. There were fine concrete dug-outs for both officers and men. 
The officers' dug-outs were palatial, compared with those the French lived 
in on the other side of the old battle line. There was one with a fine piano, 
many with beautiful furniture, feather beds, bathrooms with hot and cold 
water, electric lights, a tiled dairy, rabbit warrens, poultry yards, bowling 
alleys, summer pavilions with rustic tables and seats. It was war de luxe. 

On the hills around these positions the Germans had made preparation 
to do much fighting. There were countless numbers of machine gun posi- 
tions. Every ridge had scores of them, and every clump of bushes hid a 
machine-gunner's lair. It was here that a German machine gun of the 
Maxim pattern was salvaged and packed in one of the wagons of the 
Supply Company. It was carried with the regiment through all of its 
wanderings and finally brought home and presented to the North Carolina 
State Hall of History, where it may now be seen. 

On the battle-scarred hills above Limey and on to Boullionville and 
Thiacourt, the regiment saw war in its most revolting aspects. American 



Td 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



dead and German dead lay everywhere in the fields. The burying details 
were not able to keep the fields cleared. The roadsides were lined with 
dead horses, many killed by enemy shell-fire but the majority dead from 
overwork and exhaustion. 

Late in the afternoon on September 14th, as German dug-outs and 
bomb-proof shelters were being made ready for a night of rest, moving 
orders came. It was fortunate for the regimental train that this order came, 
for it had not completely cleared its camp area when Boche shells began 
to fall on the hills about it. Members of the regiment who saw the area 
next day, reported that it was badly torn by shell-fire and that there 
would have been many casualties if the outfit had remained there. 

The line of march was through Boullionville, Euvezin and Essey to 
Rambecourt and it was a night of much stress and strain. The roads 
were blocked by traffic of all kinds. It developed that many artillery 
brigades were on the move, going in the same general direction as the 
55th, and every outfit had to make a regular schedule or there was the 
devil to pay at all road crossings. Things were badly messed up that 
night many times and no one envied the M. P.'s their job of unsnarling 
the mix-ups. 

To add to the excitement and general interest of the movement, the 
Boche kept hammering away at the road all night long. Boche aero- 
planes were overhead at almost every stage of the journey. Several times 
they swooped down and cut loose on the moving column with machine 




A Regulation German "Pill-Box." This one was captured by the Americans at St. Mihiel before 
the Boche had been able to complete it and camouflage it. 



The Bailie of St. Mihiel 




Ruins of the old church at FUrey, on the St. Mihiel sector. 



guns. The regiment was caught in a traffic jam at Essey and while it 
stuck there, unable to move, the village was bombed by Boche aviators 
and Boche artillery dropped many shells into the village, both gas and 
high explosive. Many horses were hurt, several being killed, but not a 
man was injured. The regiment learned that night just how much nerve 
it takes to "sit steady" under such trying conditions as these were. It 
is the experience of all fighting men that as long as there is movement 
and plenty of it, they can stand almost anything, but that the most trying 
situation is to be caught as the regiment was caught, without shelter 
and absolutely unable to move, on a road on which the Boche had almost 
perfect range. Even this can be borne better than having a Boche aero- 
plane overhead maneuvering for position, its motor droning as all Boche 
aeroplane motors do, with its peculiar rising and falling note. The regi- 
ment had both that night. 

The regiment was to have taken shelter in a piece of woods near 
Rambecourt for the 15th. The position had been selected on the map and 
no reconnaissance had been made. Two batteries marched into the woods 
and found it a quagmire. The remainder of the regiment was warned 
in time and went into the town of Rambecourt, where there was less 
shelter but more comfort. Food for the men was bountiful but there 
was great scarcity of horse feed. The brigade was no longer attached 
to the 89th Division and arrangements for keeping in touch with supply 
dumps were exceedingly poor. 

The One Hundred and Thirteenth suffered less, perhaps, than any 



78 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



other unit of the brigade for the reason that the regiment had managed 
to get away from the St. Mihiel sector with one of the big Packard trucks 
of the 89th Division. This truck had been assigned to the regiment for 
service in the St. Mihiel drive and it was away on a mission when moving 
orders came. It reported to the Regimental Supply Officer on arrival at 
Rambecourt, having picked up the regiment's trail during the night, and 
it remained with the regiment until it was almost worn out. The Supply 
Company provided three shifts of drivers and these men kept the truck 
operating full twenty-four hours every day. When finally an order came 
down by way of First Army Headquarters and reached the regiment, 
directing the immediate return of the truck to the 89th Division, the 
truck had practically "run its course," having served faithfully in the long 
hard hike from St. Mihiel to the Argonne and for nearly two weeks in 
the hardest fighting of the Meuse-Argonne offensive. 

After a day of rest in Rambecourt the regiment got under way with 
orders to proceed to Mecrin. This proved to be another eventful night, 
though not as full of excitement as the night before. There was a full 
moon and those who have had experience along any part of the battle 
front know what that means. Moon-lit nights are delightful, under certain 
sets of circumstances but not along the front, for it was on such nights 
as the one here referred to that aviators took wing and traveled far and 
near, their planes carrying racks of bombs. On dark nights the aviator 
does not venture out on such missions. On this night Boche aviators 
started early. Within a mile of Rambecourt the regiment ran , into an 




Ruins of the "Gare" at Jaulny, a little town near Thiacourt, not far from the positions occupied 
by the First Battalion on September 15, 1918. 



The Bailie of St. Mihiel 



79 




One of the Batteries of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery seeking a billet in a 
French village on the long hard hike from the St. Mihiel Front to the Argonne. 



air-tight traffic jam. The macadam road gleamed like silver under the 
light of the moon and the regiment offered a fine target, strung out there 
along the road for three miles. Within ten minutes after the long column 
had stopped, the men heard the unmistakable hum of a Boche motor. 
To the men beneath, it seemed that that plane hovered over them for an 
hour and scores of them expressed a desire to have the Boche "drop his 
pills and get it over with." This he finally did, three striking the ground 
in a soft, slushy field one hundred and fifty yards to the right of the 
column, making a terrific noise but doing no damage. He flew on toward the 
head of the column, turned and came back, dropping two on the other 
side of the road. All this time American search-lights were looking for 
him and American and French planes were up hunting for him. Finally 
the lights found him and outlined him against the sky like a huge white 
moth. The black crosses were plainly visible on his wings. Then from 
all points of the compass, converging on the Boche, came the allied planes, 
their tracer bullets cleaving the air. The wily Boche side-slips, plunges, 
dips, does a back-flip and drops out of the light, making a clean get-away. 
It was quite a thrilling show. 

The regiment pulled into Mecrin on the banks of the Meuse on the 
morning of September 16th. Here the outfit remained for thirty-six hours. 
There was good grazing for the horses in the meadows around the little 
village and while the buildings were badly shot up, there was shelter in 
plenty for the men, and the halt was very pleasant. Practically every 
man in the regiment enjoyed a swim in the river, the first real bath they 



80 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

had had in ten days and the last they were to get for many days. The 
area they were approaching was not equipped with such comforts as 
bath-houses and there was great scarcity of water fit to bathe in. 

On the night of September 17th the regiment crossed the Meuse at Mec- 
rin and journeyed past Rupt-devant-St. Mihiel to the town of Nicy, an 
attractive little village that had not suffered noticeably in the war. On the 
following night the march was resumed by way of Pierfittes, Longchamps, 
Chaumont, and Selancourt, to Deuxnouds. Leaving Deuxnouds on the 
night of the 19th the regiment passed through Ippecourt, Jubecourt and 
Rarecourt to a camp in the Bois de Blaulieu, just south of Auzeville, 
where it remained until September 22d. 

Fair weather had ceased on the night of the 17th and the sun was 
not seen again for weeks. It rained every day and every night. The 
bottom dropped out of the roads. Only a few of the macadam roads 
"stood up" under the traffic. Part of the regiment was quartered in 
cootie-infested shacks. The remainder pitched shelter tents in the wet 
woods and even at that, fared better than their brethren in the buildings. 
On the night of September 22d the regiment moved to the Bois de Bro- 
court just east of the village of the same name, and went into camp in 
wooden shacks. Here the regiment began to make preparations for the 
part it was to play in the greatest battle American soldiers ever took 
part in, the Battle of the Argonne. 

It is as well to state right here that nobody in the regiment knew 
what was being pulled off. It was generally believed that the objective 
of the St. Mihiel drive was the fortified city of Metz and the hard fighting 
of September 12th and 13th pushed the American lines to a point where 
the American long range cannon could reach the fortifications of the 
town. When orders came without warning for the withdrawal of the 
regiment and immediate movement to another sector, there was great 
disappointment. Officers expressed the opinion freely that some one had 
blundered and that the brigade had incurred the displeasure of the General 
Staff. True, they could not put their fingers on any particular fall-down 
or misplay. The brigade had performed every mission entrusted to it, so 
far as their observation went, but, they argued, "there's bound to be some- 
thing wrong somewhere, for here we go, away from the biggest scrap of 
the war, just as we were getting a good start." 

Thus they mourned, not knowing as they knew later, that the St. 
Mihiel drive had accomplished its purpose, which was to uncover Metz. 
As originally planned, the American campaign of the year was to end 
at this point. It was designed to afford valuable training for several 
new divisions, with the tried and tested old divisions present to stiffen 
the army's backbone and give the blow proper force. With this over the 
plan was to dig in along the new lines, spend the winter in training and 
in the spring launch a great offensive that would clear the "Foret de Ar- 
gonne" and cause the collapse of Metz. 

It is known now that the Allied high command did not at first take 



The Bailie of St. Mihiel 81 



seriously the promise of General Pershing to smash the St. Mihiel salient. 
A noted British general is quoted as saying that the new American First 
Army would be massacred in its attempt to take the strong positions of 
St. Mihiel, which had remained unshaken for four long years. A well- 
known French observer, attached to 89th Division Headquarters for a 
time, was asked what he thought of the prospects of success for the Amer- 
ican plan of driving the Germans out of the St. Mihiel salient in ten days. 
He is reported to have used that expressive, inimitable, typically French 
gesture, or combination of gestures, that involves simultaneous movement 
of ears, nose, eyes, shoulders and hands and said : 

"In six months — perhaps." 

And there was much stress on the perhaps. They all felt that way 
about it. Nobody was confident except the men and officers of the First 
American Army. It never entered their minds that failure was even 
remotely possible. 

It is good to be able to record that the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
proved itself worthy of the best traditions of the Old North State. The 
Battle of St. Mihiel, as it is generally called, will always be one of the 
high lights in American history and in this battle the men of the regiment 
fought valiantly and effectively. When it was over and the regiment had 
moved on to other fields, there was nothing left to regret. The regiment 
had stood the test and was a dependable fighting machine. 

The doughboys of the two fine regiments that the One Hundred and 
Thirteenth supported, the 353d and the 354th, never let slip an oppor- 
tunity of praising the artillery that backed them up in the St. Mihiel 
drive. Advancing behind the "curtain of steel" that the regiment fur- 
nished them, they found the way well-cleared and the fields and woods 
pitted by shell-fire, the holes set in checkerboard fashion and so close 
together that it was easy to understand why every Boche who had a shell- 
proof dug-out, remained in it until invited outside by the victorious Amer- 
ican infantrymen. 

Major General W. M. Wright, commanding the 89th Division, showed 
his appreciation of the work of the brigade by addressing a letter to 
Brigadier General Shipton, in which he said : 

"I have heard nothing but praise from the officers and men of the 
Division for the way the Artillery was handled and conducted itself and 
I want to thank you for your cheerful and willing compliance with all 
of my wishes." 

The result of the drive must have been very gratifying to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief. Its complete and overwhelming success disclosed the 
fact that there was not back of the German front the force, the stamina 
and the morale with which the Germans had been credited. General 
Pershing had long contended that this was the case and he proved his 
faith by striking boldly, defences that had long been acknowledged im- 
pregnable. 



82 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

The Commander-in-Chief was to be thrilled later by other triumphs 
of American arms in the course of the World War, but it is doubtful if 
any of them brought the joy and satisfaction that the reduction of the 
St. Mihiel salient brought to him. He put into words his appreciation of 
the work of his men in General Orders No. 238 issued December 26, 1918 
and reading as follows : 

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

General Orders j 

No. 238. \ France, Dec. 26, 1918. 

It is with soldierly pride that I record in General Orders a tribute to the taking 
of the St. Mihiel salient by the First Army. 

On September 12, 1918, you delivered the first concerted offensive operation of 
the American Expeditionary Forces upon difficult terrain against this redoubtable 
position, immovably held for four years, which crumpled before your ably executed 
advance. Within twenty-four hours of the commencement of the attack, the salient 
had ceased to exist and you were threatening Metz. 

Your divisions, which had never been tried in the exacting conditions of major 
offensive operations, worthily emulated those of more arduous experience and earned 
their right to participate in the more difficult task to come. Your staff and auxiliary 
services, which labored so untiringly and so enthusiastically, deserve equal commen- 
dation, and we are indebted to the willing co-operation of the veteran French divisions 
and of auxiliary units which the Allied commands put at our disposal. 

Not only did you straighten a dangerous salient, capture 16,000 prisoners and 
443 guns, and liberate 240 square miles of French territory, but you demonstrated 
the fitness for battle of a unified American army. 

We appreciate the loyal training and effort of the First Army. In the name 
of our country, I offer our hearty and unmeasured thanks to these splendid Americans 
of the 1st, 4th and 5th Corps and of the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th, 26th, 42nd, 82nd, 89th 
and 90th Divisions, which were engaged, and of the 3rd, 35th, 78th, 80th and 91st 
Divisions, which were in reserve. 

This order will be read to all organizations at the first assembly formation after 
its receipt. 

JOHN J. PERSHING, 
General, Commander in Chief. 
Official: 

ROBERT C. DAVIS, 

Adjutant General. 

While the regiment left the St. Mihiel sector, proud of the record it 
had made and seeking "other worlds to conquer," its personnel keyed up 
to the highest pitch, its efficiency had been seriously impaired by the losses 
it had sustained in the way of horses. The regiment had entered the St. 
Mihiel fight with 1,051 horses. Several hundreds of these had been received 
only a few weeks before the regiment entrained at Coetquidan for the 
front and there had been no time for seasoning and hardening them. The 
hard work of preparation for the St. Mihiel drive had worn the horses to 
the bone and sapped them of their vitality. The Regimental Munitions 
Officer delivered to battery positions for this action a total of 24,000 
rounds of ammunition, a tremendous amount, when it is considered that 
the work had to be done in a steady downpour of rain and over muddy 



The Battle of St. MihieV 83 

trails that made it difficult to haul even an empty caisson. Then when 
the Germans broke and ran, the dogged chase across twelve kilometres of 
trackless country, accidents and shell-fire completed the work of destruc- 
tion. They died by scores. 

To make it worse, some misguided quartermaster cut down the feed 
allowance in both hay and oats almost a third. The men in charge of 
issuing the feed, taking their cue from this penurious and short-sighted 
quartermaster, short-changed the regiment and the remainder of the 
brigade as well, on every issue. 

In the main, the regiment was treated well while it was with the 
89th Division, but in this one matter of feed for the horses, the 89th's 
quartermasters won the undying hatred of 1,500 Tar Heel artillerymen, 
who watched their horses waste away and die in the harness at a time 
when horses were woefully scarce and great things were at stake. 

The regiment, through its Colonel, went on record many times in 
protest against this policy, but to no avail. The Brigade Commander, 
the only person who might have brought about better conditions, did not 
seem to care. 

Without horses to move the wagons the regiment was forced to 
leave at its echelon in the "Foret de la Reine" a great deal of valuable 
equipment. Without horses, the regiment was in serious danger of falling 
down on missions of the highest importance. Without horses, there was 
serious danger also of food shortage. It was not a very hopeful situation, 
to say the least, for there were no more horses to be had anywhere. 

It was a common saying in the 55th Brigade that any one of the 
three regiments of the brigade could be tracked to its position by following 
the trail of dead horses it left behind. 




CHAPTER VI 

THE BATTLE OF THE ARGONNE 

T is known now that the Battle of the Argonne, the greatest 
battle ever staged by American arms and in many respects 
the greatest that the world ever saw, was not scheduled 
to be fought in the months of September and October, 1918, 
but all of the well-laid plans of the Allied High Command 
went into the discard as the result of the showing which 
the First American Army made at St. Mihiel and were 
readjusted in record time so as to put over in the fall of 
1918, the great drive that had been set for the spring of 1919. With 
the Germans staggering from the blow they had received, Marshal Foch 
saw his opportunity and he immediately took steps to hurl against the 
crumbling German lines all of the forces at his disposal, with these hard- 
hitting, never-quitting American fighting men to do the heavy work and 
bear the brunt of the fighting. 

Be it remembered that this was the season of the year when, accord- 
ing to custom, fighting virtually ceased along the Western Front. The 
belligerents established their positions, enlarged their dug-outs and made 
themselves as comfortable as possible for the winter and laid plans for 
the next spring drives. Nobody thought of fighting in midwinter. It 
was altogether too messy and uncomfortable. However displeasing the 
new order of things may have been to the rest of the allies, it was dis- 
tinctly pleasing to the American fighting man, who finds it extremely 
trying to play a waiting game. The American is a good trench fighter 
but he is an infinitely more efficient fighter when action is called for and 
the whole American army welcomed the opportunity afforded by the change 
of plans to bring the game to a crisis and risk everything on one gigantic 
movement. It had no stomach for a miserable winter spent in the mud 
and slush of the trenches but it thrilled at the idea of a war of real action. 
Realizing that speed was all-essential, Marshal Foch set "D" day for 
September 25, 1918, and that was just thirteen days after "D" day of St. 
Mihiel. In thirteen days, the American army, scattered over a wide area, 
was to move all of its available forces and the tremendous amount of equip- 
ment required, arrange for ammunition and supply dumps big enough to 
take care of a million soldiers and 100,000 horses, and get fifteen combat 
divisions in shape for the task. The divisions that had fought at St. Mihiel, 
the best trained and best fitted for the task, could not be used to open the 



86 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Looking doivn on Recicourt from the hill at the south. A section of the town at the right. Structures 

along the white macadam road were used as regimental headquarters October 8-9, 1918. Battery B 

will long remember the shelling it underwent on the road leading up over the hill as it was going 

into position for the Battle of the Argonne. 



fight for the reason that they had suffered heavily at St. Mihiel and needed 
time to get in condition again. 

It was necessary, therefore, to call new and inexperienced divisions 
from quiet sectors for the undertaking. At least two of the divisions 
that "jumped off" on the morning of September 26th had never been under 
fire before and only two of them could be classed as veterans, these being 
the 28th National Guard Division, of Pennsylvania, and the 77th National 
Army Division, of New York City. 

As the One Hundred and Thirteenth made its way toward the Argonne 
those who feared that the regiment was on the way to some quiet sector 
had their fears allayed, for there was something electric in the air. Wher- 
ever the regiment went there was sound of movement by night and as 
had happened during the tense period that preceded the St. Mihiel drive, 
the feeling that something big was under way gripped everybody. Night 
after night the regiment encountered at road crossings the "markers" of 
other artillery brigades and all of these organizations, according to the 
information secured, were headed toward the Argonne. 

How the American army carried out this movement in the limited 
time allotted for it is past explaining. The impossible was accomplished. 
Even those men who were on the ground and watching it happen were 
unable to tell how it was done. Orders said go and the American Army 
went. The achievement will always remain a mystery to the Germans, 
who had thought the force of the American blow spent at St. Mihiel and 



The Battle of the Argonne 



87 




On the march in the Argonne. German prisoners resting by the road-si 



who looked for no further movement before the spring of 1919. The 
American army was in position before sunrise on the morning of Septem- 
ber 25th and ready for action. 

The attack was not launched on the morning of the 25th, however, 
but it was not delayed on account of American failure to come up to the 
scratch. The French Fourth army that was to have position on the 
American left was not ready for action and there was a delay of twenty- 
four hours. 

The delay, however, did not come amiss. It served to give the raw 
divisions that were being hurled into bloody action a chance to calm down, 
regain their wind and renew their energies that had been jaded by long 
forced marches under the worst possible weather conditions. 

The One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery and the other units 
of the 55th Brigade, were on the job three days before the opening of 
the great battle that was to smash the Hun's strongest defenses and put 
a speedy end to the war. 

On September 23d the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery 
went into position on the northern edge of the Bois de Esnes, southeast 
of the village of Avocourt. Battery B was caught on the road by shell 
fire and had four casualties, Private John T. Jones and Privates First 
Class Caddest Winfield, John L. Meekins and Heber G. Boyd being 
wounded. Three horses were killed and several others injured. Batteries 
A, B, C and F took position east of the Esnes-Recicourt road and Batteries 
D and E west of the road. The regimental P. C. was between the bat- 
talions and on the west side of the road. Lieutenant Lonergon, regimental 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



munitions officer, and his caisson train took up their arduous labors and 
began to deliver ammunition at the selected battery positions. 

Difficult as had been their work at St. Mihiel, they found it doubly 
difficult here at the opening of the Battle of the Argonne. Here there were 
only two roads that could be used and a half dozen divisions had to be sup- 
plied and fed over these two roads. It meant long and hard hours, full of 
heart-breaking delays on the roads, and further loss of horses. The horses 
had been poorly fed on the long hike to the Argonne and now when food was 
more plentiful and only time was needed to build them up again, the 
orders were to "spare neither man nor beast." As one staff officer put 
it when an officer of the regiment protested, "if you kill every one of them 
and by so doing advance our battlefront a kilometre or so, it's worth it." 

Final plans for the opening of the great Battle of the Argonne were 
received at 10 :00 o'clock on the evening of September 25th and the artillery 
preparations began the following morning, September 26th, at 2 : 00 o'clock. 
The regiment found itself attached to the 37th Division, Ohio National 
Guard, and supporting the 73d Infantry Brigade. The doughboys jumped 
off at 5 :30 o'clock in the morning, from positions along the road running al- 
most east and west through the ruins of Avocourt. These Ohioans showed 
the finest pluck and daring, attacking fearlessly and driving the Huns before 
them, tackling machine gun nests with the bayonet and fighting on, no 
matter how strong the resistance. 

The progress of the first day was surprising. It became increasingly 
evident as the day wore on that the Germans had been caught napping and 
the doughboys pressed their advantage. Everywhere through the forest 
they found evidences of hasty retreat, machine guns left on their tripods, 
complete batteries of 77's and larger guns, anti-aircraft batteries, trucks 
and wagons still loaded with supplies. 

On the afternoon of the 26th, in order to keep in touch with the fast- 
moving infantry and be in position to afford the maximum of protection 
for them, the First Battalion moved forward through Avocourt and into 
the Bois de Malancourt, where firing was continued steadily through the 
night of the 26th. On the 27th the First Battalion again moved forward 
to new positions that had been reconnoitered on the northern edge of the 
Bois de Montfaucon, in plain view of the ruined town of Montfaucon, 
and was joined here by the Second Battalion. 

Here it was that enemy resistance stiffened. The Germans had hur- 
ried up new divisions from other parts of the front. Prisoners taken on 
the 28th and 29th identified six new German divisions that only a few 
days before had been reported on the British front. Around Montfaucon 
the tide of battle ebbed and flowed. There was desperate hand-to-hand 
fighting in the wrecked streets of the little village. Time and again the 
place was cleared of Germans, only to have them re-form and come back 
in overwhelming numbers. By the afternoon of the 27th the place was 
definitely and finally in the hands of the American army and the One 
Hundred and Thirteenth established an observation post on the crest of 



The Battle of the Argonne 







Familiar type of German Concrete Machine Gun Nest in the Argonne Forest 



the ridge at Montfaucon close to the house where the German Crown 
Prince had his famous periscope with which he watched his great armies 
dash themselves to pieces against the fortress of Verdun. This periscope 
ran from a concrete dugout, deep under the ground, up through a tall 
chimney and it commanded a wonderful view of the country. Here the 
Crown Prince could keep an eye on operations and run no risk to his 
precious person. 

It was here that Chaplain Ben Lacy won fame as an artillery officer. 
Near the regiment's position on the edge of the Bois de Montfaucon there 
was a complete battery of German 77's, with large quantities of ammuni- 
tion stacked at the guns, ready for action. Chaplain Lacy had taken the 
full artillery course of instruction with honors, and he knew how to run 
a battery. The situation was critical and every available gun ought to 
be working. Here was a battery of idle guns. He went to Colonel Cox 
with the proposition that he be allowed to select the necessary gunners 
from the various batteries of the regiment and put the ex-German battery 
into action. His request was granted. From a German dugout nearby 
he dug up a quantity of German range tables, maps, fmng data and 
instructions, and as he reads German well, it did not take him long to 
learn how to handle his guns and to teach his men. In a very short while 
he had that battery facing toward the "Vaterland" and hurling German 
ammunition into the ranks of the slowly retreating Germans. 

On September 30th, the 37th Division, battle-worn and tired, was with- 
drawn. The Division had suffered terrible losses in killed and wounded. 



90 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




The Battle of the Argonne 91 

It went into action in the Argonne without previous battle experience and 
despite the fact that its leadership left much to be desired, its record 
in the Argonne is one to be proud of. These sturdy Ohioans fought their 
way through the tangled wilds' of the Bois de Malancourt and the Bois 
de Montfaucon where every point of vantage bristled with Maxims. There 
were machine gun nests everywhere and snipers' boxes tucked away in the 
tops of thousands of trees. 

The 37th is officially credited with eleven days of service in active 
sectors and exactly half of this time was spent in the Argonne. Of the 
thirty kilometres it gained in action against the enemy, ten were gained in 
the Argonne, where the going was hardest. The One Hundred and Thir- 
teenth will always be proud of having had the privilege of supporting the 
37th at this time. The regiment will always be glad that its man power and 
horse power were adequate and that it was always able to respond to 
every demand made upon it. It was in serving the 37th that the horses 
of the One Hundred and Thirteenth fell by the wayside by ones and twos 
and threes, until only a few hundred remained, but there was never lack of 
ammunition, nor of mobility, while the regiment served the 37th. Except 
for a few hours, that seemed an eternity, when the batteries were 
struggling to get through the "bottle-neck" at Avocourt, the One Hundred 
and Thirteenth and the remainder of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade, 
were always ready to respond to every call for artillery assistance. The 
One Hundred and Thirteenth fired a total of 14,253 rounds in support 
of the 37th. 

Much has been said about the "failure of the 37th Division to capture 
Montfaucon" and there has been some controversy about the question 
of Who captured the town finally. Salvage and burial squads who followed 
in the wake of battle reported that they found dead of the 37th and 79th 
Divisions in the town. The point was an important one and it was 
hotly contested and the place was taken by the American forces not once 
but several times and its final capture appears to have come about through 
a "pinching off" process, a movement typically American, in which the 
37th bore to the left and passed around north of Montfaucon, and the 
79th connected up with the Ohioans after passing to the right. 

The 37th Division lost heavily in the Argonne. During its experience 
in active sectors, lasting eleven days, the division left 977 dead on the 
field, and had 4,266 wounded, and most of these losses were incurred in 
the Argonne. When the first rush was over and the Germans had recov- 
ered in part from their first moment of surprise and panic, resistance 
stiffened and the fight they put up was nothing short of masterly. The 
Huns knew that American success at this point would mean disaster to 
them and they brought to bear against the 37th Division every available 
resource. 

The 37th was relieved by the 32d National Guard Division from 
Michigan and Wisconsin. The new division came in with much enthusiasm 
and confidence, fresh from victories on other fronts. It was one of the 



92 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




BUMP* 









tSSJ 




MONTFA UCON 

All that was left of a once important village after American artillery had finished with it. It was 
one of Germany's most formidable strongholds. 



The Bailie of Ihe Argonne 




A stretch of No-Man's Land between Ivoiry and Montfaucon. 



veteran divisions of the A. E. F. and had served with great credit with 
the French. Talk went the rounds that "the 37th had done creditable 
work, considering that this was its first experience in hard fighting" but 
that it took veterans to handle a proposition of the general toughness and 
roughness of the Argonne. The 55th Field Artillery Brigade was not 
withdrawn with the 37th but passed to the incoming fighting unit. The 
One Hundred and Thirteenth was assigned to the 63d Infantry Brigade, 
32d Division, which was composed of the 125th and 126th infantry regi- 
ments. 

The 32d spent six days in the Argonne. The division did a great deal 
of hard fighting around Cierges and Gesnes, two little towns that the 
37th had failed to take, and when the division was withdrawn both had 
been taken and the American lines had been advanced a few hundred 
yards beyond the point where the 37th had been relieved. 

This does not mean that the 32d did no fighting. On the other hand, 
the fighting was constant, day and night. On a single day, October 4th, 
the One Hundred and Thirteenth was called upon to fire a total of 5,719 
rounds and there was almost as much action every day of the six that 
the 32d spent there. The Hun was doing his utmost to stop the American 
advance at this pivotal point and it was this that made advancing slow 
and costlv 

Some idea of the action here may be gained from the daily intelligence 
reports issued by Lieutenant-Colonel Paul B. Clemens, G-2 of the 32d 
Division. One of these dated "October 3 to October 4, 1918, 12 h. to 12 h.," 
is fairly representative of them all. It was as follows : 



91 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




The Battle of the Argonne 95 

I. GENERAL IMPRESSION OF THE DAY: 

Visibility poor. In accordance with the plan of attack our troops moved forward 
at H hour behind a rolling barrage. Our lines were subjected to a heavy counter 
preparation fire of H. E. and gas, supported by heavy enemy machine gun fire. 
Enemy aviation much more active and aggressive than our own. 

II. ENEMY FRONT LINE: 

Our front line extends from F4010 to F4612, along rivulet GESNES to F5315 
to F6820 to F6820. The enemy front line cannot be defined, but he still 
occupies the BOIS de LA MORINE and the village of GESNES. 

III. ENEMY ORDER OF BATTLE: 

Prisoners were taken from the 169th Regiment, 52d Division, at 8:00 o'clock, 500 
meters southwest of GESNES. These prisoners belong to the support battalion 
of their regiment and went into position last evening. This places one battalion 
of the 169th Regiment in the sector formerly occupied by the 3d Grenadier Guard 
Regiment. 

IV. ENEMY INFANTRY: 

Activity confined almost entirely to machine gun action, supported by groups of 
snipers. 

V. ENEMY ARTILLERY: 

A terrific bombardment with H. E.'s and gas began at 3:00 o'clock this morning 
and continued for half an hour. Several bursts of 150's were directed on main 
roads. The efficiency of the enemy's artillery fire was aided by the regulage of 
his planes. 

VI. ENEMY MOVEMENTS: 

Usual circulation of individuals and small groups behind the enemy's lines. 

VII. ENEMY WORKS: 

Nothing noted further than the strengthening of his positions. 

VIII. ENEMY AERONAUTICS: 

During the entire period of 24 hours the enemy had superiority of the air. Five 
enemy planes were brought down, one by anti-aircraft fire south of NANTILLOIS, 
one by machine gun fire one kilometer west of MONTFAUCON and one by 
machine gun fire one kilometer south of MONTFAUCON, the location of the 
other two indefinite. In addition to observation and registration of artillery 
fire the enemy used his aeroplanes to combat our planes and fire upon our front 
line troops. 

IX. ACTIVITY OF OUR OWN TROOPS: 

At 5:25 o'clock our troops attacked the enemy lines and succeeded in advancing 
about a kilometer. 

X. MISCELLANEOUS: 

At the close of the period 36 prisoners had been reported by organizations of the 
Division. No report on captured material. 

On October 2d, Brigadier General Shipton, commanding the 55th Field 
Artillery Brigade, was relieved of command and Brigadier General A. S. 
Fleming of the 158th Field Artillery Brigade, succeeded him. He was in 
command of the brigade for only five days but in that time he made a fine 
impression on everybody. 

The 32d was taken out of the lines on October 6th and the 42d (Rain- 



96 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

bow) National Guard Division succeeded it. Again the 55th Field Artillery 
Brigade remained in position. It was intended that the brigade should 
support the 42d and perhaps other divisions both to the right and to the 
left of the sector which the 32d was giving up, but a survey of its horse 
equipment convinced those in command that the brigade should be relieved. 
On October 7th came orders for the movement of the brigade to the Woevre 
sector to take over the missions of the 51st Field Artillery Brigade, 26th 
National Guard Division. 

On the eve of departure for the Woevre, General Fleming was relieved 
of command and his place was taken by Colonel J. W. Kilbreth, Jr., who 
was soon thereafter promoted to the rank of brigadier general. 

Two weeks of desperate fighting, day and night, following close on a 
long, forced march and the exhausting experiences of the St. Mihiel drive, 
had worn the One Hundred and Thirteenth down considerably but it had 
not dulled its fighting spirit. The regiment was quite ready to remain 
in the Argonne another two weeks, or four, so far as the men and officers 
were concerned, but the regiment's horses were gone. Out of the original 
1050 that went in at St. Mihiel, the morning report of October 7th showed 
247 classed as "serviceable." The other two regiments of the brigade were 
in equally bad condition. The brigade was no longer mobile, and this Battle 
of the Argonne being a battle of action, it was necessary that the artillery 
units engaged be able to move speedily. No other animals were available 
to take the places of the dead and disabled. The guns and other equip- 
ment were carried to the new sector in trucks. 

Considering the dangers the regiment had faced in the Argonne it 
got away with very few losses. On September 25th, Private James W. 
Pittman, of Headquarters Company, was killed by a shell fragment. On 
October 3d Battery E lost four men by shell-fire, Privates Robert L. Alston 
and George G. Barnes, and Privates First Class Robey F. Campbell and 
John W. Melton. On October 5th Private George H. Frady, of Battery 
B, was killed. Those seriously wounded in the Argonne were : 

Second Lieutenant Frank C. P. Drummond, of Battery D, who was 
wounded October 6th ; Private First Class Ira J. Culpeper, of Battery A ; 
Private Glenn Cawgill and Private First Class Raymond A. Case, of Bat- 
tery B ; Corporal Daniel C. Boney, of Headquarters Company ; Private 
Almond C. Weeks, of the Sanitary Detachment. 

Nine men were gassed and twenty-one others received slight wounds. 

It is impossible to chronicle here the many deeds of bravery that 
stand to the credit of men and officers of the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
on the books of the God of Battles. There was no thought of glory, no 
attempt at the spectacular, no playing to the grandstand. From highest 
to lowest, every man saw his duty clearly and did it. The hardships and 
dangers they were called upon to face in the bloody jungles around Mont- 
faucon and out along the shell-swept Montfaucon-Ivoiry highway, brought 
out the best that was in them and submerged every mean and selfish im- 
pulse. 



The Battle of the Argonne 



97 




STRUGGLING ON THROUGH THE ARGONNE 
Every man who served in the regiment will have many pictures like this in his mind — trucks, cais- 
sons, fourgons and "slat wagons" struggling along through the mud and long, straggling lines of 
engineer and pioneer infantry lads carrying German shell baskets full of rocks and dumping them 
into the mud-holes. 



There were situations that called for the utmost fortitude, not only 
on the front but back along the crowded lines of communication where men 
of the transport sections stuck doggedly to the task of getting up food 
and ammunition. No man can appreciate the work of the men who pro- 
vide the food for the men and for the guns unless he has seen with his 
own eyes such scenes as were every day and every night occurrences in 
the Argonne — grim, mud-encased American boys, knee-deep in slush and 
slime, tugging at the wheels of caissons or wagons sunk deep in the mud, 
often under shell-fire and always a favorite target for the machine guns 
of Boche airmen. 

Chaplain Lacy, in one of his sermons preached at the front, paid just 
tribute to these men who labored back of the firing batteries, who never 
knew the thrill of actual combat, who never pointed a gun or pulled a lan- 
yard, but without whose constant effort there would have been no victory. 
He had had experience both with Supply trains on the open roads — roads 
on which the Boche artillery always had almost perfect adjustment, and 
with the firing batteries in position and at forward observation posts. He 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



gave it as his experience that it took courage of as high order to stand the 
strain of bringing up supplies and munitions as it did to stand firm at 
battery positions under enemy fire. He said that he had found it "easier 
to be at a place than to go to it," for there was usually protection of some 
kind around battery positions but there could be no protection on the roads. 

Two occasions stand out clearly above the rest and both illustrate 
the stick-to-it, do-or-die tenacity that characterized the work of the regi- 
ment from its inception to its demobilization. 

The first of these was when reports came down from the corps intelli- 
gence section that a big German counter-attack was coming. The regi- 
ment was in support of the 37th Division and less than 2,000 yards from 
the front line. It was the regiment's fourth night in the Argonne. If 
the counter-attack materialized as reports had it, there was no hope for 
successful resistance at that point. The infantry would be pushed back 
for a distance of several kilometres and the artillery would be left high 
and dry, with no protection. The infantry could not hope to find cover 
behind which to re-form closer than the trench system north of Avocourt. 

Facing this situation, it was proposed from Brigade Headquarters 
that if the attack came and the infantry fell back, that the One Hundred 
and Thirteenth should retire, leaving their guns in position. When this 
was suggested Colonel Cox, he flatly refused to do it or even to consider it. 
Giving up his guns without a struggle seemed to him a shameful thing to 
do. The French artillery officers attached to the brigade and division 
headquarters urged that abandoning the guns would be the only wise thing 




IVOIRY. 



The Bailie of the Argonne 99 

to do, explaining that this was a thing that happened often in the stress 
of battle, and they told how in their experience they had often abandoned 
their guns, only to retake them. Often guns had changed hands in this 
manner many times in a single battle. 

With his own mind fully made up about it, but anxious to get the 
views of his field officers and organization commanders, Colonel Cox hur- 
riedly called a conference and put the matter before them without sug- 
gestion on his part. He was not surprised to find every officer in the 
regiment opposing the abandonment of the guns and plans were laid 
for secondary lines of defense that would have proved extremely difficult 
for the Boche had he attempted the attack. Every battery's two Hotch- 
kiss machine guns were mounted so as to cover the area over which the 
enemy was expected to advance with two lines of fire. The gun crews, 
carefully picked, were to operate the 75's to the last possible moment, 
using direct fire if possible, and when it was no longer possible to with- 
stand the onslaught, to try to get away with the guns. Under such cover 
as was available, stood the cannon limbers, with the horses hitched to 
them, and there they remained the whole night through, drivers at their 
sides, ready for instant action. If the gray-green hosts of the Kaiser had 
broken through the front lines on that memorable morning, the reception 
they would have received at the hands of these Tar Heel artillerymen 
would have been a warm one. If the guns had to go, the regiment deter- 
mined that there would be considerable fighting first. 

Perhaps the French officers were right. Perhaps the decision of these 
North Carolina artillerymen was foolish, a bit of obstinate short-sighted- 
ness, a quixotic notion. The French certainly thought so, as their looks 
and gestures plainly showed, but it was an exhibition of spirit that made 
North Carolina "first at Bethel, farthest at Gettysburg and last at Appo- 
mattox." North Carolina will not think any the less of them for it. 

The other occasion came a day or two later, when Major Stem with 
his First Battalion had moved into new positions on. the Montfaucon- 
Ivoiry road, just back of the infantry. This battalion remained in position 
here for four long days of the bitterest fighting. The Second Battalion, 
still in position in the northern edge of the Bois de Montfaucon, knowing 
what their brethren of the First were facing up at the front, were eager to 
join them, but for some reason to this day unknown, the Brigade Com- 
mander refused to allow the Second Battalion to advance. 

There were times when it seemed impossible for this position to be 
maintained. At one time a runner came back to the regimental P. C. 
with the information that there were less than 100 rounds of ammunition 
on hand for the entire battalion. At this critical juncture Lieutenant 
Lonergon, the munitions officer, had the good fortune to encounter on the 
crowded road south of Montfaucon, eight truck-loads of shells, all intended 
for another regiment, and by means little short of grand larceny he diverted 
them to the First Battalion. 

It would not be amiss to state in passing, for another opportunity 



100 



History of the H3th Field Artillery 




tiki •>' -'f" ' ■■ 



Forward Observation Post used by the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery on the top of 
the ridge at Montfaucon. 



The Battle of the Argonne 101 

may not present itself, that no regiment ever had a better munitions officer 
than Lonergon. His work at this time kept the First Battalion in action 
when the hard-pressed infantry needed help most. How Lonergon got 
through the traffic jams with his ammunition trains, will always remain 
a mystery. He possessed in an unusual measure the happy Irish faculty 
of* making friends. He could cajole the arm-band and pistol off of the 
most hard-boiled M. P. in the American army and he always got there. 

On this occasion there is no disputing the fact that things looked black. 
It did not seem possible for the hard-pressed infantry in the fox-holes and 
shell craters northwest of Montfaucon to hold on. If the Germans had 
known how woefully weak was the line at that point, disaster might have 
resulted, but the Germans did not know. Everybody back of that thin 
fighting line knew. The commanding general of the 55th Brigade knew 
and that is perhaps the reason why he refused to send the Second Battalion 
of the One Hundred and Thirteenth forward to aid the First. 

When Major Stem and his First Battalion moved up on this occasion 
to support the 146th Infantry, Colonel Pickering commanding the 146th, 
told him that the situation was indeed critical and that unless something 
was done immediately to afford his regiment some measure of protection, 
he would be forced to withdraw. Major Stem offered all he had, a fighting 
battalion of proved efficiency, and it proved sufficient. It is often that 
the destinies of nations hang on matters of comparatively small moment 
and that the outcome of great battles is materially affected by the work of 
a small organization. It was so in this case. For four days this one 
battalion of artillery was the sole support of this regiment of infantry 
and it was this battalion's work that steadied the wavering line and saved 
the day. 

So serious was the situation and so important the holding of the 
positions the division had gained here, that Major General Farnsworth, the 
division commander, visited in person and conferred with Major Stem. 
Plans were laid for drawing the 75's to the crest of the ridge in front of 
the battalion and using direct fire if occasion demanded. The men made 
ready for a desperate hand-to-hand mix-up with the Hun. Pistol and 
machine-gun ammunition was brought up in large quantities and the men 
salvaged army rifles all over the battlefields where they had been dropped 
from hands that could no longer hold them. The Boche would have found 
this outfit extremely hard to take if he had managed to shove the infantry 
back far enough to run up against it. 

What would have been the result if the American drive had been 
halted and thrust back at its center, is past conjecture. No one knows. 
The One Hundred and Thirteenth will always be proud of the fact that it 
was its good fortune to be there and serve effectively when service counted 
for most. 

It was while holding these advanced positions near Ivoiry and Gesnes 
that most of the regiment's casualties occurred and they were very few 



L02 



History of the 113th Field Artiller 




Looking toward Cierges across the shell-pitted fields where many hundreds of American soldiers died. 



considering the conditions under which the regiment fought. Major Stem, 
in writing about it, said: 

"I have never understood how we stayed in one place for eight days 
and nights, continually under shell fire, with so few casualties." 

It was here that Captain Boyce, of Headquarters Company, won a 
citation for bravery while serving as liaison officer with the 146th Infantry 
and Chaplain Lacy was cited for bravery in attending to wounded under 
fire. Private Walter N. Perry, of the Sanitary Detachment won a citation 
for bravely caring for the wounded of the battery to which he was attached 
and one of the infantry regiments the battery was supporting. These cita- 
tions, and others, appear elsewhere in this book. 

When the regiment was finally relieved and withdrawn from the Ar- 
gonne, it had fired a total of 23,557 rounds in the support of the 37th and 
32d Divisions. Its connection with the 42d Division was mostly "on paper," 
as there was a lull in the fighting at this stage and the 42d's own artillery 
came in on the heels of the remainder of the division. 

The regiment advanced a total of ten kilometres in the Argonne and 
changed positions three times. 

Occasionally orators speak of days and periods of stress and storm that 
"try men's souls." To those men who fought in the Argonne that expres- 
sion will always bring back their experiences in the long, hard drive that 
began September 26th and lasted until the last Boche had been driven out 
of the "Foret de Argonne." 

This historic forest has been the clashing ground for warriors through 



The Battle of the Argonne L03 

all the ages, and here some of the mightiest conflicts of ancient, mediaeval 
and modern history have been fought. Here the German Crown Prince 
lost more than 1,000,000 men and here the flower of France fell in the 
first two years of the war. 

There was hardly a square yard of earth that had not been plowed up 
by bursting shells, not once, but many times. The fields above Avocourt, 
at the edge of the Bois de Avocourt, had been turned over and over by 
high explosives so many times that the very earth had been turned a yellow- 
ish green color. Pitiful stumps of giant oaks and beeches bore marks of 
shell, rifle and machine-gun fire. 

The Argonne is a great cemetery from one end to the other. Every- 
where there were to be seen little white crosses marking French and Ger- 
man graves, and, after the drive was under way, an increasing number of 
newer crosses, marking the last resting-places of many brave Americans. 

General Pershing said in his official report of the Meuse-Argonne 
offensive, under date of November 20, 1918, that the object of the offensive 
was to "draw the best German divisions to our front and consume them." 
This is exactly what happened. Every American division that could be 
brought into action was brought into action and the Germans were forced 
to pit against them every available division they had. When the finish 
came, the American divisions had consumed the German divisions. 

Early in September it was reported that Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, 
was occupying the area in front of the British with seventy-six divisions at 
his command. Before the first of October the number had dwindled to 
thirty. They had been withdrawn to meet the American menace in the east- 
ern end of the battle-line. Carrying out his plan to smash the staggering foe 
at every possible place, Marshal Foch put the British wing of his army 
into motion and for the first time in many months the British army found 
itself able to make headway against the Hun. 

In this action, which started on September 29th, three days after the 
Battle of the Argonne began, the 30th Division, of which the One Hundred 
and Thirteenth Field Artillery was a part, won eternal fame. At Belli- 
court, France, the Division broke the Hindenburg Line at its most strongly 
fortified point and in following up its victory set a pace that kept the 
British army on the run. When they were plugging along in the Argonne, 
fighting grimly and doggedly, the men of the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
Field Artillery were aiding their brethren of the 30th Division in their 
brilliant advance against the Boche, just as truly as if they had been at 
their backs with their death-dealing 75's, for the advance on the British 
front would never have been made, had not the First American Army 
dealt its terrific blow at St. Mihiel and in the Argonne. 

The importance of the Battle of the Argonne is hard to estimate. It 
was such a tremendous undertaking, conceived and carried out in such a 
big way, that the mind of the average observer cannot compass it. When 
the world has gotten a little farther way from it and there is opportunity 
of gathering up and putting in place the thousands of details that went 



104 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

to make up this mighty achievement of American arms and American 
manhood, perhaps some great historian may rise who will be able to do 
the thing justice. Certain it is that no one can do it now. 

The American objective was the Sedan-Mezieres railway, the German 
main line of supply for the entire western front. With this railroad in 
the hands of the Americans, the Germans would be forced to retire imme- 
diately from all northern France and Belgium. Moreover, they would have 
to give up the great Briey iron fields, where much of their iron came from. 
Realizing this, the Germans fought desperately and when, after forty-seven 
days of continuous battle, the American army reached Sedan, they quit, 
knowing that further resistance was useless. 

There is no disputing the fact that the Battle of the Argonne was 
the greatest battle ever fought by American troops and there are many 
military experts who declare that there have been few, if any, greater 
battles in the history of the world. 

Colonel Leonard P. Ayres, chief of the statistics branch of the General 
Staff, United States Army, in a recent report presents the following statis- 
tics of the engagement : 

Days of battle 47 

American troops engaged 1,200,000 

Guns employed in attack 2,417 

Rounds of artillery ammunition fired 4,214,000 

Airplanes used 840 

Tons of explosives dropped on enemy lines by planes. . . . 100 

Tanks used 324 

Miles of penetration of enemy line, maximum 34 

Square kilometres of territory taken 1,550 

Villages and towns liberated 150 

Prisoners captured 16,059 

Artillery pieces captured 468 

Machine guns captured 2,864 

Trench mortars captured 177 

American casualties 120,000 

General Pershing's estimate of the difficulties encountered by his men 
and his appreciation of their achievements, are admirably set out in Gen- 
eral Orders No. 262, Headquarters American Expeditionary Forces, dated 
December 19, 1918, in which he said : 

"It is with a sense of gratitude for its splendid accomplishment, which will live 
through all history, that I record in General Orders a tribute to the victory of the 
First Army in the Meuse-Argonne battle. 

"Tested and strengthened by the reduction of the St. Mihiel salient, for more 
than six weeks you battered against the pivot of the enemy line on the western 
front. It was a position of imposing natural strength, stretching on both sides of 
the Meuse River from the bitterly contested hills of Verdun to the almost impenetrable 
forest of the Argonne; a position, moreover, fortified by four years of labor designed 
to render it impregnable; a position held with the fullest resources of the enemy. 
That position you broke utterly, and thereby hastened the collapse of the enemy's 
military power. 

"Soldiers of all of the divisions engaged under the First, Third and Fifth Corps— 



The Battle of the Argonne 105 

the 1st," 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, 7th, 26th, 28th, 29th, 32d, 33d, 35th, 37th, 42d, 77th, 78th, 
79th, 80th, 82d, 89th, 90th and 91st — you will be long remembered for the stubborn 
persistence of your progress, your storming of obstinately defended machine-gun nests, 
your penetration, yard by yard, of woods and ravines, your heroic resistance in the 
face of counter-attacks supported by powerful artillery fire. For more than a month, 
from the initial attack of September 26th, you fought your way slowly through the 
Argonne, through the woods and over hills west of the Meuse; you slowly enlarged your 
hold on the Cotes de Meuse to the east; and then on the first of November, your 
attack forced the enemy into flight. Pressing his retreat, you cleared the entire 
left bank of the Meuse, south of Sedan, and then stormed the heights on the right 
bank and drove him into the plain beyond. 

"Your achievement, which is scarcely to be equalled in American history, must 
remain a source of proud satisfaction to the troops who participated in the last 
campaign of the war. The American people will remember it as the realization of the 
hitherto potential strength of the American contribution toward the cause to which 
they had sworn allegiance. There can be no greater reward for a soldier or for a 
soldier's memory. 

It is worthy of note that while the regiment was not privileged to 
serve at the front with its own beloved division, it did serve effectively 
and satisfactorily with some of the finest divisions in France. As has 
already been noted it served in the Argonne with two of the divisions 
cited above, the 37th and the 32d divisions; on the St. Mihiel front with 
the famous 89th and on the Woevre with the 79th and the 33d. 

As the regiment was being withdrawn from the Argonne it witnessed 
what was doubtless the greatest aerial demonstration of the war when 
361 American and French planes carried out a daylight raiding expedition 
designed to discourage a threatened German counter attack. If the Ger- 
mans really contemplated a counter-attack, this raid must have changed 
their minds, for it did not materialize. It was a wonderful exhibition of 
aircraft. The heavens seemed to be filled with planes as far as the eye 
could see and the hum of their motors blended into one mighty roar as 
the airmen swept across the line toward their objective in absolutely 
perfect formation. 

Leaving the Argonne, with its din of battle, its terrible strain and 
commotion, and entering upon its duties in the Woevre sector, northeast 
of Verdun, it seemed to the battle-scarred One Hundred and Thirteenth 
that they had entered upon another existence, where war's alarms were no 
more. True, there was action and a great deal of it coming, but it was 
as child's play, after the Argonne. 




-M. 11 



45 46 



SO -r/ sz ss 



CHAPTER VII 



ON THE WOEVRE SECTOR 




ITH only 247 serviceable horses left, the regiment found 
itself unable to move to its new scene of action without 
help. Trucks were provided by the 105th Ammunition 
Train and the 105th Trench Mortar Battery and the guns, 
caissons and other heavy equipment were loaded on and 
moved. No time was lost in getting the regiment into 
position on the new front. The march to the Woevre 
started on October 9th and was by way of Dombasle, Seno- 
nocourt and Troyon to positions along the Grand Tranchee. By the night of 
October 12th every battery was in position, having relieved the 101st Field 
Artillery. 

At Dombasle there was a big salvage dump and here the regiment 
got rid of much heavy equipment in the way of battery and store wagons, 
chariots du pare and a great deal of harness. Two hundred disabled 
horses that had been assembled at Recicourt and pastured there were 
turned over to a veterinary hospital unit. 

The men made the journey to the new sector afoot, just as the most 
of their journeys about France were made, and there was not a doughboy 
outfit in the A. E. F. that could out-hike them. They liked hiking. It 
was better than lying out in the woods in the rain and they were always 
good-natured on the road. 

"Join the army and see the world," some one would yell down the 
line, quoting from an inscription on a famous recruiting poster. Back 
would come in accents ironical that other slogan made famous when the 
regiment was being recruited back home in North Carolina : 
"Join the artillery and RIDE!" 

It would be well to take account here of the changes that had taken 
place in the regiment's officer personnel during the St. Mihiel and Argonne 
campaigns. Captain Erskine E. Boyce had been relieved as regimental 
adjutant and assigned as captain of Headquarters Company, Captain 
Westfeldt, of Headquarters Company, going to the regimental adjutancy 
and becoming also regimental operations officer. 

First Lieutenant Horace C. Bennett was transferred to headquarters 
Fourth Army Corps, where he operated the corps flash and sound ranging 
stations. First Lieutenant Lewis M. Smith became ill in the Argonne 
and was evacuated. 



108 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Eight new Saumur artillery school graduates, all second lieutenants, 
joined the regiment as it was marching toward the Argonne. These were: 

Herbert T. Hand, who was assigned to Headquarters Company; 
William C. Adler, assigned to Battery B ; Charles E. Works and Andrew 
J. Chapman, Battery C ; W. T. Chiles and Frank C. P. Drummond, Battery 
D ; Urban T. Bowes, Battery E ; Earl C. Hamilton, Battery F. 

First Lieutenant Robert P. Beaman, adjutant of the Second Battalion, 
was promoted to captain and Second Lieutenant Caleb K. Burgess to first 
lieutenant and regimental intelligence officer. 

Regularly every month the regiment had been furnishing its quota 
of officer candidates from the enlisted personnel for the Saumur Artillery 
School, Saumur, France. The regiment is justly proud of the records 
these men made. Every candidate finished the course creditably and those 
who graduated in the earlier classes received their commissions. Those 
who graduated in November and December, 1918, did not receive their 
commissions in time to see active service in the war, but they received their 
commissions later. Their names follow : 



Battery A. 
Sgt. John R. Burt. 
Sgt. Raymond W. Harris. 
Sgt. Tracy R. Cohb. 

Battery B. 
1st Sgt. William A. Blount. 
Sgt. Claude S. Ramsey. 

Battery C. 
Sgt. Lawrence F. Dixon. 
Sgt. John G. Ashe. 

Battery D. 
Sgt. Archie B. Fairley. 
Sgt. W. M. Williams. 



Battery F. 
Sgt. Harold K. Hayes. 
Sgt. Clarence J. M. Blume. 

Headquarters Company. 
1st Sgt. William H. Rhodes. 
Sgt. George B. Hellen. 
Sgt. Major Kenneth J. Nixon. 
Sgt. Major William A. Allen. 
Sgt. William B. Lumsden. 
Sgt. William Grimes. 
Sgt. Earl Johnson. 

Stipply Company. 
1st Sgt. Frank S. Cline. 
Ordnance Sgt. Adrian S. Mitchell. 



The first battery positions on the Woevre sector were on the heights 
overlooking the plains of the Woevre, with the ruined villages of Dom- 
martain, St. Maurice, Hannonville, St. Remy and Vigneulles in view. 
Far off across the plains lay the German positions. At that time the 
Germans were in possession of St. Hilaire, Marcheville, Saulx-en- Woevre, 
Fresnes, Champion and Wadonville and nearly all of these towns could be 
seen from the regiment's forward observation posts. The Germans held 
the heights behind all of these towns, commanding every approach across 
the plains. 

The One Hundred and Thirteenth and the other units of the 55th 
Brigade went into this sector in support of the 79th National Army 
Division, the division that had served on the right of the 37th Division 
in the Argonne. Brigade headquarters was at Troyon. Regimental head- 



On the Wo'evre Hector 



I0«> 




' <*■*&• ' - ' : ■'•'»/■ ?fiC<i** tit- / 





A snugly hidden, well-camouflaged battery position on the Wcevre sector. 

quarters was in the Foret de la Montagne, in a beautiful log bungalow 
that had been the headquarters of a German brigade commander. All 
through the woods, as in the territory around Boullionville and Thiacourt, 
the regiment found that the enemy had established himself in comfort. 
There were deep concrete dug-outs, comfortable houses, good stables, and 
beautifully camouflaged walks everywhere. Most of the walks were paved 
with broken stone. 

There had been a complete water system and an electric light plant. 
All of the houses and dug-outs were wired, but the Hun had taken care 
to remove the motors and generators that furnished the current and the 
Americans were unable to make use of what had been left behind. 

The 79th Division was relieved on October 25th and the 33d National 
Guard Division from Illinois succeeded them. The 55th Field Artillery 
Brigade passed to the 33d and the One Hundred and Thirteenth was 
assigned to the support of the 66th Infantry Brigade. A little later the 
Second Battalion was assigned to the 65th Infantry Brigade, the First 
Battalion remaining with the 66th. The regimental front at this time 
was 4,800 metres long, or about three miles. 

The 33d Division, commanded by Major-General George Bell, proved 
to be a live organization and its infantry was always stirring up some 
sort of action all along the front. The regiment was called on for every 
bit of fighting skill it had, not once but many times. There was much 
harassing fire to be done at night and always there were raiding parties 



110 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 






On the Woevre Sector ill 



to be protected and special missions to be carried out. Roving guns on 
the plains did effective work at times and the batteries took turns at occu- 
pying position on the plains. Battery B, while engaged in one of these 
missions on the plains, had the unique distinction of occupying a position 
well in advance of the infantry's front line and without even the protection 
of an infantry patrol. 

The Boche was not asleep. He was carrying on similar operations all 
the time. Every night German guns would be run out to positions on 
the plains and there would be lively bombardments in which all of the 
back areas, cross roads and dumps, as well as the battery positions, would 
be fired on. These guns would be withdrawn before daylight. The Boche 
kept this up with monotonous regularity and true German method. The 
firing started at the same hour every night, the length of the bombardment 
never varied five minutes, and all of the points singled out for attention 
received practically the same number of shells every night. 

The Boche was particularly active in the air in this sector. The 
black cross planes came over every day and on moonlight nights, the 
droning of the Boche motor drove sleep away. The utmost care had to be 
exercised in the matter of lights. 

Here on the Woevre the regiment had opportunity of putting into 
practice all of the fine arts of fighting it had learned with so much effort 
from its French and American instructors at Coetquidan. The St. 
Mihiel drive and the long, hard fight in the Argonne, offered small oppor- 
tunity for using the "fine points" of the artillery game. 

Now that opportunity was afforded, the intelligence section and opera- 
tions department got in fine work. The corps flash and sound ranging 
section was called upon for aid and responded admirably. The handling 
of munitions was systematized and there was considerable improvement 
in the matter of getting up supplies of all kinds, the latter being due to 
the use by the Americans of a fine system of narrow-gauge railroads that 
the Germans had built and left there. Several whole trains and enough 
engines to operate the trains had been captured. 

The 105th Ammunition Train for the first time found itself able to 
function satisfactorily. The roads were good and their trucks found no 
difficulty in delivering shells at the battery positions. The ordnance and 
quartermaster departments of the division were efficient and anxious to 
help and the regiment quickly improved in appearance and in comfort. 
The 33d Division treated the 55th Field Artillery Brigade exceedingly 
well. It was treated all the time exactly as if it belonged to the 33d and 
was not merely "attached." 

While here the process of re-equipping the regiment with horses was 
undertaken, with the view of getting ready for the great advance on 
Metz, that was scheduled for the middle of November. There was an 
abundance of feed for the animals and the few the regiment had were 
rapidly put in good condition, now that the trucks of the 105th Ammuni- 
tion Train were available for making long hauls of ammunition. 



112 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

The November advance was to be a Second American Army affair 
and the objective of the 33d Division was Conflans. With the view of 
getting properly set for the jump-off the Division Commander worked 
out a number of movements, designed to ascertain the enemy's strength 
at strategic points and to prepare to take care of these points when the 
actual advance began. One of the first of these was a raid on Chateau 
de Aulnois, on November 7th, by the 65th Infantry Brigade, with the First 
Battalion of the One Hundred and Thirteenth, and other artillery units 
in support. This involved a preliminary bombardment, box barrage, 
rolling barrage, smoke screen and covering fire, and was executed perfectly. 

On November 8th the 66th Infantry Brigade conducted a successful 
raid on St. Hilaire, involving the same tactics as the raid of November 7th, 
with the Second Battalion and other units in support. 

The attack on Marcheville at daybreak on November 10th, was the 
biggest action of this series of preparatory engagements, and brought 
in the entire regiment, with the exception of Battery D, which had a 
mission of its own. The 65th Infantry Brigade attacked this strongly 
held point which was the keystone of the Bretelle position, connecting 
Mihiel I and II. 

Marchville had been taken and retaken many times after the Battle 
of St. Mihiel. The Germans hung on to it with bull-dog tenacity, for it 
was vital to their scheme of defense of Conflans and Metz. The attack 
this time was entirely successful and placed Marcheville and several other 
important positions under permanent American control. The 17th French 
Corps, in a bulletin issued on the day of the engagement, had the following 
extract in regard to it: 

"The capture of Marcheville and of the Harville Woods, places in our hands two 
important elements of the principal line of resistance of the enemy (Pintheville, 
Riaville, Marcheville, Harville and the Harville Woods) . Each of these two points 
was held by one battalion. 

"In provision for our attack the enemy had reinforced the zone of protection 
by means of some of the troops forming the reserve of the regiment. 

"Owing to the precision of the American artillery fire, it was impossible for 
most of the enemy to make use of their arms in good time. Several groups were 
overpowered in their shelters. The whole garrison of Marcheville has been killed 
or captured (93 prisoners including 6 officers)." 

That the work of the regiment and other units of the brigade was 
appreciated by the infantry, is shown by the following letter received by 
General Kilbreth shortly after the armistice was signed: 

"France, 16th November, 1918. 

From : Commanding General, 65th Infantry Brigade. 
To : Commanding General, 55th Artillery Brigade. 

Subject: Cooperation of Artillery. 

"1. Now that active operations in this sector are temporarily suspended, I 
desire to express to you, on behalf of myself and the officers and enlisted men of 
the 65th Infantry Brigade, appreciation of your cheerful and effective cooperation 
in all the work which you carried out while in this sub-sector. 



On the Woevre Sector 113 



"2. Everyone of your command has responded promptly to all demands, and all 
our people developed the utmost confidence in your ability. 

"EDWARD L. KING, 
"Brigadier General U. S. A." 

From a personal note to General Kilbreth, written by General King 
shortly after the Marcheville attack, the following extract is taken : 

"Just learned today that the barrage which your people put down in front of 
Marcheville during the 10th of November, when the Boche counter-attacked, had a 
wonderful effect. One officer told me that he saw two machine guns knocked to 
pieces, and other men and officers say that the effect on the Boche was splendid." 

The regiment lost only one man killed during its tour of duty on the 
Woevre. This was Private Julius L. Teterton, of Battery B, who was 
killed at a forward observation post on November 6th. Private Henry W. 
DeBrock, of Battery C, was wounded on November 7th, and many were 
painfully gassed on the night of November 7th-8th. Their names appear 
elsewhere. 

It was while the regiment was occupying this sector that the men 
got an insight into the moral and mental make-up of the Hun hitherto 
denied them. The Hun, taking his cue from what the Americans were 
doing along the same line, started a little propaganda campaign of his 
own, having for its purpose the sowing of seeds of discontent among the 
men of the American army and inducing them to desert. Hun aeroplanes 
began to drop pamphlets and posters along the front line trenches and 
at battery positions, most of them in execrable English, and all just as 
illogical and unreasonable as the sample given herewith, which was 
dropped from an aeroplane near the headquarters of the First Battalion : 

"THE BETTER PART OF VALOR. 

"Are you a brave man or a coward? 

"It takes a brave man to stand up for his principles. Cowards stand behind 
leaders and die, imagining that by so doing they become heroes. 

"The motive of an act is its measure. If you think the war is hell and that 
you as a citizen of the United States of America have no business to be fighting 
in France for England you are a coward to stay with it. If you had the courage 
to face criticism you would get out and over the top in no time to a place where there 
is some likelihood that you may see home again. 

"WHAT BUSINESS IS THIS WAR IN EUROPE TO YOU ANYHOW? You 
don't want to annex anything do you? You don't want to give up your life for the 
abstract thing, humanity. 

"If you believe in humanity and that life is precious, save your own life and 
dedicate it to the service of your own country and the woman who deserves it of 
you. 

"Lots of you fellows are staying with it because you are too cowardly to protest, 
to assert your own wills. Your wills are the best judges of what is best for you to 
do. Don't ask any one's opinion as to what you would better do! You know best 
what is the right thing to do. Do it and save your life! Germany never did any 
harm to you, all the newspaper tales of wrongs were printed to inflame you to the 
fighting pitch, they were lies, you know you can't believe what you read in the papers. 

"If you stay with the outfit ten chances to one, all you will get out of it will 
be a tombstone in France." 

This Hunnish effort met with the reception it deserved at the hands 



114 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

of the Americans. It amused them immensely, while it aroused no little 
disgust and contempt for a people who could harbor such sentiments. 

The war ended on November 11th, just as the regiment was getting 
things in order for the great offensive that was to start on November 
14th. At eight o'clock on the morning of November 11th orders came down 
to cease firing. The Boche kept on hammering away until eleven o'clock, 
sending over mustard gas shells mostly. At that hour all action ceased 
and quiet fell upon the land, a shell-wrecked, torn and terribly disfigured 
land, which had not known a minute of peaceful quiet for four long years. 
To the men of the regiment who had lived in the confusion of war, with 
never a day out of the sound of the guns for seventy-eight days, the silence 
that fell at eleven o'clock on that great morning was unreal and oppressive. 
To the suffering natives of the war-stricken areas of France the sudden 
quiet must have been even more unreal. The regiment had fired a total 
of 4,356 rounds on the Woevre sector. 

The regiment had been actively engaged in the zone of advance for 
78 days. With the exception of eleven days, during which it was hiking 
across France, just back of the battle lines, changing sectors, the regiment 
was actively engaged every day of that time, without relief. Divisions came 
and went. The One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery and the 55th 
Field Artillery Brigade, of which it was a part, remained. 

The night of November 11th will be remembered long by all who 
were privileged to be along the front. Lights flared everywhere in the 
woods, from every dug-out and from every shack, and happy soldiers 
wandered from post to post in the moonlight, singing songs and shouting. 

All along the front, on both sides, American and German soldiers 
were sending up every variety of star rocket and flare in stock. The war 
was over and why conserve the supply? They would be no good for the 
next war, so let 'em burn ! The happy soldiers staged a fireworks dis- 
play such as the world had never seen before and will never see again. 

The German hilarity over the armistice was a trifle hard for Amer- 
icans to understand, for the armistice meant a shameful finish for Ger- 
many. American soldiers felt that if it had meant defeat and disgrace 
for American arms, they would never have been able to hold up their 
heads again, but the Germans did not seem to see it in that light. 

On the morning of the day following the armistice there came down 
from General Pershing, the commander-in-chief, the following message : 

"The enemy has capitulated. It is fitting that I address myself in thanks directly 
to the officers and soldiers of American Expeditionary Forces who by their heroic 
efforts have made possible this glorious result. Our armies, hurriedly raised and 
hastily trained, met a veteran enemy, and by courage, discipline and skill always 
defeated him. Without complaint you have endured incessant toil, privation and 
danger. You have seen many of your comrades make the supreme sacrifice that 
freedom may live. I thank you for the patience and courage with which you have 
endured. I congratulate you upon the splendid fruits of victory which your heroism 
and the blood of our gallant dead are now presenting to our nation. Your deeds 
will live forever on the most glorious pages cf America's History. Those things you 



On the Woevre Sector 



have done. There remains now a harder task which will test your soldierly qualities 
to the utmost. Succeed in this and little note will be taken and few praises will be 
sung; fail, and the light of your glorious achievement of the past will sadly be 
dimmed. But you will not fail. Every natural tendency may urge towards relaxation 
in discipline, in conduct, in appearance, in everything that marks the soldier. Yet, 
you will remember that each Officer and each Soldier is the representative in EUROPE 
of his people and that his brilliant deeds of yesterday permit no action of today to 
pass unnoticed by friend or by foe. You will meet this test as gallantly as you 
have met the tests of the battlefield. Sustained by your high ideals and inspired 
by the heroic part you have played, you will carry back to our people the proud 
consciousness of a new Americanism born of sacrifice. Whether you stand on hostile 
territory or on the friendly soil of France, you will so bear yourself in discipline, 
appearance and respect for all civil rights that you will confirm for all time the 
pride and love which every American feels for your uniform and for you." 

There were few changes in the personnel of the regiment while in 
the Woevre sector. Thirty men in all were gassed and evacuated to hos- 
pitals back in the rear and many men who had been left in hospitals 
during the regiment's stay on the St. Mihiel front and in the Argonne, 
rejoined the regiment after much wandering. Lieutenant Richard S. 
Schmidt and Lieutenant William B. Duncan, who had been left at Camp 
de Coetquidan, and Lieutenant Horace C. Bennett, who had been at corps 
headquarters, rejoined the regiment and the following graduates of the 
Saumur Artillery School were assigned to the regiment: 

Second Lieutenants Charles Ahlers, Earl J. Higgins, Erwin S. 
Supplee. 

The days that followed the armistice were spent in putting all equip- 
ment in the best condition possible, securing new equipment, and out- 
fitting so as to make a creditable appearance as a unit of the Army of 
Occupation. Six hundred horses and mules were drawn and issued to 
the organizations of the regiment and once more it was able to move 
without outside assistance. 

In order to give surplus staff officers something to do, G. H. Q. or- 
dained that there should be some maneuvers by the division against 
imaginary Boche entrenched at various old positions along the St. Mihiel 
sector. Two of these were held. They were very amusing to the veterans 
who had actually fought out the same or similar problems, over the same 
terrain, in real war, but the exercises were hardly worth while. General 
Bell, the division commander, as fine an old warrior as ever lived, 
expressed the sentiment of all of the soldiers, commissioned and enlisted, 
when, after listening to the umpire, a General Staff lieutenant-colonel, criti- 
cise everything his division had done in the maneuvers, tear to shreds every 
order that had been issued and junk the whole performance in a few biting, 
sarcastic words, he heaved a great sigh of relief and said : 

"Well, Colonel, I suppose you are right. In real action my division 
has never failed to gain its objectives; it has thrown back the Hun every 
time it was started against him; it is a successful Hun-killer and it has 
never lost a foot of ground, but I never had any luck against you fellows. 
I have never been up against a maneuver umpire yet that I didn't lose." 



116 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

And he let it go at that. 

The regiment was called upon to police an area half as big as the 
average North Carolina county just prior to the movement of the 33d 
Division. Every square yard of it had to be covered carefully and all 
debris removed. It was a big undertaking. 

When the Germans moved out of the sector they were required by 
the terms of the armistice to fire all of the mines they had laid along 
the roads and throughout the area occupied by the Americans. The 
regiment was surprised to find that it had been living and moving over 
deadly mines for weeks. It required nearly three weeks to get this work 
done. There were 6,000 mines in the area of the 33d Division. 

The 33d Division was ordered to move toward Germany on December 
7th and despite rumors to the contrary, the 55th Field Artillery Brigade 
went with it. It was reported that the division's own artillery brigade 
would rejoin it and that the 55th would go to the 30th Division, then 
reported at Le Mans, but this was not to be. 

At this time General Kilbreth was ordered to General Headquarters 
for some special work and was relieved by Brigadier General 0. L. Spaul- 
ding, who commanded the brigade during its stay in the Third Army. 

On December 3, 1918, three days before the regiment left the Troyon 
or Woevre sector for the long march into Luxemburg, the 105th Mobile 
Ordnance Repair Shop completed its work of overhauling the guns of 
the brigade. The unit commander was so much pleased with the condi- 
tion of the guns that he addressed the following letter to Colonel Cox : 

HEADQUARTERS 105TH MOBILE ORDNANCE REPAIR SHOP, 
American Expeditionary Forces, 

December 3, 1918. 
From: C. O. 105th Mob. Ord. Repr. Shop. 

To: C. O. 113th F. A., 55th F. A. Brigade. 

Subject: Gun Repairs. 

1. Among other duties this organization has been charged with repairing and 
overhauling the guns of your regiment. The guns were not only kept in good firing 
condition by this organization from the arrival of the division until the end of the war, 
but all of the pieces have been thoroughly overhauled since the cessation of hostilities. 

2. Every gun received from your regiment reached our shop in first class shape, 
as to cleanliness, lubrication, etc. The number of guns received for repair work 
was remarkably small, considering the large amount of firing done and the many 
miles the guns were hauled over indescribably rough roads. 

3. In no case do the repair records of your guns show the damage due to 
abuse, carelessness, lack of care, or lack of lubrication. Your men are certainly 
to be complimented for the admirable care taken of the material so essential in 
building up the enviable reputation which your regiment has achieved. 

105th Mobile Ordnance Repair Shop, 
DONALD E. HOLMES, 
1st Lieut. Ord. U. S. A. Commanding. 

Since it is true that an artilleryman is judged by the care he takes 
of his gun, it goes without saying that this bit of praise was very 



On the Woevre Sector 



117 



pleasing to everybody. The men were always careful in the handling of 
their beloved 75's and the result was that the regiment's twenty-four 
guns were always ready for action at a moment's notice. One gun in 
one of the batteries was out of commission for twenty-four hours once, but 
that was all. Elsewhere appear tables showing the number of times every 
gun was fired and giving the number of each gun, so that a gunner will 
be able to show the service record of his own particular "Hun-killer." 



s S* 5Si SmmmS; 01 ' f /tOUT l/l/E- 




THE WAUDEMMGS OF THE 113"™ F.A 



118 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



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CHAPTER VIII 




WITH THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION 

N telling of the march from the "Foret de la Montagne" 
northward toward Germany, Chaplain Lacy opened his 
story with these words : 

"It was December 7th and not raining." 
Any day when rain fell not and when there was blue 
sky to be seen above, was worthy of mention. Men noted 
it carefully in their diaries and it formed a bright spot 
in their lives. Always there was a scramble for a bath, 
clean clothes and a shave. Troubles were forgotten and even the bluest 
and gloomiest managed to show a smile. There was always a visible uplift 
of spirit and laughter and song. But sunshiny days were so pitifully few ! 
Until the brigade arrived at Longwy, at the portals of the Duchy of 
Luxemburg, Colonel Cox was brigade commander. Lieutenant-Colonel 
Chambers was away on leave and Major Bulwinkle was in command of the 
regiment. At Longwy, General Spaulding arrived to take command and 
Colonel Cox returned to the One Hundred and Thirteenth. 

The line of march was down across the plains by way of Dommartin, 
Hannonville, Marcheville, Harville and Saulx. This was the very route over 
which the regiment had been scheduled to advance toward Conflans on the 
morning of November 14th and as the men saw the condition of the roads, 
the softness of the earth alongside the roads, and the various obstacles that 
had been placed in the way of mines and other obstructions, they were 
doubly thankful for the armistice, which had saved them from it. 

Where Saulx had stood, the regiment found demolished walls, tangles 
of barbed wire and muddy shell-scarred fields. This town had been 
burned early in the war by the Germans for the failure of the citizens 
to pay a levy made on it. 

Marcheville was in even worse condition than Saulx and it showed 
very plainly the effects of the One Hundred and Thirteenth's heavy shelling 
just prior to the cessation of hostilities. There were fresh shell holes 
everywhere, so close together that they almost touched. From Marche- 
ville on, the road was beset by entrenchments of all kinds and there was 
a great deal of new wire strung in the fields. It was quite evident that 
the Hun expected to retire, fighting. 

At Riauville, Dompierre and Allomont and along the road were great 
quantities of Boche artillery ammunition and equipment of various 
kinds that had been abandoned by the retreating Huns. 



120 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




The Supply Company on the march in France. 



Friauville, where the regiment spent Sunday, was the filthiest of all 
the terribly filthy villages the regiment encountered in all of its experiences 
in France. It had been a Boche billeting place for four years and every 
house was filled with Boche plunder of all sorts. 

Like all other French towns in the territory occupied by the Germans, 
Friauville had been stripped of everything worth while. There were 
about fifty people there, old men, women and children. They were poorly 
clad, evidently poorly fed, a very abject and miserable lot of people. Their 
cattle, hogs, chickens and horses had been requisitioned by the Germans. 
Every copper vessel had been taken to make German shells and their 
beds had been stripped of linen to make bandages for German wounded. 
The people themselves had been forced to work in the fields for their 
conquerors and had been paid with worthless paper money, issued in the 
name of Lille or Douai, or some other ruined French city in the area of 
German occupation. They were not allowed to visit relatives. One good 
old woman told Chaplain Lacy that she had a daughter only fifteen kilo- 
meters away that she was not allowed to see for four years. The children 
were not allowed to go to school. The food allowed them was barely 



With the Arm y of Occupation 121 

sufficient to keep them alive and for three years the most of this had come 
from the American Relief Commission operating under the Red Cross. 

The people of Friauville had many stories to tell about the weakening 
of the German morale toward the end. At Dompierre, they said, eight 
German officers had been killed by a hand grenade thrown by a soldier 
and in their own village the shoulder-straps had been torn from German 
officers by their own men and Alsatian soldiers, who had been forced to 
serve in the German army, broke all restraints and shouted : 

"Vive la Republique! Vive la France! Las bas Prusse!" 

On the morning of December 9th the regiment moved toward Joudre- 
ville. The town was not far away, over good roads, but there were bad 
roads the regiment had not yet seen in France, and corps headquarters, 
which was directing the movement, decreed that the One Hundred and 
Thirteenth should miss none of them. Therefore, instead of taking the 
good road to Joudreville the regiment traveled in a circle, going back 
toward Brainville and through the villages of Puxe, Jeandelize, Thurmer- 
ville, Manaville, Gondrecourt and Affeville. At noon, when the regiment 
halted for dinner, it was farther from its destination than it had been in 
the morning. 

At Gondrecourt there were great quantities of German equipment. 
At this point the Germans had a big engineer dump and their buildings 
were of a substantial variety, well built and commodious. It had evidently 
been a big center. The town was covered with German shop signs and 
over one door was that famous German imprecation: 

"Gott Strafe England." 

In all of the villages, street names had been Germanized. Every village 
had its "Kaiserwilhelmstrasse" and in place of the "Y. M. C. A." or "Foyer 
du Soldat" signs, there appeared the German equivalent, "Soldatenheim." 

At Joudreville the people had the same sort of tales to tell as had the 
people of Friauville. This town is exceedingly small and as it had most 
of its original population still, there was trouble in finding billets for the 
regiment. Here the regiment saw the first electric lights it had seen since 
leaving Toul in August. Like all other towns in the German occupied 
area it had been fitted up with electric lights for the convenience of the 
invaders and when they left the plant had been put out of commission. 
The plant at Joudreville had been repaired. 

On the day following, the regiment marched by way of Bauligny, 
Baroncourt, Eton and Spincourt to Neuillonpont. The roads were as bad 
as can be imagined and the rain that had ceased falling for a short time 
on the first day, now fell steadily. The men stood the hike remarkably 
well, only a few falling out. It was on the hard going on the ruined 
macadam roads between Joudreville and Neuillonpont that Major Bul- 
winkle's famous cow began to show signs of distress and requisition was 
made on the regimental supply officer for shoes for her. The best he could 
do was to furnish Private Blumberg, the cow's guardian, with four stout 



122 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




With the Army of Occupation 12:i 

sacks and these were carefully wrapped around her sore feet and the 
covering renewed as often as it was needed. 

At Baroncourt, a rather important railway junction, the regiment 
had an opportunity of noting the damage America's big guns were capable 
of doing. This point was under fire for several weeks prior to the 
armistice and great damage had been done to the railroad yards. 

Neuillonpont was another Friauville, very dirty and very depressing. 
It had been a German headquarters and billeting town. There was a fine 
theatre there and the German officers had quite a comfortable and attrac- 
tive clubroom which they called a casino. The piano, chairs, tables and 
other equipment were still in place. The men enjoyed the music they 
were able to extract from the piano and held quite a party there. 

On December 11th the regiment hit the trail for Rehon, and it was 
a wet day. All of the wetness the regiment had experienced on the march 
was as nothing compared to the downpour they faced on the hike to 
Rehon. The line of march was through Rouvrais, Arramy, Beauville and 
Cutry. The men will never forget the lone, bedraggled woman who passed 
the column that day in the rain and mud pushing a baby carriage on 
which she was carrying her two weeks bread ration. She had to walk 
twenty-five kilometres to get the bread from the American Relief Commis- 
sion. Every man in the regiment who saw her, wanted to offer her a "lift" 
but she only smiled and plodded on. The column was not traveling fast 
enough for her and she had almost reached the head of the line when she 
came to the road crossing that led to her home and she left the column. 

Rehon and Longwy Bas seem to be one large industrial town. Rehon 
is situated low in the valley. The trail climbs up through Longwy to the 
ruined fort on the crest of the ridge, where was fought a sanguinary battle 
in 1914, which cost the Germans 8,000 lives. This old fort was built in 
mediaeval days and had been improved through the years, and sections of 
it renewed as it fell into decay, so that it was hard for the Boche to take. 
When Kaiser Wilhelm saw the old fort and the overgrown German ceme- 
tery nearby, he shook his head and said: 

"Too high a price." 

The great shell-holes made by those terrible heavy German guns that 
so startled the world at the outbreak of the war, were still visible all 
around the old fort. Grass and weeds and small trees covered them, 
nature appearing to have done her utmost to hide war's ravages. Much 
of the old church from which the French flag floated defiantly during the 
hard fight, still remains. The Germans tried in vain to bring the banner 
down from the top of the steeple by machine gun fire, but were unable 
to do it and finally sent a soldier to the top to pull it down. 

The people of Rehon and Longwy had expected ruin as the Huns began 
to withdraw under the steady pounding they were receiving at the hands 
of the Americans. The armistice had saved them this experience. 

From Longwy the regiment marched north into Belgium. The first 
town the regiment entered in Belgium was Aubange and there was no 



124 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

evidences there that there had been a war. The countryside looked pros- 
perous. The people were apparently well-fed and happy. Men of military 
age were everywhere in evidence. The French in Longwy, Rehon and 
in other towns had told members of the regiment that Belgium had not 
suffered as France had suffered and insofar as the section through 
which it passed is concerned, the regiment can vouch for the truthfulness 
of this statement. It seemed to be an entirely different world and it was 
hard to realize that just back down the line, less than five miles away, 
desolation reigned supreme and poverty claimed a stricken land for its 
own. 

On that day the regiment entered the province of Luxemburg, that 
strange little country, where French, German, Flemish and various other 
languages are spoken fluently and there are no poor people and every 
house is full of fat, red-cheeked babies. There are iron mines and various 
allied industries and the most beautiful little farms anyone ever saw. 
As in France, the people live in small villages, all built of stone and brick, 
in close communion with the pigs, cows, horses and chickens. 

Be it recorded here that the people of Luxemburg treated the men of 
the regiment with all kindness. True, they put a stiff price on everything 
they had to sell and the system of financial juggling by which they kept 
the German mark at a premium at a time when it was headed for the 
cellar and going fast, aroused no little admiration. They stuck to it firmly 
that a mark was worth one franc and twenty-five centimes. French money 
was exchanged in this way, a five-franc note buying a four-mark note, 
and nothing else would go. 

The men found it hard sledding for a while. It had not been easy 
to master the intricacies of the French monetary system and now right 
when they had begun to speak glibly of francs, centimes and sous, they 
were put up against the mark, whose value fluctuated and was rarely 
stable for more than two days at a time. It was a laborious process 
to take the humble pfennig, the one-hundredth part of a mark and calculate 
its value in French currency and then carry the French equivalent on into 
American money. 

They were quick to learn that the thrifty Luxemburgers were short 
on soap and valued a cake of soap above all things else. The small cakes 
of bath soap issued with the rations daily by the Supply Officer, which 
the men had been accustomed to throw away, became suddenly extremely 
valuable. With eggs selling at a franc each, it was no trick at all to 
take one of those tiny cakes of soap and buy a dozen eggs. The big cake 
of issue laundry soap was valued at $5.00. The regiment's mess sergeants, 
who worried over the limited wood supply, found in Luxemburg plenty 
of wood, just as long as their soap supply lasted. 

The regiment's first billets in Luxemburg were at Monerich, Reck- 
ingen, Pissingen and Ehleringen, where the men and animals got two 
nights and a day of much-needed rest. On December 14th the regiment 
marched on toward the German border, passing along the southern out- 



With the Army of Occupation 125 

skirts of the city of Luxemburg, to billets in Syren, Contern, Medigen and 
Mulford. On the following day the regiment marched to the Moselle 
river. Regimental Headquarters and the Supply Company were billeted 
in Bous, just north of Remich, where Brigade Headquarters was located. 
The First Battalion was billeted at Stadtbredimus and the Second at Assel 
and Rollingen. The infantry of the 33d Division was already in Germany 
and the regiment was now a part of the Third American Army, the "Army 
of Occupation." As fortune would have it, the Army of Occupation, 
originally designed to have ten divisions, was reduced to eight divisions 
and the 33d Division was ordered to take positions in Luxemburg as part 
of the Army of Occupation reserve. 

This called for more marching and the regiment was on the way 
early on the morning of December 17th. They spent the night at Weiller, 
Hasne and Aspelt and on the day following marched through the outskirts 
of the wonderful old city of Luxemburg, in a blinding snowstorm, to 
Wolferdingen. On December 20th the regiment again marched through a 
snowstorm and billeted at Colmar-Burg and Cruhdton. Two days later 
the regiment settled down for Christmas, with the First Battalion, Regi- 
mental Headquarters and Headquarters Company at Bissen, the Second 
Battalion at Colmar-Burg and the Supply Company at Boevange. 

Volumes might be written about the regiment's experiences in quaint 
old Luxemburg. The men rambled through the green fields and along the 
fine rock roads and visited castles that were old when Columbus dis- 
covered America. The people were kind and hospitable. So far as the 
regiment could learn, they were pro-French almost without exception. 
Luxemburg profited immensely by the war, especially during the first 
three years. During the last year of war the Germans had no money 
and the thrifty Luxemburgers began to consider them a pest. The German 
main lines of supply ran through this little country and they built at least 
one fine railroad through one end of the province. The Germans also 
kept up the main highways that their trucks used. 

From these Luxemburgers men of the regiment got an insight into 
happenings behind the lines that were very interesting. These Luxemburg 
people, speaking the same language, had mingled freely with the German 
soldiery and they had stories to tell that confirmed all of the stories the 
regiment had heard months before about the weakening of the German 
morale and the gradual crumbling of the power of the military caste 
in Germany. The Luxemburg people said that when it was first reported 
that American soldiers had appeared at the front, the Germans denounced 
the report as a lie. They argued that it could not be true, since Von 
Tirpitz had closed the sea lanes with his submarines and it was impossible 
for America to bring troops over. When the first American prisoners 
were brought through Luxemburg on their way to the German prison 
camps, the Germans still denied the presence of American troops at the 
front, declaring that their prisoners were English and Canadians, in 
American uniforms. The German privates believed this implicitly at first 



126 History of the 113th Fietd Artillery 

but gradually they waked up. One of them, returning disabled from 
the Argonne, told the schoolmaster in Bissen that they had been cruelly 
deceived by their leaders. 

"No Americans on the front?" he exclaimed bitterly. "There are 
more Americans there than we can stop." 

The men found much to amuse them in the attitude and bearing of 
petty officialdom in this petty kingdom. The province boasted at that 
time a standing army of 250 men. What it lacked in size the army made 
up in gaudy uniforms and war-like trappings. As nearly as the men 
could "dope it out" the army kept the peace, delivered the mail, and did 
like chores, in addition to being a "standing army." At the time the regi- 
ment was in Luxemburg the entire army was reported to be out on strike 
for higher pay. The privates of the army had been drawing about six 
and a half cents per day and there had not been an increase of pay in 
several hundred years. There were those in the regiment who felt that 
the demands of the strikers were unreasonable, considering the clothes 
they were privileged to wear, but in the main the regiment was in sym- 
pathy with the strikers and hoped that they would get the increase 
in pay that they asked for. 

Luxemburgers are strong for rambling through the world and men 
of the regiment encountered scores of both men and women who had 
been to America and the majority of them said they were going to return 
as soon as things got settled down. The mayor of Boevange had lived 
for twenty years in America. He is authority for the statement that 
there are more Luxemburgers in the city of Chicago than there are in 
Luxemburg city. Almost every family had relatives somewhere in the 
United States. 

One officer of the regiment will never forget a little experience he had 
near Wolferdingen. He was plodding along through the snow, disgusted 
with everything, when he caught sight of a fat, motherly woman standing 
in a doorway. Two children were hanging to her skirts and staring pop- 
eyed at the line of horses, guns and soldiers going by. The woman smiled 
and said, in perfectly good Americanese : 

"An awful day, aint it"? 

It was not just a phrase she had picked up. That woman had lived 
for ten years in the United States and had been caught in Luxemburg 
by the war during a visit to her old home in 1914. 

The general mixture of languages that prevailed in Luxemburg kept 
the men in confusion all the time. The girls of Luxemburg were friendly. 
They liked the Americans, and the lonesome and homesick Americans of 
the One Hundred and Thirteenth responded to their friendliness as a 
flower opens to the sun. Lack of knowledge of the language your beloved 
speaks is a serious defect and one that is annoying in the extreme, but 
love speaks a universal language and there are many feelings a true 
lover may express clearly without the aid of the spoken word. "Love 
laughs at locksmiths," the old proverb says, and it is equally true that 



With the Army of Occupation - 127 

he laughs at language-makers. It is related in the Bible that there was 
considerable labor trouble on account of the "confusion of tongues" that 
fell upon the workmen engaged in the building of the Tower of Babel, 
but it is not recorded that it had any serious effect on love-making. That 
ancient and honorable sport doubtless retained all of its old-time lure and 
fascination and was followed just as eagerly as before the general mix-up 
of tongues took place. 

But it was hard sledding to make love with one hand clutching a 
dictionary, labeled "Francais-Anglais et Anglais-Francais." Every man 
in the regiment either experienced it, or observed it, and can vouch for 
the truthfulness of the statement. Every man in the regiment who has 
had a like experience will sympathize with that cook in the Supply Com- 
pany whom his captain overheard talking earnestly to a plump and pretty 
Luxemburg fraulein, who spoke German and French with equal ease and 
had been trying both on him. 

"Now listen," he was imploring. "Venn ick bin in Luxemburg three 
months — compree three months? — ick parley voo Luxemburg." 

"Ja wohl," answered his charmer with a giggle. Unfortunately for 
love's young dream, the budding linguist was not to remain in Luxemburg 
long enough to acquire a speaking knowledge of "Luxemburg." 

Luxemburg people did their best toward entertaining the men and 
officers during the Christmas season. They were invited to the dances 
that always mark the season and greatly enjoyed them. The regiment 
was rather hard to entertain for the reason that home ties draw a little 
tighter at Christmas time than at any other time of the year and North 
Carolina was the only place on earth that would have looked good to the 
One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery at that particular time. 

The health of the regiment while in Luxemburg was good. Very 
few were evacuated to the hospitals. One man, Sergeant Charles B. Wills, 
a popular and very efficient member of Battery C, died of pneumonia 
on Christmas day. 

During the stay of the regiment in Luxemburg Lieutenant LeRoy C. 
Hand and Lieutenant Enoch S. Simmons, who had left the regiment at 
Camp de Coetquidan for service at the Artillery School at Bordeaux, 
France, rejoined the regiment and Second Lieutenants McMamis, Lingle, 
Cobb and Dosker were assigned to it. 

On January 5, 1919 came the orders that everybody had been hoping 
for. The artillery brigade of the 33d Division had come up and the 55th 
Field Artillery Brigade was ordered to march back to the Toul area, turn 
in equipment, and there take train for the Le Mans area to rejoin the 
30th Division. 

The journey back to France was devoid of incident. It was a long, 
hard march. There were two days when it neither snowed nor rained 
but for the most part it was doing one or the other all the time and 
often both at the same time. As in all of its previous marches, the regi- 
ment found it difficult to keep in touch with ration dumps and horse feed 



128 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Steam up and Ready to go, but no French "Pilot." This is a picture of the train that carried the 
One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery from Trondes to Evron. 



was always short. Those who planned the line of march and made the 
schedule in corps or army headquarters, seemed to consider the question 
of supplies one of minor importance. 

Two trucks were assigned to the regiment and it was doubtless con- 
templated that these should do the long hauls. The schedule makers 
probably took this into consideration, but it developed that the trucks 
were no good. Both quit cold and there were no others to be had. It was, 
therefore, up to the regiment to feed itself and this was accomplished 
by working the Supply Company overtime. The company was split into 
two sections, with fourteen wagons and the fastest teams in a light, quick- 
moving train. This train took the road every morning at four o'clock, 
hours before daybreak, for the ration dumps and there was never any 
shortage of food for the men, though bulky forage for the animals was 
short. 

The regiment passed out of Luxemburg on January 9th, through the 
heart of the iron region, and into what had been German Lorraine. It 
crossed the Lorraine border at Rumelange and journeyed on through 
and into France by way of Aumetz, passing through Beuvillers, and Audon 
le Roman in France to Sancy. Here the regiment again encountered 
the desolation that follows in the wake of modern war and it was even 
more striking than it had been on the journey north in December for 
every man had fresh in his mind pictures of neat and trim Luxemburg, 
with its rich farms and great industries, and in Lorraine there had been 
no destruction. At Sancy and Beuvillers, where the regiment billeted, 
the people were unusually kind. Very few Americans had passed that 
way and the men of the regiment were hailed as deliverers and greeted 
with much enthusiasm. 



With the Army of Occupation 



129 




"Hommes JfO — Chevaux 8" was the familiar inscription on all French box-cars, but this is an 
American box-car and "Hommes 60" were crowded into it. This shows part of Battery C at Trondes 
i for the train to start toward he Mans and home. 



On January 10th the regiment marched through Tucquegnieux, near 
Briey, to Labry, Jarny and Hatrize. The following day was a short march, 
the regiment billeting at Hannonville-au-Passage and Souzemont. These 
towns had been close to the front when the armistice was signed and 
had been badly shot up and the billets were very uncomfortable. There 
were hundreds of German guns, big and little, and large quantities of 
ammunition in these towns. 

The night of January 11th was the last night the regiment was to 
spend behind the old German lines, for, on the following day it crossed 
over "No Man's Land" once more to billets behind the lines it had defended 
for several weeks. This was the longest day's hike of the series and it 
was made in a heavy snowstorm. The regiment passed through Jonville, 
Woel, Avillers, St. Maurice, Hattonville and Vigneulles to Beuxeries and 
Bruexerelles at the foot of Mont Sec, where billets were found. On Jan- 
uary 13th it reached Jouy-sous-les-Cotes and Cornieville, where it was to 
remain for a week, preparing for its long train journey across France to 
Le Mans. 

When the regiment got through "turning in" equipment, it was 
stripped down to the clothes that the men wore and that was about all. 
Each man, by special dispensation, kept his helmet and gas mask, his 
canteen and blanket roll, but everything else was turned over to the supply 
departments of the Second Army at Toul, Manorville and other points 
near Toul. 

On January 19th the regiment entrained at Trondes, near Toul, for 
the first lap of the journey home. The men did not find passenger coaches 



130 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

waiting on the siding to carry them to Le Mans. Instead there were 
big American box cars and they were apportioned so as to provide one 
car for each sixty men. Officers and men fared alike on this journey 
and it did not add to their composure to see train-loads of French and 
Italian soldiers go by in comfortable passenger coaches while they jolted 
along in unheated box-cars. This thing happened not once but many 
times. 

The beginning of the journey put everybody in bad humor. The 
first train had gone forward, carrying the 115th Field Artillery. The 
One Hundred and Thirteenth was to follow and it boarded the train on 
schedule time. The regiment was not one minute late. When loading 
had been completed the train was pulled down the track a few hundred 
yards and there it remained for twenty-three hours, waiting for a French 
"pilot" to ride on the engine with the American engineer ! 

The journey that ensued will always remain a painful topic of dis- 
cussion, wherever two veterans of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field 
Artillery get together. It lasted five days and nights and fully half of 
that time was spent lying on side-tracks waiting for French trains to go 
by. The weather was as cold as weather ever gets to be in France. 
That journey was made endurable by one thing alone and that was the 
consciousness that the regiment was homewardbound and every turn of 
the wheels was just so much gained. 

The regiment arrived in the Le Mans area on January 25th and was 
billeted at Evron, Neau, St. Christophe and Messanges, small towns about 
fifty miles west of Le Mans. Two men of the regiment, Privates Walter 
A. Mankins, of Battery D, and S. C. Siquerious, of Battery F, were killed 
in a train wreck while en route. They were left at Trondes and were 
picked up by the 105th Ammunition Train which was traveling on the 
train following. This train was wrecked and twenty-three men were 
killed and thirty injured. 



CHAPTER IX 




THE JOURNEY HOME 

N the departure of the brigade from the Toul area, Briga- 
dier General Spaulding was transferred to the 165th Field 
Artillery Brigade in the Army of Occupation. When the 
brigade arrived at Le Mans it found a new brigade com- 
mander on hand, Colonel R. S. Abernathy, who remained 
in charge until relieved by Brigadier General J. W. Kil- 
breth, Jr., who again assumed command of the brigade 
just before it sailed for home. 
While at Evron and the smaller towns around Evron, the regiment 
lost by transfer to the 3d Division, Army of Occupation, Captain A. L. 
Fletcher, who had been regimental supply officer from the organization 
of the regiment, Captain Isaac R. Wagner,' of the Sanitary Detachment, 
and First Lieutenant Joseph Lonergon, of the Supply Company, who 
had been regimental munitions officer. Captain Fletcher and Lieutenant 
Lonergon were succeeded by Captain Alfred Grima and First Lieutenant 
P. B. Smith, of the 10th Field Artillery. Lieutenant Smith later was 
promoted to captain and became regimental supply officer. Later, after 
the regiment had been moved to the Forwarding Camp at Le Mans, the 
following officers left it to enter various French universities for a two 
months' course of study: , 

Captain Alfred W. Horton, regimental personnel officer, Lieuten- 
ants Charles E. Works, of Battery C, Enoch S. Simmons, of Battery C, 
Earl C. Hamilton, of Battery F, Charles Ahlers, of Battery A, Samuel M. 
Gattis, Jr., of Battery C and Russell N. Boswell, of Battery E. 

On January 30th General Pershing reviewed the 55th Field Artillery 
Brigade at Evron. He had previously inspected the other units of the 
30th Division and his impressions are expressed in the following letter 
to the Division Commander. 

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 
Office of the Commander-in-Chief 
Major General Edward M. Lewis, France, February 19, 1919. 

Commanding 30th Division, 
A. E. F. 

My dear General Lewis: 

It gives me much pleasure to extend to you and the officers and men of the 30th 
Division my sincere compliments upon their appearance at the review and inspection 



132 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




The Journey Home 133 



on the 21st of January, southwest of Terlle, which was excellent and is just what 
would be expected in a command with such a splendid fighting record. 

After its preliminary training the Division entered the line on July 16th, where 
it remained almost continuously until the end of October. In that time it was in 
the actual battle from the 30th of August and took part in the Ypres-Lys and 
Somme offensives. On September 29th, the Division broke through both the Hinden- 
burg and the Le Catelet-Nauroy lines, capturing Bellicourt and Nauroy, an operation 
on which all subsequent actions of the 4th British Army depended. From October 
7th to October 20th, the Division advanced 23 kilometers in a continued series of 
attacks, capturing 2352 of the enemy. Brancourt, Premont, Busigny, St. Bernin, St. 
Souplet and Escaufort, La Haie, Minneresse and Vaux Andigny, are names which 
will live in the memories of those who fought in the 30th Division. But its especial 
glory will always be the honor you won by breaking the Hindenburg Line on September 
29th. Such a record is one of which we are all proud. 

It is gratifying to see your troops in such good physical shape, but still more 
so to know that this almost ideal condition will continue to the end of their service 
and beyond, as an exemplification of their high character and soldierly qualities. 

I inspected the artillery brigade of the Division later, and found the same high 
standard of personnel that marks the rest of the Division. 

Very sincerely yours, 

JOHN J. PERSHING. 

Leaving Evron on February 5, 1919, under orders to proceed to the 
Forwarding Camp at Le Mans, the regiment fully expected to be aboard 
a transport within ten days, but it was not to be. A period of waiting 
ensued that taxed the patience of every man in the outfit. Conditions 
around Le Mans were not of the best from the standpoint of sanitation 
and there was more sickness than the regiment had experienced in all 
of its history. Eight men died of influenza and scores of others were 
afflicted with it in lesser degree. The whole brigade was under quarantine 
for a while in order to check the spread of the disease. 

Here at Le Mans the regiment got in closer touch with the other 
units of the 30th Division and there were hundreds of happy reunions. 
For the first time since leaving Camp Sevier, the Old Hickory Division 
was united. The division had made a wonderful record with the British 
in Flanders, but there was no tendency on the part of the veteran dough- 
boys who broke the Hindenburg Line on September 29th to look down 
upon their brethren of the Old Hickory artillery who had not been fortunate 
enough to be there, for they had heard of St. Mihiel and of the Argonne 
and they knew that the artillery had done the old division credit. 

The Division Commander expressed admirably the feeling of the 
division toward the artillery in the following letter to the Brigade Com- 
mander, General Kilbreth: 

HEADQUARTERS 30TH DIVISION 
American Expeditionary Forces 

France, March 2, 1919. 
From: Major General E. M. Lewis, Comdg. 30th Division, 
To: Commanding General, 55th F. A. Brigade, 

Subject: Service of the 55th F. A. Brigade, 

1. I have the deepest satisfaction in communicating to you my appreciation of 
and admiration for the work accomplished by the 55th F. A. Brigade during the period 



134 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

of its active operations, which I request that you communicate to the organizations 
of your command. 

2. My knowledge of the work done is based upon reports and comments from 
sources other than personal observation. The information thus obtained is all of 
the most commendable nature, beginning with your training period and extending 
through the operations of the Brigade. In the course of these operations it fought 
under many divisions and corps, and was actively engaged from August 27th to 
November 11th, except for a period of eleven days when it was marching from one 
sector to another. 

3. The 30th Division established an enviable record in service with the British 
and the record of its Artillery, detached to other fronts, is such as to admit it to 
full fellowship. 

4. May you return home with a just feeling of pride and satisfaction in service 
well performed and receive upon arrival the tribute of a grateful people that is your 
just due. 

E. M. LEWIS, 
Major General, U. S. A. 

It was while the regiment was in the Le Mans area that several 
well-deserved promotions were made in the brigade and the One Hundred 
and Thirteenth was peculiarly fortunate in securing three out of the 
four majorities vacant in the brigade. These fell to three of the regiment's 
best battery commanders, Captain Louis B. Crayton, of Battery E, Captain 
Lennox P. McLendon, of Battery C and Captain Robert M. Hanes, of 
Battery A. Three first lieutenants who had entered the regiment at the 
beginning as second lieutenants, were promoted to captaincies to fill the 
vacancies. Captain Wade V. Bowman, who had helped to organize Battery 
E and had been one of its second lieutenants, succeeded Crayton. Captains 
Beverly S. Royster and Richard D. Dixon, who had been fellow "shave- 
tails" in Battery A, succeeded Hanes and McLendon respectively. Second 
Lieutenant Marshall S. Barnett, of Battery E, was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant. 

Not all of those who deserved promotion got it. There were few 
vacancies in the higher ranks and the journey upward was slow and 
tedious. The regiment was always short lieutenants, a few of the vacancies 
being first lieutenancies and the very large majority of them seconds. There 
were no promotions from the ranks and the new second lieutenants that 
were assigned to the regiment came always from an artillery school. 
Colonel Cox, while at Le Mans, made many efforts to reward deserving 
non-commissioned officers of the regiment with commissions. Everybody 
in the regiment endorsed the idea, for everybody realized that the men 
recommended for commissions deserved them. Some of these recommenda- 
tions are given elsewhere in this book. They are, in effect, regimental 
citations for meritorious work. The regiment's own officer candidates 
who were commissioned at Saumur, were always sent to other outfits. None 
returned to the One Hundred and Thirteenth. Those who finished the 
course at Saumur in November and December, after the signing of the 
Armistice, rejoined the regiment, but were not commissioned in it. 



The Journey Home 



L3S 




On Board the U. S. S. Santa Teresa, bound for home. 



The time spent in the Forwarding Camp at Le Mans was time lost. 
The first two days were spent in getting the men deloused and clean and 
their equipment in good condition. After that it was a slow, tedious and 
tiresome wait, unrelieved by anything worth while. This is a sample 
of the regiment's "War Diary" as submitted to Brigade Headquarters : 

"Feb. 18, 1919. 
"Usual routine in the regiment. Nothing out of the ordinary to report. 

Officers 53 

Men 1,347 

Weather Raining 

Roads Muddy 

Health Poor 

(Signed) "WESTFELDT, 

"Capt., 113th. F. A., Adjt." 

This was varied occasionally by reports of the depredations of the 
flu. The diary of February 10th reports the outbreak of the flu epidemic 
and at that time the regiment had 1,414 men. The following deaths 
are reported in the diary: 

Corporal Martin K. Dixon, of Battery B, on February 14th. 

Privates Houston G. Brown and Thomas Meroney, of Battery F, 
Alonzo Carpenter of Battery D and Thomas M. Robinson of Battery E on 
February 15th. 

Sergeant Tom Lee Suddreth, of Battery E, on February 17th. On 
this date seventy men were reported as sick in the hospitals with flu. 

Private Julian E. Lewis, of Battery D, on February 21st. 

Private Walter McKinley Harwood, Battery D, on February 24th. 



136 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




A choppy sea, viewed from the forward deck of the U. S. S. Santa Teresa. 

No other deaths with flu are reported in the diary after February 
24th. The diary of February 26th reports 49 officers and 1,394 enlisted 
men, showing that the sick were returning from the hospitals. The 
roads were still reported "muddy." 

The men will long remember the sticky, oozy, gooey mud of the Le 
Mans Forwarding Camp, the mud that was with them day and night 
for a whole month, a month that was the most depressing month of their 




At Sea. A typical view from the deck of the Santa Teresa. 



The Journey Home 



137 




Battery B on the march through the streets of Newport News, Va., with Lieut. LeRoy C. Hand in 
command. They are getting the "feel" of American soil again and it is good. 



career, with rain falling constantly and a deadly epidemic raging. They 
were inspected and re-inspected, bathed, deloused and disinfected, prepara- 
tory to taking train for St. Nazaire, the port of embarkation. Something 
would happen to delay the movement and the whole performance had to 
be gone over again. This happened many times and the men never got 
used to it. The disappointment at each failure to move seemed to grow 
keener and harder to bear. The movement actually materialized on March 
4th and on March 6th the regiment marched up the gang-plank of the 
Santa Teresa, one of Uncle Sam's transports, and on the night of the same 
day the Santa Teresa put out to sea, headed for the United States of 
America. 

The men were delighted with the Santa Teresa. They went aboard 
remembering the "mutton and spuds" diet of the Armagh and they were 
not prepared for the food that was dished out to them on their first line-up 
for chow. It was good all the way, well cooked and of pleasing variety, 
and the men were delighted with it. 

Life aboard ship was pleasant, in the main. There were a few days 
when the Santa Teresa rolled and pitched in the clutches of a storm and 
there was considerable sea-sickness among the passengers, but the bad 
weather passed. 

The last issue of "The Tar Baby," the little daily sheet published 
aboard during the voyage, contained this significant statement: 

"The admissions to the Sick Bay for the past eight days bear out 



138 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




The Journey Home 



139 




Headquarters Company march 



through the streets of Newport News, Va., on March 18, 1919. 
Just off of the Santa Teresa. 



the statement that Cox's Army as a Navy is not worth a damn. We are 
glad that nothing but the sea can make the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
sick." 

This little paper added much to the enjoyment of the voyage. A 
facsimile of the first page of the last issue appears elsewhere. It carried 
daily the news of the world received by wireless and little items about 
various men of the regiment. A daily feature that created much merri- 
ment was the "Diary of a Rookie," in which the Rookie kidded the officers 
mercilessly, laughed at the sea-sick and extracted fun from every happen- 
ing of the voyage. The following is a sample of what he irreverently 
handed the officers: 

"Something must have got twisted today at lunch when the troops 
got chicken and the officers got beans — but then we're getting nearer civil 
life every day, which is true I guess, 'cause a certain officer give me a 
cigar today an' says he wonders if my pa will be takin' back his old farm 
hands when they're mustered out — but our old plow horse won't know what 
'close up' means, I reckon." 

The regiment landed at Newport News on March 18, 1919 and was 
quartered near that city for a period of four days. The casual companies 
began leaving the regiment for Camp Funston, Camp Gordon and Camp 
Dix. These were composed of replacements that the regiment had received 
from various states in the south, west and north. 

It was here at Newport News that the men first felt the breaking of 
the cords that had bound them together through all of the days of organi- 



140 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




The Journey Home 141 



zation, training, fighting and waiting. Most of those who left the regi- 
ment at Newport News were not "home folks" originally. They had come 
to the regiment from thirty-six different states and a half dozen foreign 
lands, but they had made warm friends in this Tar Heel organization and 
everybody was sorry to see them go. 

Colonel Cox addressed the following message to the regiment just 
before the Santa Teresa landed at Newport News : 

"The war is over. Your great adventure is finished. Your career 
as a soldier is closing. A great awakening is at hand. You return to your 
native land with a record unsurpassed in the history of the world. You 
return with a consciousness of duty well performed. Soon you will enter 
upon a new role, a role which has become unfamiliar to you during the 
service of the past two years ; a role of great importance, however, in 
which it behooves you to perform with the greatest diligence. The future 
strength and glory of our country depend upon you and those like you, 
so guard well the trust imposed upon you. 

"Upon your return to civil life, take with you those splendid traits 
of character that have proven you to be men and soldiers wherever your 
task took you during the past nine months, and leave behind all that 
would tend to narrow or circumscribe your new life. Carry with you the 
remembrance of those things seen and learned in the Old World that, 
if put into operation, will help those in the States among whom you will 
live. 

"A wonderful opportunity has been yours, which by your spirit, 
intelligence and courage you have made the most of. The record of your 
deeds and service is an enduring one and will remain long after you have 
taken your departure. You have much to be proud of and many interesting 
occurrences to relate. Let me caution you to dwell but briefly on those 
acts of valor that affect you personally. It is the province of the true 
hero to be inherently modest. Stick up to the last for your Army, your 
Division, your Regiment, your Battery or Company, but let someone else 
tell of the part you individually played. In all your future dealings con- 
duct yourself with that fidelity of purpose and strength of character that 
bespeaks the true soldier and upright man. Never fail a comrade in 
distress, particularly if such comrade has been crippled through his parti- 
cipation in the great War. Those of us who survive the conflicts with 
sound bodies and limbs can never adequately express our thanks to the 
Divine Being who guided our steps in safety. The same God who protected 
you in the hours of danger and strife will lead you in the ways of peace." 

The regiment, less the casual companies, was ordered to Camp Jack- 
son, Columbia, S. C, along with the remainder of the 30th Division, for 
muster out. It was arranged, much to the delight of every member of the 
regiment, that the regiment should visit Raleigh en route to Columbia and 
spend one night and one day in the Capital of their beloved State. 

Faithful to its Sunday movement tradition, the regiment landed in 
Raleigh late Sunday evening, March 23d, and was met at the train by 



142 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

the most enthusiastic crowd of people that ever assembled in that good 
old town. The people had arranged to entertain the men at their homes 
and they were at the Union Station waiting for their guests. Suppers 
were waiting for the hungry soldiers in five hundred homes and the 
"billets" they found prepared for them were of a variety they had not 
seen in all of their foreign travels. When the trains bearing the men 
arrived in Raleigh there was no attempt at keeping the men in any sort 
of formation. They were turned over to their hosts and hostesses, with 
instructions to assemble on the following morning in time for the parade 
that was to be a big feature of the home-coming exercises. 

Monday, March 24, 1919, will long be remembered in Raleigh. Before 
nine o'clock the streets were full of people. Special trains on all of the 
railroads brought thousands. Thousands more came in automobiles, bug- 
gies and wagons. It was the biggest crowd ever seen in Raleigh and the 
happiest. People who had no relatives or friends in the regiment came 
for miles to greet the boys and fathers, mothers, brothers, wives and 
sweethearts were on hand in vast numbers. 

The parade at 11 o'clock on Monday, March 24th, was very im- 
pressive. Governor Bickett and a large party of notables occupied the 
reviewing stand. Pictures of the parade shown elsewhere give details 
of the event. 

After marching by the reviewing stand and encircling the Capitol, 
the regiment took the long road out Hillsboro Street to the Fair Ground, 
where a bountiful dinner had been spread. There were vast quantities 
of barbecue and Brunswick stew, inexhaustible stores of fried chicken, 
cake and ham and the men did full justice to them. Following the dinner, 
the men were dismissed once more and scattered all over Raleigh. They 
reassembled that night for entrainment and not a man was missing; not 
a man had been drunk or even faintly "illuminated" ; not a man had 
been in any kind of trouble whatsoever. It was a great day for the 
regiment and a great day for Raleigh. 



CHAPTER X 



"FINI" 



N the night of March 24, 1919, the regiment entrained 
for Camp Jackson, Columbia, S. C, and arrived in Colum- 
bia on the following day. There was no parade in Colum- 
bia and no formal reception, but everybody in that hos- 
pitable city turned out and gave the boys a welcome that 
was second only to the wonderful welcome they had been 
accorded in Raleigh. Columbia homes were open to the 
regiment and so remained for its entire stay there. 
No time was lost at Camp Jackson in getting the mustering out 
machinery into action and it was a question of a few days only until 
demobilization had been completed and there was no longer any such 
organization as the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery. 
Colonel Cox's last order to his command was: 




HEADQUARTERS 113th F. A. 
CAMP JACKSON, S. C. 
General Orders) March 28, 1919. 

No | 

To all Organization Commanders: 

1. In taking leave of the officers and men of the regiment upon its muster out 
of service, I desire to express to them personally and individually my heartfelt appre- 
ciation of their work as soldiers and their conduct as gentlemen. During the period 
of training at Camp Sevier, and later, at Camp Coetquidan, through the battles and 
engagements in the Toul Sector, at St. Mihiel, in the Argonne forest and at the 
Woevre, after the Armistice through northern France and Luxemburg and finally 
at the various camps preparing for return to the States and demobilization — you have 
at all times rendered the government its due and been true to the tradition of your 
forefathers. No finer set of men or truer or braver soldiers have ever fought for 
their homes and country. The record of your achievements and your valor will live 
in the hearts of men and be engraved on the tablets of time. Your future life will 
be enriched by memories of duties well performed on the battlefields of France. Many 
a pleasant moment will be spent in recalling to mind the part you performed on the 
fronts of both the First and Second American Armies, and your sojourn among the 
Luxembourgeoise while with the Army of Occupation. 

Most of you are young men, many of you came into the service as boys, but 
all go out as men, full formed and equipped to do a man's part in whatever may be 
your task. There is work for you to do; much work of varied kinds; work to the 
performance of which you will bring many valuable ideas obtained during your service 
as soldiers. No State or nation can be greater than the individual citizens that 



144 



History of the 113 th Field Artillery 




'Fini" 



145 




146 



History of IheJiSth Field Artillery 




OTHER MEMBERS OF THE REGIMENTAL N. C. O. STAFF. 

At the Top — Left to right: Bat. Sgl. Major Marvin M. Capps and Corporal E. W. Harrington. 

Center: Sergeant Arthur B. Corey. 

At Bottom. — Left to right: Color Sergeants George N. Taylor and Wilbon O. Huntley. 



"Fini" 117 

compose it, hence it behooves us all to carry into every undertaking — be it social, 
industrial or governmental — the full power of earnest effort. Be leaders in all move- 
ments which are inaugurated for the best interest of our country. You have courage, 
energy and self-confidence. Don't permit doubt, timidity or discouragement ever to 
have a part in your makeup. Keep your head up and your back straight and smash 
the problems of civil life in the same spirit you stormed the strongholds of the 
Kaiser's hosts. 

Nothing can ever take the place of the pride I shall always feel in having had 
an opportunity of commanding such a body of men. Words cannot express my 
gratitude to the officers and the men for their cheerful cooperation and absolute loyalty. 
I hope that each of you feel that in me he has a friend and that you will never 
fail to afford me the opportunity of demonstrating the friendship I have for you. 

May every success attend your future endeavors and may the spirit of the One 
Hundred and Thirteenth guard your every undertaking. 

(Signed) ALBERT L. COX, 

Colonel, 113th Field Artillery. 
2. This order will be read to each unit at its last assembly. 
By order of Colonel Cox: 

(Robert P. Beaman) 
Captain, 113th. F. A. 
Adjutant. 

With the last formalities duly attended to, the last bit of red tape 
adjusted, and hasty good-byes spoken, the men of the regiment turned 
their faces homeward, and the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery 
ceased to exist, save in the hearts and memories of the splendid body of 
men who had made it a great fighting machine, a resourceful, courageous 
organization. Viewed from any angle, the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
Field Artillery was a great regiment, self-reliant and dependable because 
it was an aggregation of self-reliant and dependable men. No matter how 
trying the situation, the One Hundred and Thirteenth always stood 
squarely and firmly on its own feet, was always able to take care of itself 
and lend a helping hand to less hardy outfits. It bore no stain upon its 
record. There were no reprimands from high authority, no complaints, 
no criticisms to be explained away. It was a regiment of no regrets. 

The One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was seventy-eight 
days at the front. Eleven days of this time was spent in hiking from 
one sector to another. At no time, after August 23, 1918, up to Armistice 
Day, was the regiment out of range of German artillery. The time spent 
in moving from one sector to another may well be counted active front 
line service, for the movement in every case skirted the American front 
lines. 

The regiment has the unique distinction of having served longer at the 
front that any other North Carolina organization. The War Department 
officially credits the 30th Division with fifty-six days of service in active 
sectors. Deducting the eleven days in which it was on the march and 
during which no firing was done, the One Hundred and Thirteenth was 



148 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

occupying active sectors and actually firing sixty-seven days, or eleven 
days longer than the infantry units of the 30th Division. Only two divi- 
sions, the First and the Third, are officially credited with longer service 
in active sectors than the One Hundred and Thirteenth experienced. Two 
divisions, the Second and the 77th, fall one day under the One Hundred 
and Thirteenth's record, each being credited with sixty-six days. 

As has already been stated, the One Hundred and Thirteenth served 
in all three of the American armies, the First, the Second and the Third, 
and in the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Ninth American 
Army Corps. Five of the six divisions with which the regiment served 
are credited with making advances of thirty kilometers or more against 
enemy resistance. Two of the divisions it supported, the 89th and the 
33d, stand third and fourth among the combat divisions of the A. E. F. 
in the number of German prisoners captured. The 30th Division was 
fifth. Two other divisions that the One Hundred and Thirteenth supported, 
the 37th and the 32d, also stand high among the fighting divisions in the 
taking of prisoners. The regiment was always fortunate in the divisions 
to which it was assigned and can always be "proud of the company it 
kept" in the World War. 



THE TAR BABY 

PUBLISHED ON THE U. S. S. SANTA.TERESA 



Volume I. 



At Sea, March 17, 1919. 



Number 5 



THE ARMY AND NAVY DIARY OF A ROOKIE THE SANTA TERESA 



The two great war machines of 
our country are the Army and the 
Navy. In the event of war, each 
must work harmoniously with the 
other to attain the desired end — 
VICTORY. As in a football game. 
a hole must be made for the man 
carrying the ball and, depending 
on the nature of the war, the 
Army and Navy vary as to who 
shall play on the line and who 
shall carry the ball. 

Though not of a spectacular 
nature, the work of the Navy dur- 
ing the past war was of vital 
necessity to the country at home 
and to the Army abroad. A Ger- 
man naval yietory was her great- 
est hope and surest salvation for 
a successful outcome in the war. 

Thirty days after the declaration 
of war the American destroyer 
flotilla arrived at Queenstown, Ire- 
land, and immediately took up 
their work of submarine patrol 
and convoy protection with the 
cry, "We are ready." Later a 
squadron of five of our biggest 
and best battleships joined the 
English Grand Fleet and "carried 
on" with the British until the 
grand German surrender. Amer- 
ican submarines were sent across 
to assist in German submarine 
hunting. In the North Sea the 
Navy working in conjunction with 
the English succeeded in the estab- 
lishment of an immense mine bar- 
rage which barred so far as pos- 
sible, the egress of German Bub- 
marines from their bases. The 
Naval Air Force co-operated suc- 
cessfully with the British and the 
French in maintaining a coast 
patrol and established at Calais 
one of the finest air bases in 
Europe. A blue jacket battery of 
heavy naval guns sent to the 
Western Front helped along the 
great cause. 

The question of transporting 
troops and supplies abroad became 
an important one for the Navy. 
The Cruiser and Transport Foroe 
under the command of Vice-Ad- 

(Continued on next page) 



March 14. — I been readin a book 
that tells how the Greeks had gods 
for everything an its says a feller 
named Neptune controls the sea. 
I reckon Nep. mustjve gone into 
some other business before we left 
port. 

Teresa tho is doing noble. No 
wave is too big for her to bust 
smack into but they aint no 
danger cause -the Capn's said to 
be one of the best in the Navy 
and the other officers is regular 
fellers too. They sure are treatin 
us like passengers 'stead of just 
soldiers. They feed us big and 
they aint mentioned mutton nor 
O. D. gravy yet an' they don*t tell 
us we can't stand near the rail 
an' they let us go all over the ship 
like we are human an' not just 
fellers that's been fightin' for their 
country. If we was treated better 
we'd think we was mustard out. 
And the Cap'n's got guts too. 
Them frogB at St. Nazaire wanted 
us to wait for a French pilot like 
we used to do three days travelin 
on their railroads. The Cap'n up 
and says, — "You get that pilot 
here by nine o'clock and don't 
send him at half past cause he 
won't be able to jump that far 
out." "No compree," says they. 
The Cap'n tells 'em how the Dec- 
laration of Independence sounds 
in French and sticks 'em with 
Woodrow's 14 points. They sends 
right around to the Cafe du Com- 
merce and gets their best pilot 
that is gettin another schooner 
cross the bar, an he toot sweets it 
over and starts puttin out like a 
little man. 

There's been some nights the 
Cap'n aint been to bed at all, 
being he had to sit with Teresa 
when she was took with the 
heaves. But ha seen her thru. 

The crew is all nice fellers an 
they dont charge us two-thirds of 
two months pay for cantine stuff 
like the Britishers did when we 
went across. Top o' the wave to 

(Continued on next page) 



Built at Cramp's Ship Yard, 
Philadelphia. Originally designed 
for a fruit boat, Grace Line, but 
taken over for transport. Launched 
July 4, 1918, completed and ac- 
cepted by government November 
17, 1918, commissioned following 
day under present commander. 
Santa Teresa has made two trips 
to Bordeaux and one to St. Na- 
zaire, average time for round trip 
26 days. Santa Teresa is 375 feet 

9 inches over all, beam 51 feet 9 
inches ; gross tonnage 5102 ; net 
tonnage 2971 but as arranged for 
transport service about 500 and 
she carries 900 tons ballast. Loaded 
she draws 24 feet, but the maxi- 
mum recorded to date is 22 feet 

10 inches. She is a single screw, 
oil burner, carrying a 2500 H. P. 
engine ; average daily oil con- 
sumption 40-42 tons, average 
speed 13 1-2 knots per hour, max- 
imum speed 14 knots. Fuel oil 
storage capacity of 1352 tons. The 
Santa Teresa has cold storage 
capacity of 75 tons where suffi- 
cient perishable provisions can be 
stored for a round trip. Fresh 
water storage capacity 706 tons. 
Equipped with a 2 k. w. radio set 
of 700 miles sending capacity. 
Carried 1 4-inch, 1 5-inch, 2 1- 
pounder guns, 2 Lewis machine 
guns and small arms. Also otter 
gear for mine sweeping. 

At present the Santa Teresa has 
troop accommodation for 1826 men 
and 70 officers. Her own crew 
consists of 22 officers and 211 men. 



NAUGHTYCAL FACTS 
Total number miles St. 
Nazaire-New York.. 3250 

Total miles covered to 
noon, March 16 2713 

Total miles covered 
from noon, March 15 
to noon, March 16... 293 



Where They Were Recruited 



149 



HEADQUARTERS COMPANY 

Headquarters Company claimed Raleigh as its home town but in 
reality its home was all North Carolina. Every part of the State was 
represented in Headquarters Company. 
When it was announced that the com- 
pany was ready to receive members, 
and this was along about July 1, 1917, 
good men came running to get in. The 
original roster of the company carried 
the names of many of the finest young 
men in the State and a very large 
number of them later became officers 
in the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
and in other outfits. 

The first commanding officer of 
Headquarters Company was Captain 
Rufus M. Johnston of Charlotte, a suc- 
cessful infantry officer, who did fine 
work in getting the company in shape 
for its trying experiences in train- 
ing camp and elsewhere. The com- 
pany felt the beneficial effect of this 
training and discipline throughout its 
whole career and there was universal 
regret when he resigned and left 
the regiment just before it left Camp Mills for duty overseas. 

Lieutenant William P. Whittaker was the company's first lieutenant. 
When the company was organized, only one lieutenant was allowed for 
a Headquarters Company, and to Lieutenant Whittaker fell the honor of 
being "it." During the regiment's history, Lieutenant Whittaker filled 
every position that a first lieutenant could fill and served in practically 
every organization of the regiment. He is famous for his work as "canteen 
officer" of the regiment, in which role he displayed great ability as a 
merchant and kept the various battery and company funds fat with 
dividends. Later he was regimental gas officer and won high praise 
from the gas officer of the 33d Division for his work in the Woevre sector. 

Shortly after the One Hundred and Thirteenth arrived at Camp Sevier 
there were changes in the Tables of Organization that provided for four- 
teen lieutenants in Headquarters Company and life thereafter was just 
one shave-tail after another. It was a bright Headquarters lad who 
knew all of his lieutenants. A very large majority of the officers of the 
regiment below the rank of captain at one time or another saw service 
in Headquarters Company. 




Captain Erskine E. Boyce, Commanding 
Headquarters Company. 



150 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




i ' ' f ip 



Headquarters Company. 



When the regiment reached the front in August, 1918, Captain Gustaf 
R. Westfeldt, of New Orleans, La., was its commanding officer. When 
the St. Mihiel drive started he was made regimental adjutant and opera- 
tions officer and Captain Erskine E. Boyce, the regimental adjutant, suc- 
ceeded him. Captain Boyce remained with the company until it was 
mustered out. 

Next to being regimental supply officer, the hardest job in any regi- 
ment is that of captain of a headquarters company. A headquarters com- 
pany in an artillery regiment is split into three sections. One of these 
is the regimental headquarters detachment, under the eagle eye of the 
colonel and his adjutant and two other detachments, one for each major. 
Equipment of all kinds, supplies and food, must be split equally and 
impartially among the three and usually three separate messes must be 
operated, all on the slender allowance provided, and everybody who has 
had experience in trying to make the allowance suffice with only one com- 
pany mess, can imagine how difficult it is. Truly, the life of the C. 0. of a 
headquarters company is fraught with trouble ! 

Headquarters Company was always equal to the many demands made 
upon it. It was always able to furnish well-qualified experts in radio, 



Where They Were Recruited 



151 




Headquarters Company. 

telephone, visual signaling, and all other departments needed in modern 
warfare. Its members never shirked a duty and its commanding officer, 
Captain Erskine E. Boyce, won a citation for bravery in action in the 
Argonne. 

The company had one man, Private James W. Pittman, killed in the 
Argonne, two wounded and nine gassed. 



BATTERY A 

By Capt. Beverly S. Royster, Jr. 

Battery A was recruited from the town of New Bern and vicinity 
and was drafted into Federal service on July 25, 1917. In training at 
Camp Sevier, S. C, from September 16, 1917 to May 18, 1918, entraining 
on the latter date for Camp Mills, N. Y. Sailed on the British S. S. Armagh 
on May 27, 1918 for service overseas and arrived at Liverpool on June 
7th; thence, by slow stages, the battery journeyed to Camp de Coetquidan, 
near Guer, in the province of Morbihan, France, arriving on June 15, 1918, 



152 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Battery A. 



where it remained until August 23, 1918, when it went to the front near 
Toul with the remainder of the regiment. 

Battery A first went into position on the road between Berniecourt 
and Beaumont and fired its first shot at the enemy on September 1, 1918. 
The battery remained in position three days, and three days later returned 
for two more days of action, returning to the regimental echelon on 
September 8th. 

On September 10, 1918 moved to forward positions — co-ordinates 
362.530-231.937 — from which it started firing in the St. Mihiel drive on 
the morning of September 12th. At 4 : 30 p. m. on the same day the battery 
was ordered forward and spent the night of the 12th in the Bois de Beau 
Villon. On September 13th the battery resumed march and took up posi- 
tions close to the infantry just went of Thiacourt at about 3:30 in the 
afternoon, where it remained under constant shell-fire until 8:00 p. m. 
on September 14th, when it moved out with the rest of the regiment on 
the first stage of the long hike to the Foret de Argonne. The roads over 
which the battery moved that night were subjected to heavy shelling, 
much of it phosgene gas. 

On September 24, 1918 the battery went into position in the Bois 



Where They Were Recruited 



153 




Battery A. 



de Esnes, in preparation for the opening of the Meuse-Argonne offensive, 
which opened on the morning of September 26th. The battery began 
operations at one o'clock with harassing fire, starting the rolling barrage 
at 4:15. Just after noon on September 26th the battery was ordered for- 
ward. The night of the 26th was spent in the Bois de Avocourt and on 
the 27th the battery went into position in the northern edge of the Bois 
de Montfaucon, from which position it fired for two days. The march 
forward had been made under the worst possible conditions, over roads 
that were next to impassable and with the rain falling steadily. The bat- 
tery lost many of its horses in this movement. 

On September 29th the battery went forward as part of the First 
Battalion to positions near Ivoiry, on the Montfaucon-Ivoiry road, where 
it experienced the hardest fighting of its career. With the remainder of 
the battalion it was in position here eight days, four days of which the 
battalion was the sole support of a regiment of infantry. At one time 
German artillery fire became so heavy over the whole area around the 
battalion that the infantry and machine-gun outfits holding the front 
were forced to retire to cover behind the artillery. Major General Farns- 
worth, commanding the 37th Division, visited the battalion in person and 



154 



History. , of the H3th Field Artillery 



directed that a lookout be stationed on the crest of the ridge in front of 

the battalion to watch for the first wave of the German attack, so that 

the 75's might be dragged up and 
direct fire poured into their ranks. 

The battery did much effective 
firing from its position here. Ob- 
servers with the infantry reported 
many times that the battery's fire on 
enemy batteries, working parties, and 
road traffic was very effective. 

On the night of October 6th the 
battery was withdrawn from the Ar- 
gonne and it next went into position 
about 1,000 metres northeast of Dom- 
martin on October 11th. It was 
taken to this new position in trucks, 
as all but thirty-two of its horses 
were dead. It engaged in all of the 
operations of the 79th and 33d Divi- 
sions on that part of the Woevre sec- 
tor up to November 11, 1918. On No- 
vember 6th the battery was heavily 
gassed but owing to the fact that it 
had to fire a barrage for the infantry, 

the battery could not evacuate its position and there were sixteen gas 

casualties. 

Battery A was always in the thick of the fighting. It did its share, 

and more, of "accompanying battery" duty and it is the battery's proud 

boast that in its seventy-eight days at the front, it never fired over the 

heads of any other artillery unit. 




Captain Beverly S. Royster, Jr., Command- 
ing Battery A. 



BATTERY B 

By Capt. Wiley C. Rodman. 



This battery was organized at Washington, N. O, during the month 
of June, 1917, and was composed largely of boys under twenty-one from 
the counties of Beaufort, Washington, Pitt, Pamlico, and Hyde, with a 
few from other counties and some from other States. The organization 
was accepted by the Government as of July 20th, and was formally mus- 
tered into the service on the 25th day of July, 1917. 

It remained in Washington, N. C, from that time until its departure 
for Camp Sevier, S. C, in September and during its stay in Washington 
was quartered in a building on Market Street, known as the Armory. 



Where They Were Recruited 



1J 



During its stay in Washington the organization was given primary 
instruction in infantry drill, partially uniformed by the Government and 
entirely inoculated for all the ills that 
flesh is supposed to be heir to. 

It was the recipient of many 
favors and gifts from the city and 
county, the citizens individually and 
the local societies for aiding the sol- 
diers which had already sprung into 
existence and activity. Among the 
gifts was a Victrola, a pet coon and a 
Battery Flag which was carried by it 
throughout the war, and has been re- 
turned by it to the city of Washington 
as a gift. 

Early in September the battery 
received its first pay from "Uncle 
Sam," squared up the many debts 
which had accumulated during July 
and August, to the great satisfaction 
of all concerned, and shortly thereafter 
departed for a long and tedious so- 
journ, but notwithstanding a happy 
one, in the State of South Carolina. 




Captain Wiley C. Rodman, Commanding 
Battery B. Acting Adjutant First Bat- 
talion prior to demobilization. 



The officers of the battery at this time were : 

Wiley C. Rodman, Captain; Enoch S. Simmons, First Lieutenant; William E. 
Baugham, First Lieutenant; George S. Dixon and Robert H. Lawrence, Second Lieu- 
tenants. 



Up to the time of the departure from Washington for Camp Sevier 
there had been 210 men recruited for the battery, and of these there 
were 178 actually carried to the camp — the remainder having been dis- 
charged for various reasons. At Camp Sevier the battery was consolidated 
with the other batteries comprising the regiment and as a battery did the 
work assigned to it during the stay there. With the regiment it departed 
for overseas service and arrived in England at Liverpool on the 7th day of 
June, 1918. It arrived at Le Havre, France, on the 13th of June, and from 
there proceeded to Coetquidan, France, where it underwent the hardest 
kind of training until the 23d of August. 

At this camp it was equipped for the first time with the French 75's 
and two Hotchkiss machine guns. 

The battery arrived at Toul on the 26th of August and was imme- 
diately marched to the regimental echelon in the "Foret de la Reine." It 
took part in the St. Mihiel offensive, having three men wounded at Thia- 



156 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 











T 



JfeWI; 






mm 



m 



-iS^-e 



Battery B. 



court, and from there marched with the regiment to its position for the 
Argonne offensive. 

In this latter, in front of Montfaucon, it had two men killed and several 
wounded and gassed. 

The battery took part in all the battles in which the regiment was 
engaged, and in front of Montfaucon it, with Battery A, was nearer to 
the German lines than any other batteries in the brigade of which it formed 
a part. After withdrawing from the Argonne it was sent with the regi- 
ment to the Meuse Plains, and while occupying positions in this sector it 
was for thirteen days stationed at a little abandoned French village called 
Avilliers. This position was nearer to the German lines than the posi- 
tion of any other battery in the brigade, and during this period it was 
constantly under observation from hostile air planes and was subjected 
to daily shelling by the enemy without being allowed to return the fire. 
It was the most dangerous position occupied by the battery during the 
entire war, and while no one was killed there the escapes were more than 
fortunate. 

On the night that orders had been given to retire, the infantry got 
out first and for three hours this battery was the front line of the army 



Where They Were Recruited 



157 








Battery B. 



at this place. The Germans in some way got wind of this and just as 
the battery was withdrawing subjected the position to the heaviest shelling 
which it underwent during the war. 

The signing of the Armistice found the battery in position on the 
heights above the Meuse Plains and here it remained until the 7th of 
December, when it took up the march with the regiment for Luxemburg 
and the shore of the Moselle River. The battery proceeded with the regi- 
ment on its various marches and returned with it to Le Mans, France, and 
thence to America and was mustered out at Camp Jackson, South Carolina, 
on the 28th of March, 1919. 

The members of the battery who were originally from Beaufort and 
surrounding counties proceeded to Washington, N. C, as an organization 
and there received from the assembled citizens of the entire surrounding 
country the greatest "welcome home reception" that Washington had ever 
witnessed. The Victory Arch erected by the citizens stands today as a 
beautiful tribute to commemorate the battles in which the battery partici- 
pated and as a monument to the fallen heroes from the county of Beaufort. 

Of the original 178 men who had departed with the battery only 110 
returned to enjoy the celebration, as some had given up their lives, some 



158 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




had been transferred to other organi- 
zations and many had been discharged 
for various reasons. 

The battery had from time to time 
been supplied with replacements from 
different sections of the State, United 
States and the world at large, and 
generally it might well have been called 
a cosmopolitan organization. 

Too much credit cannot be given 
to these replacements, so called, and 
some of the best men in the battery 
were thus secured. 

The officers who served with the 
battery during its period of service 
were as follows : 

Captains: Rodman and McLendon. 

Lieutenants: Simmons, Baugham, Dixon, 
Lawrence, Meares, Harrison, Ashcraft, 
Moore, Covington, Beaman, Roberts, Wood, 
Taylor, Boswell, Crenshaw, Adler, McKinnon, 
Hand, Hedden, Suplee. 
; Hand, LeRoy C. ; Blount, Wm. A. Jr., and 

Ramsey, Claude S. ; and Goldsmith, Clarence 



First Lieutenant LeRoy C. Hand, of Battery 
B. He commanded the battery while Cap- 
tain Rodman was serving as adjutant of the 
First Battalion. 

First Sergeants: Gardner, Loris W. 
Latham, Jesse H. 

Battery Clerks: Ausbon, Clarence S. 
D. 

The following deaths occurred : 
Pvt. Geo. H. Frady — Killed in action near Montfaucon. 
Corp. Glenn S. Cowgill — Killed in action near Montfaucon. 
Pvt. Julius L. Tetterton — Killed in action in the Woevre. 
Pvt. Robert H. Gattis — Died from pneumonia, Le Mans. 

The battery had fifty horses killed by shell-fire. 

During the time that the battery was engaged in action with the enemy 
the following officers served with it : 

Captain Wiley C. Rodman; First Lieutenant Charles H. Wood; Second Lieutenant 
William C. Adler and Second Lieutenant Ernest M. Hedden. 

The battery was joined a few days before the signing of the Armistice 
by Lieutenant Irwin Suplee. 



BATTERY G 

By Major L. P. McLendon 

Battery C, of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was 
recruited in the counties of Durham, Orange, Chatham and Person. In 
addition there were five members of the battery who came from other sec- 
tions of North Carolina. When the battery arrived at Camp Sevier, Sep- 



Where They Were Recruited 



159 




Captain Richard D. Dixon, Commanding 
Battery C. 



tember 16, 1917, we had 191 en- 
listed men and four officers, the officers 
being L. P. McLendon, of Durham, 
captain ; S. M. Gattis, Jr., of Hillsboro, 
and F. L. Fuller, Jr., of Durham, first 
lieutenants, and T. J. Craig, of South 
Carolina, second lieutenant. All of the 
men who originally enlisted with the 
battery were lucky enough to remain 
with it and be discharged from it in 
March, 1919, except the three lieuten- 
ants and thirty-five enlisted men. The 
battery only lost two men by death 
during its period of service. They 
were Stable Sergeant Willie H. Sims, 
of Durham, who died in January, 1918, 
of meningitis and was the first man 
from Durham County to die during 
the war. The other was Sergeant 
Charles B. Wills, of Chapel Hill, who 
died on Christmas Day, 1918, while the 
regiment was in Luxemburg with the Army of Occupation. Both of these 
men were splendid soldiers and their loss was deeply felt by their comrades. 

Of the original personnel there were only five or six who had had 
previous military training and consequently we had to learn the game from 
the beginning. No officer ever commanded a more willing battery. Their 
enthusiasm for work and their desire to learn and their ambition to excel 
was marvelous and was commented upon by every officer who served 
with the battery. Even during the two months we were in Durham, with- 
out uniforms or other equipment and with little incentive to work they 
could not be drilled enough or taught enough. This spirit characterized 
the battery throughout its period of service. Individually they felt a great 
deal of pride in the battery and in its performances, and were always 
loyal to the point of fighting any man who cast a reflection on their battery. 
They were never happier than when in competition with some other 
organization. To this spirit of loyalty and esprit de corps I attribute what- 
ever success we attained in France during our period of service at the front. 

I am sure there never was an organization in the American army 
which had a better time in the performance of our daily routine of duties, 
in our triumphs, in our hardships and misfortunes. Private "Red" Hern- 
don illustrated the good-natured spirit they maintained on all occasions. 
He was detailed to the incinerator at Camp Sevier for missing reveille. In 
those days the incinerator consisted of a hole in the ground, very full of 
water and "slops" from the kitchen, and the duties of the detail consisted 
in keeping a fire going to burn this water and refuse. A lieutenant-colonel 



160 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Battery C. 

of the Medical Corps was making an inspection of the sanitary conditions 
of the camp in company with Colonel Cox. When they arrived at Battery 
C's incinerator they found "Red" leaning on a rake with one end of it in 
the incinerator, the dirtiest and blackest soldier ever seen. The inspector 
said: "Young man, are you detailed in charge of this incinerator?" "Red" 
pushed his rake through the mixture of fire and water and without looking 
up replied: "Yes, sir." "Well," answered the inspector, "you will have to 
build a bigger fire than that to burn up that water." I never heard of 
burning water before I got in the army," said "Red." "Maybe not," replied 
the inspector, "but, young man, you have got a lot to learn in the army." 
"You are damn tooting," was Red's answer. This answer fittingly 
describes the willingness of the men to admit the necessity of learning 
the game. This enthusiasm and loyalty never waned, but, on the contrary, 
seemed to increase when we arrived in France and were fully equipped for 
the first time. The men gave the finest demonstration of their knowledge, 
their loyalty and devotion to duty on the night of the opening of the St. 
Mihiel Battle. We had just lost all of our officers by transfer except myself. 
Two lieutenants had been assigned to the battery, but one of these was 
absent, sick, and the other one was scarcely known to half of the battery. 



Where They Were Recruited 



161 







Battery C. 

No one will ever forget that night of rain and mud and darkness. We had 
to carry much of our ammunition by hand over quite a distance because 
the mud had made it impossible to unload the caissons at the guns. On 
the afternoon of the 12th I called the chiefs of sections to me and told them : 

"The battle begins at midnight. We must not miss a shot. Put every 
man to work and be sure you keep plenty of ammunition on hand." 

About eleven o'clock that night Bugler Carl Churchill, who was on 
duty as a runner, reported to me and asked if I had anything for him to do. 
I told him that I did not, but that I wanted him to go to sleep and rest 
so that he would be able to act as runner the next day on our advance. 
He disappeared without comment. The next morning at daylight he was 
one of the first men I saw, wet from head to foot, covered with mud, 
marching back and forth to the guns with his arms full of shells ! Every 
man had worked that night, taking turn about, irrespective of his rank, 
serving the guns and carrying ammunition. After that experience I knew 
those men were equal to any emergency. 

It was during the battle of St. Mihiel that we suffered our first cas- 
ualties. At Thiacourt, on September 14th, Private Percy Parrish, a tele- 
phone operator, and Sergeant Barbour, signal sergeant, were both seriously 



162 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

wounded by the same shell. Parrish was hit in the temple and knocked 
unconscious. Barbour, who was wounded in the back and bleeding pro- 
fusely, picked up Parrish and yelled to another operator : 

"Hey, Massey, bring a 'phone here. This one is shot all to pieces." 

Later on Sergeant Barbour became well enough to leave the hospital, 
and while trying to rejoin our regiment was badly wounded and gassed in 
the Meuse-Argonne battle. 

While our regiment was participating in the Meuse-Argonne offensive, 
our battery had several men wounded and on each occasion they displayed 
the greatest reluctance to leave the battery. On the 6th of October, in 
company with some of the signal detail, I was coming back to the battery 
from the observation station on top of the hill at Montfaucon. We met 
Private Walter De Brock, of Kansas, who had been sent to the battery as 
a replacement several months before. His left arm was hanging loosely 
and the blood streaming from his finger tips. As we drew near to him I 
noticed that he was crying and I said : "What is the matter, De Brock, are 
you wounded ?" His answer was : "Yes, captain, I am wounded but that is 
not why I am crying. I am crying because I got to leave these boys." 

I made him sit down and while I was bandaging his arm he told me 
that he never knew a single man in the battery before he joined it, but 
that he loved every one of them then, and he knew if he went to a hospital 
he would never see us again. No greater tribute can be paid to the bat- 
tery than that, coming from one who lived in a different state and had been 
with us only a comparatively short time. His prediction was true — we 
never saw him again. 

It is very unfair to mention any one man, but I feel that the whole 
battery would approve of what I say about Mess Sergeant Thompson. He 
was thirty-three years old when he volunteered in 1917. While the bat- 
tery was mobilized at Durham he attended church one Sunday in the 
country community where he was reared. The preacher, unfortunately 
for him, took the opportunity to say some rather unpatriotic and totally 
untrue things about the army and, as he expressed it, "the false patriotism 
of the men who were enlisting." Thompson stood it as long as he could 
and then arose and said: 

"Well, Mr. , I am sorry to interrupt you, but I want to say that 

after the services are over I will have something to say about the army 
and I will be glad if those who care to hear me will remain." 

It is needless to say that every man, woman and child, including the 
preacher, stayed to hear Thompson. He told them that patriotism was 
close kin to religion; that it was a great pity that our army as a whole 
and the individuals composing it should be accused of all sort of vice, 
sin and false patriotism ; that if the soldiers were as mean as the preacher 
said they were, and the army as bad a breeding place of vice as he indi- 
cated, then it seemed to him that the church's duty was to try to remedy 
the evil rather than to keep men from performing their patriotic duty by 
enlisting; that he was beyond the draft age; that he was just as good 



Where They Were Recruited 



16; 



morally as any man present and that he expected to come out of the army 
just as good as he was then; that he knew many men in his own battery 
who were just as good Christians as could be found anywhere, and that it 
was nothing but slander to say of the army generally that it was a breeding 
place for vice. 

The preacher was completely routed and later sought a new flock to 
shepherd ! And from that day Thompson was a marked man in our bat- 
tery. Everyone in the regiment : 
knows that he did live just the life 
that he told about in the country 
church. He was always clean and 
true and loyal as a soldier, but to him 
duty to his nation was paramount 
to everything else. 

His ration cart with his familiar 
figure perched on it by the side of 
"Pie" Grady, was known to every 
man in the regiment and he has been 
seen on it at every hour of the day 
and night on its numerous trips with 
its precious load of "grub." In the 
Argonne he was put on the wrong 
road by a M. P. at night and the next 
morning he found himself almost in 
No Man's Land with his ration cart. 
A doughboy yelled to him and said : 

"What in the H — are you doing 
here with that d — ration cart?" 

Thompson replied : "I am looking for my battery." The doughboy said : 

"Well, you are almost in No Man's Land and your battery ain't up 
here and you won't be here long if you don't look out." 

Thompson quietly asked for a match. Then he lit his cigar, turned 
his horse and cart around and drove off across the field, making the finest 
target any Hun ever fired upon. "Pie" Grady said that shells fell all 
around him and every time one would burst Thompson would say : 

"Those are our shells. They are not going to hit us." 

If it were put to a vote of the regiment I honestly believe that Thomp- 
son would be nominated as the best mess sergeant in the American army. 

During our period of service the battery was commanded at intervals 
by three captains and six first lieutenants ; twenty-two officers and 269 
enlisted men served with the battery from first to last. Three enlisted 
men were commissioned from ranks and two received commissions from 
training camps. Thirteen in all were wounded. 




Sergeant Wyatt T. Dixon, Veteran Battery 

Clerk of C Battery, the only man in the 

regiment to serve in this capacity throughout 

the regiment's history. 



164 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



§ i«. 



&- m 




Battery D. 



BATTERY D 



Battery D was made up of young men from the counties of Anson and 
Union. Both Wadesboro and Monroe wanted batteries but there were not 
enough to go 'round and these two towns were told that they could have 
a partnership battery. It was named the "Bickett Battery," in honor 
of Governor Thomas Walter Bickett, who was born and reared in Union 
county. 

Kenneth M. Hardison, of Wadesboro, was the battery's first captain 
and its last. He was transferred from the battery while the regiment was 
training at Camp Sevier, becoming adjutant of the First Battalion, in 
which position he served throughout the war, and was transferred back 
to the battery before the regiment was sent back to the United States. 
While at Camp Sevier, the battery had many changes of officers. When 
orders finally came for movement to Port of Embarkation, Captain Nugent 
B. Vairin, of New Orleans, La., was in command. He had come to the 
regiment from the Artillery Replacement Camp at Camp Jackson, S. C. 
Captain Vairin remained in command throughout the period of training 
in France and during the fighting. 



Where They Were Recruited 



165 




Battery D. 



The battery first saw action near Beaumont, where it took over a 
French position and began firing. Here the men got their first dug-out 
experience and, incidentally, their first cooties. 

On September 10, 1918, the battery moved into a new position in the 
open fields near Noviant and began to get ready for the St. Mihiel drive. 
The co-ordinates of this position were : 362.840-230.390. The battery took 
part in the great bombardment that started at one o'clock on the morning 
of September 12th, and in the afternoon of the same day moved forward. 
On the day following the battery went into position near Thiacourt. 

Many incidents worthy of mention marked this advance over what 
had been No Man's Land for so many years and over territory that for 
four years had been in the hands of the Germans. It was in the position 
near Thiacourt that the battery took possession of a captured German 77, 
in good condition and with "beaucoup" ammunition stacked around, and 
turned it against the retreating Huns. A sergeant of the battery took 
charge of it and did effective work with it. 

It was here that the regiment, following fast on the heels of the in- 
fantry, over roads that were almost impassable, had its first serious trans- 
portation troubles. The supply train was blocked by incoming and out- 



166 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Captain Nugent B. Vairin, Jr., Com- 
manding Battery D. 



going divisions at Limey and Flirey, and rations became exceedingly scarce. 
The "iron rations" that each man is supposed to carry were consumed and 

still the regular supply of grub failed to 
materialize. At Thiacourt the battery 
struck good luck, for the mess sergeant 
and his helpers found an immense Ger- 
man garden, full of cabbage, potatoes 
and other vegetables. Scouting around 
through the woods other members of the 
battery captured many rabbits and 
chickens that the Germans had left there 
and there was no shortage of eats for 
quite a long while. When the supply 
train finally broke through, it found the 
battery "sitting on the world." 

The battery moved on the night of 
September 14, 1918, through Essey and 
Euvezin to Rambecourt, resting there 
until after dark on the day following, 
and was almost continually moving for the seven nights that followed, 
arriving finally in the edge of the Foret de Argonne, where it went into 
positions below Avocourt for the opening of the Meuse-Argonne offensive. 
This big show began at 2:30 o'clock on the morning of September 26th, 
and the battery was constantly engaged through the long, hard days of 
this great battle until October 7, 1918, when the regiment was relieved 
and sent by trucks to the Woevre sector to take positions in support of 
the 79th Division. 

On October 10, 1918, the battery once more found itself in position, 
ready for action against the Hun. The battery's first position in this 
sector was to the right of Dommartin. The battery changed positions four 
times while in this sector, finally returning to the first position to take part 
in the attack on St. Hilaire on November 7, 1918, and the attack on Marche- 
ville on November 10th, both of which were successful. 

For the remainder of its existence the regiment's history is the history 
of the battery and that has doubtless been told in detail. Battery D was 
always a modest, unassuming outfit, content to do its duty without show 
or bluster and to appreciate the battery's real worth one had to know it 
intimately and well. Battery D always delivered the goods, no matter 
how difficult the situation. 



BATTERY E 

By Capt. Wade V. Bowman 

On June 27, 1917, Mr. Buford F. Williams, a prominent lawyer of the 
town of Lenoir, received authority from Governor Bickett to organize a 
battery of field artillery at Lenoir, to become part of the First North Caro- 



Where They Were Recruited 



167 




lina Field Artillery, and recruiting began on that day. In less than ten 

days seventy men had enlisted. We heard that there was interest in the 

new regiment down at Chester, S. C, 

and Captain Williams sent me down 

there. I enlisted twenty-six men at 

Chester, and could have enlisted more, 

but I wanted to reserve some places 

for North Carolinians and I returned 

to Lenoir. By July 12th the battery 

had more than 150 men. 

Physical examination weeded out 
eighteen men, leaving us still a good 
margin over the minimum requirement 
of the War Department, and recruits 
continued to come in until all of the 
counties round about were repre- 
sented. There were stalwart moun- 
taineers from Ashe, Watauga, Alex- 
ander and Wilkes, and Catawba and 
Mitchell were well represented. 

On July 18, 1917, commissions 
were received for Captain Williams, 
First Lieutenants Claude B. McBrayer 
and Sanford A. Richardson, and Sec- 
ond Lieutenants Eugene P. Jones and Wade V. Bowman. Ten days later 
the entire battery was finally inspected and mustered into the service 
by Major A. L. Bulwinkle and Major J. M. Wheeler, U. S. A. 

There is no part of the battery's experiences at home station or at 
Camp Sevier that differs noticeably from the experiences of the rest of 
the regiment, with the possible exception of its long and tedious exile in 
the woods back of camp, which resulted from the death of a member of 
this battery from meningitis. I remained with the battery only a short 
while at Camp Sevier, being transferred to Headquarters Company in 
October. I was later with Battery C and for a time after the signing of 
the Armistice was away from the regiment and I returned to Battery E 
only after it was stationed at the Le Mans Forwarding Camp. It was the 
high privilege of Captain Louis B. Crayton, later promoted to major, to 
command the battery for the larger part of its training experiences and 
throughout the fighting. Major Crayton has the following to say about 
the battery's fighting record at St. Mihiel and in the Argonne : 

"After firing for four hours, Battery E was ordered forward to accompany the 
infantry on the morning of September 12th. Preparations were made and the battery 
began its march toward Hunland shortly after 5:30 a. m. 

"The going was hard and necessarily slow for roads had to be built, trenches 
bridged and wire cut. We were making fair progress when suddenly a shell burst 
toward the rear of the column. Turning, I saw two horses falling and their driver 



Captain Wade V. Bowman, Commanding 
Battery E. 



168 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Battery E. 

writhing on the ground. The shelling continued faster and faster. There was no 
chance for escape to the right or left because barbed wire hemmed us in on either 
side. I ordered the first six carriages to follow me at a trot and managed to get them 
through to a place of safety. 

"Lieutenant Douglas was left in charge of the crippled carriage and the fourth 
section which was behind it, with instructions to rejoin the battery as soon as possible. 
Meanwhile the shelling had become so intense that it was unwise to attempt to drive 
through, and Douglas turned back in the opposite direction with the remaining car- 
riages. Unfortunately he must have been sighted, for the fire followed and several 
shells were effective. 

"In this engagement Lieutenant Douglas and Will B. Melton were killed instantly. 
Sergeant Walter R. Minnish and Private Rom D. Kirby were mortally wounded; 
Sergeant Fred M. Patterson lost his leg and Corporals Bowman, Baker and Poe were 
wounded. Ten horses were lost at this time. 

"The men and officers are to be commended for their excellent conduct and strict 
obedience to orders under this intense excitement. It was in this action that Lieutenant 
Douglas, Sergeant Minnish, Sergeant Patterson and Private Kirby won their 
citations. 

"In the Meuse-Argonne offensive the battery opened up with a rolling barrage 
on the morning of September 25th. During the firing we were shelled at irregular 
intervals but lost no men or horses. The next day the second battalion moved forward 
and took up position to the left of the first battalion southwest of Montfaucon. Sev- 
eral barrages were fired from this position. Although the batteries were without cover 
they were not fired upon here. 



Where They Were Recruited 



169 



* m # 




Battery E. 

"A few days later, while the battery was moving through Montfaucon to take up 
position west of that stronghold, it was heavily shelled. By going through at a trot 
the battery almost miraculously came through with the loss of only two horses. 

"On the nights of October 2d-3d, Battery E was shelled at irregular intervals 
while occupying position along the Montfaucon-Ivoiry road. Early on the morning of 
October 3d the battery suffered the loss of Privates Melton, Barnes, Campbell and 
Alston. These men were all killed at the same time and because of the continual 
shelling it was impossible to bury them until dusk of the following day. Private 
Bentley was wounded on October 3d. 

"In the Troyon sector the battery fired many defensive barrages and engaged in 
all the offensive actions of the infantry it supported. In one raid Battery E was held 
responsible for having killed sixteen of the enemy and destroying a strong machine- 
gun position by its accurate fire." 

Lieutenant Marshall Barnett, who was with the battery through all 
of the fighting, claims that the battery put over the quickest barrage in 
the history of the regiment one night in the Woevre sector in defense of 
an infantry patrol of the 33d Division. Plans had all been worked out for 
the movement and everything was set for action in case Fritz got wise to 
the game, and telephone lines were open from forward observation post 
to the battery P. C. and on down to the firing battery. At exactly 10 :49 
the infantry sent up a rocket calling for the barrage and at 10:50 four 
shells were well on their way and four more were starting. 



170 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Battery F. 



BATTERY F 



Battery F called Mooresville its home town and its membership came 
largely from Iredell, Cabarrus and Mecklenburg counties, with a sprink- 
ling of men from the extreme western part of the State. The battery's 
first officers were: 

Captain Reid R. Morrison, First Lieutenants Louis B. Crayton and 
George A. Morrow, Second Lieutenants Eugene Allison and Gowan Dusen- 
bury, Jr. Morrow and Dusenbury resigned while at Camp Sevier. Lieu- 
tenant Crayton was promoted to captain and assigned to Battery E and 
later promoted to major. Captain Morrison and Lieutenant Allison were 
with the battery when it was mustered out. Lieutenant Allison had been 
promoted to first lieutenant. 

Battery F was the first battery to go to Camp Sevier. It was chosen 
to precede the regiment to Camp Sevier by about three weeks, an honor 
which the men considered extremely dubious, because it gave them three 
weeks more of stump-grubbing and new-ground-clearing than the re- 
mainder of the regiment experienced. 

The battery made a good record in training camps both in the United 



Where They Were Recruited 



171 




Battery F. 



States and in France. Its personnel was unusually high and the men 
mastered the details of the artillery game with astonishing rapidity. 
Eight enlisted men of the battery received commissions. 

Battery F was the first battery of the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
to fire a shot at the Hun, this taking place on the Toul front, near Beau- 
mont, and it carried its part of the load through the weary weeks of fight- 
ing that followed and was numbered "among those present" when the 
last American shell was hurled toward Hunland on the morning of 
Armistice Day. 

The battery had six men wounded by shell-fire and one by gas in action 
near Ivoiry, on the Ivoiry-Montfaucon road. While in the Argonne the 
battery suffered many hardships and privations but was always able to 
make good on any mission entrusted to it. It lost nearly all of its horses 
by shell-fire or over-work while in the Argonne. 

Two men of the battery, Corporal C. C. Hope and Private First Class 
E. R. Bumgardner, were recommended for the Distinguished Service Cross 
by Captain E. E. Boyce for unusual bravery shown while on liaison duty 
with the infantry in the Argonne. 

To Battery F belongs the distinction of capturing the only prisoners 



172 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



of war that were taken by the One 
Hundred and Thirteenth. It seldom 
happens that an artillery outfit has 
the opportunity of taking prisoners. 
Sergeant Mc.L. S. Choate, of Battery 
F, found two Germans prowling 
around Hannonville and though they 
carried rifles and Sergeant Choate had 
not so much as a pocket-knife for a 
weapon, he slid his right hand back 
toward his hip swiftly — a gesture the 
whole world is familiar with — and the 
two Germans "kameraded" toute de 
suite. 

The battery was extremely for- 
tunate in that during its entire tour of 
duty in the A. E. F. it lost only four 
men. Of these, Private James C. 
Brown died suddenly at Camp de Coet- 
quidan and Private Don S. Sutton was 
accidentally shot by a Frenchman at 
Camp de Coetquidan, and two others, Private Thomas J. Meroney and 
Private First Class Houston G. Brown, died of pneumonia following flu 
at the Le Mans Forwarding Camp, just before the regiment started home. 




Captain Reid R. Morrison, Commanding 
Battery F. 



THE SANITARY DETACHMENT 



The Sanitary Detachment of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field 
Artillery was organized at Wilmington. Its commanding officer from the 
beginning to the end was Major Claude L. Pridgen, of Wilmington, who 
had been a National Guardsman for twenty years or more. The detach- 
ment consisted of three medical officers, two dental officers and a veterin- 
arian, with an enlisted personnel of twenty-three men. The other medical 
officers were Lieutenant Gabe H. Croom, a prominent Wilmington physi- 
cian, and Lieutenant Joseph A. Speed, of Durham. The detachment's first 
dental officer was Lieutenant Thomas L. Spoon, of Gibsonville. The 
second dental officer, Lieutenant Wallace D. Gibbs, of Carthage, joined 
the regiment at Camp Sevier. Second Lieutenant S. A. Nathan, of New 
Bern, was the regiment's first veterinarian. At Camp Sevier, Second 
Lieutenant William O. Hughes joined the regiment and, later, after the 
resignation of Lieutenant Nathan, Captain Martin Olthouse became the 
regimental veterinarian, with Lieutenant Hughes as his assistant. 

The Sanitary Detachment experienced no difficulty in filling its ranks 



Sanitary Detachment 173 



with good men, and it got down to hard work before leaving home station. 
Major James Wheeler, C. A. C, mustered the detachment into Federal 
service on July 26, 1917, and it began immediately to serve the Second 
North Carolina Coast Artillery Company ; Troop C, North Carolina Cav- 
alry (later Company C of the 115th Machine Gun Battalion) and the 117th 
Engineer Supply Train of the 42d (Rainbow) Division. The last named 
outfit was stationed at Wilmington awaiting orders at that time, and the 
other organization were Wilmington organizations belonging to the Na- 
tional Guard. 

While the regiment was in training in France it lost the services 
of Lieutenant Croom, who was transferred to the Camp Hospital, Camp 
Coetquidan. His place was taken by Captain A. F. Williams, who re- 
mained with the regiment through the St. Mihiel drive and the Meuse- 
Argonne offensive until his health failed and he was evacuated. Captain 
Isaac R. Wagner succeeded him and remained with the detachment until 
transferred to the 3d Division in January, 1919. Lieutenant Speed was 
evacuated on account of illness shortly after the regiment was trans- 
ferred to the Woevre, or Troyon sector, and Lieutenant John G. Hoffman 
succeeded him. 

The enlisted personnel of the detachment changed frequently. Many 
of the original members of the detachment transferred to other outfits 
and all of them did well. At least three of these won commissions. When 
the regiment reached the front the detachment made a fine record for 
itself. Two of its members, Privates Alexander T. Gibson and Almond 
C. Weeks were wounded in the fighting in the Argonne while caring for 
the wounded. Weeks was very badly hurt. In this same action Private 
Walter N. Perry of the detachment was cited for bravery under fire. He 
was recommended for a D. S. C. 

In the long, hard fight in the Argonne the detachment served not only 
the sick and wounded of the regiment, but the wounded doughboys of the 
37th and 32d Divisions. The number of wounded was so great that the 
medical detachments with the infantry and the field hospital units were 
totally inadequate. To make a bad situation worse there were no roads 
and the muddy trails that existed were blocked twenty-four hours every 
day by new troops and ammunition crowding in toward the fighting lines. 
This made it impossible to get the ambulances through for the wounded 
and they were piled along the roads, under improvised shelters made of 
blankets, or with no shelter at all, waiting for transportation. Here every 
man in the detachment "put out" (to quote an expressive bit of army 
slang) to the best of his ability and when there was a call for help, never 
paused for an instant to learn what outfit the sufferer was from but re- 
sponded instantly. It was while going to the aid of wounded doughboys 
in an exposed spot on the shell-swept Montfaucon-Ivoiry road that Weeks 
and Gibson were wounded by shell-fire. 



174 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Supply Company 



175 



THE SUPPLY COMPANY 

By Captain A. L. Fletcher 

The Supply Company of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Ar- 
tillery was organized at Raleigh in the month of July, 1917. Nine days 
were allotted for the organization of 
the company and we completed it with 
three days to spare. In that space of 
time seventy-nine men had applied for 
enlistment. As only thirty-eight men 
were allowed to each artillery supply 
company at that time, it was necessary 
to let the overflow go to other organiza- 
tions of the regiment. Headquarters 
Company, which was recruiting at the 
same time in Raleigh, got the most of 
them. 

Every effort was made to make 
the company a well-balanced organiza- 
tion. From those who applied for en- 
listment it would have been possible 
to have selected thirty-eight expert 
office men, bookkeepers, stenograph- 
ers and high-grade salesmen, but that 
sort of company was not wanted. 
There was need for skilled mechanics, 
truck drivers, "muleskinners," cob- 
blers, saddlers, etc., as well as for 

skilled accountants, and this was kept strictly in mind. When the company 
was completed it numbered among its enlisted personnel two men from 
North Carolina's biggest bank, the secretary and treasurer of a big furni- 
ture factory, the manager of a large hosiery mill, the cashier of the "tele- 
phone trust" in one of the State's biggest cities, three lawyers, two success- 
ful merchants and several others whose employment in civil life had called 
for business training. With these were enough skilled mechanics and 
rugged country-bred farm lads to take care of every line of work that 
the company was called upon to do. 

Nine of the members of the company won commissions during the 
war. Six others became non-commissioned officers in other outfits of the 
regiment. Altogether it was an aggregation that was extremely hard to 
hold down and it was at all times fully able to cope with any sort of situa- 
tion. The company was not able at all times to please every soldier in 
the regiment, but real kicks — justifiable kicks — were few and far between. 
Generally, the company delivered the goods "as per schedule." 

Shortly after the company arrived at Camp Sevier the strength of 




Captain A. L. Fletcher, who comma 
the Supply Company from organization 
to February 1, 1919. 



176 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Supply Company 



177 




Captain Park B. Smith, Commanding 

the Supply Company from February 

1, 1919 to muster-out. 



artillery supply companies was increased from thirty-eight to 108, and 
when the first drafted men arrived from Camp Gordon and Camp Jackson, 
seventy men were added to the company. 
A little later, when there had been 
several shifts and transfers, the com- 
pany received a dozen new men from 
the old 1st North Carolina Infantry. 
Still later, the company received fifteen 
men from Camp Funston, Kan., who had 
been trained with the 89th Division. 
The company began early to accumulate 
big men, having been started that way 
by acquiring at the outset the tallest 
corporal in the whole American army, 
Frank S. Cline, of Concord, N. C, who 
was 6 feet 7 inches high without the 
aid of shoe heels. Corporal Cline later 
became sergeant and "Top." He had 
one full squad of "big biys" that aver- 
aged well over six feet. 

The ideal that the company struggled always to live up to was not 
an easy one. It did not seek glory. It did not care to attract attention. 
Its sole desire was to serve the regiment as the regiment deserved to be 
served ; to keep it as well clothed, as well fed and as well supplied in every 
department as it was possible, and to never, under any circumstances, per- 
mit it to lack things any other regiment in the same area had. "If I do say 
it, as shouldn't," the company made good in this and I am prepared to 
prove that it did. I claim none of the credit for myself, but I do claim 
it for my men. I firmly believe that the two best regimental supply ser- 
geants in the A. E. F. were Sergeants William H. Chance and George W. 
Whaling, Jr., and that no better men for their jobs served under General 
Pershing than First Lieutenant Joseph Lonergon and Second Lieutenant 
John Paul Bolt, of the Supply Company, One Hundred and Thirteenth 
Field Artillery. 

Unless you watched this company work, it will be hard for you to 
realize from my telling of the story here what pride the men of the com- 
pany took in caring for their animals and their equipment. They did ex- 
ceedingly well in the United States in the matter of caring for their mules, 
but it is not human nature to love a mule. When they reached France 
horses were issued to them and the pride they took in their horses and the 
love they lavished upon them simply cannot be described. It was the un- 
failing, never-to-be-neglected rule of the company that every driver must 
keep his horses and equipment in the best possible condition at all times, 
and hundreds of times on the long, hard marches through France I have 
seen my drivers dismount when the column halted and go over their 
harness with oiled cloths, wipe out sweaty collars, and examine their 



178 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

horses' feet. I will never forget that long, long hike toward Montfaucon 
when horse feed was scarce and we were caught in a traffic jam south of 
Avocourt that held us for hours and hours. While drivers from other 
supply train units were lounging in their saddles, or dozing on the wagon 
seats, my men were out pulling grass along the roadside for their horses. 
They were not driven to do this. Nobody had even suggested it. They 
were always doing things like this. 

The men of the Supply Company were never strong for form and 
ceremony, though they did not lack in military courtesy and they could 
do close order drill and other things like that in a highly satisfactory way. 
They never forgot that they were soldiers, serving just as effectively where 
they were as if they had been handling the 75's up ahead, but there were 
a great many things set out in F. A. D. R. that they knew not of. 

One day, shortly after the Armistice had been signed, a brigadier- 
general from the General Staff, and a colonel of the same variety and sev- 
eral lesser satellites, were inspecting horse transportation along what had 
been the front and they came into the Supply Company's corral entirely 
unannounced. There were only three or four men on the job and Corporal 
Donovan was in charge. The general had already seen things in other 
outfits down the road that had displeased him and he was in bad humor'. 
He inspected every animal carefully and there was only one that he found 
in bad shape and that one had lain down after his morning's grooming. 
He called Donovan to him and, not ungraciously — considering that he was 
a general — admitted that the horses looked good to him, and he proceeded 
to ask Donovan a lot of questions, starting off with asking if he groomed 
the horses "by detail." 

"No, sir," said Donovan. "We do not have grooming details. Every 
driver and his helper looks after his team." 

The general started to explain, as per F. A. D. R., what he meant by 
grooming by detail, but thought better of it as he saw the blank look on 
Donovan's face, and he started off on another tack. 

"Do you have regular grooming periods as the regulations require?" 
was his next question. 

Donovan was a little afraid that he was getting somebody into trouble, 
but he told the general that the Supply Company had no regular hours for 
cleaning its animals. He said : 

"We have just one rule, sir, in this company, and that is that a driver 
must keep his horses as clean as possible all the time, and if he doesn't he 
catches hell." 

The general gave it up at that and some of the men heard him say as 
the party moved away: 

"Now, what are you going to do with a situation like that? Every 
outfit we have seen this morning, except this one, looks worse than hell, 
and every one of them did everything the drill book says do. Here's an 
outfit that doesn't even know there is such a publication as the Field Artil- 
lery Drill Regulations and its stock is in tip-top shape." 



Supply Company 179 



Incident after incident might be related to show the sort of outfit the 
Supply Company was, but space limit prevents the telling of them all and 
I will tell but one more, this illustrating the feeling of the regimental com- 
mander toward the Supply Company. It was in Hannonville-au-Passage, 
I think, on the way from Luxemburg to the Toul area, and some inspectors 
from corps headquarters were there to look over the horses of the regi- 
ment. The other outfits had been looked over and the inspecting party 
came to the Supply Company. 

"Here," said Colonel Cox, "is the Supply Company. This is one out- 
fit that I never worry about and that never worries me. It is a law unto 
itself and I let it strictly alone." 

I thought, and all of the men who heard him thought that this was 
high praise. We had been working all along for that very thing. It had 
been our ambition to function so smoothly and so unobtrusively that if the 
regimental commander had troubles, none of them would come from the 
Supply Company. 

I would like to set down here all that I know about the Supply Com- 
pany, both the good and the bad. The showing would not lower the out- 
fit in the estimation of any one whose opinion is worth while. This does 
not mean that the company's record was lily white, for it was not, as the 
guardhouse records will show, but the good in the company far outweighed 
the bad and the bad, considering the opportunities for badness and the 
temptations encountered, was not so bad after all. As an example of the 
spirit that permeated the whole company, I would cite the case of the 
Nash brothers, Levi and Jesse, who gave up their warm, dry shack in the 
Foret de la Montagne on a wet and soggy night to provide shelter for two 
pitiful bedraggled French refugees who had trailed into camp just at dark. 
Not only did these boys give up their warm beds and spend the night in a 
leaky wagon, but on the following morning one of them asked permission 
to carry the aged pair to the nearest rail-head ten miles away. 

I would cite also another example, and that would be the raising of 
sufficient funds to adopt two French war orphans. This involved the rais- 
ing of nearly $200 in cash and every member of the company contributed 
to it. If any other outfit in the regiment pulled a stunt of this sort, I have 
yet to hear of it. 

After the Armistice the company was again filled up by transfers 
from the batteries of the regiment. It had lost no men in action, but 
disease brought on by overwork and exposure sent many to the hospitals. 
Occasionally these returned to the company but most of those who went 
away did not return. Two additional officers were authorized for artillery 
supply companies and Second Lieutenant Stackpole, of Battery A, and 
Second Lieutenant Lingle, of Battery F, were transferred to the company 
in Luxemburg. 

On February 1, 1919, after the regiment had been returned to the 
Le Mans area in France, Lieutenant Lonergon and I were transferred to 
the 3d Division, at that time stationed near Coblenz, Germany. We were 



180 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



succeeded by Captain Alfred Grima and Lieutenant Park B. Smith, of the 
3d Field Artillery Brigade. Lieutenant Smith later became captain and 
supply officer of the regiment, Captain Grima taking charge of a casual 
detachment. 



THE ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH AS LIEU- 
TENANT JACQUES J. L. POPELIN, OF THE 
FRENCH ARMY, FOUND IT. 

Dear Colonel Cox : 

You have kindly asked me, last time I had the honor of meeting 

you, to write an article for the history of your regiment, which I promised 

to do. 

But now that I am sitting at my desk, and face together a blank 

sheet of paper and the many recollections of my stay in America, march- 
ing up in a body, fast and disorderly, from the 
back end of my memory and crowding before me, 
I feel that it is a very difficult work. Although 
I will try to undertake it, I am afraid I shall not 
be able to line up and put in order those images 
of a past which is not very old yet, but seems 
to be so on account of the numerous and capital 
events which took place since the time when 
the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery 
Regiment, as well as the remainder of the 55th 
Field Artillery Brigade, was, may I say, just 
out of the egg, and preparing feverishly for its 
role in the world's war. 

I was assigned as advisor to the 55th Field 
Artillery Brigade, Camp Sevier (S. C.) at the 
end of October, 1917, a few days after my land- 
ing in the United States. But, being provision- 
ally attached to a regiment of cavalry, I worked 
with that regiment, both in Vermont and in 
Mississippi during a month and did not report 
to the Commanding General of the 55th Field 
Artillery Brigade until November 29th, late in 
the evening. 

General Gatley was very kind to me, asked 
me many questions on the war and the work of 
artillery, and pleased to be interested, in spite 
of my poor English, in what I tried to tell him. 
The next day was muster day, and the General took me around the 

paraded regiments. That was how I met the whole One Hundred and 

Thirteenth Field Artillery all lined up, its band playing the Marseillaise, 

which made me feel very awkward and probably look so. As I had never 




Lieutenant Jacques J. L. 

Popelin, of the French 

Army. 



Comment by Lieut. Jacques J. L. Popelin 181 

been an official guest before, neither in my own nor in a foreign country, 
nor anything of that kind, I was not used to so much honor and courtesy, 
which I felt, however, very deeply. 

I was very favorably impressed, that very first day, by the size and 
sturdy appearance of the men belonging to the One Hundred and Thir- 
teenth. Mostly tall and slender, they looked robust and strong, and from 
that day on, I expected that we should have splendid results with so good 
a human material, when a few months' training would give them the 
soldierly appearance and military demeanor they still lacked. 

However, I was glad to notice that they showed on their faces the 
best spirit in the world. 

Very shortly afterwards, I inquired about the officers, watched them 
drill their men, and began to talk to them, asking questions, and, once 
in a while, giving them an advice. I found not only that they were 
always ready to receive my suggestions, but also that they knew as much 
and probably more of their work as artillery officers than those of the 
regular regiment I had just left. 

In fact, this is what I find on the note book I kept at that time : 

"By and by, I begin to realize what the officers already know. It 
is not very bad indeed, and I believe I will obtain good results with them." 

This being said, what was left to be done? 

In the modern state of warfare, an efficient artillery officer must 
know a terrible amout of things. He must be an expert, not only in 
firing his guns, but also in the care of horses and materiel, in map 
reading, in signaling, in topography, in field engineering, in telephone, in 
wireless telegraphy, in liaison, in camouflage, and to a certain extent, 
in drawing, in mathematics and meteorology. He must be a good ob- 
server, and therefore, possess a quick eye and ready decision. He must 
also know human nature and be something of a psychologist. 

Many of those matters would alone fill up a man's capacity for 
study, and some others can be mastered only after a long and careful 
training. 

If some were covered by U. S. Regulations (and I had not to 
interfere with them) some were the subject of innumerable pamphlets, 
which I found to be, in the whole, very poor, and contain many wrong 
notions and facts ill observed. It has been altogether a good thing that 
the officers were too busy elsewhere and could not spare enough time 
to read them, for many of those pamphlets were not above the class of 
magazine articles. 

The situation was not, at first, very encouraging, because (and es- 
pecially for the parts of instruction which needed more outdoor training 
than library study) we had nothing to work with. And this rendered 
the instruction of the enlisted men very difficult, and nearly impossible, the 
training of staff officers. 

You remember as well as I do that we had at first no more than 
four 3" guns, without equipment, for the whole brigade; we had no maps 



182 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

until the regiment of engineers could give us a pretty rough sketch of the 
camp, and then that map was drawn at the wrong scale. You had no 
or very few horses, and when you got some more, you had no harness 
to hitch them up and drill. 

There were no instruments, not even field glasses; no telephones 
except the buzzer, which was of small help because of the lack of wire; 
no plane tables, save the regular ones, which were unfit for artillery 
work, with their fixed compass and loose unsquared sheet; no signaling 
projectors, and no good manual on liaison, on aerial observation, on the 
use of meteorological elements, not even correct range tables for your 
3" guns you would never fire on the front; and no description of the 
75 m /m gun about which you have been told so many things, which you 
would use "over there" and which very few officers only saw before their 
landing in France. 

Invention and imagination had to supply the missing means of work. 

You taught mounted battery drill without horses nor guns, each man 
walking along where he belonged to, as if he had been riding a draft horse 
or sitting on a limber. 

You taught standing battery drill with wooden guns carrying wooden 
sights, and with wooden B. C. instruments. 

Perhaps, at the time you were bound to use them, many an officer or 
man did not realize how much they did help. They looked like playthings, 
but every one learned an awful lot on them. The proof of that is no more 
to be made, we saw it plainly when the regiment started its firing at 
Cleveland Mills. 

During that early period of instruction, the presence of Lieutenant 
Booth, of the Canadian forces, who was in the States on sick-leave after 
having taken a part in the fighting on the British front, was very helpful. 

He had experienced the training of the Canadian Forces under con- 
ditions somewhat similar, and my impression was that his advice and 
suggestions had been very valuable. 

I was very sorry to see you leave shortly after my arrival. I knew, 
of course, it was necessary and could not be avoided, but I feared that 
the training of your regiment would only suffer from the absence of the 
C. 0. who would be in charge in the fields. 

Lieutenant Colonel Mack who came early in January, 1918, was just 
back from France and brought very valuable information and documents. 

Methods I had only heard of before sailing were now fully employed, 
and what he could tell about things he had seen was very interesting and 
very useful. 

In spite of my desire to give to everybody, men and officers as much 
outdoor's training as possible, the bad weather at the beginning of 1918 
made it impossible to ride out and make frequent and varied reconnais- 
sances. We had to replace them by lectures not as fruitful, but I 
have every reason to thank Colonel Mack for the charming manner in 
which he greeted me every time I entered the One Hundred and Thir- 



Comment try Lieut. Jacques J. L. Popelin 183 

teenth's lecture room, and for the many opportunities he offered me to 
talk to the officers, to criticize their work and lay out suggestions. I 
was glad also to see that they grew fond of my talking about the front, 
and as I have naturally very little modesty and much pride, I took a 
particularly high pleasure in attending very often evening parties where 
I was so kindly welcomed. 

In the meantime, as I was pretty busy with the officers of the whole 
brigade and could devote but a small part of my time to the troops, Mare- 
chal des Logis Boree who had been in many hard fightings and dangerous 
positions on several parts of the front, and was a very competent chief 
of section, did everything he could to help the line officers in the instruc- 
tion of the enlisted personnel; and I have to thank everybody for the 
attention which was paid to him and his efforts. 

He supervised at the same time very intelligently, the construction 
of a battery position which, if not perfect, was a pretty good attempt to 
imitate those which were built at that time in the strongly fortified sec- 
tors — and you had opportunities to see some of that kind, later, round the 
Voisogne Wood and Flirey. 

Before the end of February, I was ordered away to Fort Sill, and 
could not assist in the outdoors work that became possible with a milder 
temperature and better weather. 

I came back, about the middle of March, just in time to set off again 
and start the firing at Cleveland Mills. 

I have nothing but eulogies to say about the way the officers and 
men of the One Hundred and Thirteenth performed the firing. They did 
very well from the beginning to the end. Indeed they did better than I 
had expected a month before. And we could wait with a quiet heart for 
the order that would ship the regiment "over there." 

Under the difficult conditions, where the One Hundred and Thirteenth 
had to carry its training, in want of the most important means of work, 
it was humanly impossible to do better and to learn more. 

In France you found a full equipment and most qualified instructors ; 
I swear you answered fully their expectation, and when you left Coetqui- 
dan for the front, they were highly satisfied with the manner in which 
you had worked and taken profit of their teaching. 

I will add nothing more, because, as Kipling says: "This is another 
story," the story of your campaign. I have dwelled too long already 
on a subject which should have been the matter of a few lines only. I am 
certain you will excuse me, sir, because your kindness has no limits. 

I hope you will remember me to all the officers of a regiment where 
everyone was my friend, and believe me 

Very affectionately and respectfully, 
Yours, 

JACQUES J. L. POPELIN, 

First Lieutenant, 
255th R. A. C, French Army. 



184 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 





CARRYINGS ON ABOUT CARRYING ON 

By Sergeant George Graham, of Headquarters Company 

ACK in the training days at Camp de Coetquidan, France, 
we wore our helmets oriented at a forty-five degree decliv- 
ity on account of our baseball supremacy, but not until 
we were leaving our positions near Thiacourt and were 
moving toward Essey in the St. Mihiel drive, when a 
German battery got rumor of our street address, did we 
fully realize what becoming lids our helmets really were 
and how clever the milliner who designed them. It was 
then that the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, like a wet 
town after a prohibition revival, adopted as its motto, "the lid is on" — 
and that for the duration. And by the time we reached the Argonne 
forests we began to think of our helmets and gas masks as no less than 
guardian angels, the former being a protection against the pillar of fire 
by day, and the latter against the cloud of gas by night. 

Especially was this true when our batteries went into position under 
heavy shelling on the Ivoiry road near Montfaucon. It was here that 
men with bars also became men with picks, and a spade in the hand was 
worth two in the kitty. Here, too, the lion dug in with the lamb, and 
the bantam corporal slept with the "barred" plymouth rock, thus making 
the world a little safer for democracy. From this position, it will be 
recalled that Parson Ben with a telephone and a can of "corn willie" 
under one arm and a monocular periscope under the other, went over 
the mountain to see what he could see, and with the assistance of Elders 
Haynes, McLendon and Rodman, and Deacons Crayton, Vairin and Mor- 
rison, was soon conducting a shell-fire and damnation revival among the 
Boche congregations. But the personnel officer who dwelt in a far country, 
where the pen is mightier than the sword, knew not that it was so. In 
the meantime, Major Bulwinkle's cow, a souvenir of the St. Mihiel drive, 
which was attached to the regiment for rations only, continued to wear 
her gas mask and four gallons of milk in the alert position, the former 
for the preservation of her own life, and the latter for the improvement 
of the major's coffee. 

Shortly after joining the Army of Occupation, the One Hundred 
and Thirteenth, after heavy military preparations, known as pay-day, 
staged its third big drive — the thirst eliminating drive of December 12th, 
when the regiment advanced upon Rehon and Longwy, France, having 
existed almost three months, with nothing more bracing than a Y. M. C. A. 



186 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



lemon pop. The zero hour had arrived and the big drive was on. Cafes 
were successfully flanked in the champagne sector — but not without heavy 
casualties, which included those "half-shot" and the "dead soldiers" gath- 
ered up after the memorable "counter" attack. 

We had often heard that the French were rather intemperate — 
having a sort of beverage inclination. We were rather surprised to find 
upon our arrival at Rehon, however, that they drank only in a measure — 
a quart measure. Hence, that number of our outfit, who while in Rehon, 
tried to do as the Rehons, soon found themselves imprisoned in a fiery 
furnace of the "cognac-to-your-shack-and-to-bed-you-go" variety. 

Despite the rainy weather, high strung heel strings and army brogans 
(which had long since lost their brogue) we continued to "live and move 
and have our beans" with the Army of Occupation, and finally reaching 
Luxemburg, where the people speak both French and German. Their 
multiplicity of languages, however, only led us to wonder if the mother- 
tongue was losing her motherhood, for with rare exceptions, none of us 




Major Bulwinkle's captured German Cow "wearing her gas mask and four gallons of milk, in alert 

position." 



Carry inqs On About Carrying On 187 

spoke German, and our French, harmonizing with our financial status, 
continued decidedly "broken," as did the sides of the natives who heard 
us attempt to speak it. Nevertheless, by getting a strangle hold on a few 
pet German phrases and idioms, and a half-nelson on a French-English 
dictionary, we succeeded occasionally in coaxing a Mona Lisa grin from 
a Luxemburg fraulein and managed at times to leave a French cafe — 
well, not altogether with the same appetite that Fatty Arbuckle would 
enter one. Inability to speak either of these languages, however, did 
not bar a soldier from the inner circle of the Luxemburg "five hundred" — 
it was by walking down the street with a block of soap under one arm 
and a pair of extra hobs under the other, as a mark of wealth in the face 
of the Luxemburg soap and shoe famine, that a soldier won prestige in 
Luxemburg, and was soon numbered among those present last evening. 

Of the numerous towns in which we billeted while in Luxemburg our 
pleasantest memories doubtless cluster around Colmar Berg the "home 
town" of the Duchess, and around Bissen, for it was in these two towns 
that we spent Christmas and New Year's Day, together with our remain- 
ing francs. It was at Colmar Berg on New Year's eve night that one 
of our battery commanders after offering several libations at the shrine 
of Bacchus, bidding the keeper of the shrine each time to make it 
"Schnappy," decided also to attend the midnight mass at the royal church — 
the Duchess and her sister were to sing in the choir. He went, and 
being a little rusty in Latin, the service soon grew dull. And while he 
slept the vesper bells were rung and the incense was burned. The ringing 
of the former and the odor of the latter soon reached him. Suddenly he 
awakened from his dream of the Argonne with cries of, "Gas ! Gas !" 
The Duchess and the Princesses smiled joyously from the choir, doubt- 
less thinking that another poor sinner had been brought to repentance, 
but the priest, the speaker of the occasion, who understood English, was 
not so enthusiastic over the apparent comment on his sermon. 

It was here, too, that Captain Richard Dixon, put over his famous 
"smoke barrage," with Princess Hilda as his objective. Having heard of 
the smoking propensities of this Princess, who incidentally was the only 
unattached member of the royal family, and his sympathy for her having 
been aroused by his lack of success in attempting to smoke a Luxemburg 
cigarette, the ingredients of which were like the chaff which the wind 
driveth away, he decided he could hardly do a deed more in keeping with 
the spirit of the Christmas season than to present the Princess with a 
carton of Omar cigarettes. 

So, bright and early Christmas morning a carton of Omar cigarettes, 
containing some 200 rounds, together with appropriate Christmas greet- 
ings, in the possession of a trusty courier, were headed castle-ward, while 
Captain Dixon waited impatiently for further developments — waited in 
vain. On the evening of the second day, however, a special messenger of 
the royal family hurried through the streets of Colmar-Berg, paging 
"Monsieur Richard," whom he eventually found in his room on officers' 



188 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Carryings On About Carrying On 189 

row in the act of playing the leading "roll" in a little tragedy entitled 
"Roll-your-own." 

The messenger at once presented him with an ultimatum issued by 
the Luxemburg Chamber of Deputies which read in spirit, if not verbatim, 
as follows: 

Monsieur Captain Dixon, Officer Americain: 

Your carton of Omar cigarettes, directed to Princess Hilda, has been received 
and the contents noted. The Deputies of Her Majesty, the Duchess of Luxemburg, 
have been sitting on them for the past thirty-six hours. The question of the propriety 
of a Princess of the Grande Duchy of Luxemburg, a neutral country, accepting a 
gift from an officer of Amerique, one of the belligerents, is clearly evident, for by so 
doing, she might get the Duchess of the Grand Duchy in Dutch. It was this feeling 
which prompted the Sergeant Minor, who received the cigarettes from your courier, 
immediately to confer with the Sergeant Major, who in turn took up the matter 
with the Major Domo, the Major Domo acting on the order of the Duchess, had the 
Domo Ultrissimo, call an extra session of the Deputies, who between smokes, have 
been discussing for the past thirty-six hours not only the question of propriety which 
your generosity has created, but also the inimitable aroma of your Omars. Therefore 
with a standing army of 250 men, who are now on strike, and with Ave trusty (but 
rusty) ball bearing 73's which have been living a rather sedentary life for the past 
century, in issuing this ultimatum, we wish you to be fully cognizant of the fact 
that we do not fear the Americans, even when bearing gifts. Hence, Her Majesty's 
deputies and advisers have decided if Monsieur "Richard, the kind-hearted," will be 
more general in his liberality by presenting his Omars to the Lady in Waiting, the 
Deputies in Sitting, the Duchess in Smoking- jacket and not simply to Princess Hilda 
in particular, their diminishing remnant will be accepted with grateful gladness. 

(Signed) Her Majesty's Deputies and Advisers. 

"Oui, Monsieur," was all he said to the waiting messenger, as "head- 
quarters" cut in and informed him that his smoke barrage was falling 
far short of its objective. Nor did he prance all over the lot with ecstatic 
joy on the following day when he received a note of acknowledgement 
and thanks from Princess Hilda, in which she stated that "the one" she 
got was a "pippin." 

As much as we enjoyed the hospitality and warm reception given 
us by the Luxemburgers, the G. H. Q. order for the One Hundred and 
Thirteenth Field Artillery to rejoin the 30th Division in the Le Mans 
area, preparatory to sailing, was devoured with the same relish that a 
goat consumeth a parson's "biled" shirt off the line of a Saturday after- 
noon while the parson within, like a candle hid under a bushel, ventureth 
not out, for he is modest. 

We reached Evron in the Le Mans area after traveling five days and 
nights in box cars, and if war is what Sherman said it is, then this mode 
of traveling was the same thing on wheels. All the berths were lowers 
with hardwood finish, which were so crowded that the most comfortable 
position in which one could sleep was to lock his feet in the chest of one 
of his sixty bed fellows with a half-nelson key, at the same time imploring 
his bunkie not to make a foot mat out of his face, as if "welcome" were 
written thereon. 



190 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




Carryinfjs On About Carrying On 191 

After remaining at Evron long enough for General Pershing to give 
us the "once over," we took the box car limited, freight paid, for the 
mud section of the Le Mans Forwarding Camp, where we "stuck around" 
week after week, impatiently waiting for sailing orders, to the accompani- 
ment of Kozak's tinkling cymbal and sounding brass band, which jazzed 
the A. E. F. dirge: , 

"Darling I am coming back — 
Silver threads among the black." 

It was here that we learned why frogs in a swamp are prone to 
croak — we thought we«would. And as all things come to those who wait, 
all we could do was to wait on time and tide, which wait on no man. 
However, after many delayed orders and many ordered delays, the time 
finally arrived on March 4th and we eagerly set out to meet the tide at 
St. Nazaire. 

Though no poet was ever inspired to write an ode to a nightingale 
after hearing us indulge in a darky revival song, yet Apollo would have 
signed us up for his celestial choir and St. Cecilia claimed us for her 
own had they been aware of the animation, passion and tender feeling 
with which the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery at that glad 
moment while waiting for the transport, could have rendered : "Sweet 
Chariot, coming for to carry me Home." 

As soon as our feet hit the gang plank, we were ushered into our 
reservations and the curtain went up, presenting a comedy entitled, "About 
'steen thousand and 45 minutes from Broadway," which was booked for a 
twelve day run, with Santa Teresa, one of Josephus Daniels' dashing young 
actresses, playing the leading part. Nor was it long before things began 
to liven up, in fact the play commenced to get rough from the very begin- 
ning, when Miss Teresa began to cheek dance and do the Boston dip 
with the "old man of the sea," much to the annoyance of the audience 
and our latest meal. Despite her disconcerting whirligigs, however, 
Teresa continued to hold her audience with the same compelling grip that 
the whale held Jonah. And while in the very act of "vamping" her Tar 
Heel audience to such an extent that they were unable to look a meal 
ticket in the face, she was at the same time "double crossing" the ocean, 
her main support. It was in this act we became thoroughly convinced 
that there is "more truth than poetry" in Boston Baked Beans, for 
"truth crushed to the ground shall surely rise again." 

After the first curtain fall, while the loaves and the fishes were hold- 
ing a peace conference and our feet were simply itching to put the "hob" 
in Hoboken, it was announced in behalf of the management that as 
Hoboken had gone dry, we would have to go elsewhere "to hit the Port." 
Whereupon, as Virginia qualified under the 2% per cent, test, we were 
billed for Newport News. 

The big act though was the eating act, which abounded in climaxes, 
prunes and more prunes. The parts played in this act, which was more 



192 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




The report that Private Doe was wounded at the front was misleading. 



Carryings On About Carrying On 



193 



or less of a gamble with odds against you, had all the ear marks of a base- 
ball game of the Tidewater league variety. The batters were all there : 
corn meal batter, flour batter (raw but rare), chocolate pudding batter, 
and the other batters, with the exception of batter cakes (who played 
exclusively for the "majors"). And when the 2d Looey Umpire yelled 
"batter up" and the big doors to the mess hall diamond were swung open, 
the big game was on, and you were in the "line-up." 

You advance toward the K. P. slingers with the appetizing determina- 
tion of doing "good work at the plate." You look the first one over — it's 
slum ! As you wait for the next one, the heaver shoots two hot ones 
across — spuds ! A south-paw K. P. loses control of the next one — part of 
the coffee crosses the plate, and the rest goes up your sleeve. Just as you 
step up to a chocolate pudding straight, Teresa suddenly attempts the 
"shimmie," and you are railroaded to first by the Tidewater express. 
You hang around first (one thing and then another) until your ability 
as a slider becomes spectacular, and your impartiality in the distribution 
of food would qualify you to dictate to the food dictator. As you regain 
consciousness enough to open one eye you discern dimly a guy with a lean 
and hungry look spitting out your spuds with a sputter, and that your 
slum has gone slam into the casual compartment, causing consternation 
among the convalescents. You recognize your chocolate pudding pasted 
over a face that is beyond recognition, and your mess kit emulated the 
dish by running away with your spoon. Yet none of these things added 




The U. S. S. Santa Teresa. This picture was taken at Newport News, Va., just before 
the regiment began to leave the vessel. 



194 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 




~^jIMw7g.G. 



K. P.'S GOING INTO POSITION NEAR MONTFAUCON 
Departing K. P. — "Right here, Bill, is where you and me and this here range separates. I done 
heard too much about them German range-finders." 



Carryings On About Carrying On 195 

one bit of nourishment to a bruised appetite. In your final desperation 
you take a good lead and try to steal "seconds," and are "put out." 

But it was during the storm scene which followed the eating act that 
Teresa began to get so rough that we could hardly contain ourselves — 
most of us didn't. And things went from bad to worse and from worse 
to politics. Inwardly, the unsettled state of affairs, the spasmodic upris- 
ings and insurrections readily branded us as Bolsheviki, while outwardly 
we were strong for any political party in whose platform there was a 
gang plank. Teresa however, soon repented and in the final scene began 
to grow calm and sentimental as she drew near her affinity, and the 
biggest hit of all was when the gang plank hit the American shore, which 
"brought down the audience" to American soil. 




ARMY LODGE A, A. F. & A. M. 

HE One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, being 
almost 100 per cent. North Carolinian to start with, was 
naturally a hot-bed of Masonry. All North Carolina 
believes in the principles of the greatest of all secret 
orders, the Masons, and no good Tar Heel figures on living 
out his allotted span and dying without having been 
raised to the degree of Master Mason. 

When the regiment had had time to get settled and 
there was opportunity for casting about and getting acquainted with one 
another the Masons of the regiment found many "brethren" and some 
were occupying high places, while others were holding down positions 
slightly lower. The brigade commander was a Mason of the most enthusi- 
astic variety. So was the colonel, so was the lieutenant-colonel, so were 
all three of the regiment's majors and nearly all of the lower officers. 
There were Masons among the sergeants and corporals. There were Ma- 
sons among the bucks of the batteries. There were Masonic cooks, mule- 
skinners and incinerator experts. 

Some one studied out a plan for an army lodge, an organization of 
brothers, who could "meet upon the level" where rank is forgotten and all 
men are equal. It pleased everybody. A petition was circulated in the 
regiment, asking the Grand Lodge of North Carolina for a dispensation 
for the establishment of "Army Lodge A." Major Claude L. Pridgen, 
commanding officer of the regiment's Sanitary Detachment, was Grand 
Master of the North Carolina Grand Lodge A. F. & A. M., and he arranged 
for the dispensation. The first meeting of the lodge was held in the 
Masonic Temple at Greenville, January 12, 1918 and it was opened by 
Grand Master Pridgen. 

At this meeting Sergeant Joseph H. Mitchell, of the Sanitary Detach- 
ment, was elected W. M., Brigadier General George G. Gatley, command- 
ing the 55th Field Artillery Brigade, was elected S. W. and Colonel Albert 
L. Cox, J. W. The officers who served at this first meeting were : 
W. M., Joseph H. Mitchell. 
S. W., George G. Gatley. 
Acting J, W., Alfred L. Bulwinkle. 
Acting Chaplain, Claude L. Pridgen. 
Acting S. D., Benj. R. Lacy, Jr. 
Acting J. D., Louis A. Hanson. 
Acting S. S., Erskine E. Boyce. 



198 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

Acting J. S., Ralph S. Sholar. 

Acting Tyler, Karl P. Burger. 

Thomas S. Payne, of the Sanitary Detachment, was elected secretary 
of the lodge and Erskine E. Boyce, adjutant of the Second Battalion, was 
elected treasurer. 

At a subsequent meeting, the following permanent officers were ap- 
pointed by the W. M. : 

S. D., B. R. Lacy, Jr. 

J. D., John E. Burris. 

S. S., Samuel T. Russell. 

J. S., Julian M. Byrd. 

Tyler, Karl P. Burger. 

Chaplain, Claude L. Pridgen. 

The following standing committees were named: 

Finance, Claude L. Pridgen, George G. Gatley, Benj. R. Lacy, Jr. 

Reference, Alfred L. Bulwinkle, Erskine E. Boyce and Albert L. Cox. 

Oxford Orphanage, Thomas S. Payne, Karl P. Burger and Samuel 
T. Russell. 

The lodge meetings were always interesting, but it was the first that 
will linger longest in the memories of those who were present. It was 
the first experience of meeting on the level that the Masons there assembled 
had had for many months. They had been in the army for more than 
six months and army rank and circumstance is pretty well denned and 
rigidly maintained. Here for the first time in his military experience 
Brother Buck Private met Brother Brigadier General and Brother Colonel 
on perfect equality of footing and none was the worse for the experience. 
Brother Buck found that his Brother Brigadier was a human being, after 
all, and not the tyrant that he had watched from afar with fear and 
trembling, and he carried back to his fellows who were not members of 
the lodge the new impressions he had received not only as to the Brigadier 
General but as to many other officers. Army Lodge A was a source of 
profit to the regiment from its inception and the good it accomplished can 
never be estimated. 

The first meeting of the lodge was featured by short speeches by 
General Gatley and Major Pridgen and the lodge's most important action 
was to direct the newly elected Master to go to Raleigh, N. C, for the 
meeting of the North Carolina Grand Lodge, and formally place before 
that body an application for a charter. 

At the next regular meeting, which was held on January 19, 1918, 
the lodge was legally dedicated and consecrated and the officers elected 
at the first meeting lawfully installed. Grand Master Pridgen presided 
at the ceremonies and there were many visiting Masons present. At this 
meeting the first petitions for degrees were received, this being from Lieu- 
tenant Joseph A. Speed, and Lieutenant Henry P. Ledford, of the Sanitary 
Detachment, and Privates Aaron T. Sailing and Harry B. Register, also 
of the Sanitary Detachment. It became necessary to ask the South Caro- 



Army Lodge A, A. F. & A. M. 199 

Una Grand Lodge for permission to confer degrees in its jurisdiction. This 
right was readily granted. 

The lodge was much gratified to learn that the Grand Lodge of North 
Carolina had accorded the new organization a warm welcome and was 
very proud of its new offspring. Past Grand Master Pridgen brought 
from the Grand Lodge of North Carolina an offer to donate $500 toward 
a Masonic club room for the soldiers of the regiment and from St. John's 
Lodge, No. 1, Wilmington, N. C, a further donation of $50 for the lodge. 
The project met with disfavor when the camp authorities were approached 
and it was abandoned. It was also learned that the War Department 
had prohibited secret meetings within the limits of all army camps and 
arrangements were made to hold all meetings for secret work thereafter 
in the Masonic Temple at Greenville. 

The lodge's first meeting in March was featured by a visit from 
Brother George S. Norfleet, Grand Master of North Carolina Masons, of 
Winston-Salem. He had been elected in January to succeed Major Claude 
L. Pridgen. The Grand Master took a great deal of interest in Army 
Lodge A and offered it every encouragement. He gave the lodge a very 
beautiful silk flag which was carried with the lodge throughout the war 
and after the regiment's return to the United States, presented to the 
Grand Lodge of North Carolina. 

Unfortunately, the minutes of the lodge were not well kept at all 
times. The first secretary of the lodge was transferred to another outfit 
and the lodge lost his services and the work was passed around from 
hand to hand. Such of the records as are still available record the election 
of the following candidates for degrees: 

Liston L. Mallard, Thomas I. Graham, Eugene Allison, W. T. Dixon, 
J. E. Lambeth, Jr., Otway C. Fogus, Roman L. Mauldin, Hugh C. Pollard, 
L. W. Gardner, Thomas A. Lacy, Wilbon 0. Huntley, Ferdinand D. Fink, 
Carey E. Dorsett, Frank W. McKeel, Walter W. Pollock, Arthur B. Corey, 
Sam N. Nash, Rufus C. Miller, Herbert M. Thornburg, Lewis Norwood, 
Charles R. Davis, Wilbur C. Spruill, John W. Brookshire. 

There is also recorded at various meetings in the United States and 
in France and Luxemburg, the election to membership in the lodge of 
various Masons, among them being the following: 

Sidney C. Chambers, G. N. Taylor, E. W. McCullers, W. R. Thompson, 
L. P. McLendon, L. B. Crayton, Thaddeus G. Stem, J. M. Lynch, J. C. 
Fortune, J. T. Leslie, Nelson L. Nelson, W. E. Baugham, Enoch S. Sim- 
mons, H. B. Newell, C. T. Scott, R. L. Vaughan, J. P. Bolt, A. L. Fletcher, 
H. G. Coleman, J. T. Gross, C. L. Gross, D. T. Moore, N. 0. Reeves, J. W. 
McCawley, G. P. Norwood, R. L. Atwater, Zeno O. Ratcliff and Christian 
E. Mears. 

The last regular meeting in the United States was held on May 1, 
1918. Moving orders came soon thereafter and no regular meeting was 
held until after the regiment had completed its period of training in 
France and had been actively engaged in the fighting on the Toul front 



200 History of the U3ih Field Artillery 

for two weeks. On September 7, 1918, in the little village of Sanzy on 
the outskirts of the "Foret de la Reine," Army Lodge A met in special 
communication to initiate Thomas I. Graham, W. T. Dixon and Stewart 
Barnes, the first two having been elected as candidates for the degrees 
and the last named as a courtesy to Watauga Lodge No. 273, of Boone, 
N. C. This point was only a few miles from the front and the sound 
of the guns and the muffled roar of exploding of shells furnished a strange 
accompaniment for the solemn words of the Masonic ritual. 

There was no regular or special communication after that until after 
the Armistice, when meetings were resumed in a shack in the Foret de la 
Montagne, on the Woevre sector, which Headquarters Company honored 
with the title of "mess-hall." Here at a meeting held on November 16, 
1918, the following new officers were elected: 

W. M., Albert L. Cox, who had been J. W. 

S. W., Karl P. Burger, who had been Tyler. 

J. W., Christian E. Mears. 

Treasurer, Erskine E. Boyce. 

Secretary, George N. Taylor. 

At a subsequent meeting held at Colmar-Berg, in the province of 
Luxemburg, the following appointments were made : 

To be S. D., John E. Burriss. 

To be J. D., W. Reid Thompson. 

To be Tyler, Dewitt T. Moore. 

To be Chaplain, B. R. Lacy, Jr. 

To be S. S., Ralph L. Sholar. 

To be J. S., Cleve L. Gross. 

The following standing committees were appointed : 

Oxford Orphanage Committee: John E. Burriss, Chairman; John M. 
Lynch, Harry B. Newell. 

Finance Committee : A. L. Fletcher, Chairman ; Harry B. Register, 
Lennox P. McLendon. 

Reference Committee: Alfred L. Bulwinkle, Chairman; Wm. L. 
Futrelle, Roy L. Vaughan. 

These officers served throughout the remainder of Army Lodge A's 
existence. 

The lodge did a great deal of work for other lodges in various states, 
a service which it rendered gladly. It also "kept open house" for all 
Masons everywhere. Comparatively few of the Masons of the regiment 
transferred their membership to Army Lodge A but those who did not 
were welcomed just as warmly to every meeting as if they had transferred, 
and the Masons of other regiments in the 30th Division, while in the 
United States, and of the various units with which the regiment served in 
France and with the Army of Occupation, were always invited to all 
meetings of the lodge and many a homesick Mason was cheered and com- 
forted by the experience. 

The book of minutes which is now the property of the Grand Lodge 



Army Lodge A, A. F. & A. M. 201 

of North Carolina, records meetings in various parts of France, at the 
little town of Bous, just a mile from the Moselle River in Luxemburg, at 
Colmar-Berg and at Bissen in Luxemburg and at Jouy-Sous-les-Cotes, in 
France, the last meeting on French soil being held on Saturday, January 
18, 1919, just before the regiment entrained for Le Mans to rejoin the 
30th Division. 

The last regular communication of the lodge was held aboard the 
U. S. S. Santa Teresa, on March 15, 1919, en route from St. Nazaire, France, 
to Newport News, Va. It was featured by a large attendance of visiting 
Masons from the ship's crew and everybody enjoyed the very unusual 
lodge meeting aboard one of Uncle Sam's great transports, headed for 
home. At this meeting Arthur B. Corey, Sam N. Nash, Rufus C. Miller, 
Herbert M. Thornburg, Lewis Norwood, Charles R. Davis, Wilbur C. 
Spruill and John W. Brookshire were given the degree of entered appren- 
tice. 

With the close of this meeting Army Lodge A passed into history. 
It was not regularly dissolved until the regiment was demobilized but in 
the rush and hurry attendant upon demobilization, it was impossible to 
hold other meetings. Under the charter of the lodge the memberships 
of the old Masons who constituted Army Lodge A automatically reverted 
to the home lodges from which they had received dimits and the new 
Masons were certified to lodges having jurisdiction over them. 

Army Lodge A did a great deal of good, underwent many odd and 
unusual experiences, and brought into the Masonic fold a fine lot of young 
men. It aided materially in sustaining the morale of the regiment in all 
kinds of trying circumstances. It helped the Masons of the regiment to 
keep in mind the high principles of their great order. It served to remind 
the officers of the regiment of the fact that officers in all armies sometimes 
forget that they were only men, clothed for a time in authority, but no 
whit better than the men under them. It served also to bring about a 
clearer understanding among the enlisted personnel of the heavy load of 
responsibility their brother officers carried and by so doing it helped to 
make the regiment what it was. The lodge never forgot its obligations to 
provide for the widows and orphans and it contributed largely to every 
good cause. Fifteen hundred francs, at that time equivalent to about 
$275, was contributed to the A. E. F. French orphans' fund. 

Roster of Army Lodge A, A. F. & A. M. 

Allison, Eugene. Burger, Karl P. Davis, C. R. 

Atwater, R. L. Burriss, J. E. Dixon, W. T. 

Bailey, R. A. Byrd, J. M. Dorsett, C. E. 

Baugham, W. E. Chambers, S. C. Fink, Ferdinand. 

Bolt, J. P. Coleman, H. G. Fletcher, A. L. 

Boyce, E. E. Corey A. B. Fogus, 0. C. 

Brookshire, J. W. Cox, A. L. Fortune, J. C. 

Bulwinkle, A. L. Crayton, L. B. Futrelle, W. L. 



20: 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Gardner, L. W. 
Gatley, G. G. 
Graham, T. I. 
Gross, C. L. 
Gross, J. T. 
Hanson, L. A. 
Huntley, W. 0. 
Lacy, B. R., Jr. 
Lacy, T. A. 
Lambert, J. E. 
Ledford, H. P. 
Leslie, J. T. 
Lynch, J. M. 
Mallard, L. L. 
Mauldin, R. L. 
Miller, R. C. 



McCawley, J. W. 
McKeel, F. W. 
McLendon, L. P. 
Mears, C. E. 
Mitchell, J. H. 
Moore, D. T. 
Nash, S. N. 
Nelson, N. L. 
Newell, H. B. 
Norwood, G. P. 
Norwood, Lewis. 
Payne, T. L. 
Pollard, H. C. 
Pollock, W. W. 
Pridgen, C. L. 
Ratcliff, Z. 0. 



Reeves, N. 0. 
Register, H. B. 
Rogers, Dudley. 
Russell, S. T. 
Sailing, A. T. 
Scott, C. T. 
Sholar, R. L. 
Simmons, E. S. 
Speed, J. A. 
Spruill, W. C. 
Stem, T. G. 
Taylor, G. N. 
Thompson, W. R. 
Thornburg, H. M. 
Vaughan, R. L. 
Workman, Q. 0. 



A BRIEF STORY OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE 

THIRTIETH DIVISION IN BELGIUM 

AND FRANCE 

The 30th Division was a distinctively American division. More than 
95 per cent, of its personnel was of American born parents. The division 
was constituted of National Guard troops of North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina and Tennessee, augmented by many thousands of selective draft troops 
from the States of Indiana, Illinois, Minnesota, North Dakota, North 
Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee. 

The division was dubbed "Old Hickory" after the warrior and states- 
man Andrew Jackson who was so closely identified with the history of 
the States furnishing the major portion of its personnel. 

The Old Hickory Division landed at the port of Calais, France, on the 
24th day of May, 1918, and was billeted in the Eperlocques Training Area. 
While in this area the officers of the division reconnoitered the Terdeghen 
Switch Line, south of Cassel, and complete plans were formulated for 
the occupation of this line by forced marches in case of emergency. 

Before the completion of its training period, the division was trans- 
ferred to the II British Corps, Second Army, in the Ypres sector to be 
in close support in case of the expected German offensive. This division, 
first American division to enter that kingdom, marched into Belgium on 
July 4th with Division Headquarters at Watou, to be in close support of 
the 33d and 49th British Divisions, and was employed in completing 
the construction of the East and West Poperinghe Defense Systems im- 
mediately in rear of these two divisions. An immense amount of trench 
and wire construction was done. Complete plans and orders were issued 
for the occupation of the East and West Poperinghe Systems by the 30th 



Operations in Belgium and France 203 

Division in the event of a German attack and a forced withdrawal of the 
British divisions in the front. The division received training in the front 
line with the 33d and 49th Divisions, first as individuals, then by platoons, 
and lastly by entire battalions. 

On August 17, 1918, the division took over the entire sector occupied 
by the 33d British Division, 60th Brigade being in the front line, 59th 
Brigade in support. This was known as the Canal sector and extended 
from the southern outskirts of Ypres to the vicinity of Voormezeele, a 
distance of 2.400 metres. 

On August 31st and September 1st the division engaged in an offensive 
in conjunction with the 14th British Division on the left and 27th American 
Division on the right. The 30th Division captured all its objectives, 
including Lock No. 8, Lankhof Farm and the City of Voormezeele, advanc- 
ing fifteen hundred yards, capturing fifteen prisoners, two machine-guns 
and thirty-five rifles. As a result of this advance the 236th Division, 
which was considered an average German division, was identified. During 
the six weeks previous to this advance, many attempts had been made by 
the British and our own troops to identify this German division. 

On September 4th/5th the division was withdrawn from the Canal 
sector and placed in British G. H. Q. reserve with Division Headquarters 
at Roellecourt, France. While in this area the entire division was trained 
in attacking in conjunction with British tanks. 

On September 17th the division was again moved farther south with 
Division Headquarters at Herissart, and on September 22d was moved to 
the British Fourth Army with Division Headquarters at Bois de Buire, 
near Tincourt, taking over a front line sector from the 1st Australian 
Division, on the night of 23d/24th. 

On September 29th this division with the 27th American Division 
on the left and the 46th British Division on the right, assaulted the Hin- 
denburg Line. The Hindenburg Line at this point curves in front of the 
Tunnel of St. Quentin. This was considered impregnable by the Germans 
for the following reasons : The Hindenburg Line curving west of the 
tunnel consisted of three main trench systems protected by vast fields of 
heavy barbed wire entanglements skillfully placed; this wire was very 
heavy and had been damaged very little by artillery fire. The dominating 
ground enabled them to bring devastating machine-gun fire on all ap- 
proaches. The lines had been strengthened with concrete machine-gun 
emplacements. It contained at this point a large number of dugouts, lined 
with mining timbers, with wooden steps leading down to a depth of about 
thirty feet with small rooms capable of holding from four to six men each. 
In many cases these dugouts were wired for electric light. The large 
tunnel through which the canal ran, was of sufficient capacity to shelter 
a division. This tunnel was electrically lighted and filled with barges. 
Connecting it with the Hindenburg trench system were numerous tunnels. 
In one case a direct tunnel ran from the main tunnel to the basement of 
a large stone building, which the enemy used for headquarters. Other 



204 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

tunnels ran from the main tunnel eastward to the City of Bellicourt and 
other places. This complete subterranean system with its hidden exits 
and entrances, unknown to us, formed a complete and safe subterranean 
method of communication and reinforcement for the German sector. 

The 30th Division, the 60th Brigade, augmented by units of the 117th 
Infantry, attacking, assaulted this line at 5:50 a. m., September 29th, 
on a front of 3,000 yards, captured the entire Hindenburg System of 
that sector and advanced farther capturing the tunnel system with the 
German troops therein, and took the cities of Bellicourt, Nauroy, Riqueval, 
Carriere, Etricourt, Guillaine Ferme and Ferme de Riqueval, advancing 
4,200 yards, defeating two enemy divisions of average quality (the 75th 
Reserve Division and the 185th Division) , taking as prisoners 47 officers 
and 1,434 men. 

On October lst/2d the 30th Division was relieved by the 5th Australian 
Division and moved to back area with Division Headquarters at Herbe- 
court. The division scarcely reached this area when it was marched back 
and took over the front line in the same sector from the 2d Australian 
Division near Montbrehain on the night of 4th/5th. 

On October 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th, the 30th Division attacked each 
day, advancing 17,500 yards, and capturing le Tilleul d' Archies, le Petit 
Cambresis, Becquigny, Mon. Sarasin, le Trou Aux Soldats, Busigny, Glo- 
riette, le Vert Donjon, Escaufourt, le Rond Pont, Vaux-Andigny, Vallee 
Hasard, la Haie Menneresse, la Rochelle, le Vent de Bise, St. Souplet, St. 
Benin, Malassise, Geneve, half of Montbrehain, Brancourt, Premont, Vaux- 
le-Pretre, Brancoucourt, Fraicourt Ferme, Bois Mirand, Butry Ferme, 
la Sabliere Bois, Becquignette Ferme, Bois de Malmaison, Malmaison 
Ferme, Bois de Busigny, Bois l'Ermitage, Bois Proyart, Imberfayt and 
Du Guet Fassiaux Fermes, taking prisoners 45 officers and 1,889 men. 
The 59th Brigade began this attack on October 8th and captured all their 
objectives, including Premont and Brancourt. During this operation from 
October 8th to 11th the 30th Division encountered units from fourteen 
German divisions, classified by the British High Command as follows: 34th 
Division, average; 20th Division, very good; 24th Division, very good; 
21st Division, average; 21st Reserve Division, average; 38th Division, very 
good; 119th Division, average; 121st Division, average; 187th Sharpshoot- 
ing Section, very good; 204th Division, average; 208th Division, average; 
3d Naval Division, very good; 15th Reserve Division, average. 

The 30th Division was relieved by the 27th Division on October 
llth/12th, but returned on October 16th and took over a part of the same 
line at the same place, being the right half of the sector temporarily held 
by the 27th. The next attack was launched on October 17th, 18th and 
19th against the 221st Division, average; 243d Division, average; 29th 
Division, very good, advancing 9,000 yards and capturing six officers and 
412 men, and the towns of Molain, St. Martin Riviere, Ribeauville, 
Ecaillon, Mazinghein and Ribeaucourt Ferme. 

During much of the fighting from October 8th to 11th and from 17th to 



Brigadier General George G. Galley 205 

19th, difficulties of the terrain were very great, with the country greatly 
broken by small patches of woods, and villages, with uneven terrain and 
occasional large towns admirably added to the machine-gun defense of 
which the Germans took every advantage. The La Selle River with high 
banks beyond was obstinately defended. In spite of these difficulties the 
advance continued, often without artillery support, and was made possible 
only by the determination of the men and the skillful use of all arms 
combined with clever utilization of the diversified terrain. The 3d German 
Naval Division of the crack German divisions was hastily thrown in in 
an attempt to stop the advance. 

The division was then withdrawn to the Heilly Training area, near 
Amiens, for replacements and a well-earned rest; Division Headquarters 
at Querrieu. Two weeks later, when orders for an immediate return to 
the front were expected daily, the armistice with Germany was signed 
November 11, 1918. The fighting being over, the II American Corps 
was released from the British E. F. with which it had been associated 
since its arrival in France, and transferred to the American E. F. in the 
Le Mans area, where the first units of the 30th Division arrived and 
Division Headquarters opened at Ballon on November 21st. 

During the above operations the advance was so rapid and the troops 
withdrawn so soon, there was no opportunity to gather up and salvage a 
great number of guns and supplies captured, which were left for the 
salvage troops of the Fourth British Army. Upon a partial check by the 
units of the division, it is known that at least seventy-two field artillery 
pieces, twenty-six trench mortars, 426 machine guns, and 1,792 rifles 
were captured in addition to the great mass of material. This represents 
but a portion of the captured. In many instances field guns taken from 
the Germans were turned over to the supporting artillery and used by 
them upon the retreating enemy. 

Total number of prisoners captured by this division from September 
29th to October 20th : 98 officers, 3,750 men. During the same period we 
lost 3 officers and 24 men as prisoners ; 44 officers and 4,823 men wounded 
(including slightly wounded and slightly gassed). 



BRIGADIER GENERAL GEORGE G. GATLEY 

The first commanding general of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade 
was Brigadier General George G. Gatley, who was assigned to the brigade 
in August, 1917. He found it a brigade only in name. Two regiments 
of it were made up of new, raw recruits, most of whom had had no previous 
military experience. The other regiment had been an infantry outfit. 
Nobody in either outfit knew anything about artillery. 

The situation he faced at Camp Sevier must have been a trying one 
for him. Very few members of his command realized this at the time. 
If they had realized it they might have been less resentful when the 



206 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



General's patience gave out and his sharp tongue flayed them for their 
shortcomings. There were times when the General was a "holy terror," 
but looking back on the happenings 
of those days, one wonders at his 
moderation. 

Truly, he had his troubles. 

That he stuck to his task, and 
out of the raw material furnished 
him built and welded together a 
great fighting machine, is proof 
positive that he is a man of re- 
source and of unusual ability as an 
organizer. When he left the brig- 
ade on July 7, 1918, it was on the 
up-grade and going strong. He 
knew then that his work had not 
been in vain and that his brigade 
would make good, and it was hard 
for him to leave. 

The following brief sketch of 
his military record is taken, in the 
main, from the Army Register: 

Born in Portland, Me., Sep- 
tember 10, 1869. Graduated, U. S. 
M. A., Class of 1890 and assigned 
to 5th Artillery. First lieutenant 
1898, captain 1901 and assigned to 
command 17th Battery. Organ- 
ized same at Fort Sam Houston and took it to Philippines in 1903. Served 
two years in Mindanao, and Jolo under General Wood and Captain Persh- 
ing, in several expeditions after hostile Moros. The battery was mentioned 
in General Orders for "Distinguished Service" in G. O. No. 1, Dept. of Min- 
danao, 1905. Went to Cuba in 1906 in command of the 14th Battery Field 
Artillery, now Battery F, 3d Field Artillery. At the close of the second in- 
tervention was sent back to Cuba to organize and instruct a regiment of 
field artillery and remained on this duty over four years. Returned to 
United States in 1913 and joined the 4th Field Artillery at Texas City, 
Tex. Served on the border until October, 1915, when he was ordered 
to Sandy Hook Proving Ground as Field Artillery member of the Ordnance 
Board. Remained on this duty until August, 1917, when he was promoted 
to the rank of Brigadier General, National Army, and ordered to Camp 
Sevier, S. C, to organize the 55th Field Artillery Brigade. Served with 
this brigade during the period of organization and instruction until July 
7, 1918, when he was transferred to the 67th Field Artillery Brigade, 
42d (Rainbow) Division, and joined same July 9th at Vadenay Farm, North 
of Chalons, Champagne. Commanded this brigade during remainder of 




Brigadier General George G. Galley, the First 

Commanding General of the 55th Field 

Artillery Brigade. 



Service Records of 75's 207 

the war, participating in the Champagne-Marne defensive, Aisne-Marne 
offensive, St. Mihiel offensive and Meuse-Argonne offensive. After the 
armistice went to Germany with the brigade and remained on the Rhine 
four months, leaving there April 8th and arriving in the United States 
April 26th. 

SERVICE RECORDS OF THE ONE HUNDRED AND 
THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY'S 75'S 

The following is the official record of the number of rounds fired in 
action by the guns of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, as 
submitted to the adjutant of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade on November 
30, 1918: 

Battery A 

Totals 



11,781 



Gun No. 


Rounds Fir 


15,218 


2,845 


16,154 


3,036 


16,308 


3,118 


15,262 


2,782 




Battery B 


17,001 


2,837 


15,021 


3,159 


16,856 


3,127 


15,385 


3,057 




Battery C 


15,742 


2,929 


15,520 


2,839 


15,360 


2,844 


15,254 


3,088 




Battery D 


14,958 


2,800 


16,403 


2,816 


16,200 


2,874 


15,285 


2,944 




Battery E 


15,348 


2 742 


16,480 


3,139 


15,731 


2,643 


16,325 


2,785 




Battery F 


15,886 


2,996 


15,434 


2,390 


15,518 


2,703 


17,517 


2,591 



12,180 



11,700 



10,680 
Grand Total for the Regiment 69,084 



208 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

THE ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY'S 

"HALL OF FAME" 

HEADQUARTERS 30TH DIVISION 

American Expeditionary Forces, 

France, February 8, 1919. 

General Orders] 
No. 6 j 

The following citations for acts of meritorious conduct described are published to 
the command. 

***** 

Captain Erskine E. Boyce, Hqs. Co., 113th Field Artillery. 

During the operations near IVOIRY, 26th to 31st September, 1918, this officer 
was on duty as liaison officer for his regiment. During the engagement he remained 
on duty in the front lines of the infantry, maintaining his own communications by 
means of salvaged German wire, in spite of loss of sleep and lack of food. Al- 
though subjected to intense shell-fire he showed utter disregard of personal safety, 
and by his unfailing devotion to duty inspired great confidence in those about him. 
His devotion to duty is worthy of the highest commendation. 
***** 

First Lieutenant Allan W. Douglass, Deceased, Battery E, 113th Field 
Artillery. 
During the engagement near LIMEY, 12th September, 1918, after being struck by 
a shell splinter, he continued the work of removing the dead and wounded horses 
and moving the carriages to a place of safety. Later he was again struck by a 
shell and killed while in the performance of his duty. His courage and utter 
disregard for personal safety inspired the men of his section to continue their 
work successfully. 

***** 

Chaplain Benjamin R. Lacy, 113th Field Artillery. 

During the operations near THIACOURT, 14th September, 1918, where several 
men of Batteries B and C were wounded, this chaplain rendered first aid to the 
wounded under intense shell-fire. Again, on 26th September, in the BOIS DU 
AVOCOURT, where the gun positions were subjected to heavy shell-fire and one 
man was killed and others wounded, he immediately rendered first aid to the 
wounded, disregarding his own safety. On numerous occasions he set an excellent 
example to the officers and men of his regiment by his presence in the most for- 
ward positions and looking after the sick and wounded. 

Sergeant Fred M. Patterson (1167450), Battery E, 113th Field 
Artillery. 

During the operations near LIMEY, 12th September, 1918, when a section was 
struck and horses and men were wounded and killed, Sergeant Patterson volun- 
tarily took up the work of the drivers and assisted in exchanging the horses and 
removing the carriage to a place of safety. He continued this work until severely 
wounded. 



Hall of Fame 209 

Sergeant Walter R. Minish (1324194) , Battery E, 113th Field Artillery. 

During the engagement near LIMEY, 12th September, 1918, when his section was 
struck by shell-fire, this non-commissioned officer took up the work of wounded 
drivers and assisted in exchanging the horses and removing the carriage to a place 
of safety. He continued his work until severely wounded. 



Sergeant Luther H. Barbour (1323807) , Battery C, 113th Field Artillery 

During the engagement near THIACOURT, 14th September, 1918, this non-com- 
missioned officer was wounded by a shell explosion while inspecting the battery 
telephone system. Undaunted, he gave directions for installation of a new tele- 
phone, and although severely wounded himself, he picked up another wounded 
comrade and carried him to a place of safety. By his courage and devotion to duty 
and prompt initiative he inspired the men of the battery to continue their work on 
the telephone system without interruption in the work of the battery. His conduct 
is worthy of the utmost commendation 



Corporal Elmer Batten Moore (1323276), Hqs. Company, 113th Field 
Artillery. 

During the operations on 27th October, 1918, in the ARGONNE FOREST, when 
in the course of the advance where the infantry had become temporarily halted 
by intense machine-gun fire, this soldier, who was on liaison duty for the support- 
ing artillery, went forward alone, when others had to seek protection from the 
heavy shell-fire, and salvaged enemy wire within fifty to one hundred yards of 
the front lines and in the face of terrific machine-gun and shell-fire, and by so 
doing enabled the furtherance of telephone liaison with the front line troops. His 
devotion to duty, prompt initiative and disregard for personal safety is worthy 
of the highest praise. 



Corporal Clarence Caldwell Hope (1324447), Battery F, 113th Field 
Artillery. 

During the operations on 27th October, 1918, near the BOIS DE BEGUE, this 
soldier, on liaison duty with the infantry, went forward on his own accord, when 
others had to seek protection from the terrific machine-gun fire, and salvaged 
enemy wire within fifty to one hundred yards of the front lines, exposing himself 
to the heavy shell and machine-gun fire, and in so doing secured material that 
enabled the furtherance of telephone liaison with our front lines. His conduct 
was conspicuous for its daring and is worthy of the utmost commendation. 



Private Walter N. Perry (1324701), Sanitary Detachment, 113th Field 
Artillery. 

During the operations near IVOIRY, 29th September, 1918, this soldier was on duty 
for first-aid work. While going into position the battery and advancing infantry 
was subjected to intense shell-fire from the enemy and many men became casualties. 



210 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

This soldier immediately went forward and rendered first aid to the wounded. 
Locating a mortally wounded soldier in an exposed position, and despite the intense 
shell-fire, Private Perry remained with this man, dressing his wounds and render- 
ing all assistance possible, the wounded man later dying in his arms. His devotion 
to duty, disregard of personal safety, is worthy of the highest praise. 



Private Rom D. Kirby (1324263), Battery E, 113th Field Artillery. 

During the operations near LIMEY, 12th September, 1918, when his section was 
struck by heavy shell-fire, Private Kirby took up the work of wounded drivers 
and assisted in exchanging horses and removing the carriage to a place of safety. 
He continued his work until mortally wounded. 



Private Edward Ray Bumgardner (1324487), Battery F, 113th Field 
Artillery. 

During the operations near MONTFAUCON, 27th October, 1918, this soldier was 
on liaison duty with the infantry. During a period of intense shelling, when 
the infantry was forced to seek shelter from the terrific machine-gun fire, this 
soldier on his own accord salvaged enemy wire within fifty to one hundred yards 
of the front lines, exposing himself to the heavy fire, but by so doing he secured 
the necessary material to further the maintenance of the telephone liaison with 
our front lines, no other wire being available in their immediate advance there- 
after. His prompt initiative and disregard for personal safety contributed much 
to the success of the operation and his conduct is worthy of the highest com- 
mendation. 

By Command of Major-General Lewis. 

JOHN K. KERR, 

Chief of Staff. 

Official : 

ANDREW J. WHITE, 
Lieut.-Colonel, Inf., U. S. A. 
Adjutant. 



Merit recognized in recommendations for promotion. 

In the files of the regiment appear two official letters by Colonel Cox 
recommending for promotion certain junior officers and non-commissioned 
officers who had rendered exceptionally fine service in the regiment and 
richly deserved promotion. These promotions were not made for the 
reason that orders came a few days thereafter transferring the regiment 
to the United States. These letters follow : 



Hall of Fame 211 



HEADQUARTERS 

113th Field Artillery 

A. E. F. 



March 1, 1919. 



From: Commanding Officer, 113th Field Artillery, A. E. F. 
To: Commanding General, 30th Division. 

Subject: Recommendations to Fill Vacancies. 

1. In accordance with verbal order, I have the honor to recommend the following 
officers of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery for promotion : 



TO RANK OF FIRST LIEUTENANT 

(1) Second Lieutenant John P. Bolt — This officer was commissioned second 
lieutenant March 2, 1918, and has served as Assistant Supply Officer of the Regiment 
in training and in the field. He is thorough, efficient, energetic and careful. He is 
fully qualified to perform the duties of Regimental Supply Officer, which he has on 
numerous occasions performed, and was recommended for promotion to first lieutenant 
just before the Armistice. 

(2) Second Lieutenant William Crenshaw — This officer was transferred to 
the Regiment in May, 1918, having completed satisfactorily course at the Third Train- 
ing Camp, Camp Stanly, Texas; being recommended for commission at that camp and 
receiving such commission upon his arrival in France, June 13, 1918. As Telephone 
Officer of the Second Battalion and as Battery Officer, he has, at all times, demon- 
strated his ability as an officer and as an artilleryman in such manner as to make 
him fully qualified for commission as a first lieutenant. He was recommended for 
promotion to the grade of first lieutenant just before the Armistice. 

(3) Second Lieutenant Earl J. Higgins — This officer joined the Regiment while 
in the Woevre sector, and has demonstrated his efficiency as an officer and as an artil- 
leryman. I consider him thoroughly qualified for commission as first lieutenant. His 
service has, at all times, been satisfactory. 

(4) Second Lieutenant Ernest M. Hedden — This officer joined the Regiment 
on September 16, 1918 and has been on duty as Battery Officer, Gas Officer and Liaison 
Officer. He has performed each duty well and is fully qualified for commission as 
first lieutenant. 

(5) Second Lieutenant Richard S. Schmidt — This officer joined the Regiment 
just prior to departure from the States in May, 1918, and has served efficiently and 
well as Battery Officer, Liaison Officer and Intelligence Officer. He is thorough, careful 
and trustworthy, and fully qualified to perform the duties of first lieutenant of field 
artillery. 

ALBERT L. COX, 
Col. 113th F. A., Commanding. 



212 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



HEADQUARTERS 

113th Field Artillery 

A. E. F. 



March 1, 1919. 



From: Commanding Officer, 113th Field Artillery, A. E. F. 

To: Commanding General, 30th Division, A. E. F. 

Subject: Recommendations for appointment of Second Lieutenants to fill vacancies: 

1. In accordance with verbal directions, the following non-commissioned officers 
are recommended for appointment to fill vacancies in the rank of second lieutenant 
in the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery: 



(1 
(2 
(3 
pany. 

(4 

(5 

(6 

(7 

(8 

(9 

(10 

(11 

(12 

(13 

(14 



First Sergeant Raymond Harris, Battery A. 

First Sergeant William A. Blount, Battery B. 

Regimental Ordnance Sergeant Adrian S. Mitchell attached to Supply Com- 

Sergeant John G. Ashe, Battery C. 

Regimental Sergeant Major Kenneth J. Nixon, Headquarters Company. 

First Sergeant Frank S. Cline, Supply Company. 

Sergeant Tracy R. Cobb, Battery A. 

Regimental Sergeant Major William A. Allen, Headquarters Company. 

Sergeant Earl Johnson, Headquarters Company. 

Sergeant Claude S. Ramsay, Battery B. 

Private William B. Lumsden, Headquarters Company. 

Sergeant William H. Williams, Battery D. 

Regimental Supply Sergeant William H. Chance, Supply Company. 

Regimental Sergeant Major Jacob E. Lambert, Jr., Headquarters Company. 



2. The first 12 men have all completed satisfactorily the course in Field Artillery 
at the Saumur School and hold certificates from same. Their work within the Regi- 
ment before going to this school and since their return has at all times been satis- 
factory, and the Regimental Commander considers them well qualified for commission 
as second lieutenant in field artillery. 

3. Regimental Supply Sergeant William H. Chance; this man was appointed 
Regimental Supply Sergeant on July 15, 1917. He is alert, energetic and proficient 
and has performed his duties in a most satisfactory manner. He is thoroughly familiar 
with the many details that a Regimental Supply Officer must know and can perform 
each well. He is thoroughly qualified for a second lieutenant in the Quartermaster 
Department and would be thoroughly satisfactory as a second lieutenant in that 
line, had he opportunity to attend a Candidates' School, which his duties as Regimental 
Supply Sergeant have prevented him from doing. 

4. Regimental Sergeant Major Jacob E. Lambert, Jr.; Sergeant Lambert as 
Regimental Sergeant Major has had charge of the preparation of all pay rolls and of 
the personnel work of the Regiment under the supervision of the Personnel Adjutant. 
He is careful, intelligent, tireless and trustworthy. I know of no man better qualified 
for commission as second lieutenant on staff duty, than Sergeant Major Lambert. 

ALBERT L. COX, 
Col. 113th F. A., Commanding. 



Chronological History 213 



CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF THE ONE 

HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH FIELD 

ARTILLERY IN BRIEF 

June 13, 1917. 

The first recruit for the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was received 
by Captain Wiley C. Rodman at Washington, N. C, on June 13, 1917. Authorization 
for the organization, then designated the First North Carolina Light Field Artillery, 
had just been received. 

July 13, 1917. 

On July 13, 1917, the new regiment was officially recognized by the War Depart- 
ment, and a commission issued to Colonel Albert L. Cox, of Raleigh, N. C, as the 
commanding officer of the regiment. 

July 25, 1917. 

Responded to the call of the President for service in the War with Germany 
and assembled at home stations on July 25, 1917. 

August 5, 1917. 

On August 5, 1917, the regiment was formally drafted into the service of the 
United States, along with all other National Guard units accepted for the service. 

September 16, 1917. 

After having spent seven weeks in training at home stations the regiment was 
ordered to Camp Sevier, S. C, for additional training as part of the 30th Division, 
arriving on September 16, 1917. Here the regiment lost its state designation and as- 
sumed the designation that was to be its own throughout its history, the "One Hundred 
and Thirteenth Field Artillery," of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade. 

September 16, 1917— May 18, 1918. 

From September 16, 1917 to May 18, 1918, the regiment was in training at 
Camp Sevier, S. C. On the latter date the regiment began entraining for New York 
for service overseas. 



May 19, 1918— May 26, 1918. 

Arriving at Camp Mills, Long Island, N. Y., on May 19, 1918, the regiment 
settled down to a week of inspections, during which all equipment was carefully 
gone over many times and new equipment drawn and issued to replace every article 
that showed wear. 



May 26, 1918— June 7, 1918. 

The regiment went aboard the British S. S. Armagh, a converted refrigerator 
ship, on May 26, 1918, and was landed at Liverpool on June 7, 1918. 



214 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

June 8, 1918. 

On June 8, 1918, the regiment marched through the streets of Liverpool to the 
American Rest Camp at Knotty Ash. 



June 9, 1918. 

On June 9, 1918, the regiment took train for Winchester, England, passing 
through Birmingham, Oxford and other interesting towns. 

June 10, 1918— June 11, 1918. 

The regiment spent two days at the American Rest Camp at Winnall Downs, 
Winchester, and was reviewed on the second day, June 11, 1918, by the Duke of 
Connaught and other high British notables. 

June 12, 1918. 

On June 12, 1918, the regiment left Winnall Downs for Southampton, arriving 
there in the afternoon, where it boarded the British S. S. St. George for Le Havre, 
France. 



June 13, 1918. 

The regiment crossed the English Channel safely, arriving at Le Havre before 
daybreak on the morning of June 13, 1918, and spent one day and night at the 
American Rest Camp near Le Havre. 



June 14, 1918— June 15, 1918. 

The regiment entrained on June 14, 1918, for Camp de Coetquidan, near Guer, 
in the province of Morbihan, France, where it arrived on the day following. 



June 16, 1918— August 22, 1918. 

From June 16, 1918 to August 22, 1918, the regiment was in training at the 
United States Artillery School at Camp de Coetquidan, France. It completed its 
course of training there and entrained for the Toul front on August 22, 1918. 

August 23, 1918 — August 25, 1918. 

From August 23, 1918 to August 25, 1918, the regiment was on board trains, 
arriving at Toul, France, on the afternoon and night of August 25, 1918. 

August 26, 1918— September 11, 1918. 

Following arrival at Toul, the regiment marched under cover of darkness to the 
Foret de la Reine, where the regimental echelon was established on August 26, 1918. 
The regiment was attached to the 89th Division and immediately went into positions 
near Ansauville, Hamonville and Beaumont, where it began active operations against 
the Boche in defense of the Toul sector. On September 10, 1918, the regiment went 
forward to offensive positions near Noviant and Limey, in preparations for the St. 
Mihiel drive, which started on the morning of the 12th of September, 1918. 



Chronological History 215 



September 12, 1918— September 14, 1918. 

Beginning on the morning of September 12, 1918, the regiment was continuously 
in action through September 14, 1918, the close of the latter day finding the regiment 
near Boullionville, supporting the 177'th Infantry Brigade of the 89th Division. 

September 15, 1918— September 22, 1918. 

Prom September 15, 1918 to September 22, 1918, the regiment was en route to the 
St. Mihiel sector to the Argonne Forest, arriving in the Bois de Brocourt on September 
22d, where the regimental echelon was established for the opening of the Battle 
of the Argonne. The night of September 15th the regiment passed through Essey 
and Euvezin, arriving at Rambecourt on the morning of September 16th. Leaving 
Rambecourt after dark on September Kith, the regiment arrived at Mecrin, on the 
Meuse, on the morning of September 17th. The regiment spent two days and the 
night of September 17th at Mecrin, marching on the night of September 18th to 
Nicey and from Nicey to Deuxnouds on the night of September 19th. On the follow- 
ing night the regiment marched to the Bois de Beaulieu, where it remained two days. 
On September 22d the regiment arrived at the Bois de Brocourt. 



September 23, 1918— September 25, 1918. 

From September 23, 1918 to September 25, 1918, the regiment was busily engaged 
getting "set" for the Meuse-Ai-gonne offensive. 



September 26, 1918— October 7, 1918. 

From September 26, 1918 to October 7, 1918, the regiment was actively engaged 
in the Battle of the Argonne, beginning this action in support of the 37th Division, 
from positions in the Bois de Esnes. It was shifted to the 32d Division on September 
30, 1918, while in position on the northern edge of the Bois de Montfaucon and when 
relieved on October 7, 1918, was occupying positions on the Montfaucon-Ivoiry road. 

October 8, 1918— October 11, 1918. 

From October 8, 1918 to October 11, 1918, the regiment was at Recicourt and 
en route to the Woevre sector, near Troyon, where it was to support the 79th Division. 

October 12, 1918— October 25, 1918. 

From October 12, 1918 to October 25, 1918, the regiment supported the 79th 
Division, which was relieved by the 33d Division on October 25th. 

October 26, 1918— November 11, 1918. 

From October 26, 1918 to November 11, 1918, the regiment supported the 33d 
Division, taking part with credit in various actions, including the successful attack 
on St. Hilaire on November 10th. 

November 12, 1918 — December 5, 1918. 

After the Armistice, the regiment remained with the 33d Division, in camp along 
the Grand Tranchee in the Foret de la Montagne and was ordered to accompany 
the 33d Division to Germany as part of the Army of Occupation. 



216 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

December 6, 1918 — December 22, 1918. 

The regiment began its march into Germany on December 6, 1918, and after many 
wanderings, settled down for the Christmas holidays in northern Luxemburg on 
December 22, 1918, having been billeted in the following towns: 

December 7th and 8th at Friauville, France. 

December 9th, Joudreville, France. 

December 10th, Nouillon-sur-Pont, France. 

December 11th, Rehon and Longwy-Bas, France. 

December 12th and 13th, Reckingen, Monnerich, Pissengen and Ehleringen, Duchy 
of Luxemburg. 

December 14th, Contern, Syren, Montfort and Medigen, Duchy of Luxemburg. 

December 15th and 16th, Bous, Stadtbredimus, Assel and Rollingen, Duchy of 
Luxemburg. Here the 33d Division was relieved as part of the Army of Occupation 
and ordered to take position in northern Luxemburg. 

December 17th and 18th, Weiler, Aspelt and Hassel, Duchy of Luxemburg. 

December 19th, Wolferdingen and Bereldange, Duchy of Luxemburg. 

December 20th and 21st, Colmar-Berg and Cruhdton, Duchy of Luxemburg. 



December 23, 1918 — January 5, 1919. 

After trying out several villages the regiment finally found comfortable quarters 
in the villages of Colmar-Berg, Bissen and Boevange in upper Luxemburg, where 
it spent the holiday season. It was relieved from duty with the 33d Division and 
ordered to rejoin the 30th Division at Le Mans, France. 



January 6, 1919 — January 19, 1919. 

The regiment began its march back to France on the morning of January 6, 
1919 and arrived at Jouy-sous-les-Cotes and Cornieville on January 13, 1919, where 
all animals and equipment were turned in to the army supply depots and personal 
equipment issued for the journey to Le Mans, France. The regiment was billeted 
during the long hike as follows: 

January 6th and 7th, Wolferdingen, Bereldange and Helmsauge. 

January 8th, Nortzange, Buttersburg, Huncherange and Finnangen. 

January 9th, Sancy and Beuvillers, France. 

January 10th, Labry, Hatrize and Jarny. 

January 11th, Souzemont, Hannonville-au-Passage and Latour-en-Woevre. 

January 12th, Buxieres and Buxereulles, at the foot of Mont Sec. 

January 13th to January 19th, Jouy-sous-les-Cotes and Cornieville. 



January 20, 1919 to January 24, 1919. 

The regiment entrained at Trondes, near Toul, on January 20, 1919 for the Le 
Mans area, and arrived at Evron, province of Mayenne, on January 24th. 



January 25, 1919 — February 5, 1919. 

From January 25, 1919 to February 5, 1919, the regiment was billeted at Evron, 
Neau, St. Christophe, Chatres and Mesenges, with regimental headquarters at Evron. 
It was reviewed by General Pershing at Evron. 



Chronological History 217 



February 6, 1919 — March 4, 1919. 

The regiment was ordered to the "Forwarding Camp" at Le Mans, arriving there 
on February 6, 1919. The month that it spent here was the longest and most disagree- 
able month of the regiment's experience. After many delays orders came on March 
4, 1919, directing the movement of the regiment to St. Nazaire for transportation 
home. 



March 5, 1919— March 6, 1919. 

The regiment left the mud of the Le Mans Forwarding Camp behind and took 
train for St. Nazaire, where it boarded the U. S. S. Transport Santa Teresa on March 
6th. 



March 7, 1919— March 18, 1919. 

Aboard the Santa Teresa. The voyage was uneventful and Newport News, Va., 
was reached on March 18th. 



March 19, 1919— March 22, 1919. 

The regiment spent four days at camps in and around Newport News and received 
orders on March 22, 1919, to proceed to Camp Jackson, Columbia, S. C, for muster 
out, along with other units of the 30th Division. 

March 23, 1919— March 24, 1919. 

En route to Columbia, S. C. The journey was broken at Raleigh, N. C, where 
the regiment spent the night of March 23d and the day of March 24th, proceeding 
at night to Columbia, S. C. The regiment was given a great reception at Raleigh. 

March 25, 1919— March 31, 1919. 

In process of demobilization at Columbia, S. C. 



218 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

WHERE THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE ONE 

HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH GAME FROM 

HEADQUARTERS 

113th Field Artillery 

A. E. F. 

January 29, 1919. 

REPORT ON OFFICERS AND ENLISTED MEN 

1. In compliance with Paragraph 2, Memorandum No. 19, Headquarters 30th 
Division, January 27, 1919, this report is submitted in triplicate showing, from each 

separate organization of One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, the number of 
officers and enlisted men from each State represented in that organization, the same 
showing, also, the totals of the entire regiment. 

FIELD AND STAFF 

Officers Enlisted Men Total 

North Carolina 6 6 

Louisiana 1 1 

South Carolina 1 1 

Virginia 1 1 

Total 9 9 

HEADQUARTERS COMPANY 

North Carolina 3 103 112 

Tennessee 1 13 14 

Alabama 7 7 

South Carolina 5 5 

Arizona 4 4 

Illinois 1 1 2 

Maryland 1 1 

Virginia 2 2 

Colorado 3 3 

Pennsylvania 3 3 

Mississippi 1 1 

New York 2 2 

Oklahoma 1 1 

Missouri 2 2 

Iowa 1 1 

Georgia 2 2 

Washington 1 1 

Ohio 1 1 

Florida 1 1 

Connecticut 1 1 

Total 6 160 166 



Where the Officers and Men Came From 



!19 



BATTERY A 

Officers Enlisted Men 

North Carolina 2 146 

Minnesota 1 

Ohio 1 1 

New York 2 1 

Georgia 1 

Alabama 7 

Illinois 1 

Arizona 1 

Missouri 5 

Kansas 3 

New Jersey 1 

Indiana 2 

Tennessee 1 

Michigan 1 

Pennsylvania 2 

Texas 2 

Oklahoma 1 

South Carolina 2 

Maryland 1 

Total 5 180 

BATTERY B 

North Carolina 2 139 

Massachusetts 1 1 

New Jersey 1 3 

Wyoming 1 1 

Pennsylvania 1 5 

Alabama 7 

Missouri 6 

Georgia 4 

Tennessee 4 

Colorado 3 

Virginia 2 

Texas 2 

Ohio 2 

New York 2 

Arizona 1 

New Hampshire 1 

Utah 1 

Maine 1 

Indiana 1 

Total 6 186 

BATTERY C 

North Carolina 3 143 

Virginia 2 

Florida 1 

Nebraska 1 



Total 
148 

1 

2 

3 

1 

7 

1 

1 

5 

3 

1 

2 

1 

1 

2 

2 

1 

2 

1 

185 



141 
2 
4 
2 
6 
7 
6 
4 
4 
3 
2 
2 
2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



146 
2 
1 
1 



220 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Officers 

Wyoming 1 

Georgia 

Tennessee 

Colorado 

Missouri 

Arizona 

Alabama 1 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Total 5 

BATTERY D 

North Carolina 2 

Louisiana 1 

Minnesota 1 

Tennessee 

Arizona 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Mississippi 

Massachusetts 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Florida 

Missouri 

Alabama 

Illinois 

South Carolina 1 

New York 

Total 5 

BATTERY E 

North Carolina 3 

Michigan 1 

Pennsylvania 

Missouri 

Virginia 

Illinois 

Missouri 

Texas 

Massachusetts 

Pennsylvania 

Minnesota 

Ohio 

Colorado 

Kansas 

Kentucky 1 

Total 5 



Enlisted Men 


Total 





1 


1 


1 


7 


7 


1 


1 


6 


6 


1 


1 


7 


8 


2 


2 


9 


9 



181 



142 


144 





1 





1 


10 


10 


3 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


1 


5 


5 


8 


8 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


3 


3 


3 


2 


2 





1 


1 


1 



186 



151 


154 





1 


7 


7 


2 


2 


4 


4 


3 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


3 


6 


6 


1 


1 


2 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 





1 



190 



Where the Officers and Men Came From 



221 



BATTERY F 

Officers Enlisted Men 

North Carolina 3 151 

Michigan 1 

Pennsylvania 7 

Missouri 2 

Virginia 4 

Illinois 2 

Colorado 3 

Georgia 3 

Alabama 3 

Tennessee 5 

South Dakota 1 

New York 1 

Ohio 1 

Arizona 3 

New Jersey 2 

Italy 1 

Scotland 1 

Total 4 190 

SUPPLY COMPANY 

North Carolina 2 85 

Tennessee 8 

Pennsylvania 2 3 

Alabama 3 

Missouri 3 

New York 1 

Louisiana 1 

Arkansas 2 

South Dakota 2 

Virginia 1 

Colorado 8 

Georgia 1 

Total 5 117 

SANITARY DETACHMENT 

North Carolina 3 15 

South Carolina 1 

Tennessee 3 

Arkansas 4 

Wisconsin 1 

District of Columbia 1 

Total 5 23 

VETERINARY CORPS 

North Carolina 5 

Michigan 1 

Virginia 1 

Total 2 5 



Total 
154 
1 
7 
2 
4 
2 
3 
3 
3 
5 
1 
1 
1 
3 
2 
1 
1 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



CHAPLAIN 

Officers Enlisted Men Total 

North Carolina 1 1 

TOTALS FOR ENTIRE REGIMENT 

North Carolina 29 1068 1097 

Tennessee 2 49 51 

Pennsylvania 3 43 46 

Alabama 1 41 42 

Missouri 29 29 

Arizona 24 24 

South Carolina 3 17 20 

Colorado 19 19 

Virginia 2 11 13 

Georgia 12 12 

Ohio 1 9 10 

Illinois 1 9 10 

Massachusetts 1 9 10 

New Jersey 1 8 9 

New York 3 7 10 

Texas 6 6 

Arkansas 6 6 

South Dakota 5 5 

Louisiana 2 1 3 

Florida 4 4 

Kansas 4 4 

Indiana 3 3 

Michigan 2 1 3 

Wyoming 2 1 3 

Nebraska 3 3 

Minnesota 1 2 3 

Maryland 1 1 2 

Mississippi 2 2 

Oklahoma 2 2 

Iowa 1 1 

Washington 1 1 

Connecticut 1 1 

District of Columbia 1 1 

Kentucky 1 1 

Wisconsin 1 1 

Maine 1 1 

New Hampshire 1 1 

Utah 1 1 

Italy 1 1 

Scotland 1 1 

Total 59 1403 1462 

By Order of Colonel Cox: 

ALFRED W. HORTON, 
Captain, Personnel Adjutant. 

Note: On this date, January 29, 1919, the regiment was still approximately 
seventy-five per cent. North Carolinian. When called into the service on July 25, 
1917, the regiment was practically 100 per cent. North Carolinian. 



The National Guard Boys 223 

THE NATIONAL GUARD BOYS 

Roland F. Andrews, in Life. 

Didn't know much, but knew something, 

Learned while the other men played. 
Didn't delay for commissions, 

Went while the other men stayed. 
Took no degrees up at Plattsburg, 

Needed too soon for the game, 
Ready at hand to be asked for. 

Orders said: "Come!" — And they came. 

Didn't get bars on their shoulders, 

Or three months to see if they could; 
Didn't get classed with the reg'lars 

Or told they were equally good. 
Just got a job and got busy, 

Awkward they were, but intent, 
Filing no claims for exemption, 

Orders said: "Go!" — And they went. 

Didn't get farewell processions, 

Didn't get newspaper praise, 
Didn't escape the injunction 

To mend, in extenso, their ways. 
Work-bench and counter and roll-top, 

Dug in and minding their chance. 
Orders said: "First line of trenches!" 

They're holding them — somewhere in B'rance. 



" WHAT ABOUT THE HOSSES ? " 

By William V. V. Stephens 
(11th Engineers, U. S. A.) 

We had sought the sweet seclusion of an old estaminet 
And the wine-cup circulated in the old familiar way. 
We had fed our hearts on memories and talked as soldiers 

will 
Of the comrades "pushing daisies" on a barren shell- 
marked hill. 
But one Western boy was silent — never lifted up his head 
Till resentment seemed to stir him, and he raised his 
eyes and said: 

"But what about the hosses 

In the roll-call of the dead? 
Are they mentioned in the losses — 

Has a single word been said? 
Is there any simple token of their agony 

unspoken — 
Have they any wooden crosses in the valleys where 
they bled?" 



224 History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Our thoughts flew back like lightning, and across the 

brimming cup 
We saw the beasts of burden bringing ammunition up— 
The endless line of transport winding up across the hill, 
And the starving and the dying on the fields at Aubre- 

ville — 
The misery, the fortitude of those that had been gassed, 
And eyes of silent sorrow, pleading patience as they 
passed. 

Ay, "What about the horses?" 

On the blazoned scroll of Fame — 
The pulling, hauling horses, 

And the broken, blind, and lame, 
Giving every ounce of power, to the gasping 

dying hour — 
Where's the martyr in the forces played a better, 
braver game? 



THE HOME COMING 

E. W. McCULLERS 

Battery C, 113th Field Artillery. 

Along the white road winding, 

O'er meadow and low lying dell, 
Where once the night was blinding 

And the skies red with shrapnel shell; 
In crude, slow carts a-creaking, 

On past the church with broken dome; 
Still toiling, dawn a-streaking, 

France's peasants are coming home ! 



Throughout quaint villas lying, 

Abandoned are the marts of trade 
Where country-folk were buying 

Before the havoc newly made, 
With wooden shoes a-clatter 

Like traders in the streets of Rome, 
They group and go a-scatter, 

France's children are coming home! 



Beneath the sunset creeping, 

A ribbon of blue finely spun, 
An old canal is keeping 

Still the glow of the setting sun. 
On endless lines a-reaching 

Above decks of boats from the Somme 
The week's wash hangs a-bleaching, 

France's people are coming home! 



Official List of Casual! i< 



OFFICIAL LIST OF CASUALTIES OF ONE 

HUNDRED AM) THIRTEENTH 

FIELD ARTILLERY 

KILLED IN ACTION 

1st Lieut. Allan W. Douglass, Battery E, on September 12, 1918. 

Pvt. Robert L. Alston, Battery E, October 3, 1918. 

Pvt. George G. Barnes, Battery E, October 3, 1918. 

Pvt. 1st CI. Robey E. Campbell, Battery E, October 3, 1918. 

Pvt. George H. Frady, Battery B, October 5, 1918. 

Pvt. 1st CI. John W. Melton, Battery E. October 3, 1918. 

Pvt. William B. Melton, Battery E, September 12, 1918. 

Pvt. 1st CI. James W. Pittman, Headquarters Company, September 25. 1918. 

Pvt. Julius L. Teterton, Battery B, November 6, 1918. 

The lesser casualties suffered are listed in an official report submitted to G. H. 
in February, 1919, which was as follows: 



HEADQUARTERS 
113th Field Artillery 
A. E. F. 



February 12, 1919. 



From: Personnel Adjutant, 113th F. A., A. E. F. 

To: Statistical Division, G. H. Q., A. E. F. (Through 55th F. A. Brigade.) 

Subject: Report on Casualties. 

1. In compliance with Memorandum February 9th, 1919, Headquarters 30th Division, 
A. E. F., the following list of casualties is submitted: 



Name 

Baker, Irving M 

Barbour, Luther H 

Bauer, Joseph E 

Beal, James R 

Beck, Norman F 

Bentley, Jack 

Bobbitt, Lewis F 

Boney, Daniel C 

Bowman, George R 

Boyd, Claudius A 

Boyd, Heber G 

Brewer, Zebulon E 

Calloway, Jesse S 

Carsetta, Carmina 

Corson, Nelson N 

Case, Raymond A 

Craven, James E 

Coley, John D 

*Cowgill, Glenn 

Culpepper, Benjamin F. 

Culpepper, Ira J 

Cupp, Clarence B 

Davenport, John T. . . , 



Rank 


Organi- 
zation 


Nature of 
Wound 


Date 


Pvt. 1st CI. 


Btry. E 


Slight 


Sept. 12, 1918 


Sgt. 


Btry. C 


Slight 


Sept. 14, 1918 


Pvt. 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Sept. 27, 1918 


Pvt. 


Btry. C 


Gassed 


Nov. 7, 1918 


Corp. 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 7, 1918 


Pvt. 


Btry. E 


Slight 


Oct. 3, 1918 


Pvt. 1st CI. 


Btry. C 


Gassed 


Nov. 7, 1918 


Corp. 


Hdqt. Co. 


Severe 


Oct. 3, 1918 


Corp. 


Btry. E 


Slight 


Sept. 12, 1918 


Corp. 


Btry. D 


Slight 


Sept. 14, 1918 


Pvt. 1st CI. 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Sept. 23, 1918 


Corp. 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 7, 1918 


Pvt. 1st CI. 


Btry. B 


Gassed 


Nov. 7, 1918 


Pvt. 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Oct. 5, 1918 


Pvt. 


Btry. B 


Gassed 


Oct. 6, 1918 


Pvt. 


Btry. B 


Severe 


Sept. 27, 1918 


Pvt. 1st CI. 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 7, 1918 


Mech. 


Btry. C 


Slight 


Oct. 4, 1918 


Corp. 


Btry. B 


Severe 


Sept. 29, 1918 


Pvt. 1st CI. 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 7, 1918 


Pvt. 1st CI. 


Btry. A 


Severe 


Oct. 5, 1918 


Pvt. 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 7, 1918 


Pvt. 


Btry. B 


Gassed 


Oct. 8, 1918 



226 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



KILLED IN ACTION 




Pvt. 1st Class J. W. Pittman, of 
Company. 




Pvt. 1st 



■ J. W. Melton, of Battery 
E. 













Vr 


' 




. ^NH^^H 




Pvt. George G. Barnes, of Battery E. 



Pvt. 1st Class Robey E. Campbell, of 
Battery E. 




First Lieutenant Allan W. Douglass, 
of Battery E. 




Pvt. Robert L. Alston, of Battery E. 



Official List of Casualties 



Name Rank 

De Brock, Henry W Pvt. 1st CI. 

Drummond, Frank C. P 2d Lieut. 

Dunn, Walter R Pvt. 

Eubanks, Manly M Pvt. 

Foy, Council L Pvt. 1st CI. 

Frady, Clyde H Pvt. 

Garris, Ollie B Corp. 

Garrison, Loyd Pvt. 

Gibson, Alexander T Pvt. 

Gibson, James M Pvt. 

Gurga,nus, John Mech. 

Hand, Herbert T., Jr 2d Lieut. 

Hawthorne, Clarence E Pvt. 1st CI. 

Heath, Paul J Sgt. 

Hendricks, George Pvt. 

Hill, Fred G Pvt. 1st CI. 

Hope, Clarence C Corp. 

Jones, John T Pvt. 1st CI. 

Kennerly, Charles A Pvt. 

*Kirby, Rom D Pvt. 1st CI. 

Koonce, Frank B Pvt. 1st CI. 

Lucas, John C Corp. 

McDonald, Willie E Pvt. 

McLawhorne, Richard Sgt. 

Martin, Oliver Pvt. 

Massey, Ira C Corp. 

Meekins, John L Pvt. 1st CI. 

Minish, Walter R Sgt. 

Mintz, Martin N Pvt. 

Mullenmeister, William H Pvt. 

Murphy, Dean W Pvt. 

Norwood, Olin N Pvt. 

Nurkin, Jack Pvt. 

Pantle, Francis A Pvt. 

Parker, Lennie L Pvt. 

Parrish, Percy J Pvt. 1st CI. 

Patterson, Fred M Sgt. 

Pipkin, Will H Pvt. 1st CI. 

Poe, Edward J., Jr Corp. 

Pollock, Walter W Pvt. 1st CI. 

Price, Major L Pvt. 1st CI. 

Pugh, John H Pvt. 1st CI. 

Rector, Pender F Corp. 

Shelton, Conrad J Corp. 

Stambaugh, Parris Pvt. 

Summers, Everett L Pvt. 

Talbert, Burette Pvt. 

Taylor, Raymond W Pvt. 1st CI. 

Taylor, Walter Pvt. 

Thomas, Tore N Pvt. 

Vann, Robert W Pvt. 

Vaughn, Stephen E Pvt. 1st CI. 

Walker, Fred Bnd. Corp. 

Weeks, Almond C Pvt. 

Warrington, Larry F Pvt. 1st CI. 

Wilson, Jessie O Pvt. 

Winfield, Caddest M Pvt. 

White, Hubert E Corp. 

Young, Ernest E Pvt. 



Organi- 


Nature of 




zation 


Wound 






Btry. C 


Slight 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. D 


Severe 


Oct. 


6, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. B 


Gassed 


Oct. 


6, 1918 


Btry. D 


Slight 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Sept. 30, 1918 


San. Det. 


Slight 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Oct. 


5, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. F 


Slight 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. D 


Slight 


Sept. 


14, 1918 


Btry. F 


Gassed 


Oct. 


2, 1918 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Sept. 


23, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Slight 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Btry. E 


Severe 


Sept. 


12, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. D 


Slight 


Sept. 


14, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. F 


Slight 


Oct. 


6, 1918 


Btry. C 


Slight 


Oct. 


2, 1918 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Sept. 


23, 1918 


Btry. E 


Severe 


Sept. 


12, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Oct. 


29, 1918 


Btry. A 


Slight 


Sept. 


30, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. F 


Slight 


Oct. 


6, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Slight 


Sept. 


30, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Oct. 


29, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. C 


Slight 


Sept. 


14, 1918 


Btry. E 


Severe 


Sept. 


12, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. E 


Slight 


Sept. 


12, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. F 


Slight 


Oct. 


6, 1918 


Btry. F 


Slight 


Oct. 


6, 1918 


Btry. C 


Slight 


Sept. 30, 1918 


Btry. F 


Slight 


Oct. 


6, 1918 


Btry. A 


Slight 


Oct. 


1, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Oct. 


5, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Btry. C 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


San. Det. 


Severe 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Oct. 


3, 1918 


Btry. B 


Slight 


Sept. 


23, 1918 


Btry. A 


Gassed 


Nov. 


7, 1918 


Hdqt. Co. 


Gassed 


Oct. 


3, 1918 



*Died later of wounds. 



ALFRED W. HORTON, 

Captain, 113th Field Artillery, 

Personnel Adjutant. 



228 History of the 113th Field Artillery 



OFFICIAL CASUALTY LIST 

It has been impossible to secure a complete and accurate list of the 
casualties of the regiment. The War Department was appealed to in 
August for the latest list of the regiment's casualties and responded with 
the information that it was impossible to furnish such a list, owing to 
the rush of work vastly more important than that of tabulating casualties. 
It is learned from unofficial sources that two of the men listed above as 
severely wounded, Rom D. Kirby and Glenn Cowgill, died later in hospitals. 

Elsewhere in the book appear photographs of some of the men who 
were killed in action. Every effort was made to secure the picture of every 
man who fell, but they could not be secured. In some cases, the families 
refused to lend the pictures, fearing that they would never get them back, 
and in others no pictures were in existence, so far as the families knew. 



Roster of Ike 113th Field Artillery 



ROSTER OF THE ONE HUNDRED AND 

THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY ON 

THE LAST DAY OF JANUARY, 1919 



FIELD AND STAFF: 

Colonel Albert L. Cox, Commanding. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sidney C. Chambers. 

Captain Gustaf R. Westfeldt, Jr., Adju- 
tant. 

Captain Alfred W. Horton, Personnel 
Officer. 

Captain Benjamin R. Lacy, Jr., Chap- 
lain. 

First Lieutenant Caleb K. Burgess, Act- 
ing Intelligence Officer. 



FIRST BATTALION: 
Major Thaddeus G. Stem, commanding. 
Captain Kenneth M. Hardison, Adjutant. 

SECOND BATTALION: 

Major Alfred L. Bulwinkle, command- 
ing. 

Captain Robert P. Beaman, Adjutant. 



BATTERY A 

Captain 
Hanes, Robert M. 

First Lieutenant 
Royster, Beverly S., Jr. 

Second Lieutenants 
Alders, Carl. 
Cobb, George W. 
Higgins, Ernest J. 

First Sergeant 
Bell, Edward E. 

Supply Sergeant 
Jackson, George H. 

Mess Sergeant 
Torrence, Samuel M. 

Stable Sergeant 
Taylor, Dewey H. 

Sergeants 
Arnold, Troy L. 
Avery, Otis 
Bayliss, Emory J. 
Holton, Alonzo W. 
McLawhon, Richard 
Quinn, Arthur K. 
Shriver, Harry R. 
Simmons, John 
White, Luther 



Corporals 
Andrews, Clarence B. 
Avery, Ewell C. 
Beck, Norman F. 
Bell, Charles H. 
Brewer, Zebulon E. 
Carmichael, Fred W. 
Chadwick, Floyd M., Jr. 
Crawford, Thomas R. 
Creagh, John W. 
Fletcher, Marvin B. 
Furqueron, George W. 
Goings, Oscar M. 
Grantham, Zingle Z. 
Griffin, George A. 
Guyes, Adolph 
Jones, Frank F. 
Smith, Warren E. 
Wiley, Rupert H. 
Ziegler, Jacob H. 

Cooks 
Bland, James C. 
Dixon, Bertie D. 
Phillips, Othniel S. 
Taylor, Clayton S. 

Horseshoers 
Croom, Elgar W. 
Hallgreen, William 
Robinson, William W. 

Mechanics 
Campbell, Claud C. 
Ipock, Charlie L. 
Scales, Leon J. 
Wayne, McDuffie (Chief) 



Saddler 
Bray, William B. 

Buglers 
Deal, Ira W. 
Farrior, Wade H. 
Laughinghouse, Bert G. 

Privates — First Class 
Adams, Austin P. 
Barrus, Norwood G. 
Basden, John W. 
Bolinger, Ray 
Brinley, William W. 
Brewer, Thomas O 
Carter, Walter S. 
Collins, Fay Roy 
Collins, Harry H. 
Collins, Julian C. 
Conner, Amos W. 
Cooper, Oscar E. 
Culpepper, Benjamin F. 
Culpepper, Otis B. 
Daugherty, William F. 
Everington, Oda M. 
Fornes, Clyde R. 
Fornes, Guy L. 
Fox, Neverson C. 
Foy, Council L. 
Garner, Roman J. 
Gaskins, Herbert E. 
Gibson, Benjamin S. 
Harris, Fred S. 
Higgins, James A. 
Linder, Clarence R. 
McCosely, John E. 



230 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Mahaffy, Alfred L. 
Manly, Bernard R. 
Masters, Sam A. 
Moore, Walter 
Nobles, Jack 
Norris, John C. 
Norris, Levi V. 
Paul, Amos 
Pittman, Augustus F. 
Pollock, Walter W. 
Powell, William I. 
Price, Neely W. 
Salem, Shikery 
Sandlin, Liston L. 
Sykes, William F. 
Riggs, George F. 
Taylor, Frank B. 
Taylor, Fred T. 
Watson, Henry F. 
Whitley, Edward J. 
Williamson, Robert L. 

Privates 
Barrow, Joseph B. 
Basden, Carey G. 
Bell, Andrew J. 
Berry, James L. 
Bray, Walter H. 
Brewer, Charles B. 
Brooks, Robert L. 
Carlson, Albert L. 
Carver, Royal S. 
Clarks, John R. 
Coggin, Otho D. 
Conway, William C. 
Davis, Jim B. 
Dixon, William F. 
Drain, John E. 
Dunn, Walter R. 
Edwards, Isom R. 
Edwards, Willie 
Franks, Charlie L. 
Gatlin, Charlie E. 
Garner, Victor C. 
Godwin, Charles R. 
Ham, Allen B. 
Hatch, Clyde G. 
Heuser, Wilbur L. 
Hill, Joseph F. 
Hunt, Elsworth 
Jackson, Lloyd F. 
Jenkins, Samuel 
Koonce, Benjamin W. 
Kozeski, Joseph 
Lee, Andrew W. 



Linton, Levi A. 
McCarrel, Eugene R. 
McKinney, John W. 
McLendon, Moran D. 
Manning, George H. 
Mattocks, William F. 
Metts, Emery T. 
Miller, Uree L. 
Mitchell, Frederick G. 
Mullenmeister, William H. 
Newby, Tena K. 
Outlaw, Lewis W. 
Parker, Walter H. 
Peacock, John F. 
Pearce, David C. 
Phelps, Sturdivant P. 
Porter, Duncan N. 
Rawls, William J. 
Rush, William 
Ryan, Thomas A. 
Scott, Brice E. 
Scott, Livingstone A. 
Scott, Walter W. 
Shandy, George P. 
Singleton, Harrison M. 
Steekel, Alphonse 
Stowe, Lewis R. 
Sultan, William H. 
Thoma, Samuel S. 
Thompson, Eugene 
Truitt, Wiley 
Van Herwyn, Covert 
Weber, Andrew 
Westbrook, Benjamin 
White, Esra L. 
Willis, Fred P. 
Winberry, George F. 
Wolfe, Elmer E. 
Womble, Tony 
Woodard, Vance R. 
Wooten, Richard A. 
Yoselwitz, George W. 

Attached 
First Sergeant 
Harris, Raymond W. 

BATTERY B 

Captain 
Rodman, Wiley C 

First Lieutenants 
Hand, Leroy C. 
Wood, Charles H. 



Second Lieutenants 
Adler, William C. 
Supplee, Irwin S. 

ATTACHED 

Second Lieutenants 
Hedden, Ernest M. 

ENLISTED MEN 
First Sergeant 
Latham, Jesse H. 

Mess Sergeant 
Newby, Clyde M. 

Supply Sergeant 
Spruill, Wilbur C. 

Stable Sergeant 
Fleming, Robert E. 

Sergeants 
Ausbon, Clarence S. 
Bishop, Alonzo C. 
Bowen, Surry P. 
Gulley, Newton S. 
McKeel, Frank W. 
Ratcliff, Murphy O. 
Respess, Elbert J. 
Ross, Leonard E. 
Jones, Fred W. 
Woolard, Jesse E. 

Corporals 
Bagwell, Marshall E. 
Barr, Eston M. 
Best, Floyd C. 
Brooks, Claude M. 
Bunch, Raymond L. 
Campbell, Harvey L. 
Cherry, William G 
Cole, Robert E. 
Davis, Clarence 
Dempsey, Theodore 
Everett, Charlie G. 
Faucette, Holt P. 
Goldsmith, Clarence D. 
Harris, William P. 
Harrison, Jatha H. 
Harvey, Bonner W. 
Hassell, William L 
Hatsell, George L. 
Houston, Laird B. 
Hudnell, Armistead B. 
Kelley, Fred L. 
Shelton, Warren C. 



Roster of (he 113th Field \rlillery 



23 1 



Cooks 
Blount, Nollie W. 
Forrest, Henry D. 
Lilley, Grover C. 

Chief Mechanic 
Proctor, James K. 

Mechanics 
Cox, Sidney J. 
Hardee, David L. 
Tripp, Joseph E. 

HORSESHOERS 

Hamilton, John W. 
Price, John D. 
Waters, Purvis 

Saddler 
Sanford, John B. 

Privates, First Class 
Alligood, Heber E. 
Asby, James D. 
Barnett, Jesse C. 
Baynor, Dennis S. 
Beacham, Clayton 
Boyd, Jesse 
Boyd, Justus E. 
Brookshire, Fred B. 
Canady, Alonzo 0. 
Chase, Wright A. 
Cleary, Wilson 
Corey, Benjamin R. 
Corey, John J. A. 
Cox, Herbert 
Cox, Miles 0. 
Cutler, Ralph J. 
Davis, Ralph T. 
Eborn, Byron T. 
Fulk, Eckle 
Fulford, Reginald C. 
Gattis, Robert 
Goddard, Roy D. 
Gosnell, Howard 
Hales, Pete 
Hamilton, Henry N. 
Janoski, Joe C. 
Jones, John T. 
Leary, Sam E. 
Lewis, Charles F. 
Meekins, John L. 
Mills, Aaron 
Myers, Willie C. 
Pait, Ippie C. 
Preddy, Leonidas L. 



Ratcliff, Wiley J. 
Sawyer, Grover E. 
Singleton, Albert L. 
Skittletharpe, Dewey 
Sullivan, Sam A. 
Swain, Robert S. 
Swindell, Charlie B 
Tankard, Bruce D. 
Warren, William H. 
Willis, Aurelius H. 
Woolard, Daniel R. 
Yates, Rover J. 

Privates 
Alligood, John W. 
Alarcon, Augusto 
Ankle, Stephen L. 
Arrowwood, Isaac A. 
Baker, Guy 
Baynor, Howard M. 
Bonner, George L., Jr. 
Boyd, Claudius A. 
Brown, Thad 
Campbell, James H. 
Coney, Houston 
Celbusky, John 
Chapman, Clark 
Cratch, William T. 
Cox, Edward C. 
Davenport, John T. 
Dorgan, James A. 
Ewell, William B. 
Elkins, Harvey L. 
Fletcher, Alfred C. 
Fling, Dever C. 
Garrison, Lloyd 
Giles, Rollin L. 
Gosnell, Carl 
Green, Tillman L. 
Guthrie, Horace T. 
Hardison, Charlie W. 
Harris, Homer I. 
Harris, Clayton H. 
Harrington, Ronald J. 
Hartis, Monroe C. 
Hoffman, Earl J. 
Hopkins, Thomas 
Jefferson, William M. 
Kelley, Wiley H. 
King, Alton E. 
Leary, Charles J. 
Letchworth, Floyd T. 
Mathews, Otis A. 
Marines, Andrew G. 
McCafferey, Edward J. 



McKeel, James T. 
McKinney, Robert W. 
Morris, Henry C. 
Moore, Beverly B. 
Moore, Edward G. 
Moore, Lonzer 
Moore, Ernest L. 
Mullins, Loyd J. 
Newman, Phillip E 
Orr, Luther 
Patterson, Ernest R. 
Pew, Sam 
Pinkham, John R. 
Pittard, Raleigh C. 
Redmon, Charles B. 
Richards, John L. 
Reeder, Lester L. 
Roper, William B. 
Rowe, Cephus 
Sanderson, Whitmel F. 
Singleton, Fred W. 
Slade, George J. 
Spruill, Moye W. 
Stephens, Willie 
Stokes, William A . 
Stripling, Joseph I.. 
Stoneham, Hartwell 
St. Clair, Oscar 
Swank, William 
Taylor, Bonnie K. 
Thompson, John D. 
Thomas, Lore H. 
Thomas, Josh B. 
Vanpelt, Albert 
Warren, Mack D. 
Weston, John H. 
Weston, Ray R. 
Wheeler, Clarence 
Wiggins, Lan M. 
Williams, William E. 
Woolard, Charlie W. 
Woolard, Millard E. 
Mars, Johnnie 
Pilley, George P. 
Smith, Arthur M. 
Smith, Charles A. 

ATTACHED 

First Sergeant 
Blount, William A.. Jr. 

Sergeants 
Willis, David R. 
Fulcher, Burnie E 



23: 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Chief Mechanic 
Potter, Baker W. 

Mechanic 
Corson, Nelson M. 

Privates — First Class 
Boyd, John F. 
Boyd, Heber G. 
Johnson, David R. 
Lucas, James C. 

BATTERY C 

Captain 
McLendon, Lennox P. 

First Lieutenants 
Gattis, Samuel M., Jr. 
Simmons, Enoch B. 

Second Lieutenants 
Chapman, Andrew J. 
Works, Charles E. 

First Sergeant 
Carroll, Joseph J. 

Supply Sergeant 
Moore, DeWitt T. 

Stable Sergeant 
Atwater, Roland L. 

Mess Sergeant 
Thompson, William R. 

Sergeant 
Andrews, Charles L. 
Ashe, John G. 
Bradsher, John H. 
Dixon, Wyatt T. 
Mann, Weaver G. 
Lawson, William L. 
Pearson, June E. 
Warren, Willard J. 

Corporals 
Benson, Hubert H. 
Brogden, William K. 
Byrum, Claude R. 
Davis, Calvin L. 
Enock, Julius 
Featherston, George T. 
Glass, Littleton J. 
Hudgins, John G., Jr. 
Hunt, Clarence M. 



Keith, Hudie C. 
Latta, Samuel T., Jr. 
Latta, John W. 
Massey, Ira C. 
McQueary, Ralph 
Nowell, Will C. 
O'Briant, Elijah C. 
Peterson, Julius A. 
Poythress, Leary P. 
Straughan, William R. 
White, Joseph A. 
Wilson, Ollie C. 
Wrenn, Earl R. 
Yates, Grover C. 

Sergeants 
Shepard, Leland C. 

Saddler 
Eubanks, Willis S. 

Horseshoers 
Roberts, Dufford I. 
Ray, Atlas M. 
Sparrow, Marion B. 

Chief Mechanic 
Temple, Hubert L. 

Mechanics 
O'Brien, Ben 
Copeland, Wallace V. 

Bugler 
Allen, Jordan W. 

Cooks 
Hundley, Herod H. 
McCauley, John W. 
Burns, William C. 
Reeves, Norman O. 

Privates — First Class 
Baum, Andrew 
Berry, Jerome G. 
Blake, Walter L. 
Bradsher, Landon C. 
Bylund, Carl E. 
Clayton, Colonel S. 
Coleman, George L. 
Coley, Ernest 
Conway, George W. 
Cook, Thomas R. 
Cummings, Captain 
Evans, John S. 
Gates, Thomas G. 
Gentry, Roy J. 



Glenn, William B. 
Hall, Tolbert 
Hodge, John W. 
Jones, Daniel R. 
McFarland, Frank H. 
McKinney, Ummie L. 
Martin, Elbert W. 
Martin, Robert W. 
Norwood, Grady P. 
Norwood, Lewis 
Pendergraft, Lacy E. 
Phillips, Charlie P. 
Porterfield, George F. 
Riggsbee, James J. 
Stephens, John F. 
Strickland, Clarence M. 
Suitt, Volnar R. 
Warren, John W. 
Williams, Ernest E. 
Winberry, Mack D. 

Privates 
Adcock, Edwin W. 
Atwater, Frank P. 
Baker, Andrew J. 
Baker, Brantley F. 
Bailey, Otho M. 
Bailey, William G. 
Beal, Terrell B. 
Bobbitt, Louis R. 
Boone, Harvey F. 
Boone, David J. 
Buchanan, Elbert W. 
Burch, Wallace C. 
Caldwell, Oliver R. 
Canady, George A. 
Cates, Thomas W. 
Cheek, DeWitt G. 
Ciancio, Giuseppe 
Clark, Elmer E. 
Cole, Fred C. 
Cooper, Martin I. 
Cox, Walter W. 
Crabtree, Ova W. 
Creech, Willie H. 
Crew, Early E. 
Davis, Clarence V. 
Davis, John T. 
Dixon, Jasper A. 
Dyson, Adam T. 
Earnhardt, Very B. 
Fortenberry, Jeff T. 
Fowler, Charlie 
Foushee, Phillip A. 
Franklin, Frank C. 



Hosier of the 113th Field Artillery 



Gilleland, Loyd M. 
Glenn, Richard 
Grady, John 
Gray, Staley E. 
Gusmus, Frank J. 
Hackney, Mike G. 
Harward, Jesse 
Harward, Joseph L. 
Hefner, Sherrill L. 
Hubbard, James 0. 
James, Smith 
Keith, Wade H. 
Lane, William C. 
Lanius, Radcliffe E. 
Latta, Moses J. 
Long, Gibbons 
Long, Perlyman 
Malone, James C. 
Moore, Julius L. 
McBane, Premier S. 
McBroom, William U. 
Newsome, Leonard 
Neville, Robert 
Oakley, William 
Owen, Edd B. 
Paschall, Sam 
Pate, William G. 
Pendergraft, Leroy W. 
Pendergrass, Robert B. 
Pendergrass, Henry 
Pierce, Walter 
Polla, John 
Price, Robert L. 
Pritchard, John 
Pry, Paul C. 
Richards, Hughey J. 
Riley, Yancey T. 
Rimmer, Calvin W. 
Rimmer, Robert L. 
Robbins, Willis H. 
Roberts, Ernest S. 
Rogers, Ernest R. 
Rogers, Harry W. 
Rosso, Ernest 
Schamberg, William 
Schmeltz, Gurney 
Secula, Martin 
Shields, Jesse C. 
Smith, Lester V. 
Stansbury, John R. 
Stevens, Bill 
Thomas, Benton 
Thomas, Floyd 
Thomas, George F. 
Touchstone, Chester H. 



Towry, Henry C. 
Vickers, William M. 
Vuncannon, Lawrence D. 
Wiggs, William E. 
Waggoner, Herman 
Yearby, Hubert 

BATTERY D 

Captain 
Vairin, Nugent B., Jr. 

First Lieutenants 
Baugham, William E. 
Dixon, Richard D. 

Second Lieutenants 
Chiles, William T. 
Schmidt, Richard D. 

First Sergeant 
Crowell, Andrew B. 

Mess Sergeant 
Blalock, Balfour C. 

Supply Sergeant 
Williams, Moses W. 

Stable Sergeant 
Huntley, Franklin B. 

Sergeants 
Bobbitt, Nero T. 
Boylin, James G. 
Eubanks, Benjamin F. 
Foster, Clyde A. 
Harmon, John O. 
Hutchinson, James H. 
Laney, Charles H. 
Price, Lloyd 
Wilson, Percy N. 
Williams, Fred E. 
Woods, Bailey R. 

Corporals 
Austin, John W. 
Austin, Meak E. 
Carlton, Ellis. 
Clontz, Ernest J. 
Gaddy, Wilburn E. 
Hayes, James R. 
Heath, Albert G. 
Hinson, James J. 
Knapp, Edson W. 
Lang, James C. 



Lowery, Sidney E. 
Lockey, Clyde T. 
McManus, Horace 
Nelson, Peter O. 
Niven, Thomas L. 
Robinson, John A. 
Robinson, Edwin C. 
Smith, Edgar H. 
Stephenson, Silas R. 
Tipton, David C. 

Cooks 
Coan, George P. 
Driscoll, Jeremiah 
Porter, Claude B. 
Teal, Fred L. 

Horseshoers 
Gay, Raymond R. 
Moseley, Lee 
Starnes, James W. 

Mechanics 
Maner, June S. 
Minor, Joseph H. 
Ensminger, Lewis B. 

Saddler 
Rivers, Alfred R. 

Bugler 
Phipps, Charles I. 

Privates — First Class 
Adams, John B. 
Arwood, Wiley J. 
Austin, Oscar B. 
Bailey, Charles C. 
Benton, Sebron L. 
Bittle, John F. 
Brooks, Ben 
Broom, Joseph A. 
Cagle, William C. 
Collins, James W. 
Eddins, John E. 
Frazier, Leonard 
Gaddy, Thomas C. 
Gash, Charles S. 
Griffin, John C. 
Harrington, John G. 
Hildebrand, James F. 
Huntley, Frank L. 
Kirby, Julian D. 
Lewis, Julian E. 
McGaha. John 
Merrell, Allen J. 



234 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Neighbors, Tom N. 
Niven, Smith O. 
Plyler, Isom R. 
Preslar, Gilbert 
Price, Joseph M. 
Redfearn, James D. 
Reynolds, Victor H. 
Rice, Anderson G. 
Roe, Kirby T. 
Rogers, Ellison Y. 
Rule, Archie D. 
Russell, Joe 
Saltz, Fanning A. 
Sells, George S. 
Smathers, Lawrence M. 
Smith, George N. 
Thomas, James F. 
Wicker, Andrew V. 
Williams, Edmund D. 

Privates 
Baker, William 
Ballard, John P. 
Ballard, Lewis 
Bass, Edward C. 
Belk, Luther L. 
Belk, Robert D. 
Bressett, David 
Brinkley, Marvin 
Bryant, Willie L. 
Burney, Franklin C. 
Butcher, Wince 
Byrne, James J. 
Carpenter, Alonza 
Coan, Flow C. 
Cole, Adolphus S. 
Cook, Harry O. 
Davis, John B. 
Davis. William M. 
Derrick, James Q. 
Dula, Robert B. 
Duke, James B. 
Edwards, Samuel J. 
Elfgen, Henry, Jr. 
Elias, Edward E. 
English, Archie 
Erwine, Edward J., Jr. 
Estes, Roy E. 
Evans, Glen C. 
Evans, Sue 
Freeman, Dewey M. 
Funderburke, Julian H. 
Gaddy, Kemp 
Gagner, Ovide 
Garland, Thomas 



Goodwin, Fletcher J. 
Gordon, James P. 
Griffith, Hugh W. 
Griggs, Henry B. 
Hammonds, William R. 
Hart, Charles N. 
Harwood, Walter M. 
Helms, Clarence H. 
Henderson, Aaron D. 
Hendricks, Carl 
Honey cutt, John F. 
Jones, James C. 
King, Lewis H. 
King, Ernest 
Knotts, Lee R. 
Larocque, Adam 
Laughter, Kimzie 
Lewis, John I. 
Lively, John E. 
Lowery, Dewey T. 
McClure, Reben C. 
McRae, Henry E. 
Mankins, Walter A. 
Meihenheinier, Martin M. 
Morris, William M. 
Moseley, Frank W. 
McCorkle, John W. 
Mullis, Roy P. 
Myers, William 
Nickel, James H. 
O'Brien, Condie A. 
O'Neal, Eugene J. 
Northern, Orba R. 
Packer, Ernest T. 
Parker, James B. 
Powell, Eleby D. 
Powers, Henry 
Pratt, Jesse J. 
Repe, Roy C. 
Rice, Walter 
Rogalsky, Sylvester 
Ryan, William F. 
Shelton, Early 
Smith, Bernard C. 
Smith, Eary T. 
Stewart, Charles L. 
Stigge, Julius 
Tarlton, Isaiah 
Taylor, Owen 
Thomas, Las 
Thomas, Paul 
Thompson, Ernest A. 
Todd, Joseph B. 
Troutman, Harry G. 
West, Jones C. 



Williams, Clemmie T. 
Wilson, Fred E. 
Wineeoff, Mack W. 
Winfree, Carroll W. 
York, Grady 
Zabiegalski, Anthony. 



BATTERY E 

Captain 
Crayton, Louis B 

First Lieutenant 
Duncan, William B. 

Second Lieutenants 
Barnett, Marshall S. 
Boswell, Russell N. 
Dosker, Cornelius 

First Sergeant 
Tuttle, Ira G. 

Supply Sergeant 
Annas, Perry D. 

Mess Sergeant 
Laxton, Bynum 

Stable Sergeant 
Smith, Herbert G. 

Sergeants 
Annas, Rufus A. 
Craven, Ronald A. 
Elrod, Roby E. 
Engleblom, Emil S. 
Greer, George D. 
Ingle, Herbert F. 
Leonard, Rex E. 
Loville, Romulus R. 
Smelser, Guy S. 
Suddreth, Thomas L. 
Williams, Charles R. 

Corporals 
Boyle, Lavan H. 
Deal, Everette P. 
Dixon, Morton K. 
Downs, Joe B. 
Pennell, Carl W. 
Foley, Martin J. 
Gross, Cleve L. 
Gross, James T. 
Hood, James B. 
Isbell, Homer L. 



Rosier of the 113th Field Artillery 



Killian, Robley C. 
McGowan, Rufus S. 
O'Donnell, Thomas C. 
Sherrill, Knox F. 
Shuford, Russell R. 
Teague, John G. 
Wright, Orville P. 

Chief Mechanic 
Wright, Wilkes W. 

Mechanics 
Arnolds, Harvey N. 
Ur.derdown, Milton A. 
Winkler, John B. 

Saddler 
Childers, Richard C. 

Horseshoers 
Austin, Leonard 
Honeycutt, Robert L. 

Cooks 
Bean, Walter L. S. 
Bush, Thurman 
Curtis, Burton M. 
Curtis, Joe A. 

Buglers 
Childers, Willie C. 
Dickey, Florian F. 
Melton, William E. 

Privates — First Class 
Alley, Arthur N. 
Anderson, James 
Andrews, Horace L.' 
Andrews Roby L. 
Austin, Junie 
Barber Dedrich S. 
Barry, John F. 
Bailey, William T. 
Barnes, Marion G. 
Benfield, Oliver L. 
Carter, Foye C. 
Childers, Foye C. 
Church, Midus J. 
Cook, Horace C. 
Clark, Henry C. 
Clark, Oliver L. 
Cline, Steril 
Davis, Ernest C. 
Elrod, Fred G. 
Fleming, William O. 
Foiles, Herbert M. 



Hamilton, Roy B. 
Hartley, Gwyn S. 
Johnson, Ralph L. 
Keller, Lee 0. 
Lindsay, Charles S. 
Lowder, William C. 
Lovins, Grover C. 
McGee, Julius L. 
Melton, Steel F. 
Moore, Arthur K. 
Moore, Parks C. 
Muncher, William C. 
Munday, Lynn M. 
Nelson, Albert J. 
Pitts, Lester J. 
Seehorn, William W. 
Siqueiros, Francisco C. 
Smith, Jesse R. 
Turnmire, Ralph D. 
Weathers, Bailey D. 
Weathers, Harrison A. 
White, Barney R. 

Privates 
Allen, Edward G. 
Allen, Charles D. 
Armstrong, James E. 
Ash worth, Ted 
Baker, Irving M. 
Barnes, Stewart J. 
Beard, Lloyd 
Bradshaw, Robert L. 
Breeden, Luther 
Brown, Stewart T. 
Brown, Joseph C. 
Brown, Roby E. 
Cartwright, Albert 
Cass, John H. 
Church, Willard V. 
Chavez, Carlos 
Coffey, Grover C. 
Cook, Hamilton H. 
Cooper, George D. 
Clark, George F. 
Craig, Boone 
Crump, William G. 
Dixon, William W. 
Duff, James F. 
Edmisten, Hansford 
Ernest, Will A. 
Evans, Earl 0. 
Ferguson, Theodore D. 
Filento, James B. 
Fischer, Alphonse J. 
Gause, George M. 



Goble, Floyd Q. 
Gray, George 
Hahn, Clifford 
Hailey, Norval H. 
Halcombe, Frank 
Hall, Guy 
Harris, Evan A. 
Haywood, William L. 
Hewett, Henry R. 
Hodges, Edward G. 
Hoke, Edgar E. 
Hoyle, Bryant 
Hughes, Harry E. 
Hutchinson, Charles 
Ingle, Oscar M. 
Jackson, Claude E. 
Jennings, Thomas A. 
Jones, Elmer 
Journigan, Warner 
Kelley, Thomas F. 
Kluttz, William P. 
Krepps, David C. 
Lail, Alex R. 
Lockamy, Eii 
McAlpin, Cass R. 
McCluney, John H. 
Mahaffey, Otis 
Marley, James L. 
Maltba, Russell 
Melton, Torrence 
Melvin, Raymond P. 
Mullee, Thomas E. 
Moore, Granville S. 
Norman, Jim J. 
Parsons, Joseph M. 
Ray, Oscar W. 
Roach, George L. 
Rodgers, Sinclair 
Robinson, Thomas M. 
Roof, Floyd A. 
Sanders, Fred 
Sanders, Haywood 
Sellers, Wyatt A. 
Sides, Willis V. 
Smith, Thomas O. 
Story, Romulus L. 
Steel, John 
Suddreth, Horace B. 
Tate, Vann 
Teague, Oliver M. 
Teague, John R. 
Teague, Claude E. 
Thompson, John H. 
Travis, Frank V. 
Treisch, Loyd 



236 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Taylor, George W. 
Turner, William W. 
Vannoy, Arthur W, 
Watson, Willard 
Whitesides, Jim 
Winebarger, Walter H. 
Woodell, Hector J. 
Wright, Baxter 
Yearby, Robert V. 



BATTERY F 

Captain 
Morrison, Reid R. 

First Lieutenants 
Allison, Eugene 
Dodge, James P. Jr. 

Second Lieutenants 
Hamilton, Carl C. 
McManus, James F. 

First Sergeant 
Hill, Thomas M. 

Mess Sergeant 
Powell, Joseph C. 

Supply Sergeant 
Fink, Eugene D. 

Stable Sergeant 
Lipe, Jacob W. 

Sergeants 
Beard, Joseph R. 
Choate, McLin S. 
Clarey, Ernest C. 
Kelly, Jesse R. C. 
Kincaid, Julius N. 
Mills, Lonnie N. 
Newell, Henry B. 
Ritch, Charles F. 
Sappenfield, Roy C. 
Sherrill, Paul M. 

Corporals 
Alexander, James C. 
Caldwell, Robert V. Jr. 
Caldwell, Raymond 
Campbell, Frank A. 
Cornelius, William E. 
Costner, William T, 
Donaldson, Eugene J. 
Fogus, Otway C. 



Hope, Clarence C. 
Howard, James C. 
Ivey, Henry W. 
Johnson, William S. 
Mangum, Curtis W. 
McNeely, James F. 
Potts, Leon A. Jr. 
Query, Stafford N. 
Ritchie, Ralph L. 
Rodgers, John B. 
Sellers, Charles G. 
Stough, Samuel T. 
Walkup, Samuel L. 
Ward, Grady N. 
Williford, Brice J. 
Wrenn, Eugene L. 

Chief Mechanic 
Duckworth, Ralph J. 

Mechanics 
Harwell, Jesse L. 
Kerr, Guilford A. 
Newell, William G. 

Horseshoers 
Jessup, Luther A. 
Morefield, Charlie 
Vernon, Wiley G. 

Saddler 
Pratt, Lester D. 

Cooks 
Bennett, Joe C. 
Garren, Frank M. 
Moore, Lonnie 
Tickle, Arthur 

Buglers 
Simms, Eskel L. 
Swangim, Frank 
Weddington, Frank 

Privates — First Class 
Alexander, Millard S. 
Alexander, Robert D. 
Anderson, Baxter W. 
Bradley, James N. 
Brown, Houston G. 
Brown, Marshall F. 
Bumgarten, Edward R. 
Cathey, Henry M. 
Deaton, Homer W. 
Duling, Harry E. 
Ebel, Otto H. 



Fink, Clarence L. 
Graham, Elbert L. 
Harroway, Bayloss S. 
Isenhower, Smiley 
Johnson, Mason W. 
Kerr, Ed H. 
Kuper, John J. 
Lacy, Thomas A. 
Linn, Harold C. 
Martinez, Jack 
Miller, Rufus C. 
Moore, Howard E. 
Morris, Leo L. 
Nelson, William F. 
Perkins, Arthur W. 
Pharr, Samuel L. 
Phillips, Martin W. 
Potts, Lewis 
Rhodes, Carl L. 
Ridenhour, Homer L. 
Russell, William F. 
Saddler, Wildan 
Sappenfield, James A. 
Savage, Frank 
Smith, Donald P. 
Smith, Martin L. 
Teague, Arthur 
Teague, Thomas W. 
Thompson, Herbert W. 
Tilly, William W. 
Thompkinson, Francis B. 
Turner, James W. 
Wadsworth, John B. 
White, James A. 
Wingard, Ralph J. 
Wyatt, William D. 

Privates 
Albright, Henry L. 
Ballard, Joseph C. 
Beam, Elmer N. 
Bell, Walter A. 
Bolick, Harry W. 
Brown, Claude C. 
Burke, Joseph E. 
Caldow, Alexander R. 
Caccarelli, Leno 
Christie, Rome G. 
Christenbury, Ed. 
Cobbler, Percy D. 
Cole, Robertson B. 
Coley, Raymond C 
Cowan, Alley 
Crabb, John H. 
Craig, John M. 



Roster of the 113th Field Artillery 



237 



Crews, Ernest W. 
Davis, Burpee 
Edsil, Edgar G. 
Edwards, William L. 
Fisher, Clyde J. 
Fisher, David F. 
Florence, John P. 
Fortune, Carl L. 
Fortune, Claude E. 
Fortune, George W. 
Fowler, Oliver 
Fulham, John M. 
Gillespie, Luther W. 
Gillespie, Claude E. 
Goodson, Bob 
Goss, Doy E. 
Gravely, Charles B. 
Head, William H. 
Heglar, Everett J. 
Heglar, Lester A. 
Helm, Lafayette H. 
Hendley, Lindsey M. 
Hill, Hamilton 0. 
Inman, John P. 
Johnston, Samuel C. 
Jones, Bossy 
Kennerly, Clarence 
King, Stephen B. 
Knowles, Carl 
Lehman, John S. 
Lovett, William M. 
Markey, Robert C. 
Maroney, Thomas J. 
Marcus, Arthur J. 
Martin, Frank 
Mayhew, Prescott 
McCarty, Amos 
McLaughlin, Neal 
Mercier, Alfred 
Michael, Ernest I. 
Montooth, Frank L. 
Moore, John P. 
Morris, John R. 
Mosier, Otis 
McNicholes, James M. 
Neal, Jim 
Newton, John W. 
Norwood, Olin N. 
Owens, Bob 
Philemon, Clarence L. 
Powell, Will 
Pruitt, Ira T. 
Rozier, Alex Z. 
Sherrill, Glenn Z. 
Shoultz, Colbert J. 



Simon, Benjamin W. 
Simons, Fletcher 
Simpkins, Jesse E. 
Smith, Henry M. 
Steinbach, Frederick 
Stutts, Brooks L. 
Swangim, Doll 
Tilly, John J. 
Thrift, Ulysses V. 
Turner, Arthur C. 
Van Nortwick, David T. 
Van Pelt, Carl G. 
Vickers, Walter S. 
Wardlow, Robert 
Webster, Charles A. 
Weddington, John C. 
Womack, Clifton P. 
Wilson, Thomas H. 
Young, Miles H. 



HEADQUARTERS CO. 

Captain 
Boyce, Erskine E. 

First Lieutenants 
Bennett, Horace C. 
Mears, Christian E. 
Whittaker, William P. 

Second Lieutenants 
Crenshaw, William A. 
Guion, Owen H. 

Regimental Sergt. 
Major 
Lambert, Jacob E. 
Dimmette, Laudie E. 

Battalion Sergeant 
Major 
Capps, Marvin M. 
Pollard, Hugh C. 

Band Leader 
Kozak, James 0. 

First Sergeant 
Henderson, Ralph L. 

Assistant Band Leader 
Troostwyk, Leo 



Sergeant Bugler 
McGuirt, Robert G. 

Band Sergeants 
Thomas, Raymond D. 
Wood, Fred W. 
Huff, William N. 
Crick, Leonard D. 

Color Sergeants 
Huntley, Wilbon O. 
Taylor, George N. 

Supply Sergeant 
Brewer, Charles E. 

Mess Sergeant 
Burger, Karl P. 

Stable Sergeant 
Batchelor, David C 

Sergeants 
Boseman, Luther W. 
Collie, William Y 
Corey, Arthur B. 
Edmundson, Marvin M. 
Dorsette, Carey E. 
Harris, Talton E. 
Heins, Max T. 
Graham, George 
Mallard, Liston L. 
Mauldin, Roman L. 

Corporals 
Allen, William H. 
Benoy, Arthur W. 
Chapman, John S. 
Corlee, Fred E. 
Coughenour, William 
Edwards, Robert H. 
Fleming, George P 
Harrington, Eugene W. 
Hawley, William A. 
Hilliard, James B. 
Hood, Carl L. 
Jeffress, Irvin H. 
Johnson, Walter C. 
Knott, George W. 
Leslie, John T. 
McGuire, Neal W. 
McQueen, Daniel M. 



238 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Moore, Elmer B. 
Nash, Sam N. 
O'Connor, Charles A. 
Pate, Bernice M. 
Phillips, Walter S. 
Ross, Hugh L. 
Russel, Benjamin S. 
Taylor, Eugene McA. 
Valentine, Itimous T. 
Westbrook, Oliver A. 
Wilson, Leo G. 

Band Corporals 
Holt, Fred M. 
Jones, Thaddeus E. 
Miller, William A. 
Younger, Edgar 

Mechanic 
Lewis, Leroy W. 

Horse shoers 
Eubanks, Richard D. 
Poe, Albert 

Saddler 
Hill, Ernest W. 

Cooks 
Bell, John V. 
Denton, Allen 
Suther, Charles A. 



Buglers 
Robbins, Carl L. 

Corporal Bugler 
Vincent, Tracey A. 

Privates — First Class 
Atkins, Thomas N. 
Abboud, James 
Brantley, Sherwood 
Blum, Frederick L. 
Brookshire, John W. 
Carter, Emmett W. 
Chandler, Martin G. 
Coop, John A. 
Cone, Levi T. 
Clark, Nathan C. 
Faletti, Chris. 
Gatlin, Samuel B. 
Highsmith, Albert Z. 
Knudsen, John T. 
Lambert, Lacy T. 
Lowrey, Wesley S. 
Marppey, John 
McQueen, David F. 
Moseley, Thomas G. 
Perry, Williford 
Pulley, Claud H. 
Rouse, Paisley E. 
Sharpe, Cecil A. 
Stancil, Sim C. 
Thomas, Frank, Jr. 
Tilley, Alvah H. 



Kelley, Grady 
King, Herbert N. 
Kitchens, Charles L. 
Klucker, Howard E. 
Klutz, Harvey A. 
Mason, Zack C. 
Matheney, James T. 
Matheney, John E. 
McElroy, Earl 
Moore, Alexander S. 
Murray, Charles A. 
Mitchner, Robert K. 
Mizzell, Charlie M. 
Moore, Granville K. 
Mori, Emile E. 
McWhorter, Olin S. 
Overholster, John F. 
Phillips, Weaver 
Shelton, James M. 
Sigman, Robert V. 
Smith, Will 
Smith, Royce C. 
Smith, Edgar L. 
Smyre, Ernest D. 
Rohrbaugh, Paul M. 
Rush, William E. 
Thomas, Robert L. 
Thornburg, Herbert N. 
Whitworth, Robert V. 
White, William H. 
Wilson, Walter L. 
Walters, George F. 
Wagoner, William G. 
Young, Ernest E. 



First Class Musicians 
Crumpton, Grover C. 
Danieley, Joseph W. 
Davis, Earl M. 
Moncrieff, Phillip W. 
Suther, Colon B. 

Second Class Musicians 
Demarcus, William N. 
Farrington, Marshall 
Gardner, Loris W. 
Graham, Thomas I. 
Lentz, John W. 
Lynch, John M. 
Matthewson, Paul J. 
Messer, Pressie L. 
Miles, Eli C. 



Privates 
Baugham, Seth B. 
Blomberg, Alex. 
Bradley, Fred L. 
Brown, Frank J. 
Carraway, Ezra A 
Chandler, Elisha 
Cummings, George D. 
Doyle, Henry V. 
Gavin, Lewis A. 
Green, William B. 
Gurganious, John B. 
Hale, Arthur E. 
Hall, Robert F. 
Heiss, Walter M. 
Hamilton, Waite F. 
Jones, Linwood L. 
Johnson, Orris E. 



SUPPLY COMPANY 

Captain 
Fletcher, Arthur L. 

First Lieutenant 
Lonergon, Joseph 

Second Lieutenants 
Bolt, John P. 
Lingle, John C. 
Stackpole, Albert H. 

Regtl. Supply Sergeants 
Chance, William H. 
Whaling, George W. 



Roster of the 113th Field Artillery 



239 



First Sergeant 
Conrad, William J. 

Sergeants 
Jones, Barney L. 
Reid, William N. 

Stable Sergeant 
Bridgers, Otho T. 

Mess Sergeant 
Long, Clyde C. 

Supply Sergeant 
Sauls, Harvin A. 

Corporals 
Brassfield, James 
Donovan, Claude C. 
Erwood, Charles W. 
Hall, Melvin I. 

Cooks 
Brewer, Henry H. 
Galloway, Johnnie E. 
Craig, DeWitt 
Hiatt, Alvin L. 
Kirkman, William C. 
Tally, Roy B. 

Horseshoers 
Johnson, Nathan 
Kennedy, Fred H. 
Martin, Joseph E. 

Saddlers 
Burton, Henry T. 
Ray, Samuel 

Mechanics 
Allen, Jessie 
Cutts, Lewis E. 
Lilly, Lyman B. 

Wagoners 
Allison, Dolph 
Barr, Ed 

Billingsley, Frank T. 
Blagburn, Walter A. 



Brown, Emery N. 
Brown, Wilbur W. 
Brown, William D. 
Burk, Ivan 0. 
Carden, Lee 
Clontz, Avery B. 
Collins, Thomas C. 
Crawford, John F. 
Crump, Pet 
Davey, Norman E. 
Finton, Guy 
Fowler, Mont A. 
Gibson, Joel T. 
Gore, James V. 
Grime, Arthur W. 
Hainline, Lester E. 
Harney, Edward L. 
Hart, John G. 
Haynes, Clarence A. 
Henley, Marvin 
Hudson, William R. 
Jones, Mallie 
Keziah, Richard A. 
Koonce, Woodley J. 
McBride, Bartlette 
McKeithan, William R. 
Mabe, James T. 
Morgan, Monroe 
Nash, Jessie R. 
Nash, Levi 
Payne, James O. 
Perry, Thomas 
Phillips, Charles N. 
Plyler, Appleton 
Reber, Guy 
Seeman, Leroy R. 
Sides, William A. 
Southerland, Lindon 
Steele, Pinckney J. 
Stewart, Ben C. 
Tyndall, William 
Wells, Rolin V. 
White, Thomas G. 
Whittington, Charles C. 
Williams, Coon W. 
Ziege, Walter O. 

Privates — First Class 

Edwards, Joseph O. 
McNeely, Robert L. 
Murray, Samuel G. 
Sauerman, Robert P. 
Southerland, Elbert F. 
Williams, James F. 



Privates 
Alfonso, Gimi 
Bass, John J. 
Bilderback, Sidney B. 
Bloodworth, James H. 
Boyette, William L. 
Brookshire, John W. 
Calahan, Arthur L. 
Carpenter, James W. 
Colvin, Cleveland 
Edwards, Charles A. 
Furr, Titus L. 
Haney, Oscar C. 
Mendenhall, Sir Walter 
Moffitt, Lacy A. 
McGan, Eugene 
Robertson, Phillip R. 
Taylor, Jonah C. 
Townsend, Walter 
Wardlaw, Robert 
Young, Miles H. 



ENLISTED ORDNANCE 
CORPS ATTACHED TO 
113th FIELD ARTILLERY 

Ordnance Sergeant 
Mitchell, Adrian S. 

Sergeant 
Vaughn, Roy L. 



Corporals 

Byrd, Walter A. 
McGuirt, John B. 



Privates — First Class 

Davis, Charles R. 
Helms, William C 



Privates 

Causey, Robert H. 
Crotzer, William E. 
Henderson, Carl R. 
Hooks, William H. 
Perry, George B. 
Shepherd, Barry W. 
Haywood, William J. 
Ratcliff, Zeno 0. 



240 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



SANITARY DEPART- 
MENT 

Major 
Pridgen, Claude L. 

Captain 
Wagner, Isaac R. 

First Lieutenant 
Hoffman, John G. 

Sergeant First Class 
Mitchell, Joseph H. 

Sergeant 
Futrelle, William L. 

Privates — First Class 
Burriss, John E. 
Fowler, Paul R. 
Register, Harry B. 
Russell, Samuel T. 
Sailing, Aaron T. 
Sholar, Ralph L. 



Privates 
Fick, Ferdinand D. 
Moorehead, George E. 
Morrison, Levi A. 
Moss, Rochel 
Norfleet, Frank P. 
Oldner, Noah 
Perry, Walter N. 
Ponder, Henry 
Rogers, Dudley 
Sappenfleld, Luther C. 
Smith, Clifford J. 
Stepp, Ernest F. 
Thomas, Miles E. 

DENTAL CORPS 
ATTACHED 

First Lieutenant 
Gibbs, Wallace D. 
Spoon, Thomas L. 

Privates — First Class 
(Dental Assistants) 

Jones, Harmon L. 
Hornaday, Clyde E. 



VETERINARY DETACH- 
MENT 



Captain 
Olthouse, Martin 



First Lieutenant 
Hughes, William 0. 



Farriers 

Brooks, Ralph 
Jones, Raymond F. 
Dalton, Chesley A. 



Privates — First Class 

Dellinger, Caswell V. 
Sitton, Mack R. 



Privates 
Boyd, Henry E. 



Battery Positions Occupied 241 

BATTERY POSITIONS OCCUPIED ON THE ST. MIHIEL, 

THE ARGONNE AND WOEVRE FRONTS BY THE ONE 

HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY 

Unfortunately, the battle maps used by the regiment for its various 
engagements were not all available for the use of Sergeant Liston L. Mal- 
lard in drawing the three maps that appear in this book. The coordinates 
of the battery positions were not in every case at his disposal but it is 
certain that he has come very close to the exact positions. He was greatly 
helped in his work by Captain Robert P. Beaman, adjutant of the Second 
Battalion, who found in his note-book much valuable data about his own 
battalion and also about the First Battalion. In a letter to the Historian, 
which was used by Sergeant Mallard in drawing his maps, Captain 
Beaman said: 

The positions occupied at the beginning of the St. Mihiel drive were: 



Battery D 


X 362.840 




Y 230.390 


Battery E 


X 362.715 




Y 230.338 


Battery F 


X 363.120 




Y 230.572 


P. C. 


X 362.815 




Y 230.342 



It may be of interest for you to know that the above positions were the only 
ones occupied by us during the war in which the Italian resection method of orienta- 
tion could be used. This, as you will recall, is the most accurate orientation that can 
be used, and I believe that the accuracy of our fire in this offensive showed the 
effectiveness of the method. The church tower at Manonville was used with a Y azimuth 
of 2365 mils. 

On September 13th, you will recall, we advanced to a point south of Thiaucourt 
very near Bouillionville. The positions occupied at this point were: 

Battery D X 362.050 

Y 239.060 
Battery F X 361.850 

Y 239.055 

Battery E occupied a position immediately to the right of Battery D, but I am 
unable to locate a memorandum of the coordinates. If you have not a map from 
which you can determine them, I will make an effort to locate a map of the section 
in question and they will then be easy to determine. 

At the beginning of the Meuse-Argonne, the Second Battalion occupied a position 
in Bois de Esnes with the following coordinates: 

Battery D X 13.553 Oriented for number four piece. 

Y 69.518 

Battery E X 13.555 Oriented for number one piece. 

Y 69.480 

Battery F X 13.553 Oriented for number one piece. 

Y 69.296 



242 History of the 113th Field Artillery 

Upon our advance of September 27th, the following positions were occupied: 

Battery D X 10.670 

Y 75.895 
Battery E X 10.630 

Y 75.985 
Battery F X 10.740 

Y 75.985 

Upon our advance through Montfaucon to the road near Ivoiry the following 
positions were occupied: 

Battery D X 08.700 

Y 77.865 
Battery E X 08.970 

Y 78.460 
Battery F X 08.565 

Y 77.965 
P. C. X 08.790 

Y 77.825 

On October 3d, the P. C. was moved from the above position to: 

X 09.100 
Y 78.400 

the batteries remaining in the same positions. 

The positions which we occupied in the Woevre, or Troyon sector in the Foret 
de la Montagne were: 

Battery D 45.3-49.3 

Battery E 45.3-48.8 

Battery F 45.4-49.5 

P. C. 45.4-48.8 

These were the positions which were occupied at the time of the signing of the 
armistice. 

I have run across in my notes two positions occupied by the First Battalion. I 
have a memorandum that on September 29th in the Argonne the First Battalion was 
located as follows: 

Battery A X 09.085 

Y 78.480 
Battery B X 09.140 

Y 78.550 
Battery C X 09.395 

Y 78.450 

The positions occupied by the First Battalion in the Foret de la Montagne up 
to the signing of the armistice were: 

Battery A Two guns 45.3-51.3 Two guns 45.5-51.4 
Battery B 44.9-50.9 

Battery C 45.7-51.2 

P. C. 45.2-50.8 



Home Addresses of the Officers and Men 



243 



HOME ADDRESSES OF THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF 

THE ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH 

FIELD ARTILLERY 



Alamance County 
Lieut. L. R. Johnson, Haw River, N. C. 
Pvt. D. G. Cheek, Saxapahaw, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. T. R. Cook, Mebane, N. C. 
Pvt. A. S. Cole, Haw River, N. C. 
Pvt. J. P. Florence, Graham, N. C. 
Hrshr. Nathan Johnson, Haw River, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. F. Nelson, Rock Creek, 

N. C. 
Pvt. O. W. Ray, Burlington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. T. Whitt, Burlington, N. C. 
Corp. J. W. Williamson, Graham, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Clyde E. Hornaday, Gibson- 

ville, N. C. 

Alexander County 
Pvt. 1st CI. Junie Austin, Taylorsville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. C. R. McAlpin, Taylorsville, N. C. 
Pvt. 0. M. Teague, Taylorsville, N. C. 

Anson County 
Capt. K. M. Hardison, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Lieut. H. H. Hardison, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Lieut. F. E. Liles, Lilesville, N. C. 
Pvt. J. B. Adams, Morven, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. C. Bailey, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. J. P. Balland, Ansonville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. L. Benton, Wadesboro, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Bittle, McFarlan, N. C. 
Sgt. J. G. Boylin, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Ben Brooks, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. .J. M. Clarke, Ansonville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Collins, Peachland, N. C. 
Corp. J. H. Covington, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Wag. Pet Crump, Ansonville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Cagle, Ansonville, N. C. 
Pvt. R. B. Dula, Ansonville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. W. Gaddy, Wadesboro, 

N. C. 
Corp. O. B. Garris, Pee Dee, N. C. 
Pvt. Kemp Gaddy, Pee Dee, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. T. C. Gaddy, Morven, N. C. 
Pvt. H. B. Griggs, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Wag. B. F. Harris, Polkton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. G. Harrington, Wadesboro, 

N. C. 
Pvt. J. H. Hutchinson, Polkton, N. C. 



Sgt. W. O. Huntley, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Sgt. F. B. Huntley, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. F. L. Huntley, Wadesboro, 

N. C. 
Pvt. J. F. Honeycutt, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Hildebrand, Lilesville, 

N. C. 
Wag. Marvin Henley, Polkton, N. C. 
Pvt. Carl Hendricks, McFarlan, N. C. 
Pvt. Ernest King, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. D. Kirby, Lilesville, N. C. 
Pvt. L. R. Knotts, Lilesville, N. C. 
Pvt. F. W. Lewis, Morven, N. C. 
Pvt. J. I. Lewis, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Lewis, Morven, N. C. 
Corp. C. T. Lockamy, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. D. T. Lowery, Morven, N. C. 
Corp. S. B. Lowery, McFarlan, N. C. 
Pvt. B. L. McDuffle, Pee Dee, N. C. 
Pvt. M. D. McLendon, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. H. E. McRae, Peachland, N. C. 
Mus. 2d CI. P. J. Matheson, Wadesboro, 

N. C. 
Pvt. M. M. Meisenheimer, Lilesville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. O. Niven, Morven, N. C. 
Corp. T. L. Niven, Morven, N. C. 
Cook C. B. Porter, Lilesville, N. C. 
Pvt. J. J. Pratt, Morven, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. D. Redfearn, Peachland, 

N. C. 
Corp. C. C. Robinson, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Corp. J. A. Robinson, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. C. L. Steward, Lilesville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Thomas, Morven, N. C. 
Pvt. Paul Thomas, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. E. A. Thompson, Wadesboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. T. C. Wood, Wadesboro, N. C. 

Ashe County 

Pvt. J. M. Parsons, Beaver Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. J. B. Todd, Todd, N. C. 

Avery County 
Pvt. Smith James, Heaton, N. C. 

Beaufort County 
1st Lieut. W. E. Baugham, Washington, 

N. C 
Capt. W. C. Rodman, Washington, N. C. 



244 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



1st Lieut. E. S. Simmons, Washington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. E. Alligood, Surry, N. C. 
Pvt. J. W. Alligood, Surry, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. D. Asby, Surry, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Barnett, South Creek, 

N. C. 
Corp. E. M. Barr, Bath, N. C. 
Pvt. S. B. Baugham, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. D. S. Baynor, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. H. M. Baynor, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Clayton Beacham, Washing- 
ton, N. C. 
Sgt. A. C. Bishop, Belhaven, N. C. 
Sgt. W. A. Blount, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. H. E. Boyd, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. G. I. Bonner, Aurora, N. C. 
Sgt. S. P. Bowen, Surry, N. C. 
Corp. C. A. Boyd, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. G. Boyd, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Boyd, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. J. F. Boyd, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. T. Brickell, Surry, N. C. 
Corp. C. M. Brooks, Terra Ceia, N. C. 
Pvt. Thad Brown, South Creek, N. C. 
Corp. H. L. Campbell, Chocowinity, N. C. 
Pvt. A. O. Canady, Washington, N. C. 
Corp. W. G. Cherry, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Wilson Cleary, Belhaven, 

N. C. 
Pvt. S. K. Gordon, Washington, N. S. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Herbert Cox, Surry, N. C. 
Corp. R. E. Cole, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. M. I. Cox, Surry, N. C. 
Mech. S. J. Cox, Bath, N. C. 
Pvt. W. T. Cratch, Blounts Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. R. J. Cutler, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. J. T. Davenport, Surry, N. C. 
Bug. I. W. Deal, South Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. B. T. Eborn, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. O. Edward, Blounts Creek, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Pearlie Ellis, Washington, 

N. C. 
Corp. C. G. Everett, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. R. Everett, Pinetown, 

N. C. 
Pvt. L. R. Flynn, Washington, N. C. 
Cook H. D. Forrest, Washington, N. C. 
Sgt. B. E. Fulcher, Edward, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. C. Fulford, Washington, 

N. C. 
Mech. Jehu Gurganus, Bath, N. C. 
Mus. 3d CI. L. W. Gardner, Washington, 

N. C. 



Pvt. 1st CI. Robert Gattis, Aurora, N. C. 
Corp. G. A. Griffin, Aurora, N. C. 
Corp. B. W. Harvey, Washington, N. C. 
Corp. J. H. Harrison, Pinetown, N. C. 
Corp. W. P. Harris, Pinetown, N. C. 
Cook C. W. Hardison, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Henry Hamilton, Surry, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. T. G. T. Hill, Belhaven, N. C. 
Corp. A. B. Hudnell, Washington, N. C. 
Corp. L. B. Houston, Pantego, N. C. 
Pvt. W. M. Jefferson, Pinetown, N. C. 
Pvt. L. L. Jones, Aurora, N. C. 
Sgt. J. H. Latham, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. F. T. Letchworth, Blounts Creek, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. F. Lewis, Bath, N. C. 
Sgt. F. W. McKeel, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. J. T. McKeel, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. Johnnie Mars. Bath, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. L. Meekins, Surry, N. C. 
Pvt. E. L. Moore, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. Lonzer Moore, Chocowinity, N. C. 
Sgt. C. M. Newby, Bath, N. C. 
Pvt. G. P. Pilley, Terra Ceia, N. C. 
Pvt. W. L. Pipkin, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. J. R. Pinkham, Washington, N. C. 
Hrshr. J. D. Price, South Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. R. M. Radcliff, Pantego, N. C. 
Pvt. Z. O. Ratcliff, Pantego, N. C. 
Sgt. M. O. Ratcliff, Pantego, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. J. Ratcliff, Pantego, N. C. 
Pvt. W. F. Skiles, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. R. Sawyer, Surry, N. C. 
Sad. J. B. Sanford, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. G. E. Sawyer, Surry, N. C. 
Corp. W. C. Shelton, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. L. Singleton, Washington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. F. W. Singleton, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Dewey Skittlethorpe, Bath, 

N. C. 
Pvt. G. J. Slade, Pungo, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. A. Sullivan, Washington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. B. D. Tankard, Washington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. J. L. Tetterton, Washington, N. C. 

(killed in action) 
Mech. J. E. Tripp, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. H. Warren, Blounts 

Creek, N. C. 
Hrshr. Purvis Waters, Pantego, N. C. 
Pvt. J. H. Weston, Blounts Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. W. E. Williams, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. A. H. Willis, Washington, N. C. 



Home Addresses of the Officers and Men 



Sgt. D. R. Willis, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. M. Winfield, Blounts 

Creek, N. C. 
Corp. G. H. Wilson, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. Tony Womble, Aurora, N. C. 
Pvt. C. W. Woolard, Ransomville, N. C. 
Sgt. J. E. Woolard, Washington, N. C. 
Pvt. M. E. Woolard, Washington, N. C. 

Bertie County 

Pvt. Alley Cowand, Windsor, N. C. 
Wag. L. E. Harrell, Kelford, N. C. 
Pvt. A. E. Hale, Aulander, N. C. 
Pvt. C. M. Mizzell, Windsor, N. C. 
Pvt. F. P. Norfleet, Roxobel, N. C. 
Pvt. D. L. Van Nortwick, Woodard, N. C. 

Bladen County 

Wag. Edd Barr, Clarkton, N. C. 
Sgt. R. E. Fleming, Bladenboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. M. B. Fletcher, Clarkton, 

N. C. 
Pvt. R. P. Melvin, Elizabethtown, N. C. 
Corp. I. C. Pait, Bladenboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. N. Perry, Council, N. C. 

Brunswick County 
Wag. J. V. Gore, Winnabow, N. C. 
Pvt. M. N. Mintz, Millbranch, N. C. 

Buncombe County 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. J. Arwood, Arden, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. T. N. Atkins, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. Lewis Ballard, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. F. B. Brookshire, West Ashe- 
ville, N. C. 

Pvt. A. L. Calahan, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. S. Calloway, Asheville, 
N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. R. A. Case, Skyland, N. C. 

Wag. A. B. Clontz, Asheville, N. C. 

Corp. Clarence Davis, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. J. B. Davis, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. W. M. Davis, Alexander, N. C. 

Corp. J. B. Downs, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. C. W. Erwood, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. R. E. Estes, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. G. H. Frady, Skyland, N. C. (killed 
in action) . 

Wag. M. A. Fowler, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. D. Mc. Freeman, Asheville, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. C. S. Gash, Azalea, N. C. 

Corp. G. D. Goldsmith, Azalea, N. C. 



Pvt. H. T. Guthrie, Weaverville, N. C. 
Pvt. W. M. Harwood, Weaverville, N. C. 
Pvt. H. I. Harris, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. C. H. Harris, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. O. C. Haney, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. L. S. Hill, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. O. M. Ingle, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. Kimsie Laughter, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. O. A. Mathews, Arden, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. J. Merrell, Azalea, N. C. 
Pvt. W. M. Morris, Montreat, N. C. 
Corp. L. E. Myers, Stocksville, N. C. 
Wag. J. R. Nash, Sandy Mush, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Tom N. Neighbors, West 

Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. C. A. O'Brien, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. Luther Orr, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. A. J. Penland, Candler, N. C. 
Pvt. Tom Pruitt, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. Henry Powers, Asheville, N. C. 
Sgt. C. S. Ramsey, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. Carl Rockett, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. C. B. Redmon, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. F. Russell, West Asheville, 

N. C. 
Corp. D. C. Tipton, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. F. E. Wilson, Asheville, N. C. 
Pvt. E. E. Young, Asheville, N. C. 

Burke County 
Corp. W. A. Byrd, Morganton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Sterl Cline, Valdese, N. C. 
Pvt. G. D. Cooper, Connellys Springs, 

N. C. 
Pvt. G. R. Lail, Connellys Springs, N. C. 

Cabarrus County 
Pvt. M. S. Alexander, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. Ballard, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Sgt. C. J. M. Blume, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. Brown, Kannapolis, N. C. (died) 
Corp. R. V. Caldwell, Concord, N. C. 
Sgt. F. S. Cline, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. M. Davis, Kannapolis, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. R. Davis, Concord, N. C. 
Mus. 2d CI. W. N. DeMarcus, Kannapolis, 

N. C. 
Pvt. V. B. Earnhardt, Concord, N. C. 
Mus. 2d CI. M. L. Farrington, Kannapolis, 

N. C. 
Sgt. E. D. Fink, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. D. F. Fisher, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Pvt. L. A. Heglar, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Pvt. L. M. Hendley, Concord, N. C. 



246 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Corp. W. S. Johnson, Concord, N. C. 

Pvt. H. A. Kluttz, Concord, N. C. 

Mus. 2d CI. J. W. Lentz, Kannapolis, 

N. C. 
Sgt. R. G. McGuirt, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. D. F. McQueen, Concord, 

N. C. 
Corp. W. A. Miller, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. J. P. Moore, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. J. R. Morris, Concord, N. C. 
Corp. S. N. Nash, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Sgt. P. M. Patterson, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. J. W. Pitman, Kannapolis (killed 

in action). 
Pvt. R. E. Powell, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Pvt. C. L. Philemon, Concord, N. C. 
Corp. S. M. Queary, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. E. L. Ritchie, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. L. Ridenhour, Concord, 

N. C. 
Corp. R. L. Ritchie, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Sappenfield, Concord, 

N. C. 
Pvt. F. C. Seals, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. L. C. Sappenfield, Concord, N. C. 
Sgt. R. C. Sappenfield, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. D. P. Smith, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. M. L. Smith, Bost Mills, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. C. Stancil, Harrisburg, 

N. C. 
Cook C. A. Suther, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Mus. 1st CI. C. B. Suther, Kannapolis, 

N. C. 
Pvt. H. M. Thornburg, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Cook Arthur Tickle, Kannapolis, N. C. 
Pvt. H. G. Troutman, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Wadsworth, Concord, 

N. C. 
Corp. B. J. Williford, Concord, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. J. Wingard, Concord, N. C. 

Caldwell County 

Pvt. C. D. Allen, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. A. N. Alley, Valmead, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. H. L. Andrews, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. R. L. Andrews, Lenoir, N. C. 

Sgt. P. D. Annas, Hudson, N. C. 

Sgt. R. A. Annas, Hudson, N. C. 

Pvt. J. E. Armstrong, Rhodhiss, N. C. 

Cook W. L. S. Bean, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. Jack Bentley, Rhodhiss, N. S. 

Pvt. 1st CI. O. L. Benfield, Lenoir, N. C. 

Corp. G. R. Bowman, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. R. L. Bradshaw, Finley, N. C. 



Pvt. Marvin Brinkley, Granite Falls, N. C. 
Pvt. R. E. Campbell, Lenoir, N. C. (killed 

in action). 
Hrshr. R. T. Chester, Lenoir, N. C. 
Sad. R. C. Childers, Lenoir, N. C. 
Bug. W. C. Childers, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. M. J. Church, Rhodhiss, N. C. 
Pvt. G. F. Clark, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. H. C. Clark, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. H. H. Cook, Patterson, N. C. 
Pvt. Boone Craig, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. W. G. Crump, Lenoir, N. C. 
Cook B. McK. Curtis, Granite Falls, N. C. 
Cook J. A. Curtis, Rufus, N. C. 
Corp. E. P. Deal, Granite Falls, N. C. 
Pvt. Hansford Edmisten, Rufus, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. F. G. Elrod, Granite Falls, 

N. C. 
Sgt. R. E. Elrod, Granite Falls, N. C. 
Pvt. W. A. Ernest, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. O. Fleming, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. Floyd Q. Goble, Yadkin Valley, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. George Gray, Lenoir, N. C. 
Sgt. G. D. Greer, Lenoir, N. C. 
Wag. A. W. Griffie, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. G. S. Hartley, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. N. H. Hailey, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. C. N. Hahn, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. Bryant Hoyle, Lenoir, N. C. 
Corp. J. B. Hood, Lenoir, N. C. 
Corp. H. L. Isbell, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. E. E. Hoke, Lenoir, N. C. 
Corp. R. L. Johnson, Granite Falls, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. 0. Keller, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. R. D. Kirby, Kings Creek, N. C. 

(killed in action). 
Corp. R. C. Killian, Lenoir, N. C. 
Sgt. Bynum Laxton, Kings Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. S. Lindsay, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. G. C. Lovins, Lenoir, N. C." 
Corp. R. S. McGowan, Lenoir, N. C. 
Sgt. W. R. Minnish, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. J. W. Melton, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. J. R. Martin, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. J. L. Marley, Granite Falls, N. C. 
Bug. W. E. Melton, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. F. Melton, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. K. Moore, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. G. S. Moore, Granite Falls, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Lynn Munday, Rhodhiss, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. J. Nelson, Patterson, N. C. 
Corp. C. W. Pennell, Kings Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. J. Pitts, Patterson, N. C. 
Pvt. C. W. Smith, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. F. E. Sanders, Lenoir, N. C. 



Home Addresses of the Officers and Men 



247 



Pvt. Haywood Sanders, Valmead, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. W. Seehorn, Lenoir, N. C. 

Corp. K. F. Sherrill, Lenoir, N. C. 

Corp. P. E. Shuford, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. W. V. Sides, Lenoir, N. C. 

Sgt. H. G. Smith, Granite Falls, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. R. Smith, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. R. L. Storey, Lenoir, N. C. 

Sgt. T. L. Suddreth, Lenoir, N. C. (died). 

Pvt. H. B. Suddreth, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. Vann Tate, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. G. W. Taylor, Valmead, N. C. 

Pvt. A. P. Teague, Granite Falls, N. C. 

Pvt. C. E. Teague, Lenoir, N. C. 

Corp. J. G. Teague, Granite Falls, N. C. 

Pvt. J. R. Teague, Rhodhiss, N. C. 

Pvt. J. H. Thompson, Lenoir, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. R. D. Turnmire, Granite Falls, 

N. C. 
Sgt. I. G. Tuttle, Lenoir, N. C. 
Mech. M. A. Underdown, Lenoir, N. C. 
Pvt. W. M. Watson, Lenoir, N. C. 

Camden County 

1st Lieut. C. K. Burgess, Old Trap, N. C. 
Pvt. Fletcher Simons, South Mills, N. C. 



Chatham County 

Pvt. F. P. Atwater, Bynum, N. C. 
Pvt. T. B. Beal, Bear Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. H. F. Boone, Pittsboro, N. C. 
Wag. W. D. Brown, Siler City, N. C. 
Ck. W. C. Burns, Pittsboro, N. C. 
Sgt. C. E. Dorsette, Siler City, N. C. 
Sgt. J. O. Harmon, Pittsboro, N. C. 
Corp. W. C. Johnson, Pittsboro, N. C. 
Corp. Jack Lanius, Jr., Pittsboro, N. C. 
Pvt. R. E. Lanius, Pittsboro, N. C. 
Pvt. P. S. McBane, Snow Camp, N. C. 
Pvt. L. A. Moffitt, Ore Hill, N. C. 
Sgt. D. T. Moore, Bynum, N. C. 
Pvt. 1 CI. G. P. Norwood, Bynum, N. C. 
Pvt. Lewis Norwood, Bynum, N. C. 
Wag. C. R. Phillips, Gulf, N. C. 
Corp. W. S. Phillips, Bonlee, N. C. 
Hshr. Albert Poe, Pittsboro, N. C. 
Pvt. E. W. Sizemore, Siler City, N. C. 
Corp. W. R. Straughan, Pittsboro, N. C. 
Pvt. G. F. Thomas, Moncure, N. C. 
Sgt. W. R. Thompson, Teer, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. W. Vann, Ore Hill, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. E. E. Williams, Teer, N. C. 
Corp. E. R. Wrenn, Siler City, N. C. 



Carteret County 

Pvt. A. J. Bell, Morehead City, N. C. 
Pvt. W. F. Dixon, Beaufort, N. C. 
Pvt. M. M. Eubanks, Beaufort, N. C. 
Corp. J. G. Hudgins, Beaufort, N. C. 
Corp. H. F. Howell, Newport, N C. 
Pvt. J. F. Hill, Beaufort, N. C. 
Cook J. C. Norris, Beaufort, N. C. 
Sgt. E. J. Respess, Beaufort, N. C. 
Corp. B. S. Russell, Bogue, N. C. 

Caswell County 
Corp. I. H. Jeffress, Pelham, N. C. 
Corp. N. W. McGuire, Yanceyville, N. C. 

Catawba County 
Pvt. R. L. Price, Hickory, N. C 
Capt. Wade V. Bowman, Hickory, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. 0. B. Austin, Hickory, N. C. 
Pvt. V. S. Barber, Hickory, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. C. Cook, Hickory, N. C. 
Pvt. A. T. Dyson, Maiden, N. C. 
Corp. J. C. Howard, Terrell, N. C. 
Pvt. R. V. Sigman, Conover, N. C. 
Pvt. E. D. Smyre, Conover, N. C. 
Pvt. F. V. Travis, Newton, N. C. 
Pvt. R. V. Whitworth, Newton, N. C. 



Cherokee County 

Pvt. J. E. Lively, Murphy, N. C. 
Pvt. T. W. Teague, Culberson, N. C. 
Wag. R. V. Wells, Murphy, N. C. 



Chowan County 

Capt. R. D. Dixon, Edenton, N. C. 
Wag. Thomas Perry, Tyner, N. C. 



Clay County 
Wag. Gad Nelson, Hayesville, N. C. 

Cleveland County 

Corp. A. W. Benoy, Shelby, N. C. 
Far. C. A. Chesley, Shelby, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. V. Dellinger, Shelby, N. C. 
Pvt. E. G. Edsil, East Fruitland, N. C. 
Corp. C. G. Sellers, Kings Mountain, N. C. 
Wag. B. C. Stewart, Kings Mountain, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. B. G. Weathers, Shelby, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. A. Weathers, Shelby, N. C. 
Sgt. C. H. Williams, Shelby, N. C. 



248 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Columbus County 
Lieut. L. C. Hand, Chadbourn, N. C. 
Pvt. G. M. Gause, Cerro Gordo, N. C. 
Corp. G. C. Yates, Chadbourn, N. C. 

Craven County 
Capt. W. B. Guion, Newbern, N. C. 
1st Lieut. O. H. Guion, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. P. Adams, North Harlowe, 

N. C. 
Sgt. T. L. Arnold, Newbern, N. C. 
Corp. E. C. Avery, Dover, N. C. 
Pvt. J. B. Barrow, Dover, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Basden, Riverdale, N. C. 
Sgt. E. J. Bayliss, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. W. H. Bray, Newbern, N. C. 
Sad. W. B. Bray, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. T. C. Brewer, Newbern, N. C. 
Corp. Z. E. Brewer, Newbern, N. C. 
Mech. C. C. Campbell, Vanceboro, N. C. 
Pvt. J. H. Casey, Newbern, N. C. 
Corp. F. M. Chadwick, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. Lewis Craft, Fort Barnwell, N. C. 
Pvt. Alexander Cuthrell, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. W. Connor, Riverdale, 

N. C. 
Corp. T. R. Crawford, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Daugherty, Newbern, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. F. Daugherty, Newbern, 

N. C. 
Pvt. J. B. Davis, Cove City, N. C. 
Pvt. W. R. Dunn, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. Willie Edwards, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. O. C. Everington, Newbern, 

N. C. 
Pvt. C. L. Franks, Vanceboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. J. Garner, Dover, N. C. 
Pvt. H. E. Gaskins, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. C. E. Gatlin, Vanceboro, N. C. 
Pvt. Harry Gaskins, Newbern, N. C. 
Corp. Z. Z. Grantham, Newbern, N. C. 
Corp. Adolph Guyes, Dover, N. C. 
Sgt. R. W. Harris, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. A. B. Ham, Dover, N. C. 
Sgt. A. W. Holton, Bridgeton, N. C. 
Pvt. W. L. Heuser, Vanceboro, N. C. 
Mech. C. L. Ipock, Vanceboro, N. C. 
Sgt. R. T. Kehoe, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. B. W. Koonce, Fort Barnwell, N. C. 
Wag. B. G. Koonce, Fort Barnwell, N. C. 
Pvt. Cassie Laughinghouse, Vanceboro, 

N. C. 
Bug. B. G. Laughinghouse, Newbern, 

N. C. 



Pvt. G. H. Manning, Vanceboro, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. A. Masters, Woolsey, N. C. 
Pvt. F. S. Mitchell, Newbern, N. C. 
R S. M. Kenneth J. Nixon, Newbern, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Jack Nobles, Dover, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. V. Norris, Fort Barnwell, 

N. C. 
Cook O. S. Phillips, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. I. Powell, Dover, N. C. 
Pvt. J. R. Rice, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. Cephus Rowe, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Shikery Salem, Newbern, 

N. C. 
Pvt. A. M. Smith, Vanceboro, N. C. 
Mech. L. J. Scales, Bridgeton, N. C. 
Pvt. W. R. Sultan, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. W. Taylor, North Harlowe, 

N. C. 
Cook C. S. Taylor, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. Walter Taylor, Blades, N. C. 
Pvt. Eugene Thompson, Newbern, N. C. 
Corp. C. T. Turner, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. E. Warrenton, Newbern, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. F. Watson, Riverdale, 

N. C. 
Mech. McDuffy Wayne, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. D. Wetherington, Clark, 

N. C. 
Pvt. Ezra L. White, Vanceboro, N. C. 
Sgt. Luther White, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. E. J. Whitley, Newbern, N. C. 
Corp. R. H. Wiley, Newbern, N. C. 
Pvt. F. P. Willis, Vanceboro, N. C. 



Cumberland County 

Capt. W. O. Gibbs, Fayetteville, N. C. 
Hrshr. F. H. Kennedy, Fayetteville, N. C. 
Corp. J. T. Leslie, Fayetteville, N. C. 
Pvt. Eli Lockamy, Cooper, N. C. 
Pvt. Carl McLeod, Stedman, N. C. 

Dare County 
Sgt. C. G. Meekins, Stumpy Point, N. C. 

Davidson County 
Pvt. H. W. Deaton, Thomasville, N. C. 
Pvt. E. I. Michael, Lexington, N. C. 
Pvt. Will Powell, Lexington, N. C. 



Davie County 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. S. Lowery, Cana, N. C. 
Corp. G. N. Ward, Farmington, N. C. 



Home Addresses of (he Officers and Men 



219 



Duplin County 

Pvt. B. F. Baker, Kenansville, N. C. 

Pvt. L. A. Gavin, Warsaw, N. C. 

Pvt. John Grady, Kenansville, N. C. 

Corp. M. I. Hall, Beulaville, N. C. 

Pvt. L. F. Jackson, Hallsville, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. H. L. Jones, Kenansville, 
N. C. 

Corp. T. E. Jones, Kenansville, N. C. 

Sgt. L. L. Mallard, Kenansville, N. C. 

Pvt. Leonard Newsome, Faison, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. M. L. Price, Faison, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Rhodes, Warsaw, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. P. E. Rouse, Rose Hill, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. L. L. Sandlin, Beulaville, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. E. F. Southerland, Kenans- 
ville, N. C. 

Wag. Lindon Southerland, Magnolia, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Williams, Kenansville, 
N. C. 



Durham County 

Lieut. Col. S. C. Chambers, Durham, N. C. 
Capt. F. L. Fuller, Durham, N. C. 
Major L. P. McLendon, Durham, N. C. 
1st Lieut. J. A. Speed, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. E. W. Adcock, Durham, N. C. 
Sgt. C. L. Andrews, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. 0. M. Bailey, West Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. W. G. Bailey, Durham, N. C. 
Sgt. L. H. Barbour, Druham, N. C. 
Pvt. W. C. Burch, Durham, N. C. 
Corp. C. R. Byrum, Durham, N. C. 
Bug. C. C. Churchill, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. R. S. Carver, Rougemont, N. C. 
Pvt. T. W. Cates, Durham, N. C. 
Mech. J. D. Coley, West Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. F. C. Cole, West Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Ernest Coley, West Durham, 

N. C. 
Pvt. G. W. Conway, West Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. O. W. Crabtree, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. C. V. Davis, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. J. F. Davis, Durham, N. C. 
Sgt. L. F. Dixon, Durham, N. C. 
Sgt. W. T. Dixon, Durham, N. C. 
Corp. Julius Enock, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. B. Faulkner, Durham, N. C. 
Corp. G. T. Featherstone, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. P. A. Foushee, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. F. C. Franklin, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. T. G. Gates, West Durham, N. C. 
Corp. L. J. Glass, Durham, N. C. 



Pvt. Richard Glenn, Durham, N. C. 

Pvt. W. B. Glenn, Durham, N. C. 

Pvt. J. L. Harward, Durham, N. C. 

Corp. C. M. Hunt, Durham, N. C. 

Bug. A. J. Hunter, Durham, N. C. 

Pvt. C. T. Jackson, Durham, N. C. 

Far. R. F. Jones, Durham, N. C. 

Pvt. D. R. Jones, Durham, N. C. 

Corp. H. C. Keith, Durham, N. C. 

Pvt. W. H. Keith, Durham, N. C. 

Pvt. W. C. Lane, Durham, N. C. 

Pvt. M. J. Latta, Durham, N. C. 

Sgt. W. L. Lawson, Rougemont, N. C. 

Pvt. G. N. Long, Durham, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. F. H. McFarland, Durham, 

N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. Malone, Durham, N. C. 
Corp. I. C. Massey, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. J. L. Moore, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. Jack Nurkin, Durham, N. C. 
Corp. W. C. Nowell, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. W. N. Oakley, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. P. J. Parrish, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. E. H. Perry, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. Sam Paschall, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. H. N. Pendergrass, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. R. B. Pendergrass, West Durham, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. G. F. Porterfield, Durham, 

N. C. 
Pvt. J. J. Rigsbee, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. W. H. Robbins, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. E. S. Roberts, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. Harry W. Rogers, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. E. R. Rogers, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. P. H. Swanson, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. Shields, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. L. V. Smith, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. J. R. Stansbury, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. J. R. Slater, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. M. Strickland, Durham, 

N. C. 
Pvt. V. R. Suitt, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. Floyd Thomas, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. E. Vaughan, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. W. M. Vickers, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Warren, Durham, N. C. 
Sgt. W. J. Warren, Durham, N. C. 
Corp. J. A. White, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. W. E. Wiggs, Durham, N. C. 
Corp. O. C. Wilson, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. M. D. Winberry, Durham, 

N. C. 
Pvt. W. G. Yarborough, Durham, N. C. 
Pvt. H. V. Yearby, West Durham, N. C. 



250 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Edgecombe County 
Sgt. L. W. Boseman, Rocky Mount, N. C. 
Pvt. R. C. Cole, Rocky Mount, N. C. 
Pvt. G. D. Cummings, Pine Tops, N. C. 
Corp. R. H. Edwards, Rocky Mount, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. N. C. Fox, Whitakers, N. C. 
Pvt. W. B. Green, Rocky Mount, N. C. 
Corp. J. B. Hilliard, Rocky Mount, N. C. 

Forsyth County 
Maj. R. M. Hanes, Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Sgt. W. J. Conrad, Jr., Winston-Salem, 

N. C. 
Sgt. R. A. Craven, Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Mus. 1st CI. E. M. Davis, Winston-Salem, 

N. C. 
Wag. J. T. Gibson, Belews Creek, N. C. 
Sgt. C. C. Long, Winston-Salem, N. C. 
B. S. M. Hugh C. Pollard, Winston-Salem, 

N. C. 
Sgt. H. A. Sauls, Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Sgt. P. M. Sherrill, Winston-Salem, N. C. 
R. S. S. G. W. Whaling, Winston-Salem, 

N. C. 

Franklin County 
Corp. W. H. Allen, Louisburg, N. C. 
Pvt. N. C. Clark, Louisburg, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. L. Preddy, Franklinton, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. H. White, Bunn, N. C. 

Gaston County 
Capt. Erskine E. Boyce, Gastonia, N. C. 
Maj. A. L. Bulwinkle, Gastonia, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. D. Alexander, Belmont, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. F. C. Childers, Bessemer 

City, N. C. 
Corp. W. P. Costner, Dallas, N. C. 
Pvt. J. H. Funderburke, Lowell, N. C. 
Pvt. M. M. Lovitt, Dallas, N. C. 
Mus. 2d CI. J. M. Lynch, High Shoals, 

N. C. 
Pvt. F. W. Moseley, McAdensville, N. C. 

Granville County 
Capt. B. S. Royster, Oxford, N. C. 
Ma. T. G. Stem, Oxford, N. C. 

Greene County 
Cook J. E. Galloway, Walstonburg, N. C. 
Pvt. T. G. Moseley, Snow Hill, N. C. 



Guilford County 
Wag. C. A. Haynes, High Point, N. C. 
Sgt. W. N. Huff, Gibsonville, N. C. 
Sgt. M. H. Jones, Greensboro, N. C. 
Bug. C. L. Robbins, High Point, N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. Spoon, Greensboro, N. C. 
Wag. C. C. Whittington, Greensboro, N. C. 

Halifax County 
Corp. R. L. Bunch, Scotland Neck, N. C. 
Pvt. J. B. Gurganus, Enfield, N. C. 
Sgt. G. N. Taylor, Roanoke Rapids, N. C. 
Corp. E. L. Wrenn, Roanoke Rapids, N. C. 

Harnett County 
Pvt. W. H. Creech, Coats, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. U. L. McKinnie, Lillington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. L. D. Vuncannon, Bunn Level, N. C. 
Pvt. J. O. Wilson, Dunn, N. C. 

Haywood County - 

Corp. E. J. Clontz, Canton, N. C. 
Pvt. R. C. McClure, Sunburst, N. C. 
Wag. L. C. Nash, Canton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. M. Smathers, Canton, N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. West, Ferguson, N. C. 

Henderson County 
Pvt. Carl Gosnell, Fletcher, N. C. 

Pvt. Howard Gosnell, Fletcher, N. C. 
Wag. W. R. Hudson, Brickton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. D. R. Johnson, Fletcher, N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. Jones, Edneyville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. F. A. Sultz, Hendersonville, 
N. C. 

Hertford County 
Sgt. A. S. Mitchell, Winton, N. C. 

Hoke County 
Sgt. M. T. Heins, Raeford, N. C. 

Hyde County 
Pvt. W. B. Roper, Swan Quarter, N. C. 
Pvt. R. R. Weston, Swan Quarter, N. C. 
Pvt. C. T. Williams, Ocracoke, N. C. 

Iredell County 
Capt. R. R. Morrison, Mooresville, N. C. 
Corp. J. C. Alexander, Statesville, N. C. 
Pvt. F. L. Bradley, Statesville, N. C. 



Home Addresses of the Officers and Men 



Pvt. 1st CI. J. M. Bradley, Statesville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. M. F. Brown, Mooresville. 

N. C. 
Pvt. J. H. Cass, Statesville, N. C. 
Pvt. Ed Christenbury, Mooresville, N. C. 
Corp. W. E. Cornelius, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. Burpee Davis, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. J. M. Fulham, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. L. M. Gilleland, Statesville, N. C. 
Sgt. H. K. Hayes, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. E. J. Heglar, Mooresville, N. C 
Mech. J. L. Harwell, Mooresville, N. C 
Corp. E. W. Harrington, Mooresville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. E. Hawthorne, Moores- 
ville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. M. W. Johnston, Mooresville, 

N. C. 
Sgt. J. R. C. Kelley, Statesville, N. C. 
Pvt. Clarence Kennerly, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. E. H. Kerr, Mooresville, N. C. 
Mech. G. A. Kerr, Mooresville, N. C. 
Corp. J. F. McNeily, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. C. Miller, Mooresville, 

N. C. 
Sgt. L. N. Mills, Statesville, N. C. 
Pvt. H. E. Moore, Mooresville, N. C. 
Cook Lonnie Moore, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. J. W. Newton, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. Bob Owens, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. W. Perkins, Mooresville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. I. Pharr, Mooresville, N. C. 
Corp. J. B. Rodgers, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. Sinclair Rodgers, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. W. A. Sloop, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. G. Z. Sherrill, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. B. L. Stutts, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. Burette Talbert, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. C. G. Vanpelt, Mooresville, N. C. 
Bug. F. D. Weddington, Mooresville, N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. Weddington, Mooresville, N. C. 
Wag. T. G. White, Turnersburg, N. C. 
Pvt. M. W. Winecoff, Mooresville, N. C. 
Corp. Edgar Younger, Statesville, N. C. 

Jackson County 
Sgt. W. H. Rhodes, Sylva, N. C. 

Johnston County 
Corp. H. H. Benson, Benson, N. C. 
Sgt. J. J. Carroll, Clayton, N. C. 
Hrshr. J. E. Martin, Clayton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. H. Pulley. Kenly, N. C. 



Jones County 

Corp. C. B. Andrews, Trenton. N. C 
Fvt. 1st CI. N. G. Barrus. Pollocksville, 

N. C. 
Sgt. E. E. Bell, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Sgt. J. P. Burt, Trenton, N. C. 
Corp. F. W. Carmichael, Pollocksville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. F. R. Collins, Trenton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Collins, Maysville, N. C. 
Corp. J. W. Creagh, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Pvt. C. L. Fox, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Pvt. V. C. Garner, Maysville, N. C. 
Pvt. B. S. Gibson, Maysville, N. C. 
Pvt. Samuel Jenkins, Trenton, N. C. 
Pvt. A. L. Killingsworth, Trenton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. F. S. Koonce, Trenton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. McCasley, Pollocksville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. W. F. Mattocks, Maysville, N. C. 
Pvt. E. T. Metts, Trenton, N. C. 
Pvt. Walter Moore, Trenton, N. C. 
Pvt. L. L. Parker, Maysville, N. C. 
Pvt. W. H. Parker, Maysville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. W. Pollock, Trenton, N. C. 
Pvt. L. T. Riggs, Maysville, N. C. 
Pvt. B. E. Scott, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Pvt. L. A. Scott, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Pvt. W. W. Scott, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Sgt. John Simmons, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Corp. W. E. Smith, Maysville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. F. Sykes, Pollocksville, 

N. C. 
Sgt. D. H. Taylor, Trenton, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. F. T. Taylor, Pollocksville, 

N. C. 
Sgt. S. M. Torrence, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Corp. H. E. White, Pollocksville, N. C. 
Pvt. G. F. Winberry, Maysville, N. C. 

Lenoir County 
Maj. C. L. Pridgen, Kinston, N. C 
R. S. M. W. A. Allen, Kinston, N. C. 
Pvt. D. C. Boney, Kinston, N. C. 
Pvt. W. C. Conway, Kinston, N. C. 
Corp. G. P. Fleming, Kinston, N. C. 
Sgt. G. B. Hellen, Kinston, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Van Jones, Kinston, N. C. 
Corp. George W. Knott, Kinston, N. C. 
Sgt. Richard McLawhorne, Kinston, N. C. 
Corp. B. M. Pate, La Grange, N. C. 
Pvt. D. C. Pearce, Kinston, N. C. 
Pvt. Weaver Phillips, Kinston, N. C. 
Pvt. Benjamin Westbrook, Kinston, N. C. 



252 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Corp. O. A Westbrook, Pink Hill, N. C. 
Pvt. R. L. Williamson, Pink Hill, N. C. 

Macon County 
Pvt. P. W. Bolick, Highlands, N. C. 
Sgt. W. G. Mann, Prentiss, N. C. 

Madison County 
Pvt. Charlie Gosnell, Big Laurel, N. C. 
Pvt. H. D. Guthrie, Marshall, N. C. 
Pvt. J. G. Justice, Marshall, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. H. Parris, Marshall, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. N. W. Price, Stackhouse, N. C. 
Corp. P. F. Rector, Marshall, N. C. 
Pvt. Walter Rice, Mars Hill, N. C. 

Martin County 
Pvt. S. W. Mendenhall, Williamston, N. C. 
Corp. H. L. Ross, Robersonville, N. C. 
Pvt. E. T. Smith, Robersonville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. J. Yates, Oak City, N. C. 

McDowell County 
Cook J. T. Bush, Marion, N. C. 
Pvt. Jim Whitesides, Marion, N. C. 



Pvt. S. V. King, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. P. L. Montooth, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. B. L. Moore, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. O. N. Norwood, Matthews, N. C. 
Corp. L. A. Potts, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Louis Potts, Davidson, N. C. 
Sad. Lester Pratt, Davidson, N. C. 
Sad. S. W. Ray, Charlotte, N. C. 
Sgt. C. F. Ritch, Charlotte, N. C. 
Corp. C. J. Shelton, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Frank Savage, Charlotte, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. M. Smith, Charlotte, N. C. 
Corp. S. F. Staugh, Cornelius, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. W. Thompson, Davidson, 

N. C. 
Pvt. W. W. Turner, Charlotte, N. C. 
Corp. J. H. Wallace, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. C. A. Webster, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. J. A. White, Cornelius, N. C. 
Pvt. L. D. Wilson, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. D. Wright, Charlotte, 

N. C. 

Montgomery County 
Mech. J. S. Maner, Mt. Gilead, N. C. 



Mecklenburg County 
Maj. L. B. Crayton, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. B. W. Anderson, Matthews, N. C. 
Sgt. J. D. Beard, Cornelius, N. C. 
Pvt. C. C. Brown, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. H. G. Brown, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. E. R. Bumgardner, Charlotte, 

N. C. 
Corp. Raymond Caldwell, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. H. M. Cathy, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. R. G. Christie, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. J. R. Clarks, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. E. W. Crews, Davidson, N. C. 
Corp. E. J. Donaldson, Cornelius, N. C. 
Pvt. C. J. Fisher, Davidson, N. C. 
Corp. 0. C. Fogus, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. R. D. Gibbs, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. Floyd Garrison, Matthews, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. E. L. Graham, Davidson, N. C. 
Sgt. George Graham, Charlotte, N. C. 
Mus. 2d CI. F. I. Graham, Davidson, N. C. 
Pvt. L. H. Helms, Huntersville, N. C. 
Sgt. P. J. Heath, Matthews, N. C. 
Corp. C. C. Hope, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. H. R. Hewett, Charlotte, N. C. 
Pvt. Smiley Isenhower, Cornelius, N. C. 
Pvt. S. C. Johnson, Davidson, N. C. 



Moore County 

Pvt. A. C. Wicker, Southern Pines, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. V. Wicker, Southern Pines, 

N. C. 

Nash County 

Sgt. N. T. Bobbit, Nashville, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. Sherwood Brantley, Middle- 
sex, N. C. 

Pvt. Otho Coggin, Spring Hope, N. C. 

Pvt. J. R. E. Dickens, Nashville, N. C. 

Cook Allen Denton, Middlesex, N. C. 

Sgt. N. S. Gulley, Nashville, N. C. 

R. S. M. Jacob E. Lambert, Jr., Nashville, 
N. C. 

Sgt. J. H. Mitchell, Spring Hope, N. C. 

Corp. I. T. Valentine, Spring Hope, N. C. 

Corp. E. S. White, Middlesex, N. C. 

New Hanover County 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Burriss, Wilmington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. T. Davis, Wilmington, N. C. 
Pvt. F. D. Fink, Wilmington, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. P. R. Fowler, Wilmington, 

N. C. 



Home Addresses of the Officers and Men 



253 



Sgt. W. L. Futrelle, Wilmington, N. C. 
Wag. W. R. McKeithan, Wilmington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. B. Register, Wilmington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. T. Sailing, Wilmington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. L. Sholar, Wilmington, 

N. C. 
Pvt. B. K. Tayloe, Wilmington, N. C. 

Northampton County 
Pvt. E. E. Crew, Jackson, N. C. 

Onslow County 

Pvt. 1st CI. C. G. Basden, Richlands, N. C. 
B. S. M. Marvin M. Capps, Jacksonville, 

N. C. 
Bug. W. H. Farrior, Richlands, N. C. 
Corp. G. L. Hatsell, Hubert, N. C. 
Pvt. L. W. Humphrey, Jacksonville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Higgins, Jacksonville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. F. Pittman, Swanboro, 

N. C. 
Pvt. D. N. Porter, Folkstone, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. T. Scott, Jacksonville, N. C. 

Orange County 

1st Lieut. S. M. Gattis, Jr., Hillsboro, N. C. 

Bug. J. W. Allen, Carrboro, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. L. Blake, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Sgt. R. L. Atwater, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. L. E. Bobbitt, Hillsboro, N. C. 

Pvt. L. R. Bobbitt, Hillsboro, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. H. G. Coleman, Hillsboro, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. T. M. Clark, Carrboro, N. C. 
Pvt. McForrest Cheek, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Mech. W. V. Copeland, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Corp. C. L. Davis, Hillsboro, N. C. 
Sad. W. S. Eubanks, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Pvt. M. G. Hackney, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Cook H. H. Hundley, Carrboro, N. C. 
Wag. Mallie Jones, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Corp. A. B. Leigh, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Corp. John W. Latta, Hillsboro, N. C. 
Corp. S. T. Latta, Jr., Hillsboro, N. C. 
Pvt. Perlyman Long, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Pvt. W. U. McBroom, Hillsboro, N. C. 
Cook J. W. McCauley, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Pvt. Robert Neville, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Sgt. J. E. Pearson, Carrboro, N. C. 



Pvt. 1st CI. L. E. Pendergraft, Carrboro, 

N. C. 
Pvt. L. W. Pendergraft, Carrboro, N. C. 
Corp. L. P. Poythress, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Hrshr. A. M. Ray, Carrboro, N. C. 
Cook N, O. Reeves, Hillsboro, N. C. 
Pvt. Yancey Riley, Hillsboro, N. C. 
Hrshr. D. I. Roberts. Hillsboro. N. C. 
Hrshr. M. B. Sparrow, Efland, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Stephens, Chapel Hill, 

N. C. 
Mech. H. L. Temple, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Sgt. E. W. Tenney, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Sgt. C. B. Wills, Chapel Hill, N. C. (died). 

Pamlico County 

Sgt. Otis Avery, Olympia, N. C. 

Cook J. C. Bland, Araphoe, N. C. 

Far. Ralph Brooks, Alliance, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. I. J. Culpeper, Pamlico, N. C. 

Pvt. B. F. Culpeper, Pamlico, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st. CI. O. B. Culpeper, Pamlico, 

N. C. 
Cook, B. D. Dixon, Arapahoe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. R. Fornes, Arapahoe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st. CI. G. L. Fornes, Arapahoe, N. C. 
Pvt. S. B. Gatlin, Merritt, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. F. S. Harris, Merritt, N. C. 
Hrshr. J. W. Hamilton, Lowland, N. C. 
Pvt. C. D. Holton, Arapahoe, N. C. 
Ptv. J. C. Johnson, Arapahoe, N. C. 
Pvt. C. J. Leary, Lowland, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. B. Leary, Lowland, N. C. 
Cook G. C. Lilly, Vandemere, N. C. 
Pvt. L. A. Linton, Bayboro, N. C. 
Pvt. J. N. Midyette, Oriental, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. H. Pugh, Oriental, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Amos Paul, Alliance, N. C. 
Pvt. W. H. Pipkin, Reelsboro, N. C. 
Corp. B. W. Potter, Pamlico, N. C. 
Pvt. W. J. Rawls, Arapahoe, N. C. 
Pvt. G. F. Riggs, Bayboro, N. C. 
Hrshr. W. W. Robinson, Oriental, N. C. 
Pvt. L. R. Stowe, Bayboro, N. C. 
Pvt. Wiley Truitt, Oriental, N. C. 
Pvt. V. R. Woodard, Pamlico, N. C. 

Pender County 

Capt. Gabe H. Croom, Burgaw, N. C. 
Pvt. J. H. Bloodworth, Point Caswell, 

N. C. 
Pvt. Cleaveland Colvin, Point Caswell, 

N. C. 
Hrshr. E. W. Croom, Rooks, N. C. 



254 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Person County 

Pvt. J. R. Beal, Timberland, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. G. Berry, Hurdle Mills, 

N. C. 
Pvt. E. W. Buchanan, Roxboro, N. C. 
Sgt. J. H. Bradsher, Hurdle Mills, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. C. Bradsher, Roxboro, 

N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. G. L. Coleman, Hurdle Mills, 

N. C. 
Pvt. J. A. Dixon, Woodsdale, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. J. Gentry, Roxboro, N. C. 
Pvt. G. E. Nichols, Roxboro, N. C. 
Corp. E. C. O'Briant, Hurdle Mills, N. C. 
Mech. Ben O'Brien, Timberlake, N. C. 
Pvt. C. W. Rimmer, Hurdle Mills, N. C. 
Pvt. R. L. Rimmer, Hurdle Mills, N. C. 

Pitt County 

Pvt. Guy Baker, Greenville, N. C. 
Corp. F. C. Best, Farmville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Boyd, Grimesland, N. C. 
Pvt. R. L. Brooks, Grifton, N. C. 
Wag. W. W. Brown, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. J. H. Campbell, Grimesland, N. C. 
Corp. J. S. Chapman, Grifton, N. C. 
Sgt. A. B. Corey, Winterville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. B. R. Corey, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. J. A. Corey, Winterville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. E. C. Cox, Winterville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. B. Ewell, Grifton, N. C. 
Corp. H. P. Faucette, Grimesland, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. C. Fletcher, Winterville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. R. J. Harrington, Ayden, N. C. 
Mech. D. L. Hardee, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Peter Hales, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. A. W. Haddock, Winterville, N. C. 
Pvt. Ollie Hodges, Grimesland, N. C. 
Sgt. F. W. Jones, Grimesland, N. C. 
Pvt. A. E. King, Farmville, N. C. 
Corp. J. C. Lucas, Ayden, N. C. 
Pvt. Aaron Mills, Winterville, N. C. 
Pvt. B. B. Moore, Fountain, N. C. 
Pvt. E. G. Moore, Winterville, N. C. 
Pvt. Sam Pew, Greenville, N. C. 
Mech. J. K. Proctor, Grimesland, N. C. 
Sgt. L. E. Ross, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. W. A. Stokes, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. Hartwell Stoneham, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. Arthur Tyndall, Winterville, N. C. 
Corp. M. E. Tyson, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. Willie Tyndall, Farmville, N. C. 



Pvt. M. D. Warren, Greenville, N. C. 
Pvt. L. M. Wiggins, Grimesland, N. C. 
Wag. Coon W. Williams, Greenville, N. C. 

Randolph County 
Pvt. F. C. Burney, Ashboro, N. C. 
Pvt. M. I. Cooper, Ashboro, N. C. 
Cook W. C. Kirkman, Liberty, N. C. 

Richmond County 
Corp. Wilburn Gaddy, Ellerbe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. G. H. Preslar, Hamlet, N. C. 
Corp. E. H. Smith, Ellerbe, N. C. 

Robeson County 
2d Lieut. H. A. McKinnon, Maxton, N. C. 
Corp. J. R. Hayes, McDonald, N. C. 
Sgt. R. L. Henderson, Maxton, N. C. 
Sgt. P. H. Wilson, Fairmont, N. C. 
Corp. D. M. McQueen, Maxton, N. C. 
Pvt. Don S. Sutton, Lumberton, N. C. 

Rockingham County 
Sgt. C E. Brewer, Reidsville, N. C. 
Pvt. G. A. Canady, Reidsville, N. C. 
R. S. S. William H. Chance, Reidsville, 

N. C. 
Pvt. P. O. Cobbler, Spray, N. C. 
Corp. E. B. Moore, Reidsville, N. C. 

Rowan County 
Pvt. H. L. Albright, Salisbury, N. C. 
Sgt. E. G. Clary, China Grove, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. L. Fink, Gold Hill, N. C. 
Sgt. J. N. Kincaid, Cleveland, N. C. 
Sgt. J. W. Lipe, China Grove, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Lawder, Salisbury, 

N. C. 
Wag. G. F. Poole, Salisbury, N. C. 
Pvt. G. B. Perry, Spencer, N. C. 
Sgt. J. C. Powell, Salisbury, N. C. 
Corp. R. R. Ritchie, China Grove, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Turner, Mount Ulla, 

N. C. 

Rutherford County 
2d Lieut. L. L. Taylor, Rutherfordton, 

N. C. 
Pvt. F. S. Halcomb, Caroleen, N. C. 
Pvt. W. B. Melton, Caroleen, N. C. 
Pvt. P. R. Roberson, Forest City, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Winebarger, Uree, 

N. C. 



Home Addresses of the Officers and Men 



Sampson County 

Pvt. E. C. Bass, Clinton, N. C. 

Pvt. D. J. Boone, Clinton, N. C. 

Corp. W. A. Hawley, Newton Grove, N. C. 

Pvt. C. D. Knowles, Ingold, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. Frank Thomas, Newton Grove, 

N. C. 
Pvt. A. C. Weeks, Clinton, N. C. 

Scotland County 
Pvt. W. E. McDonald, Hasty, N. C. 

Stanly County 

Sgt. B. C. Blalock, Norwood, N. C. 
Pvt. C. P. Caudle, Baden, N. C. 
Pvt. T. L. Furr, Albermarle, N. C. 
Bug. L. L. Hargrove, Norwood, N. C. 
Corp. H. W. Ivey, New London, N. C. 
Mech. L. W. Lewis, Baden, N. C. 
Mech. L. B. Lilly, Norwood, N. C. 
Sgt. R. L. Mauldin, Norwood, N. C. 
Pvt. J. L. Morgan, Richfield, N. C. 
Corp. E. J. Poe, New London, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. G. S. Sells, Albermarle, N. C. 
Wag. W. A. Sides, Norwood, N. C. 
Pvt. J. C. Taylor, Stanfleld, N. C. 

Stokes County 

Wag. J. T. Mabe, Danbury, N. C. 
Pvt. Oliver Martin, Danbury, N. C. 
Sgt. R. L. Vaughn, Walnut Cove, N. C. 

Surry County 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. V. Church, Elkin, N. C. 
Pvt. J. M. Gibson, Pilot Mountain, N. C. 
Pvt. L. W. Gillespie, White Plains, N. C. 
Pvt. C. R. Godwin, Thurmond, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Hodge, Mt. Airy, N. C. 
Cook A. L. Hiatt, Mt. Airy, N. C. 
Hrshr. L. A. Jessup, Brim, N. C. 
Pvt. Boss Jones, Mt. Airy, N. C. 
Pvt. Edgar Marshall, Westfield, N. C. 
Pvt. G. K. Moore, Round Peak, N. C. 
Pvt. Otis Moser, Mt. Airy, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. D. Rule, Mt. Airy, N. C. 
Corp. W. R. Smith, Pilot Mountain, N. C. 
Pvt. B. C. Smith, Westfield, N. C. 
Pvt. L. W. Thomas, Mount Airy, N. C, 
Pvt. R. L. Thomas, Mount Airy, N. C. 
Hrshr. W. G. Vernon, Mount Airy, N. C. 
Pvt. W. G. Wagoner, Mount Airy, N. C. 
Pvt. Grady York, Mount Airy, N. C. 



Swain County 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. A. Davis, Almond, N. C. 

Transylvania County 
1st Lieut. Eugene Allison, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. R. B. Cole, Rosman, N. C. 
Mech. R. J. Duckworth, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. C. L. Fortune, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. C. E. Fortune, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. G. W. Fortune, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. Oliver Fowler, Brevard, N. C. 
Cook F. M. Garren, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. C. E. Gillespie, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. Bob Goodson, .Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. C. B. Gravely, Brevard N,. C. 
Pvt. J. V. Kinsey, Pisgah Forest, N. C. 
Pvt. W. P. Lankford, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. R. L. McNeely, Lake Toxaway, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. L. Morris, Pisgah Forest, 

N. C. 
Bug. E. L. Sims, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. M. R. Sitton, Brevard, N. C. 
Bug. Doll Swangim, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. U. V. Thrift, Brevard, N. C. 
Pvt. Walter Townsend, Davidson River, 

N. C. 

Tyrrell County 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. L. Rhodes, Columbia, N. C 

Union County 
Corp. J. W. Austin, Monroe, N. C. 
Corp. M. E. Austin Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. William Baker, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. L. L. Belk, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. R. D. Belk, Monroe, N. C. 
Wag. F. T. Billingsley, Monroe, N. C. 
Wag. W. A. Blagburn, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Broom, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. F. C. Coan, Mineral Springs, N. C. 
Cook G. P. Coan, Mineral Springs, N. C. 
Cook Dewit Craig, Waxhaw, N. C. 
Pvt. C. E. Craig, Waxhaw, N. C. 
Sgt. A. B. Crowell, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. S. J. Edwards, Marshville, N. C. 
Sgt. B. F. Eubanks, Monroe, N. C. 
Sgt. A. B. Fairley, Monroe, N. C. 
Sgt. S. P. Griffith, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. T. L. Garland, Monroe, N. C. 
Hrshr. R. R. Gay, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. F. J. Goodwin, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. J. P. Gordon, Mineral Springs, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Griffin, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Helms, Monroe, N. C. 



256 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Pvt. C. H. Helms, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. M. C. Hartis, Waxhaw, N. C. 
Pvt. C. N. Hart, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. W. B. Hinson, Monroe, N. C. 
Corp. J. J. Hinson, Monroe, N. C. 
Wag. R. A. Keziah, Marshville, N. C. 
Corp. C. H. Laney, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. J. W. McCorkle, Monroe, N. C. 
Corp. J. B. McGuirt, Waxhaw, N. C. 
Corp. Horace McManus, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. O. S. McWhorter, Waxhaw, N. C. 
Bug. D. J. Melton, Monroe, N. C. 
Corp. C. W. Mangum, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. R. P. Mullis, Unionville, N. C. 
Sgt. H. B. Newell, Monroe, N. C. 
Mech. W. G. Newell, Monroe, N. C. 
Wag. Appleton Plyler, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st. CI. I. R. Plyler, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. M. Price, Monroe, N. C. 
Sgt. Lloyd Price, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. W. L. Price, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. Luther Rollins, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. R. C. Raper, Waxhaw, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. E. Y. Rogers, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Joe Russell, Monroe, N. C. 
Wag. H. W. Shepherd, Monroe, N. C. 
Hrshr. J. W. Starnes, Monroe, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. E. D. Williams, Monroe, N. C. 
Sgt. F. E. Williams, Monroe, N. C. 
Sgt. M. W. Williams, Wingate, N. C. 
Sgt. W. H. Williams, Monroe, N. C. 

Wake County 
Col. Albert L. Cox, Raleigh, N. C. 
1st Lieut. W. B. Duncan, Raleigh, N. C. 
Capt. A. L. Fletcher, Raleigh, N. C. 
2d Lieut. E. B. Haynes, Raleigh, N. C. 
Capt. B. R. Lacy, Jr., Raleigh, N. C. 
1st Lieut. Zack D. Harden, Raleigh, N. C. 

(died). 
Maj. W. T. Joyner, Raleigh, N. C. 
Sgt. J. G. Ashe, Raleigh, N. C. 
Corp. M. E. Bagwell, Raleigh, N. C. 
Sgt. D. C. Batchelor, Raleigh, N. C. 
Corp. J. P. Brassfield, Neuse, N. C. 
Sgt. O. T. Bridgers, Raleigh, N. C. 
Sgt. W. Y. Collie, Raleigh, N. C. 
Pvt. L. T. Cone, Wake Forest, N. C. 
Pvt. C. R. Conner, Raleigh, N. C. 
Mus. 1st CI. J. W. Danieley, Raleigh, N. C. 
Hrshr. R. D. Eubanks, Wake-Forest, N. C. 
Sgt. William Grimes, Raleigh, N. C. 
Sgt. T. E. Harris, Wendell, N. C. 
Corp. C. L. Hood, Raleigh, N. C. 
Sad. E. W. Hill, Raleigh, N. C. 



Pvt. 1st CI. A. Z. Highsmith, Raleigh, 

N. C. 
Sgt. Earl Johnson, Raleigh, N. C. 
Sgt. B. L. Jones, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 
Pvt. T. A. Lacy, Raleigh, N. C. 
Sgt. W. B. Lumsden, Raleigh, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Mooneyham, Raleigh, 

N. C. 
Mus. 1st CI. P. L. Messer, Raleigh, N. C. 
Pvt. R. K. Mitchiner, Garner, N. C. 
Corp. C. A. O'Connor, Raleigh, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Williford Perry, Zebulon, 

N. C. 
Bug. G. I. Phipps, Raleigh, N. C. 
Sgt. E. G. Purcell, Raleigh, N. C. 
Corp. S. R. Stephenson, Holly Springs, 

N. C. 
Cook R. B. Tally, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 
Corp. E. M. Taylor, Raleigh, N. C. 
Pvt. Benton Thomas, Apex, N. C. 
Sgt. R. D. Thomas, Raleigh, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. H. Tilley, Fuquay Springs, 

N. C. 

Washington County 

Pvt. E. G. Allen, Plymouth, N. C. 
Sgt. C. S. Ausbon, Plymouth, N. C. 
Pvt. N. W. Blount, Roper, N. C. 
Corp. W. L. Hassell, Plymouth, N. C. 
Sgt. G. H. Jackson, Plymouth, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Myers, Creswell, N. C. 
Bugler W. F. Sanderson, Plymouth, N. C. 
Pvt. M. W. Spruill, Plymouth, N. C. 
Sgt. W. C. Spruill, Plymouth, N. C. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. S. Swain, Plymouth, N. C. 

Watauga County 

Pvt. 1st CI. M. G. Barnes, Boone, N. C. 

Pvt. S. J. Barnes, Boone, N. C. 

Pvt. G. G. Barnes, Boone, N. C. 

Pvt. L. J. Benfield, Blowing Rock, N. C. 

Corp. L. M. Bingham, Sherwood, N. C. 

Pvt. J. C. Brown, Blowing Rock, N. C. 

Pvt. R. E. Brown, Shulls Mills, N. C. 

Pvt. S. T. Brown, Sands, N. C. 

Corp. C. L. Gross, Boone, N. C. 

Corp. J. T. Gross, Boone, N. C. 

Hrshr. R. L. Honeycutt, Shulls Mills, N. C. 

Pvt. E. G. Hodges, Boone, N. C. 

Sgt. H. F. Ingle, Blowing Rock, N. C. 

Pvt. W. P. Kluttz, Blowing Rock, N. C. 

Sgt. R. A. Lovill, Boone, N. C. 

Pvt. Russell Maltba, Boone, N. C. 

Pvt. I. E. Pennell, Boone, N. C. 



Home Addresses of the Officers and Men 



257 



Pvt. A. E. Vannoy, Boone, N. C. 

Pvt. W. H. Winebarger, Sands, N. C. 

Mech. J. B. Winkler, Blowing Rock, N. C. 

Wayne County 

Pvt. W. L. Edwards, Dudley, N. C. 
Corp. Gabe Holmes, Goldsboro, N. C. 
Pvt. L. W. Outlaw, Seven Springs, N. C. 
Pvt. R. A. Rooten, Goldsboro, N. C. 

Wilkes County 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Brookshire, Moravian 
Falls, N. C. 

Pvt. J. H. Crabb, North Wilkesboro, N. C. 

R. S. M. L. E. Dimmette, Ronda, N. C. 

Pvt. T. R. Ferguson, Goshen, N. C. 

Pvt. Guy Hall, Wilkesboro, N. C. 

Pvt. J. O. Hubbard, Moravian Falls, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. McHoller, North Wilkes- 
boro, N. C. 

Pvt. T. A. Jennings, Purlear, N. C. 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. L. McGee, Boomer, N. C. 

Pvt. W. S. Vickers, Cricket, N. C. 

Wilson County 

1st Lieut. Frank B. Davis, Wilson, N. C. 
1st Lieut. W. P. Whitaker, Wilson, N. C. 
Pvt. J. J. Bass, Black Creek, N. C. 
Pvt. W. L. Boyette, Lucama, N. C. 
Sgt. M. W. Edmundson, Wilson, N. C. 
Wag. C. A. Edwards, Elm City, N. C. 
Pvt. W. C. Journigan, Whitakers, N. C. 
Pvt. F. B. Taylor, Whitakers, N. C. 

Yadkin County 

Pvt. H. B. Adams, Jonesville, N. C. 
Wag. P. J. Steele, Yadkin Valley, N. C. 

Yancey County 

Pvt. G. C. Evans, Burnsville, N. C. 
Pvt. Sue Evans, Burnsville, N. C. 

Alabama 

2d Lieut. A. J. Chapman, Evergreen. 

Pvt. J. V. -Bell, Honing. 

Corp. W. K. Brogden, Equality. 

Pvt. A. R. Caldow, Kimberly. 

Wag. Lee Carden, Seale. 

Pvt. J. W. Carpenter, Section. 

Pvt. E. W. Carter, Sheffield. 

Pvt. 1st CI. O. E. Cooper, Elba. 

Pvt. W. W. Cox, Florala. 

Pvt. J. M. Craig, Hillsboro. 



Sgt. L. D. Crick, Huntsville. 

Pvt. J. E. Drain, Albertville. 

Pvt. J. T. Fortenberry, Addison. 

Pvt. T. L. Green, Cordova. 

Pvt. 1st CI. H. W. Griffith, Gansey. 

Pvt. F. J. Gusmus, Sheffield. 

Pvt. W. J. Haywood, Cuba. 

Pvt. B. S. Haroway, Rogersville. 

Pvt. W. R. Hammon, Fackler. 

Pvt. Thomas Hopkins, Porterville. 

Pvt. H. O. Hill, Heflin. 

Pvt. Geddy Kelley, Malun. 

Pvt. W. H. Kelley, Andalusia. 

Pvt. C. A. Kennedy, Heflin. 

Pvt. C. L. Kitchens, Birmingham. 

Pvt. A. W. Lee, Union. 

Pvt. Earl McElroy, Cuba. 

Pvt. J. W. McKinney, Standing Rock. 

Pvt. E. W. Martin, Red Level. 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Muncher, Morris. 

Pvt. E. R. Patterson, Tallassee. 

Pvt. J. F. Peacock, Scottsboro. 

Corp. J. A. Peterson, Goodwater. 

Pvt. S. P. Phelps, Roanoke. 

Pvt. L. L. Reeder, Blue Springs. 

Pvt. H. J. Richards, Cavin. 

Pvt. G. L. Roach, Fackler. 

Pvt. W. E. Rush, Pelham. 

Pvt. C. C. Sox, Edwardsville. 

Pvt. W. A. Sellers, York. 

Pvt. J. M. Shelton, Tuscaloosa. 

Pvt. T. O. Smith, Point Rock. 

Pvt. Owen Taylor, Wellington. 

Pvt. L. H. Thomas, Clayton. 

Pvt. J. D. Thompson, Inverness. 

Arizona 

Corp. L. H. Boyle, Mesa. 

Wag. I. O. Burk, Alpine. 

Sad. H. T. Burton, Glendale. 

Pvt. Carlos Chavez, Morenci. 

Pvt. 1st CI. Fay Carter, Laveen. 

Pvt. E. C. Davis, Bisbee. 

Pvt. E. E. Elias, Tucson. 

Sgt. E. S. Engblom, Hayden. 

Pvt. R. F. Hall, Higley. 

Pvt. Elmer Jones, Mesa. 

Corp. F. F. Jones, Buckeye. 

Pvt. W. A. Mankins, Fort Thomas. 

Pvt. 1st CI. John Marppey, Gilbert. 

Pvt. 1st CI. Jack Martinez, Naco. 

Pvt. 1st CI. F. C. Siqueiros, Helvetia. 

Pvt. Bill Stevens, Phoenix. 

Sgt. B. R. Woods, Thatcher. 



258 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Arkansas 
Pvt. Houston Coney, Green Briar. 
Pvt. Fred Littleton, Lambertsville. 
Pvt. L. A. Morrison, Star City. 
Pvt. Rochel Moss, Weson. 
Pvt. O. R. Northern, Yarbro. 
Pvt. Noah Oldner, Kingsland. 
Pvt. Henry Ponder, Kirby. 
Pvt. C. P. Womack, Imboden. 



Pvt. 1st CI. J. T. Knudsen, St. Simons 

Island. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Bernard Manley, Lagrange. 
Pvt. A. S. Moore, Sylvania. 
Pvt. N. G. Pate, Columbus. 
Pvt. A. Z. Rozier, Townsend. 
Pvt. R. C. Smith, Columbus. 
Pvt. J. L. Stripling, Griswold. 
Pvt. Arthur Turner, Glenwood. 



California 
Pvt. 1st CI. V. H. Reynolds, Santa Cruz. 

Colorado 
Pvt. S. L. Ankle, Akron. 
Corp. P. A. Campbell, Padroni. 
Corp. G. B. Cowgill, Grank Lake. 
Wag. T. E. Collins, Red Cliff. 
Wag. W. F. Eiswerth, Basalt. 
Wag. N. E. Davey, Central City. 
Corp. C. C. Donovan, Berthoud. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. E. Duling, Delta. 
Pvt. E. C. Evans, Longmont. 
Pvt. Chris Faletti, Marble. 
Wag. G. K. Finton, Platville. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. D. Goddard, Holyoke. 
Wag. J. J. Hart, Briggsdale. 
Wag. E. L. Harney, Swallows. 
Wag. L. E. Hainline, Penrose. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Janoski, Pueblo. 
Wag. Bartlett McBride, Swallows. 
Corp. Ralph McQueary, Cranby. 
Mus. 2d CI. E. C. Miles, Montrose. 
Sgt. G. S. Smelzer, Julesburg. 
Wag. W. O. Ziege, Central City. 

Connecticut 
Asst. Band Leader Leo Troostwyk, New 
Haven. 

District of Columbia 
Sgt. Tracy R. Cobb, Washington. 
Pvt. Emile E. Mori, Washington. 

Florida 
1st Lieut. J. P. Dodge, St. Augustine. 
Pvt. Jasper Davis, Sanderson. 
Pvt. A. D. Henderson, Bartow. 
Sgt. L. C. Shepherd, Mt. Pleasant. 
Pvt. J. B. Thomas, Moultrie. 

Georgia 

1st Lieut. Maitland Soloman, Macon. 
Pvt. O. E. Goss, McRae. 



Idaho 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Carson, Mullan. 

Illinois 
1st Lieut. H. C. Bennett, Geneva. 
Mech. H. N. Arnold, East St. Louis. 
Pvt. F. L. Blum, Mascoutsh. 
Pvt. H. O. Cook, Murphysboro. 
Pvt. O. H. Ebel, Bellevue. 
Pvt. Henry Elfgen, Alton. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. M. Foiles, Upper Alton. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. T. Fox, Murphysboro. 
Pvt. Elsworth Hung, East Alton. 
Band Leader J. O. Kozak, Chicago. 
Pvt. B. W. Simon, Alton. 
Pvt. E. R. Vogt, Effingham. 

Indiana 
Corp. N. F. Beck, Kokomo. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Craven, Charlestown. 
Pvt. Joseph Kozeski, Indiana Harbor. 
Pvt. T. A. Ryan, Peru. 
Pvt. H. M. Singleton, Kirklin. 
Pvt. Oscar St. Clair, Evansville. 

Iowa 
Corp. F. M. Holt, Van Wert. 
Pvt. 1st CI. G. N. Smith, Marshaltown. 

Kansas 
Pvt. Albert Carlson, Herndon. 
Corp. I. R. Edwards, Coldwater. 
Pvt. George Shandy, Wakefield. 
Pvt. John Steele, Scammon. 

Kentucky 
2d. Lieut. C. R. Dosker, Louisville. 
2d Lieut. D. T. Roberts, West Point. 

Louisiana 
Capt. Alfred Grima, New Orleans. 
Capt. N. B. Vairin, New Orleans. 
Capt. G. R. Westfeldt, New Orleans. 



Home -Addresses of the Officers and Men 



259 



Maine 

Capt. Adelbert F. Williams, Phippsburg. 
Pvt. P. H. Newman, Red Beach. 
Pvt. C. A. Smith, Westbrook. 

Maryland 

1st Lieut. C. E. Mears, Baltimore. 
Capt. T. L. Spoon, Baltimore. 
Pvt. Frank Martin, Baltimore. 
Sgt. H. R. Shriver, Tarrytown. 

Massachusetts 
1st Lieut. Allan W. Douglas, Canton 

(killed in action). 
2d. Lieut. E. W. Hinchcliffe, Stoneham. 
Pvt. David Bressette, Pittsfield. 
Pvt. J. H. Doucette, Quincy. 
Cook J. J. Driscoll, Southbridge. 
Pvt. J. F. Duff, Worcester. 
Pvt. T. J. English, Dorchester. 
Corp. M. J. Foley, Worcester. 
Pvt. Ovid Gagner, North Oxford. 
Pvt. T. F. Kelley, Caslyndale. 
Pvt. Adam Larocque, North Uxbridge. 
Pvt. Prescott Mayhew, New Bedford. 
Pvt. E. J. O'Neal, Boston. 



Pvt. J. G. Burke, Steelville. 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. L. Carter, Bombon. 

Pvt. Clark Chapman, Hoffln. 

Pvt. 1st CI. C. S. Clayton, Mildred. 

Pvt. Clem Council, Diehlstadt. 

Pvt. R. A. Cunningham, Dora. 

Corp. William Coughenour, Marhsfield. 

Pvt. C. L. Cox, Redford. 

Pvt. H. D. Craig, Cook Station. 

Pvt. 1st CI. C. V. Cummings, Walnut 

Shade. 
Mech. L. E. Cutts, Winona. 
Pvt. 1st CI. H. W. Debrock, Leopold. 
Corp. M. K. Dixon, Cameron. 
Pvt. H. L. Elkins, Neelyville. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Eckle Fulke, Stulty. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. L. Giles, Steelville. 
Corp. Oscar Goings, Poplar Bluff. 
Pvt. R. F. Hall, Keltner. 
Corp. T. L. Kelly, Steele. 
Pvt. L. H. King, Frederickstown. 
Pvt. Zack C. Mason, Springfield. 
Pvt. L. J. Mullins, Carruthersville. 
Pvt. E. T. Parker, Denver. 
Wag. J. O. Payne, Battlefield. 
Pvt. P. C. Pry, Poplar Bluff. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. T. Roe, Zolma. 



Minnesota 
2d Lieut. R. S. Schmidt, Minneapolis. 
Pvt. LeRoy Bjorz, Garry. 
Pvt. A. J. Fisher, Minneapolis. 
Pvt. W. H. Mullenmeister, Fairbolt. 

Michigan 
2d Lieut. J. F. McManus, Detroit. 
Capt. Martin Olthouse, Grass Lake. 
Pvt. W. H. Phenix, Lansing. 
Pvt. Govert Van Herwyn, Grand Haven. 

Mississippi 
Pvt. Raymond Moore, Durant. 
Mus. 1st CI. P. W. Moncrieff, Columbus. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. A. Sharp, Corinth. 

Missouri 
Pvt. Ted Ashworth, Steelville. 
Corp. I. M. Baker, Newburg. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Barry, St. Louis. 
Corp. C. H. Bell, Hatthews. 
Pvt. W. A. Bell, Rat. 
Pvt. C. B. Brewer, DiehlstadL 
Wag. E. N. Brown, Bogelton. 



Nebraska 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Abboud, Omaha. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. E. Bylund, Omaha. 
Pvt. Julius Stigge, Omaha. 

New Hampshire 
Pvt. J. A. Dorgan, Franklin. 

New Jersey 

2d Lieut. Kip I. Chase, Orange. 
2d Lieut. E. M. Hedden, Newark. 
1st Lieut. W. O. Hughes, Passaic. 
1st Lieut. L. M. Smith, East Orange. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Andrew Baum, Paterson. 
Mech. N. M. Corson, Cedarville. 
Pvt. O. E. Johnson, Paterson. 
Pvt. Neal McLaughlin, Camden. 
Pvt. Alfred Merrier, Elizabeth. 
Pvt. John Pritchard, Little Falls. 
Pvt. Ernest Rosso, Paterson. 
Pvt. Alphonse Stoeckel, Newai'k. 

New Mexico 
Pvt. F. J. Brown, Galup. 



260 



History of the M3th Field Artillery 



New York 
2d Lieut. Carl Ahlers, Long Island, N. Y. 
1st Lieut. Urban E. Bowes, Syracuse. 
2d Lieut. George W. Cobb, Jr., New York 

City. 
1st Lieut. William Friedman, New York 

City. 
2d Lieut. H. T. Hand, New York City. 
1st Lieut. Joseph Lonergon, Tully. 
1st Lieut. C. H. Wood, New York City. 
Pvt. J. E. Bauer, Masbeth, L. I. 
Pvt. J. J. Byrne, Brooklyn. 
Pvt. Carmina Cassetta, South Waverly. 
Pvt. 1st CI. W. A. Chase, New York. 
Corp. E. W. Knapp, Albany. 
Pvt. C. R. Lindner, New York. 
Pvt. E. J. McCafferey, New York. 
Pvt. Thomas Maroney, New York. 
Pvt. Dudley Rogers, Watkins. 
Pvt. G. D. Sizemore, New York. 
Bug. T. A. Vincent, Brooklyn. 

Ohio 
2d Lieut. E. J. Higgins, Croton. 
Pvt. Wince H. Butcher, Portsmouth. 
Pvt. Alonzo Carpenter, Bevan. 
Pvt. D. C. Fling, Haydenville. 
Pvt. E. A. Harris, Shawnee. 
Pvt. Geo. Hendricks, Columbus. 
Pvt. Simon Hendricks, Newport. 
Pvt. A. J. Marquis, Cleveland. 
Pvt. C. A. Murray, Glouster. 
Pvt. J. L. Richards, Glouster. 
Pvt. William Swank, Columbus. 
Pvt. S. S. Thomas, Mansfield. 
Pvt. L. C. Treisch, Lexington. 

Oklahoma 
Corp. F. E. Corlee, El Reno. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Tolbert Hall, Salina. 
Pvt. 1st CI. A. L. Mahaffay, Oklahoma 

City. 
Pvt. Fred Markham, Broken Arrow. 
Pvt. T. K. Newby, Row. 

Pennsylvania 
2d Lieut. J. C. Lingle, Middletown. 
2d Lieut. A. H. Stackpole, Harrisburg. 
2d Lieut. I. S. Suplee, Pittsburgh. 
Pvt. E. M. Beam, Shermansville. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Ray Bollinger, Three Springs. 
Pvt. C. 0. Cline, Leecheburg. 
Pvt. John Celbusky, Forest City. 
Pvt. E. E. Clark, Gratz. 



Pvt. C. B. Cupp, Newberry. 

Pvt. H. V. Doyle, Locust Gap. 

Pvt. Archie English, Couton. 

Mech. L. B. Ensminger, Faltz. 

Pvt. E. J. Erwine, Allentown. 

Pvt. J. B. Filento, Pittsburgh. 

Pvt. W. M. Heiss, Dallastown. 

Pvt. J. J. Healy, Philadelphia. 

Pvt. C. R. Hutchinson, Altoona. 

Pvt. E. J. Hoffman, Ashland. 

Pvt. H. E. Klucker, Carlisle. 

Pvt. D. C. Krepps, Lewiston. 

Pvt. J. S. Lehman, Lebanon. 

Pvt. Amos McCarty, Wilkes-Barre. 

Pvt. R. W. McKinney, Newberry. 

Pvt. J. M. McNicholes, Philadelphia. 

Pvt. R. C. Markey, Red Lion. 

Pvt. T. A. Mueller, Pittsburgh. 

Pvt. William Myers, Philadelphia. 

Pvt. J. H. Nickle, Newville. 

Pvt. F. A. Pantle, Scranton. 

Pvt. Walter Pierce, Scranton. 

Pvt. John Polla, Mt. Carmel. 

Pvt. W. J. Rohloff, Whitehaven. 

Pvt. P. M. Rohrbaugh, Fairfield. 

Pvt. W. F. Ryan, Wilkes-Barre. 

Pvt. Paris Stambaugh, Farmers. 

Pvt. 1st CI. R. P. Sauerman, Lehighten. 

Pvt. W. B. Schamberg, Scranton. 

Pvt. G. W. Schmeltz, Sacremento. 

Pvt. M. J. Secula, Port Griffith. 

Pvt. Frederick Steinbach, Philadelphia. 

Pvt. 1st CI. F. B. Tomkinson, Philadelphia. 

Pvt. Albert Van Pelt, Gibraltar. 

Pvt. H. A. Waggoner, Mechanicsburg. 

Pvt. G. F. Walters, Philadelphia. 

Pvt. Robert Wardlow, Avoca. 

Pvt. Andrew Weber, Pittsburgh. 

Pvt. E. E. Wolfe, Wilkes-Barre. 

Pvt. F. J. Yesalewich, Mt. Carmel. 

Pvt. G. W. Yoselwitz, Stulton. 

Pvt. Anthony Zabagalski, Nanticoke. 

Corp. J. H. Zeigler, Rowenna. 

Rhode Island 

2d Lieut. Frank C. P. Drummond, Paw- 
tucket. 

South Carolina 
1st Lieut. M. S. Barnett, Clover. 
2d Lieut. J. P. Bolt, Anderson. 
2d Lieut. W. T. Chiles, Bradley. 
Capt. Park B. Smith, Columbia. 
Wag. Dolph Allison, Spartanburg. 



Home Addresses of the Officers and Men 



261 



Pvt. I. A. Arowood, Greenville. 

Hrshr. Leonard Austin, Chester. 

Pvt. 1st CI. W. T. Bailey, Chester. 

Pvt. W. L. Bryant, Cheraw. 

Pvt. E. A. Carroway, Timmonsville. 

Pvt. W. H. Courtney, Florence. 

Pvt. C. A. Cribb, Hemingway. 

Mus. 1st CI. G. C. Crumpton, Greenville. 

Pvt. J. I. Derrick, Columbia. 

Pvt. W. W. Dixon, Woodward. 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Eddins, Chesterfield. 

Pvt. 1st CI. J. S. Evans, Whitmire. 

Pvt. C. H. Frady, Spartanburg. 

Corp. G. W. Furquerson, Greenwood. 

Pvt. A. T. Gibson, McColl. 

Pvt. W. H. Head, Crete. 

Pvt. W. L. Haywood, Chester. 

Pvt. C. G. Hatch, Dillon. 

Pvt. Jesse Harwood, Bennetsville. 

Pvt. John Hanna, Cheraw. 

Pvt. Willie Hughes, Aynor. 

Pvt. E. R. McCarrell, Greenville. 

Pvt. J. H. McClunney, Lockhart. 

Pvt. Otis Mahaffey, Chester. 

Pvt. Torrence Melton, Chester. 

Corp. T. C. O'Donnell, Chester. 

Pvt. E. D. Powell, Columbia. 

Pvt. 1st CI. M. W. Phillips, Richburg. 

Pvt. I. T. Pruitt, Anderson. 

Sgt. A. K. Quinn, York. 

Pvt. T. M. Robinston, Chester. 

Sad. A. R. Rivers, Chesterfield. 

Pvt. F. A. Roof, Lewis' Turnout. 

Pvt. 1st CI. S. T. Russell, Greenville. 

Pvt. 1st CI. Wildas Sadler. Leesville. 

Pvt. E. L. Smith, Ruffin. 

Pvt. Isaiah Tarlton, Chesterfield. 

Cook T. L. Teal, Lake City. 

Pvt. M. E. Thomas, Hampton. 

Corp. S. K. Walkup, Lancaster. 

Pvt. C. W. Wingree, Chesterfield. 

Sgt. F. W. Wood, Columbia. 

Pvt. H. I. Woodell, Society Hall. 

Pvt. 1st CI. D. R. Woolard, Andrews. 

Pvt. Glover Worthy, Chester. 

Mech. W. W. Wright, Chester. 

South Dakota 

Pvt. J. J. Kuper, Miller. 
Corp. P. O. Nelson, Witten. 
Wag. G. F. Reber, Phillip. 
Wag. L. R. Seeman, Broadland. 
Pvt. T. H. Wilson, Easly. 



Tennessee 
2d Lieut. R. N. Boswell, Macon. 
2d Lieut. W. A. Crenshaw, Memphis. 
Mech. J. W. Allen, Ashland City. 
Pvt. A. J. Baker, Nashville. 
Pvt. S. B. Bilderback, Brighton. 
Pvt. Luther Breeden, Sevierville. 
Cook H. H. Brewer, Buntyn. 
Pvt. 0. R. Caldwell, White Pine. 
Corp. Ellis Carlton, Chapel Hill. 
Pvt. Albert Cartwright, Winchester. 
Pvt. Elisha Chandler, Greenville. 
Pvt. M. G. Chandler, Greenville. 
Sgt. M. S. Choate, Williamsport. 
Pvt. 1st CI. O. L. Clark, Newport. 
Pvt. G. C. Coffey, Idol. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Coop, Humboldt. 
Pvt. W. F. Corbett, White Pine. 
Wag. J. F. Crawford, Memphis. 
Pvt. B. E. Crocker, South Nashville. 
Pvt. W. E. Crotzer, Clarksville. 
Pvt. G. A. Davis, Morrison. 
Pvt. R. E. Day, Bemis. 
Bugler F. F. Dickey, Bartlett. 
Pvt. J. B. Duke, Nashville. 
Pvt. H. O. Fuston, Morrison. 
Sgt. C. A. Foster, Culleoha. 
Pvt. Charlie Fowler, Flynnville. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Leonard Frazier, Newport. 
Pvt. 1st CI. S. E. Gray, Fayetteville. 
Pvt. S. L. Hefner, Columbia. 
Corp. A. G. Heath, Shelby ville. 
Pvt. W. T. Hamilton, Ramer. 
Pvt. S. F. Hawkins, Nashville. 
Pvt. W. H. Hooks, Marlow. 
Pvt. J. T. Inman, Morristown. 
Pvt. 1st CI. J. T. Jones, Clarkesville. 
Pvt. W. B. Kelton, Christiana. 
Pvt. Herbert King, Rockdale. 
Pvt. 1st CI. L. T. Lambert, Jackson. 
Sgt. R. E. Leonard, Greenville. 
Pvt. John McGaha, Cosby. 
Pvt. Eugene McGan, Memphis. 
Pvt. J. T. Matheney, Monterey. 
Pvt. J. E. Matheney, Monterey. 
Mech. J. H. Minor, Chattanooga. 
Pvt. G. E. Moorehead, Lynchburg. 
Wag. Monroe Morgan, Greenville. 
Pvt. H. C. Morris, Tallahoma. 
Hrshr. Lee Moseley, Franklin. 
Pvt. H. C. Towry, Taft. 
Cook S. G. Murray, Cleveland. 
Pvt. Jim Neal, Strawberry Plains. 
Pvt. J. F. Overholster, Low Mountain. 
Pvt. 1st CI. C. P. Phillips, Coldwater. 



262 



History of the 113th Field Artillery 



Pvt. 1st CI. A. G. Rice, Greenville. 
Pvt. William Rush, Hammon. 
Pvt. Earley Shelton, Greenville. 
Pvt. C. J. Shoults, Memphis. 
Pvt. J. E. Simpkins, New Market. 
Pvt. C. J. Smith, Pulaski. 
Pvt. Will Smith, Toone. 
Pvt. Willie Stephens, Halls. 
Pvt. E. T. Stepp, Corbandale. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Irwin Wallace, Jackson. 
Corp. Fred Walker, MeMinnville. 
Pvt. Clarence Wheeler, Alamo. 
Pvt. 1st CI. B. R. White, Lebanon. 
Pvt. Baxter Wright, Nashville. 
Pvt. M. H. Young, Memphis. 

Texas 
Pvt. Loyd Beard, Venus. 
Pvt. J. L. Berry, Llano. 
Pvt. Amond Crocker, Fearell. 
Corp. Theodore Dempsey, Brady City. 
Pvt. H. W. McMillan, Thurber. 
Pvt. U. L. Miller, Rankin. 
Pvt. J. J. Norman, Mt. Calue. 

Utah 
Pvt. E. L. Summers, Salt Lake City. 

Virginia 
Capt. R. P. Beaman, Norfolk. 
Capt. A. W. Horton, Burkeville. 
Cook J. C. Bennett, Mouth of Wilson. 
Sgt. K. P. Burger, Natural Bridge. 
Pvt. 1st CI. R. W. Martin, Christie. 
Hrshr. Charlie Morefield, Pilers Creek. 
Pvt. E. B. Owen, Crystal Hill. 



Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Peele, Clarksville. 

Pvt. J. B. Parker, Abington. 

Pvt. R. C. Pittard, Nelson. 

Sgt. W. N. Reid, Danville. 

Pvt. 1st CI. C. B. Swindell, Portsmouth. 

Pvt. J. J. Tilley, The Hollows. 

Pvt. W. W. Tilley, The Hollows. 

Pvt. C. H. Touchstone, Danville. 

West Virginia 

1st Lieut. J. W. Moore, Bluefield. 

Pvt. 1st CI. R. B. Hamilton, Farmington. 

Wisconsin 

2d Lieut. E. C. Hamilton, Marinette. 
1st Lieut. J. G. Hoffman, Hartford. 
Corp. J. C. Land, Green Bay. 

Foreign Countries 

Pvt. Alex Bloomberg, Roslep Nocke 

Hoppsal, Russia. 
Pvt. Leno Ceccarelli, Corso Vittario 

Emanule No. 5, Frosinone, Italy. 
Pvt. Ciancio Giuseppe, Rocco Piomonte 

Dissomo, Italy. 
Pvt. Di Fonzo Gimi, Scermi Province, 

Dichieti, Italy. 
Hrshr. William Hallgreen, Lerum, 

Sweden. 
Pvt. A. G. Marines, Kok Kone, Greece. 
Pvt. Nazzareno Pallanta, Rome, Italy. 
Pvt. O. P. Wright, Three Hills, Canada. 
Interpreter Marcel Treille, Alger. Africa. 
Interpreter Georges Besson, Saone et 

Loire, France. 



THE END.